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College English 4 Unit 1 Unit 1 A Brush with the Law A Brush with the Law.

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1 College English 4 Unit 1 Unit 1 A Brush with the Law A Brush with the Law

2 Background information Questions & Answers Pre-reading Activities How to apply to our real life the typical expressions and patterns taken from the text Words & expressions Prefixes for semantic use Word Building Blank filling Exercise Writing Writing skills for argumentations

3 Pre-reading activities ◆ Background knowledgeBackground knowledge Acquaint yourself with some relevant information. ◆ Questions & AnswersQuestions & Answers Read carefully and answer several questions. Back

4 Pre-reading activities: Read, think and discuss Magistrates and the magistrates ’ court In England, a magistrate is a person appointed to try minor offences. He is either an unpaid layman or, in London and some other large cities, a paid judicial officer. In England, a magistrate is a person appointed to try minor offences. He is either an unpaid layman or, in London and some other large cities, a paid judicial officer. In England, every district has a magistrates ’ court. It is the lowest court of law. The magistrates ’ court can only try people for minor, i.e. not very serious, offences. In England, every district has a magistrates ’ court. It is the lowest court of law. The magistrates ’ court can only try people for minor, i.e. not very serious, offences. >>>more >>>more

5 Pre-reading activities: Read, think and discuss The Sixties’ “youth counterculture” The Sixties’ “youth counterculture” The word “ counterculture ” was coined in the 1960 ’ s for the attitude and life style of many young people who rejected conventional social values and demanded more personal freedom. The counterculture first arose in the U.S. during the 1960 ’ s and soon spread to Britain, France and other western countries. These young people were opposed to the Vietnam War and dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs in their society. The word “ counterculture ” was coined in the 1960 ’ s for the attitude and life style of many young people who rejected conventional social values and demanded more personal freedom. The counterculture first arose in the U.S. during the 1960 ’ s and soon spread to Britain, France and other western countries. These young people were opposed to the Vietnam War and dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs in their society. >>>more >>>more

6 Company Logo www.themegallery.com Pre-reading activities: Read, think, and discuss Middle Class In Britain, the middle class refers to the class of people between the nobility and the working class. It includes professional men (such as doctors, lawyers and architects), bankers, owners of business and small gentry. In the United States, however, the middle class refers to the class of people between the very wealthy class and the class of unskilled laborers and unemployed people. It includes businessmen, professional people, office workers, and many skilled workers. >>>more >>>more

7 LOGO www.themegallery.com Pre-reading activities: Read, think and discuss Lawyer, solicitor, barrister A lawyer is the general term for anyone whose work it is to advise his clients about the law and represent them in court. A solicitor ( 初级律师) is a lawyer who gives advice, appears in lower courts, and prepares cases for a barrister to argue in a higher court. A barrister ( 出庭律师) is a lawyer who has the right of speaking and arguing in the higher courts of law. >>>more

8 Pre-reading activities: Questions & answers Read the text, then answer the following questions According to your own opinions: 1.How did the author feel about the incident at the time it occurred? What dose he think of it now? 2.Why did he go to Richmond? 3.What did the author think got him into trouble with the law? 4.What did he see when walking out of the local library? 下一页

9 Pre-reading activities: Questions and answers 5. What did the man say to him? Did he take the man’s words seriously at first? 6. When and how did the author come to see the man was being serious? 7. What grounds did the policemen have for suspecting that the young man was wandering with intent to steal milk bottles? 下一页

10 Pre-reading activities: Questions and answers 8. What does the author mean by his “big mistake” ? 9. How did he behave when he was questioned at the police station? What did the police decide to do with him? 10. What did his father do when he learned about the incident? 11. What did the policeman probably mean by saying “ You could have been a bit more helpful when we arrested you”? 下一页

11 www.themegallery.com Company Logo Word-building Analyze the formation of the following words in each group. Give further examples of words with the same prefix. un- : not; opposite to or contrary of -able: susceptible, capable, or worthy of a specified action; inclined or given to a specified state or action

12 www.themegallery.com Company Logo Word-building 1.unpleasant, untidy, _____, ______, _______, _______, _______. 2. unemployed, unconcerned, _________, _______, ________, _______, _________. 3. unsucessful, unfortunately, ________, ______, _______, ________, ________. 4.undo, unpack, ________, ________, ______, _________, __________.

