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Presentation on theme: "Me and My Big Mouth Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Me and My Big Mouth Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement I. Read aloud Read the following passage aloud, making a pause between sense groups. 1-1 Section Three: Detailed Reading Self-Reliance (Excerpt) Ralph Waldo Emerson I read the other day some verses written by an eminent painter/ which were original and not conventional./ The soul always hears an admonition in such lines,/ let the subject be what it may./ The sentiment they instill/ is of more value than any thought they may contain./ To believe your own thought,/ to believe that what is true for you in your private heart/ is true for all men,/ — that is genius./ Speak your latent conviction,/ and it shall be the universal sense;/ for the inmost in due time becomes the outmost,/ — and our first

2 Me and My Big Mouth Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement 1-2 Section Three: Detailed Reading thought is rendered back to us/ by the trumpets of the Last Judgment./ Familiar as the voice of the mind is to each,/ the highest merit we ascribe to Moses,/ Plato,/ and Milton/ is,/ that they set at naught books and traditions,/ and spoke not what men but what they thought./ A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of light/ which flashes across his mind from within,/ more than the lustre of the firmament of bards and sages./ Yet he dismisses without notice his thought,/ because it is his./ In every work of genius/ we recognize our own rejected thoughts:/ they come back to us with a certain alienated majesty./ Great works of art have no more affecting lesson for us than this./ They teach us to abide by our spontaneous impression/ with good-humored inflexibility then most/ when the whole cry of voices is on the other side./ Else,/ tomorrow/ a stranger will say with masterly good sense precisely/ what we have thought and felt all the time,/ and we shall be forced to take with shame our own opinion from another./

3 Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities II. Audiovisual supplements David Beckham’s World Cup Preparations Questions: 1. Why did one of the boys show his back to us? 2. Are you one of Beckham’s fans? If you are, in what way does he charm you? Answers for reference: 1. Because he wanted to show off Beckham’s signature on his back. 2. Reference words and phrases: the symbol of England’s World Cup ambitions his enthusiasm in his career — football playing be responsible for his fans and his family and some others who support him in his football career Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

4 Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Anna Ford: Daniela Relph: “We can win on Sunday against Sweden.” David Beckham had that positive message for England fans this morning just three days before their first World Cup match. And the captain revealed that among all the good luck messages the team’s received, is one from the Queen. Our sports correspondent Daniela Relph is with the England team in Japan, Daniela. Well Anna, David Beckham has become the symbol of England’s World Cup ambitions. When he was injured there was gloom, now he’s back, there is a real mood of optimism here. And as he spoke today the England captain seemed extremely at ease with himself, and more than ready for the task ahead Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement BBC News David Beckham’s World Cup Preparations

5 Readaloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Beckham! There is one name dominating the headlines and just one man the local schoolchildren want to see. No other England player is under the same kind of pressure as the captain. The return of an injury-free David Beckham has lifted the whole squad. Today he admitted there were times that he thought his World Cup was over. And he spoke of the two months of anguish he’d suffered over his injured foot. There’s been, obviously, a lot of hype around it. I’ve had a lot of well-wishes, from you know, from family, friends, up to the Queen, which has been nice. But, no, it’s, it’s been good. You know, it’s, it’s been hard at times. Because you know, I wanted to be fit so badly. And it’s just finally, this last week, it’s all come together Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Fans: Daniela Relph: David Beckham:

6 Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Few players can rival Beckham in popularity here in Japan. The lucky children who got an autograph were the envy of their friends and keen to show it off. The England captain now takes the adulation in his stride. I’m a grounded person. You know, I’ve been brought up well by my mum and dad. And you know I have got a lovely wife behind me, and a son, and that’s, that’s the sort of things that keep your feet on the ground. You know, it’s, it’s hard because, you know, there are so many people looking at you and taking pictures, and you know, I’ve got used to it, you know, and at times, most of the time, you enjoy it Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Daniela Relph: David Beckham:

7 Read aloud Audiovisual supplements Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Two: Global Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement ■

8 Text analysis Structural analysis Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading 2-1 Cultural background The author tells of his frustrating experiences as a toupee model, his problems, progress and success in broadcasting. He has learned from his experiences that one’s success largely lies in the discovery of one’s real potential. I. Text analysis Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

9 Text analysis Structural analysis Section Two: Global Reading 2-2 Cultural background II. Structural analysis — — Section Three: Detailed Reading Section One: Pre-reading Activities Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Paragraphs 2 – 13his frustrating experience as a toupee model Paragraph 1reasons for his job transfer —Paragraphs 14 – 27his problems, progress and success in broadcasting —Paragraph 28comments on his successful career transition

10 disapprove of crying even among children, discouraging it in them as early as possible. On a land so devoted to the pursuit of happiness as theirs, crying is really un-American. Adults must learn not to cry in Text analysis Structural analysis Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Cultural background III. Cultural background American men don’t cry because it is considered not characteristic for men to do so. Only women cry. To cry is a characteristic “weakness” of the female, and no American male wants to be identified with anything in the least weakness or feminine. Crying, in American culture, is identified with childishness, with weakness and dependence. No one likes a crybaby, and Americans Section One: Pre-reading Activities Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement American Men Don’t Cry

11 Text analysis Structural analysis Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Cultural background Section One: Pre-reading Activities Me and My Big Mouth Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement situations in which it is permissible for a child to cry. Women, although being the “weaker” and “dependent” sex, it is only natural that they cry under certain emotive situations. For women, crying is excusable. But for men, crying is a mark of weakness. So it goes the American belief with regard to crying.

12 Me and My Big Mouth When my football-playing career ended, I had no idea how I wanted to spend the rest of my life. Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition in this country that if you are a successful athlete or performer, people supposedly want to eat the same peanut butter that you do, drink the same beer, wear the same pants, etc. That’s how I got involved in the worst product endorsement I ever did. I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company. The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a toupee, no one else should be. To show potential customers how good I looked with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the country a plastic model of my head. These salons then stuck a toupee on the model and put it on the counter or in the front window. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

13 They made the mold for my head at a Holiday Inn near the Shreveport Regional Airport. I lay down on a bed while people stuck straws up my nose so I could breathe, and then covered my entire head with plaster. The plaster began drying too quickly, and they had trouble getting it off my head. In the meantime I was having difficulty breathing. There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the list. Eventually, they mass-produced my head, and it did look just like me. The toupee people were so proud of the plastic bust that they mailed one to my dad. The problem was I didn’t tell him it was coming. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