13 www.themegallery.com Company Logo Word-building enjoyable changeable permissible reliable exhaustible regrettable imaginable breakable applicable workable Now complete the following sentence with the adjectives listed above.

14 www.themegallery.com 1.There is no _________ information about the child who was found missing almost a month ago. 2.Bertha’s moods are as ________ as the weather in spring. 3.We spent a very ______ evening talking about old times. 4.It is absolutely wrong to think that natural resources like aluminium and petroleum are not _______. 5.Are slang terms _______ in a formal speech? 6.Handle with care, please. These are ________ objects. Word-building

15 www.themegallery.com Word-building  8. I had the greatest difficulty _______ in trying to persuade my employer to give up his costly plan. 9. The young technical innovators didn’t lose heart although the new system was still not _______. 10. Are the research results ________ over a wide range of circumstances?

16 Words and expressions  brush  temporary  offend  petty  regard regard  circumstances  confirm  thorough  conduct  defend  stand a chance  witness  dismiss  take sb to court  make a good story  save up  take one’s time  wander  straight face  au fait  charge charge  call (up )on 下一页

17 Words and expressions (1).brush: brush 家族包括: dustpan and brush 灰斗和灰刷 paintbrush 漆刷 toothbrush 牙刷 nailbrush 指甲刷 hairbrush 梳子(多齿) broom 扫帚 活学活用

18 Words and expressions n. a. an object made of short stiff hairs b. 毛茸茸的尾巴 the brush of a fox c. (v.) a brief, often hostile or alarming encounter: 小冲突,小麻烦 She had a nasty brush with her boss this morning. 今天早上她与老板起了不小的冲突。 brush sb /sth aside 把。。。撇在一边 e.g.: He brush aside my fears. 他置我的恐惧于 不顾。 brush against/by/past sb/sth 与。。。擦肩而过 e.g.: She brushed past him. 她与他擦肩而过。

19 Words and expressions ⑵ temporary: not permanent 临时的,暂时的 e.g.: temporary relief from pain 暂时的解脱 temporary accommodation 临时住处 temporary measure 暂时的解决方法

20 Words and expressions (3) offend: v. a. to make sb feel upset 冒犯 e.g.: Neil did not mean to offend anybody with his joke. 内尔并无意于用他的笑话来冒犯任何人。 b. to seem unpleasant to sb 使人不愉快的,讨厌的 e.g.: The smell from the farm offended some people. 从农场里飘来难闻的味道。 c. to commit a crime or crimes 犯罪,作奸犯科 e.g.: He started offending at the age of 16. 从 16 岁他就开始走上犯罪的道路了。 活学活用

21 Words and expressions (4) petty: small and unimportant: petty crime 轻微罪刑 petty official 芝麻官 petty bourgeois 小资产阶级 caring too much about small and unimportant matters 心胸狭窄,小题大做 e.g.: How could you be so petty? 你怎么能如此心胸狭窄呢?

22 Words and expressions (5) regard: a. regard sb/sth as sth 把。。。看作。。。 e.g.: She is widely regarded as the current leader ’ s natural successor. 毋庸置疑,她被认为是现任首领的继承人。 good wishes expressing such sentiment: 问候,良好祝愿 e.g.: Give your brother my regards when you see him. 见到你哥哥,代我向他问好。 活学活用

23 Words and expressions (6) circumstances: a. The sum of determining factors beyond willful control: 客观情况,形 势 under no circumstances 绝不 = by no means under/in the circumstances b. financial status or means: 经济状况, 地位 e.g.: Prior came of a good family , but he is reduced in circumstances now., 皮埃尔出身于良好家庭,现在却境况不佳。 活学活用

24 Words and expressions (7) confirm: to state or show that sth is definitely true or correct e.g.: It has been confirmed that the meeting will take place next week. 会议已定于下星期召开。 to make a position e.g.: After a six-month probationary period, her position was confirmed. 经过了六个月的试用期,她正式留在了 这个岗位。

25 Words and expressions (8) thorough: a. exhaustively complete: 全面的:彻底完全的: e.g.: a thorough search. 彻底的搜查 b. painstakingly accurate or careful: 严格的 或小心的: e.g.: thorough research. 一丝不苟的研究 c.absolute; utter: 彻底的;根本的: e.g.: a thorough pleasure. 彻底的快乐