14 This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened it up. He was shocked to see me looking right back at him. “Novis,” he yelled to my mother, “you better get in here. They sent us Terry’s head in a box.” It bothered my mother so much that they put it back in the box and stored it in the attic. As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials. In one, I swam with a hairpiece on as an announcer said, “You, too, can have a full robust life with our toupee. Look how natural it looks.” Then I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head. Maybe the worst part of the deal was that I agreed to wear a toupee whenever I appeared in public. One day I was playing in a pro-am golf tournament on a hot afternoon. Sweat was pouring out from under the dense synthetic wig. Finally I just couldn’t take it anymore; I went behind a tree, ripped off the hairpiece and shoved it into my back pocket. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

15 What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it off, so my scalp was bleeding. I spent the rest of the tournament walking around with blood running down my face and the hairpiece hanging out of my pocket like a squirrel’s tail. After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me. I had to hand in my hair. Once again I needed to find a way to make a living. Talking is what I can do best, and I like to make people smile. When I was playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave them good sound bites. Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network executives. One day my phone rang. A CBS executive asked, “Want $5,000 for just talking?” and that is how I got into the broadcasting business long term. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

16 When I signed with CBS, Terry O’Neil, the executive producer of CBS Sports, teamed me with veteran play-by-play announcer Verne Lundquist. Verne was facing a big challenge; he had to teach me how to do my job before I destroyed his career. My first broadcast was a preseason game in San Diego between the Chargers and some other team. As a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture. I didn’t know the players and their assignments; I didn’t know when to talk and when to keep quiet. I didn’t know what to look at, how to describe what I was seeing. There was so much I didn’t know and I didn’t even know it. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text5-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

17 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly because that would be understating how truly bad I was. For example, in about the middle of the first quarter it became obvious to me that in addition to a lack of knowledge and preparation, I had a serious problem. “Verne,” I said, “I can’t see a thing down there.” I had never watched a football game from that distance in my life. All I could see was a bunch of people with numbers I couldn’t read running around. “Really,” said Verne, amazingly calm, considering that the broadcasting partner he was depending on for insightful commentary had just announced he was basically useless. “We’ve got to get you binoculars for the next game.”

18 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Gradually I got better. Very, very gradually. The first few games I was probably more nervous than at any time during my entire playing career. I would always bring two clean shirts with me, because I knew I was going to sweat through one of them. Maybe I was so nervous because I really cared. I worked hard. I wanted to be good, to please the viewers. And I needed that job. With a lot of help from Verne, I guess I did okay because CBS eventually offered me another job as co-host of “The NFL Today” with Greg Gumbel. I’d be the analyst. Before the first show I was extremely nervous. Then, minutes before we went on the air, a heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it nearly knocked me out. I felt dizzy, sick to my stomach, and my ears rang.

19 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text8-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement In a strange way, that hit in the head relaxed me. Being in the studio was brand-new to me, but I could relate it to a pain in my head. During my playing career, there had been many games when I had to play hurt, but as one reporter wrote, this was the first time I had to talk hurt. Fortunately all went well. Since then I’ve gone from CBS to Fox, and have made the transition from football player to football entertainer. My role on TV is not to be serious. People do not want to hear me speak football, things like “That’s the old sixty-six inside release.” They expect to hear me say things like “The Giants are having a bad offensive day, and they’ve got to make some changes. It’s like when I went fishing with my dad last week and we were catching a lot of fish and all of a sudden we couldn’t catch mud. ”

20 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text9-S Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement “Then my daddy said to me, ‘Son, either these fish got real bright all of a sudden or they are not interested in these lures. We got to change lures.’ When the defensive isn’t biting, you’ve got to change your offensive at half-time. You got to change lures.” For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I discovered my real talent — just being myself. 1,373 words

21 When my football-playing career ended, I had no idea how I wanted to spend the rest of my life. Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition in this country that if you are a successful athlete or performer, people supposedly want to eat the same peanut butter that you do, drink the same beer, wear the same pants, etc. That’s how I got involved in the worst product endorsement I ever did. I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company. The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a toupee, no one else should be. To show potential customers how good I looked with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the country a plastic model of my head. These salons then stuck a toupee on the model and put it on the counter or in the front window. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Me and My Big Mouth

22 They made the mold for my head at a Holiday Inn near the Shreveport Regional Airport. I lay down on a bed while people stuck straws up my nose so I could breathe, and then covered my entire head with plaster. The plaster began drying too quickly, and they had trouble getting it off my head. In the meantime I was having difficulty breathing. There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the list. Eventually, they mass-produced my head, and it did look just like me. The toupee people were so proud of the plastic bust that they mailed one to my dad. The problem was I didn’t tell him it was coming. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

23 This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened it up. He was shocked to see me looking right back at him. “Novis,” he yelled to my mother, “you better get in here. They sent us Terry’s head in a box.” It bothered my mother so much that they put it back in the box and stored it in the attic. As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials. In one, I swam with a hairpiece on as an announcer said, “You, too, can have a full robust life with our toupee. Look how natural it looks.” Then I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head. Maybe the worst part of the deal was that I agreed to wear a toupee whenever I appeared in public. One day I was playing in a pro-am golf tournament on a hot afternoon. Sweat was pouring out from under the dense synthetic wig. Finally I just couldn’t take it anymore; I went behind a tree, ripped off the hairpiece and shoved it into my back pocket. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

24 What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it off, so my scalp was bleeding. I spent the rest of the tournament walking around with blood running down my face and the hairpiece hanging out of my pocket like a squirrel’s tail. After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me. I had to hand in my hair. Once again I needed to find a way to make a living. Talking is what I can do best, and I like to make people smile. When I was playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave them good sound bites. Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network executives. One day my phone rang. A CBS executive asked, “Want $5,000 for just talking?” and that is how I got into the broadcasting business long term. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

25 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text5-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement When I signed with CBS, Terry O’Neil, the executive producer of CBS Sports, teamed me with veteran play-by-play announcer Verne Lundquist. Verne was facing a big challenge; he had to teach me how to do my job before I destroyed his career. My first broadcast was a preseason game in San Diego between the Chargers and some other team. As a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture. I didn’t know the players and their assignments; I didn’t know when to talk and when to keep quiet. I didn’t know what to look at, how to describe what I was seeing. There was so much I didn’t know and I didn’t even know it.

26 I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly because that would be understating how truly bad I was. For example, in about the middle of the first quarter it became obvious to me that in addition to a lack of knowledge and preparation, I had a serious problem. “Verne,” I said, “I can’t see a thing down there.” I had never watched a football game from that distance in my life. All I could see was a bunch of people with numbers I couldn’t read running around. “Really,” said Verne, amazingly calm, considering that the broadcasting partner he was depending on for insightful commentary had just announced he was basically useless. “We’ve got to get you binoculars for the next game.” Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

27 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Gradually I got better. Very, very gradually. The first few games I was probably more nervous than at any time during my entire playing career. I would always bring two clean shirts with me, because I knew I was going to sweat through one of them. Maybe I was so nervous because I really cared. I worked hard. I wanted to be good, to please the viewers. And I needed that job. With a lot of help from Verne, I guess I did okay because CBS eventually offered me another job as co-host of “The NFL Today” with Greg Gumbel. I’d be the analyst. Before the first show I was extremely nervous. Then, minutes before we went on the air, a heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it nearly knocked me out. I felt dizzy, sick to my stomach, and my ears rang.

28 In a strange way, that hit in the head relaxed me. Being in the studio was brand-new to me, but I could relate it to a pain in my head. During my playing career, there had been many games when I had to play hurt, but as one reporter wrote, this was the first time I had to talk hurt. Fortunately all went well. Since then I’ve gone from CBS to Fox, and have made the transition from football player to football entertainer. My role on TV is not to be serious. People do not want to hear me speak football, things like “That’s the old sixty-six inside release.” They expect to hear me say things like “The Giants are having a bad offensive day, and they’ve got to make some changes. It’s like when I went fishing with my dad last week and we were catching a lot of fish and all of a sudden we couldn’t catch mud. ” Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text8-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

29 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text9-W Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement “Then my daddy said to me, ‘Son, either these fish got real bright all of a sudden or they are not interested in these lures. We got to change lures.’ When the defensive isn’t biting, you’ve got to change your offensive at half-time. You got to change lures.” For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I discovered my real talent — just being myself. 1,373 words

30 The expression “fine tradition” here refers to people’s social value. Terry Bradshaw lives in a society that worships idols. Successful people, such as sports champions, pop singers and movie stars, receive focal attention of the society. It is common practice to follow their life styles. People try to imitate them, such as wearing the same brand of jeans, having the same hair style, etc. In this way they feel they are more or less accepted as successful people too. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-S-1 Fortunately for me, there is a fine tradition in this country that if you are a successful athlete or performer, people supposedly want to eat the same peanut butter that you do, drink the same beer, wear the same pants, etc. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Explanation: 令我感到幸运的是,在我们国家有一个很好的传统。那就 是,如果你是一位成功的体育健将或者杰出的艺人,人们往 往会模仿你的饮食习惯以及穿着打扮。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

31 I am bald and I agreed to accept the job as a wig-model for the toupee company. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-S-2 I am bald and I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company. Section One: Pre-reading Activities 我本来就秃顶,所以也就同意了为一家假发公司做形象代 言人。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Paraphrase:

32 1) … while getting your head duplicated...: while an exact copy of your head is being made. 2) … is high on the list: is near the top of the list. Here it means that “being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display” was one of the worst ways to die. Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-S-3 Section One: Pre-reading Activities There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the list. 糟糕的死亡方式很多,但被一个完全仿造自己头部制作的塑料 模型窒息而死则是最糟糕的。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Paraphrase:

33 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-S_4 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Then I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation: “road kill” refers to whatever animals killed on roads. The sentence means that the toupee he was wearing looked extremely unnatural, just like a dead animal killed by a car stuck to his bald head. 于是我戴上了那个假发套。发套制作得极不自然,像一只在 马路上被车撞死的动物一样粘在我的头上。

34 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-S_5 Section One: Pre-reading Activities When I was playing, reporters like to interview me because I gave them good sound bites. Explanation: Sound bite refers to a very brief broadcast statement, as by a politician during a news report. 当我还是球员时,记者们就因为我在广播里的精彩发言而乐 意采访我。 Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

35 “Quarterback” is a position for a football player. It is an offensive back who stands directly behind the center in a football match. In a football game, the quarterback calls on offense. Figuratively, a quarterback refers to a person who directs any group or activity. Here the expression “the small frames” refers to a series of actions taking place at particular moments (i.e. details) during a game. “The big picture” refers to the general situation of the game (i.e. whether the team is winning or losing). Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text5-S_6 Section One: Pre-reading Activities As a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture. Paraphrase: When I was a quarterback I only cared about the winning of the games I played, while as a broadcaster I had to present a detailed account of what is going on in the field to the audience, which are the actions and moments that make up the whole view of the game. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation:

36 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-S_7 Section One: Pre-reading Activities We’ve got to get you binoculars for the next game. Explanation: Verne intentionally took what Terry said at face value. Note a touch of humor here. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement 下场我们一定会给你准备一副望远镜。

37 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text9-S_8 Section One: Pre-reading Activities For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career. In the end I discovered my real talent—just being myself. Paraphrase: I thought my only talent was playing American football. (Of course, it was one of my best talents.) But now I realize that my real talent lies in how to make the best use of my potential (“Talking is what I can do best, and I like to make people smile”) and adapt myself to the changed situation. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation: “Inflated ellipsoid” is a substitute term for American football with the shape of an ellipsoid that is inflated with air.

38 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- i nvolve 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities involve v. 1) to engage as a participant 2) to contain as a part; to include e.g. He involved the bystanders in his dispute with the police. e.g. This lesson involves a lot of work. Collocation: 1) be involved in 2) be involved with 3) become involved in 4) get involved with Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

39 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- involve 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 他陷入了不幸。 2) 所有的孩子都参加了学校组织的戏剧演出。 He has been involved in disaster. All the children were involved in the school play. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

40 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- endorsement 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities endorsement n. expressing one’s approval or support, especially publicly e.g. I got involved in the worst product endorsement. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. endorse one’s opinions The application was endorsed by the governors’ board. Derivation: endorse v.

41 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- endorsement 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Practice : Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 这名运动员为产品代言,得到高额报酬。 2) 候选者们力争联盟的支持。 The athlete was highly paid to do endorsements of products. The candidates competed for the union’s endorsement. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

42 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- toupee Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice : Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 他不得不戴假发来遮掩住他的秃顶。 2) 我同意当一家男士假发公司的代言人。 He has to wear a toupee to cover his bald spot. I agreed to be the spokesman for a toupee company. toupee n. 1)a piece of patch or false hair for covering a bald spot 2)a man’s wig

43 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- embarrass 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities embarrass vt. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement 1)to cause sb. to feel self-conscious or ill at ease; to disconcert 2) to involve in or hamper with financial difficulties 3) to hinder with obstacles or difficulties; to impede e.g.Meeting adults embarrassed the shy child. e.g. He was embarrassed by debts. e.g. Embarrassed by his heavy luggage, he could not walk fast. Derivation: embarrassment n. embarrassedly adv. embarrassingly adv.