26 Words and expressions (9)conduct: to organize and do a particular activity 组织特定的活动 e.g.: to conduct an experiment / a survey 做实验 / 做 调查 b. to direct a group of people who are singing or playing music 指挥乐队 / 合唱团 c. to lead or guide 导游 e.g.: to conduct a tour of Guilin d. conduct yourself : to behave in a particular way e.g.: He conducted himself far better than expected. e. to allow heat or electricity to pass along 导电、导 热 e.g Copper conducts electricity well. 铜的导电性很好。

27 Words and expressions (10)defend: to protect sb/sth from attack 保卫 e.g.: Troops have been sent to defend the borders. 军队被调派去保卫边境。 defend sb/yourself /sth from /against e.g.: Politicians are skilled at defending themselves against their critics. 政客们往往善于在批评面前为自己辩论。 (in sport) 攻 / 守 attack/ defend (in law) 辩护 e.g.: He has employed one of the UK ’ s top lawyer to defend him. 他聘请了英国顶级的律师为自己辩护。 defendant 被告 accuser 原告 活学活用

28 Words and expressions (11) witness: see sth e.g.: Police have appealed for anyone who witnessed the incident to contact them. 警察在寻求那场事故的目击证人的协助。 of time/ place e.g.: Recent years have witnessed a growing social mobility. 近几年社会的移动性明显增强。

29 Words and expressions (12) dismiss: dismiss sb/sth : to decide sth is not important e.g.: I think we can safely dismiss their objections. 我想我们可以毫无顾虑 地忽略他们的目的。 b. dismiss sth: to put thoughts or feelings out of your mind. e.g.; Dismissing her fears, she climbed higher. 忘记自己的恐高,她勇 敢地继续向上爬。

30 Words and expressions (13) take sb to court: take legal action against sb. I told him that I would take him to court if he did not repay the money in a week. 我告诉他,如果他一星期之内没有还钱,我 就把他告上法庭。 If you go on ill-treating your wife like this, you will be taken to court. 如果你仍旧如此虐待你的妻子,你将受到法律的制裁。 活学活用

31 Words and expressions 活学活用 (14)… it makes a good story now: it provides material for a good story now. Here the verb ”to make” means “ to have the qualities needed for…” * Ice tea makes an excellent drink in summer. * The wall calendar makes a nice new year gift.

32 Words and expressions (15) Save up: keep for future use Examples: a. It took him a year to save up enough money for a computer. 他花了一年时间才攒够了买电脑 的钱。 b. They are now saving up to buy a house in the suburbs. 他们攒够了钱准备在郊区买一套房子。 活学活用

33 Words and expressions (16)Take one ’ s time: not to hurry; do sth in an unhurried way. examples: a. Just take your time and tell me clearly what happened at the meeting yesterday. b. It ’ s better to take your time over a piece of work and do it properly than to hurry and make mistakes. 活学活用

34 Words and expressions (17) wander: walk around a place in a casual way, often without a fixed course, aim or purpose. Examples: After supper he would go out and wander alone in the streets for about an hour. David wandered through the bookstore, hoping to find a good book for Lily ’ s birthday.

35 Words and expressions (18) Perfectly straight face: a face showing no emotion or humor; a very serious looking face; perfectly: very; completely Examples: You ’ re perfectly right. I ’ m perfectly satisfied with your arrangements.

36 Words and expressions (19) Au fait: (Fr. ) familiar; well informed This French phrase is obviously used to serve a dual purpose: to avoid repeating the word “ familiar ” and to show that the narrator had a fairly good educational background. 活学活用

37 Words and expressions (20) charge: blame (sb.) officially for having broken the law. examples: The police charged the driver with drunken driving. 司机由于酒后驾车被警察开了罚单。 What is he charged with? 他犯了什么罪? be charged with murder /stealing /theft /neglecting one ’ s duty 因谋杀,偷窃,玩忽职守 而触犯法律

38 Words and expressions ( 21) call (up ) on :invite, require, appeal to Examples; Dr. Smith was often called upon to speak at these gatherings. The president called on his people to work hard for national unity. 活学活用

39 Words and expressions (22) Stand a chance: have a chance Examples: a. I would apply for the post if I were you. I think you stand a good chance. b. Without a degree and with no experience in teaching, I don ’ t think I stand a chance of getting the teaching post. c. Do you think Mark stands a chance of being elected?

40 Words and expressions (23) meanwhile: during the same period of time Examples: The boy had gone back home all by himself. Meanwhile, his parents were looking for him in the park. Bob went to the post office to send a letter. Meanwhile, Lily was preparing lunch at home.

41 Words and expressions (24) complain: speak in an unhappy, dissatisfied way Examples: a. For my own part, I have nothing to complain about. b. He is always complaining about the weather in Shanghai.

42 Words and expressions (25) … that another youngster had been turned against the police: … that another young man (referring to the narrator ) had been made hostile or opposed to the police ( after such an unpleasant experience). turn (sb.) against (sb. else or sth.): cause (sb.) to be hostile or opposed to (sb. else or sth.) Examples: He tried in vain to turn the students against their professors. 活学活用

43 Exercises — Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. a couple of take one’s time due turn…against complain commitat first subsequent stand a chance confirm 1. _____ the monitor was reluctant, but then he changed his mind and became very cooperative. changed his mind and became very cooperative.  At first  At first

44 Exercises — Vocabulary 2. It was very clever of her to ____ his argument _____ himself. argument _____ himself.  turn… against 3. I found ______ shoes under the bed but they don’t make a pair.  a couple of

45 Exercises — Vocabulary 4. Dr. Bright always _____ as he examines his patients and treats them with extreme care.  takes his time 5. Professor Helfand is ____ to lecture on the nature of the nucleus at 2 p.m. today. today.  due

46 Exercises—Vocabulary 6. Wilfred’s remarks ______ me in my opinion that he was an honorable young man.  confirmed 7. For my own part, everything is O.K. I have nothing to ________ of.  complain 8. I thought that was the end of the matter but _______ events proved me wrong.  subsequent Back

47 Exercises—Vocabulary 9. Having practiced for so long, the New York baseball team ____ of winning the World Series ( 美国职业棒球赛) this year.  stands a chance 10. If the police can prove to the court that Ted ________ the robbery he will be found guilty.  has committed

48 Writing Writing Write a story about A Funny Mistake in 150 Words or so on the basis of the following dialogue. (A police officer saw a man climbing down a drainpipe ( 排水管) from an open bedroom window. The officer caught him by the arm the moment he reached the ground. ) Police officer: It’s 8:15 on a Sunday morning, and this sort of thing seems an unlikely adventure at such a time. Would you mind explaining? Man: I know what you’re thinking, officer, but it isn’t true. This is a very funny mistake.

49 Writing Writing Police Officer: Well,you’ve just left this house in a manner other than the usual one. That may be quite innocent, than the usual one. That may be quite innocent, but I’d like to make sure. Name, address and but I’d like to make sure. Name, address and occupation? occupation? Man: Charlie Crane, lorry (Am E truck) driver, from Notting-ham, 51 Brecon Street. Notting-ham, 51 Brecon Street. Police Officer: Yes, what were you doing like a fly on that wall. Mr. Crane? Mr. Crane? Man: Well, I had a breakdown (汽车抛锚) yesterday and had to stay the night here. The landlady’s name is had to stay the night here. The landlady’s name is Mrs. Fern. She gave me breakfast at seven, and I Mrs. Fern. She gave me breakfast at seven, and I got out of here in the right way. Later I realized I’d got out of here in the right way. Later I realized I’d left $ 80 under the pillow here in her house. So I left $ 80 under the pillow here in her house. So I came rushing back. I rang the bell for ten minutes came rushing back. I rang the bell for ten minutes

50 Writing Writing but no one answered the bell. And then I spotted but no one answered the bell. And then I spotted my bedroom window still open. Up I went, then, my bedroom window still open. Up I went, then, up this pipe. She hadn’t made the bed, and the up this pipe. She hadn’t made the bed, and the money was still there. You know the rest, and I money was still there. You know the rest, and I hope you believe it… hope you believe it… Mrs. Fern: (from the kitchen window): Mr. Crane, whatever are you doing here? I thought you’d gone away are you doing here? I thought you’d gone away an hour ago. an hour ago.


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