44 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- embarrass 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Comparison: abash; discomfit; disconcert abash: to make ashamed or uneasy discomfit: to thwart the plans of; to frustrate disconcert: to upset the self-possession of; to ruffle Practice: Choose the proper word to fill in each of the following blanks. 1) I was by their compliments. 2) I stood at his rebuke. 3) He was by the unexpected questions. 4) Forgetting his speech the speaker. abashed _______ embarrassed ___________ disconcerted ___________ discomfited __________

45 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- potential 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities potential customer 1) adj. possible when the necessary conditions exist 2) n. someone’s or something’s ability to develop, achieve or succeed e.g. A number of potential buyers have expressed interest in the company. Many potential customers are waiting for a fall in prices before buying. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Paraphrase: a person who may become a customer in the future potential e.g. The region has enormous potential for economic development. I don’t feel I’m achieving my full potential in my present job.

46 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- potential 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 每粒种子都可能长成植物。 2) 在那台机器中有很多潜在的问题。 3) 你要在本职工作中发挥你的潜力。 Every seed is a potential plant. There are many potential problems in that machine. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement You should work out your potential in your present work. Derivation: potentially adv.

47 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W- distribute 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities distribute v. 1)to divide or dispense in portions 2) to deliver or pass out 3) to spread or diffuse over an area; to scatter 4) to apportion so as to evenly spread throughout a given area e.g. In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers willing to cultivate it. Collocation: 1) distribute... over... 2) distribute sth. to / among sb Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g.distribute handbills on the street e.g.distribute grass seeds over the lawn e.g. 180 pounds of muscle that were well distributed over his 6-foot frame

48 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text1-W-distribute2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Practice: Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 农民们正在田间播种。 2) 请把书分发给学生。 The farmers are distributing seeds over the field. Please distribute the books to the students.

49 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- suffocate 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities suffocate vt.& vi. 1) to kill or destroy by preventing access of air or oxygen 2) to cause discomfort by or as if by cutting off the supply of fresh air e.g. He was suffocated by plaster at last. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. It was red-hot and all the windows were closed—she felt as though she was going to suffocate. Collocation: be suffocated by/with sth.

50 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- suffocate 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 听到好消息,他兴奋得透不过气来。 2) 此地死板教条、拘泥形式,把她压得喘不过气来。 Hearing the good news, he was suffocated with excitement. The rigid formality of the place suffocated her.

51 1) to make an exact copy of 2) to make twofold; to double 3) to make or perform again; to repeat Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- duplicate 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities duplicate v. e.g. to duplicate a key Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. to duplicate expenses e.g. He duplicated his former mistakes. Derivation: duplication n. Synonym: copy

52 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- duplicate 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentence into English: 他们想知道他们儿子的头部怎么会被仿制成这样的模型。 They wondered how their son’s head could be duplicated like this.

53 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- mass-produce Section One: Pre-reading Activities to make large quantities of something, esp. so that it can be sold cheaply Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement mass-produce v. Practice: Translate the following sentence into English: 那些产品原本在当地加工,现在大部分在远东地区成批生产。 The products used to be made locally, but now they are mostly mass-produced in the Far East.

54 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text2-W- bust Section One: Pre-reading Activities bust n. a sculpture representing a person’s head, shoulders, and upper chest e.g. the bust of Pallas Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentence into English: 雕塑家对自己的杰作 —— 那个美丽女郎的半身大理石雕像十分 满意,于是给她本人邮寄了一个。 The sculptor was so proud of his work—the marble bust of that beautiful lady that he mailed one to her.

55 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- open up 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities open up v. 1) to spread out; to unfold 2) to begin operation 3) to begin firing e.g.A green valley opened up before us. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g.The new store is to open up next month. e.g.The artillery opened up at dawn.

56 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- open up 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 这个大箱子到达了我父母家,父亲把它打开了。 2) 我一进办公室,便迫不及待地启用关于目前这项工作的一 个新计划。 This big box arrived at my parents’ house, and my father opened it up. I couldn’t wait to open up my new plan of the present work when I stepped into my office.

57 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W-be shocked to1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities be shocked to Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement 1) shock vt. to strike with great surprise and emotional disturbance 2) shock n. a violent collision or impact; a heavy blow e.g. I was shocked when I heard about your accident. e.g. That shock almost finished him.

58 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W-be shocked to2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 这情景使我大为震惊。 2) 两列火车相碰,撞坏了窗户。 3) 他妻子的死对他是一个沉重的打击。 I was very much shocked at the sight. It was a great shock for him when his wife died. The two trains collided and the shock broke the windows.

59 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- yell 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities yell 1) yell vi. to cry out loudly, as in pain, fright, surprise, or enthusiasm 2) yell vt. to utter or express with a loud cry; to shout 3) yell n. a loud cry; a shout e.g. We yelled together for our team. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. We yelled our good-byes as the bus left. e.g. a yell of pain Comparison: cry; shout cry: to call loudly shout: to say with or utter a cry

60 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- yell 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 他大声叫她注意。 2) 他痛得叫喊。 3) 在我们停留地不远处,传来了一阵痛苦的叫声。 He yelled at her to be careful. He yelled with pain. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement We heard a yell of pain not far from our stay.

61 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- hairpiece Section One: Pre-reading Activities hairpiece n. (often euphemistic) a piece of false hair used to make one’s own hair seem thicker e.g. He appeared with a hairpiece on. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

62 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- robust 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities robust adj. strong and healthy; hardy; vigorous e.g. a robust football player Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Comparison: healthy healthy: in good health

63 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- robust 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 他是一个精力充沛的孩子,他喜欢运动。 2) 如果你经常锻炼且饮食得当,你会保持健康的。 He is a robust boy; he enjoys sports. If you exercise regularly and eat properly, you’ll stay fit and healthy.

64 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- surface 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities surface v. 1) to emerge after concealment 2) to rise to the surface e.g. A submarine surfaced outside the harbor. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Comparison: emerge Explanation: 1) to come forth from obscurity 2) to rise from or as if from immersion

65 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- surface 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice : 1) 我们期待着这个公司新领导的出现。 2) 海洋哺乳动物必须定时浮出海面呼吸。 3) 在港外,一艘潜水艇浮出水面。 4) 真相开始浮出水面。 We expect the new leaders who may emerge to run this company. Sea mammals must emerge periodically to breathe. Translate the following sentences into English: A submarine surfaced outside the harbor. The truth began to surface.

66 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- pro-am 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities pro-am n. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation: pro(fessional), am(ateur) a competition, esp. in golf in which those taking part include both professionals and amateurs Explanation: pro n. 1) an argument or a consideration in favor of something 2) a professional, especially in sports e.g. weighing the pros and cons Antonym: con e.g. He is a pro in sports.

67 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- pro-am 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation: pro adj. 1) professional 2) affirmative; supporting e.g. a pro footballer e.g. a pro vote

68 artificial; synthetic; simulated artificial is broadest in meaning and connotation synthetic often implies the use of a chemical process to produce a substance that will look or function like the original, often with certain advantages, such as enhanced durability or convenience of use or care simulated refers to what is made to resemble or substitute for another often costlier substance Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- synthetic 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities synthetic adj. of or relating to compounds, materials, etc., made by a chemical process; not of natural origin e.g. This synthetic dress material does not crush. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Comparison: e.g. synthetic leather

69 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- synthetic 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Choose proper words to fill in the blanks. 1) an smile 2) a fabric 3) a purse of alligator hide synthetic ________ artificial ________ simulated _________

70 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text3-W- wig Section One: Pre-reading Activities wig n an artificial covering of hair for the head, used to hide one’s real hair or lack of hair Synonyms: hairpiece, toupee Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

71 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- scalp 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities scalp n. the skin on the top of the human head, where hair grows Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Collocation: 1) be out for sb’s scalp 2) call for sb’s scalp

72 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- scalp 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 听了这个故事,王子决定出去猎杀巨人。 2) 造反者们叫嚣着让执政党下野。 Hearing this story, the Prince decided to go out for the giant’s scalp. The insurrectionists are calling for the ruling party’s scalp.

73 We beat the Dodgers in the semifinals, and went on to win the championship. a competition in a sport or game in which each player or team plays several matches, and the winner is the one who wins the most matches Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- tournament Section One: Pre-reading Activities tournament n. e.g. Thirty matches were played during the chess tournament, which lasted three weeks. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Collocation: friendship invitational tournament open tournament Comparison: championship championship: a competition to find the best player or team in a particular sport especially one that involves several stages or games e.g.

74 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- fire 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities fire vt & vi. e.g. You’re fired. to discharge from a position; to dismiss Comparison: lay off lay off: to make workers, especially workers in a large factory or organization, leave their jobs, because there is not enough work for them to do, or not enough money to pay their salaries Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. Where demand for goods was shrinking, firms would close down or lay off workers.

75 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- fire 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 根据劳动法,老板们再也不可以随心所欲地解雇工人了。 2) 你不能因为他们加入工会而开除他们,但是如果他们要罢 工,那就另当别论了。 According to the Law of Labor, bosses can’t fire workers at will any longer. You couldn’t fire someone for joining a union, but you can if they go on strike.

76 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- make a living 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities make a living e.g. They made their living by hunting. to maintain one’s life Collocation: 1) earn/gain/get/make one’s living 2) eke out a living 3) good living 4) scrape a living Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

77 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- make a living 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 因父亲早逝,需要赡养瘫痪在床的母亲,他生活十分艰难。 2) 我需要自谋生路。 It was a hard struggle to make a living because of the early death of his father and the support for his paralyzed mother. I need to make a living by myself.

78 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text4-W- CBS Section One: Pre-reading Activities CBS It is the abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System ( 哥伦 比亚广播公司 ). It is one of the three most popular broadcasting companies in the United States. The other two companies are ABC (American Broadcasting Company, 美国 广播公司 ) and PBS (Public Broadcasting Service, 公共广播公 司 ). Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

79 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- in addition to Section One: Pre-reading Activities in addition to e.g. He had few friends in addition to us. over and above; besides Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Fill in the following blanks with in addition, in addition to. 1)Not only the editors but the proofreaders are working overtime. 2) milk and cheese, we need vegetables. In addition to ____________ in addition __________

80 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- lack 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities lack n. e.g. a lack of money a deficiency or an absence Collocation: 1) for lack of 2) no lack of 3) supply the lack Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement

81 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- lack 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 由于缺乏休息,他的脸色很苍白。 2) 这里什么也不缺。 The lack of rest makes him look pale. There is no lack of anything.

82 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- that Section One: Pre-reading Activities that e.g. He can’t walk that far. (usu. in negatives) so; to such a degree Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: 1) 别把他的话那么当真。 2) 你的问题那样复杂吗 ? Don’t take what he says that seriously. Is your problem that complicated?

83 1)(informal) a group of people usually having a common interest or association 2) (informal) a considerable number or amount; a lot Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- a bunch of Section One: Pre-reading Activities a bunch of e.g. I went to a bunch of stores but none of them sold the kind of coat that I want. (an informal American expression) a lot of (people or things) Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement bunch e.g. My brother and his bunch are basketball fanatics. e.g. a bunch of trouble

84 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text6-W- a bunch of Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following expressions into Chinese: 1) a whole bunch of food 2) a bunch of sheep 丰盛的食物 一群羊

85 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- viewer 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities viewer n. e.g. viewers of prime-time shows someone who is watching a particular television program Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Comparison: audience; spectator audience: the people listening to or watching a performance, speech, television show, etc. spectator: a person who watches esp. an event or sport without taking part

86 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- viewer 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the following words. viewer; audience; spectator 1) That is a weekly show aimed at teenage. 2) The tenor expanded his by recording popular songs as well as opera. 3) I attended the horse race as a. viewers _______ audience ________ spectator ________

87 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7W- go on the air 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities go on the air e.g. We went on the air. ( We began to broadcast it on television or radio.) to broadcast Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Explanation: air v. to broadcast on television or radio e.g. The ad was submitted to CBS, which accepted and aired it.

88 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- go on the air 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 这节目每日播放。 2) 趣闻将在今晚 6 点的新闻节目中播出。 The program airs daily. Tidbits will air on tonight’s 6 o’clock news.

89 1) to collide sharply and noisily 2) to strike or hit Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- smack 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities smack v. e.g. The ball smacked against the side of the house. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. She smacked him with her open hand. Collocation: smack against/into

90 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7W- smack 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 他生气了,啪的一声把书摔在桌子上。 2) 他打了她一个耳光。 3) 我不小心撞到了桌子。 He smacked the book angrily on the table. He smacked her in the face. I smacked into the desk carelessly.

91 1)to hit someone so hard that they fall down and become unconscious 2) to render useless or inoperative Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- knock out 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities knock out v. e.g. Jackson hit Brian hard with his left fist and knocked him out instantaneously. Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. The storm knocked out the telephones. Comparison: knock someone cold: to render someone totally unconscious; to knock out knock off : (informal) to take a break or rest from; to stop knock down : (informal) to reduce, as in price

92 Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the following phrases: knock out (cold), knock off, knock down 1) We work at noon. 2) The manager decided to all the radios 20 percent. 3) After she her head she was unconscious for several minutes. knocked _______ Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text7-W- knock out 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: knocked off ___________ knock ______ down _____ out/cold _______

93 1) disagreeable to the senses 2) making an attack Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text8-W- offensive 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities offensive a. e.g. an offensive odor Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement e.g. The offensive troops gained ground quickly. Synonyms: disgusting, loathsome, nasty

94 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text8-W- offensive 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 一句冒犯性的话 2) 令人作呕的语言 3) 令人讨厌的疾病 4) 一股恶心的气味 an offensive remark disgusting language a loathsome disease a/an nasty/offensive smell

95 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text9-W- inflate 1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities inflate v. e.g. to inflate a tire to fill (something) with air or gas so as to make it swell Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Synonyms: blow up, swell Antonym: deflate

96 Me and My Big Mouth Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading 3.text9-W- inflate 2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement Practice: Translate the following sentences into English: 1) 骄傲而得意洋洋 2) 给气球充气 inflate with pride inflate a balloon

97 Me and My Big Mouth Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFour Vocabulary analysis 1. Word comparison 2. Word derivation 3. Collocation practice Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Writing practice

98 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_1.1 Word comparison Group 1: A. gather B. stand C. form D. perform Explanation: Gather means to bring or come together in a group or mass.A. B. Stand means to maintain an upright position on the feet. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Writing practice e.g. Holding out his arms, the cheerleader formed a T. The acrobats formed a pyramid. Perform means to carry out an action, an undertaking, or a procedure. The word often connotes observance of due form or the exercise of skill or care. D. e.g. The ship’s captain performed the wedding ceremony. Form means to arrange oneself in; serve to make up. C. e.g. The tour guide gathered the visitors in the hotel lobby. e.g. We stood outside the shop.

99 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_1.2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Writing practice Compare execute; accomplish; achieve Execute implies performing a task or putting something into effect in accordance with a plan or design. Accomplish connotes the successful completion of something, often of something that requires tenacity or talent. Achieve means to accomplish something especially by dint of effort or despite difficulty; the term often implies a significant result.

100 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_2 Explanation: A. e.g. My tooth is paining. Hit means to come into contact with sth. forcefully; to strike.B. e.g. The car hit the guardrail. Group 2: A. pain B. hit C. hurt D. harm Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Pain means to cause pain to; to hurt or injure. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Writing practice Harm means to do harm to; to injure. D. Hurt means to cause physical damage or pain to; to injure. C. e.g. Many people were hurt when the bus and a truck collided. e.g. Our dog won’t harm you.

101 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_4 Explanation: Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Group 3: A. receive B. accept C. take D. catch He caught me by the arm. A. e.g. I received a good report of the group’s activities. Accept means to receive (something offered), especially with gladness. B. e.g. I’ve received a gift from him, but I’m not going to accept it. Receive means to take or acquire (something given, offered, or transmitted); to get. Catch means to take hold of, especially forcibly or suddenly; to grasp. D. Take means to carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place. C. e.g. Don’t forget to take your umbrella. e.g.

102 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_5 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Group 4: A. separate B. divide C. scatter D. space Words should be double spaced. A. e.g. The child’s parents have separated. Divide means to cause separation by or as if by cutting, splitting, or branching into parts, portions, or shares; the term is often used to refer to separation into opposing or hostile groups. B. e.g. We divided the orange into segments. Separate means to set or keep apart; to disunite. Space means to separate with spaces between.D. Scatter means to cause to separate and go in different directions. C. e.g. The farmer scattered the corn in the yard for the hens. e.g.

103 The gear slipped. Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_6 Explanation: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Group 5: A. miss B. lose C. loosen D. slip A. e.g. I have missed the best chance to go to that university. Lose means to let (oneself) become unable to find the way. Lose one’s place means to let a reader become unable to find the exact place of the reading materials where he/she stopped reading last time. B. e.g. Because the children kept interrupting her when she read the book, she lost her place. Miss means to let go by; to let slip. Slip means to slide out of place; to shift position.D. Loosen means to untie or make looser. C. e.g. My belt is too tight; I must loosen it. e.g.

104 an asthma attack Vocabulary analysis Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_I_8 Group 6: A. affect B. result C. effect D. attack Explanation: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth A. e.g. Inflation affects the buying power of the dollar. Result means the consequence of a particular action, operation, or course; an outcome. B. e.g. As a result, there is often trouble in American families. Affect means to have an influence on or effect a change in. Attack means an episode or onset of a disease, especially an occurrence of a chronic disease. D. Effect means the power to produce an outcome or achieve a result; influence. C. e.g. The drug had an immediate effect on the pain. Side effect means a peripheral or secondary effect, especially an undesirable secondary effect of a drug or therapy. e.g.

105 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_1 Word derivation 1. athlete 1) 身强力壮的女孩 an athletic girl 2) 田径运动 athletic sports 3) 她看起来像个运动健将。 She looks very athletic. Compare athletic; muscular Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Derivatives of athlete: athletic; athletically; athleticism; athletics Chinese-English translation

106 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_2 2. insight Derivative of insight: insightful 1) 富有洞察力的讨论 insightful discussions Chinese-English translation 2) 她所撰写的关于中医的文章非常有见地。 Her essay on traditional Chinese medicine is insightful. 3) 他对于这首诗歌的理解很有见地。 His understanding of this poem is very insightful. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

107 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_3 3. potential Derivatives of potential: potentially; potentiality 1) 肝炎是一种潜在的致命疾病。 Hepatitis is a potentially fatal disease. Chinese-English translation 2) 他极有可能成为我们最好的网球球员,但他需要更加刻苦 地训练。 He’s potentially our best tennis player, but he needs to practise much harder. 3) 这次危机极有可能是此机构历史上最为严重的一次。 This crisis is potentially the most serious one in the organization’s history. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Compare potentially; likely; possibly

108 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_4 4. please Derivatives of please: pleasant; pleased; pleasure; pleasurably 1) 令人愉快的风景 a pleasant scene Chinese-English translation 2) 舒适的感觉 pleasant sensations Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 2) 晴朗的天气 pleasant weather

109 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_5 5. offend Derivatives of offend: offensive; offending; offenseless 1) 一股刺鼻的气味 an offensive odor Chinese-English translation 2) 冒犯性的手势 an offensive gesture 3) 攻击性的武器 offensive weapons Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Compare offensive; disgusting; loathsome; nasty; repellent

110 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_6 6. suppose Derivatives of suppose: supposed; supposedly; supposing; supposition; suppositional 1) 他大概是个美国人。 He was supposedly an American. Chinese-English translation 2) 噢,车票大概就在邮件里。 Well, the tickets are supposedly in the mail. 3) 他似乎是在给她送报纸,但我认为那只不过是他想见她的 一个借口而已。 He was supposedly delivering some papers to her but I think it was just an excuse to see her. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

111 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_7 7. announce Derivatives of announce: announcement; announceable; announcer; announcing 1) 发布通知 make an announcement Chinese-English translation 2) 她每说一句话,大家便报以哄堂大笑。 Every new announcement of hers was greeted with shouts of laughter. 3) 他屏息静气地等待宣布竞赛结果。 He waited for the announcement of the result of the competition with bated breath. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

112 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_W_8 8. challenge Derivatives of challenge: challenging; challenger 1) 一门挑战性的课程 a challenging course of study Chinese-English translation 2) 对于一个无经验的演员而言颇具挑战性的角色 a challenging role for an inexperienced performer 3) 一个富于挑战性的观点 a challenging idea Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

113 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_1 Collocation practice 1. potential customers Explanation: 1) Many potential customers are waiting for a fall in prices before buying. 许多潜在客户都在等着降价后再买。 those people who might become a customer in the future 2) A number of potential buyers have expressed interest in the company. 一些潜在买家表达了对这家公司的兴趣。 Examples: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

114 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_2 2. commercials Explanation: 1)The aim of the repetitions of the same commercial on television is nothing but to brainwash consumers into compulsive consumption. 电视上反复播放同一个广告的目的无非是通过宣传使消费者 认为非用不可。 advertisements on TV or radio 2)a commercial break 广告间歇时间 Examples: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 3)Commercials help to sell goods. 广告(能)帮助推销货品。

115 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_3 3. disaster Explanation: 1) The dinner party was a disaster. 宴会彻底失败。 complete failure 他们怕冒失败的风险, 因为他们不愿意丢脸。 Examples: 停电后城市陷入一片混乱。 3) After the disaster of electricity supplies the city was in chaos. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement 2) They were afraid of risking disaster because they didn't want to lose face. Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

116 Vocabulary analysis Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_4 4. a bunch of Explanation: (an informal American expression) a lot of (people or things) Examples: Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 1) They’re a bunch of hooligans. 他们是一群流氓。 你的这群朋友不错。 我兄弟和他的伙伴们都是篮球迷。 3) My brother and his bunch are basketball fanatics. 2) Your friends are a nice bunch.

117 Vocabulary analysis Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_V_P_5 5. knock out Explanation: 1)Jackson hit Tom hard with his left fist and knocked him out instantaneously. 杰克逊用左拳一下子就把汤姆打昏了过去。 to render unconscious; to defeat (a boxing opponent) by a knockout; to render useless or inoperative; to exert or exhaust (oneself or another) to the utmost 2)The storm knocked out the telephones. 风暴使电话中断。 Examples: 为及时作好准备, 她已筋疲力尽。 3)To be ready on time, she knocked herself out. Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

118 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G Grammar exercises I. The connective-clause as the noun-clause II. It in the subject-clause, which is introduced by the connective that, functions as an anticipatory subject III. The usage of as Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

119 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth The connective clause refers to a clause that is introduced by the connectives that, whether, if, who, whom, whose, what, which, when, where, why or how. The noun-clause includes the subject clause, the object clause, the predicative clause, and the appositive clause, which functions as a noun in a sentence.

120 1. I had no idea how I wanted to spend the rest of my life. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Practice: Note the use of the italicized parts in the following sentences. key: The how-clause functions as the appositional clause. 2. The basic concept of the campaign was that if a he-man football player like Terry Bradshaw was not embarrassed to wear a toupee, no one else should be. key: The that-clause functions as the subject complement. 3. There were lots of bad ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the list. key: Being... functions as the subject.

121 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_1_3 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 4. What I didn’t realize was that I had cut my head when I took it off, so my scalp was bleeding. key: The what-clause functions as the subject. 5. After that, for some reason, the company decided I was not a proper spokesman for their toupee and fired me. key: I was... functions as the object. 6. I didn’t know when to talk and when to keep quiet. key: When-clause functions as the object.

122 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_2_1 It in the subject-clause, which is introduced by the connective that, functions as an anticipatory subject. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth e.g. It is certain that they will win. It is unfortunate that we have run out of stock. It is hoped that the report will go out to shareholders no later than June 1.

123 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_2_2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth However, a complex sentence with a subject-clause, in which it functions as an anticipatory subject, can be transformed into a simple sentence with a disjunctive (sentence adverb). e.g. It is certain that they will win. Certainly, they will win. It is unfortunate that we have run out of stock. Unfortunately, we have run out of stock. It is hoped that the report will go out to shareholders no later than June 1. Hopefully, the report will go out to shareholders no later than June 1.

124 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_2_1.1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth The Subject Clause The Subject Clause: A clause introduced by the connective, such as that, what, when, whether, or which functions as the subject in a complex sentence. e.g. That the moon moves round the earth is well-known to all of us. What they are after is profit. When the meeting is to be held has not yet been decided.

125 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_2_3 Practice: Rewrite the following sentences according to the model. 1.It was apparent that her sister had warned her time and again to play hard to get. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Model: It was lucky that this had attracted the attention of TV network executives. Luckily, this had attracted the attention of TV network executives. Key: Apparently, her sister had warned her time and again to play hard to get.

126 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G_2_4 2. It is odd enough that he did not raise any objection to the plan. 3. It was foolish of the boy not to say a single word. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Key: Oddly enough, he did not raise any objection to the plan. Key: Foolishly, the boy did not say a single word. 4. It was right that you returned the money. Key: Rightly, you returned the money.

127 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G _3_1 The usage of as Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth e.g. As a student, grade was the only thing that mattered to me, but as a teacher I have come to realize that it is only one of the ways to evaluate one’s learning. Explanation: in the role, capacity, or function of

128 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_G _3_2 Practice Fill in the blanks with proper prepositions. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 1. a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered to me, but a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that make up the big picture. 2. a breadwinner, money was the only thing that mattered to me, but a father I soon learned it was love that makes a family happy. As to the other usage of as, please refer to Grammar Exercises in Unit One. as _ As ___ as As

129 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 1.1 Translation exercises Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the word or phrase given in the bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where necessary. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Transition here means movement, passage, or change from one position, state, stage, subject, concept, etc., to another. Introduce here means to bring in and establish in a new place or environment. Introduce is often followed by some adverbs or prepositions, such as from, over, etc. The new system will be introduced over a six-month transition period. 1. 新的体制将在六个月的过渡期内逐步推行。 (transition) Notes :

130 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 1.2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 1) 天气的变化无常 the frequent transition of weather 2) 过渡因素 transition factor Chinese-English translation 3) 转变(临界)点 transition point

131 We took a defensive attitude in the negotiation. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 2 2. 警员声称他们在暴乱中所采取的行动纯属防卫。 (defensive) The police officers claimed that their actions in the riots were purely defensive. Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Claim means to state to be true, especially when open to question; to assert or maintain. Purely means completely, absolutely, but free of extraneous elements. Defensive means intended to withstand or deter aggression or attack, while protective means intended or appropriate for defending. Notes : Chinese-English translation 1) 防御性武器系统 a defensive weapons system 2) 我们在谈判时采取守势。

132 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 3.1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Verbs distribute, divide, and dispense mean to give out in portions or shares. Among these, distribute is the least specific. Divide implies giving out portions, often equally, on the basis of a plan or purpose. Dispense stresses the careful determination of portions, often according to measurement or weight. Epidemic means an outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely. About $250,000 worth of medical supplies has been distributed among families affected by the epidemic. 3. 价值大约 250, 000 美元的医疗物资被分发到遭受流行病侵袭的 家庭。 (distribute) Notes :

133 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 3.2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers willing to cultivate it. The monitor distributed books to the students. 1) 在 19 世纪,政府将土地分配给愿意耕种的定居者。 2) 班长把书分发给了同学们。 Chinese-English translation

134 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 4.1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 4. 那些产品原本在当地加工,现在大部分在远东地区成批 生产。 (mass-produce) The phrase used to do something indicates a former state, habitual practice, or custom. Mass-produce means to make large quantities of something, esp. so that it can be sold cheaply. Notes : The products used to be made locally, but now they are mostly mass-produced in the Far East.

135 That factory mass-produces cars. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 4.2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 1) 他们大量生产挂毯,挣了不少钱。 They mass-produced tapestries, and thus earned good money. 2) 大量生产小汽车和卡车的工厂多数都破产了。 Most of the factories that mass-produced cars and trucks went into bankruptcy. Chinese-English translation 3) 那家工厂大量生产小汽车。

136 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 5.1 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 5. 在联邦赤字问题上总统所持的立场得到了参议院多数议员的 赞同。 (endorse) Deficit means the amount by which a sum of money falls short of the required or expected amount; a shortage. Endorse, sanction and approve mean to express a favorable opinion or to signify satisfaction or acceptance. Though approve, the most widely applicable one, often means simply to consider right or good, it can also denote official consent. Endorse implies the expression of support, often by public statement. Sanction usually implies not only approval but also official authorization. Notes : The President’s position on the federal deficit was endorsed by a large majority of the Senate.

137 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 5.2 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 1) 参议员将发表演讲,支持其所在党派州长候选人。 The senator will give a speech endorsing her party’s gubernatorial candidate. 2) 公众意见不应赞同使用武力。 Public opinion ought not to endorse the use of force. Chinese-English translation

138 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 6 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth He often makes commentary on current affairs. 6. 萨拉看着窗外,对街上正发生的一切向我们作实况报道。 (commentary) Sarah was looking out of the window and giving us a running commentary of what was happening out in the street. Running commentary refers to a series of explanations or interpretations that are ongoing over a period of time. Notes : Chinese-English translation 1) 评论最后的结论十分中肯, 说得一点不错。 The conclusion of the commentary really hit the bull’s eye; it was exactly right. 2) 他常常作些实事评论。 The scandal is a sad commentary on national politics. 3) 这件丑闻是对国内政治一笔可悲的注脚。

139 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 7 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth This examination is a real challenge. 7. 我们正面临历史上最严峻的挑战,我们要依靠你们 —— 我们的 盟友 —— 的支持。 (challenge) We are now facing the most serious challenge in our history and are dependent on you, our allies, for support. Challenge means an act or statement of defiance; a call to confrontation; or a competition. Notes : Chinese-English translation 1) 那是对政府权威的挑战。 That is a challenge to the government’s authority. 2) 这次考试是一次真正的挑战。 He dared not accept/take the challenge. 3) 他不敢应战。

140 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_T_ 8 Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth He duplicated his former mistakes. 8. 关于各种犯罪,有太多详尽的电视节目和报刊报道,以致于连 小孩子都知道怎样模仿他们的所见所闻。 (duplicate) There has been too much shown on TV and too much reported in newspapers of all kinds of crimes — described in such detail that even children know how to duplicate what they have seen or read. In detail means with attention to particulars; thoroughly or meticulously. Duplicate means to make an exact copy of. Notes : Chinese-English translation 1) 他得到了一把复制的钥匙。 He got a duplicate key. 2) 他又犯了和以前一样的错误。 Please type the document in duplicate. 3) 请把这份文件打成一式两份。

141 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Students all (1) the world have to work for their education. A college education in the United States is (2). The costs are so high that most families begin to (3) for their children’s education when their children are babies. (4) so, many young people cannot (5) to pay the expenses of full time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for (6) the university, books for (7), and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses (8) as chemistry and biology laboratory fees and special student activity fees (9) such things as parking Exercises for integrated skills Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. over ____ classes ______ afford _____ such ____ attending ________ expensive save ____ Even _____ for ___

142 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth permits and football tickets. The (10) of a college education increases every year. (11), campuses are still crowded with students. Some American students (12) on their family support to pay for college. Perhaps some of the students have (13) or money grants, but many do (14). How do the rest of the students (15) ? cost ____ not ___ manage _______ scholarships __________ However _______ depend ______

143 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_1 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: All over the world means existing everywhere. over

144 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_2 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Expensive means requiring a large expenditure; costly. expensive

145 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_3 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Save means to set aside for future use; to store. save

146 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_4 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Even so is used as an emphasis. Even

147 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_5 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Afford means to have the financial means for; to be able to meet the cost of. afford

148 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 1_popwin_6 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Attend means to be present. attending

149 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_7 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Class means the period during which a group of students meets. classes

150 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_8 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Such as means for example. such

151 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_9 Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: For is used to indicate the object, aim, or purpose of an action or activity. for

152 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_10 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Cost means an amount paid or required in payment for a purchase; a price. cost

153 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_11 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: However means in spite of ; nevertheless; yet. However

154 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_12 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Depend on means to rely on, especially for support or maintenance. depend

155 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_13 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Scholarship means a grant of financial aid awarded to a student, as for the purpose of attending a college. scholarships

156 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_14 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Not is used to express negation, denial, refusal, or prohibition. not

157 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Exercises for integrated skills Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_E_ 2_popwin_15 Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Explanation: Manage means to continue to get along; carry on. manage

158 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_1 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth The discussion can be based on the following aspects. 1)Your reasons for your job choice: either to be a coach or to be a sports announcer, such as your personalities are more suitable for a coach/ a sports announcer; your interest in either of them; what influence your choice will exert on your life. 2) Your parent’s advice on your job choice. Oral activities 1.Suppose your football-playing career comes to an end. You are considering how to spend the rest of your life. You have a choice: to be a coach for the local teenage football club or to be a sports announcer for a well-known TV station. Now talk to one of your parents and exchange your ideas with her (him). You and your partner can take turns playing the roles of the player and his/her parent respectively. Suggestions:

159 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_2 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth 2.With the professionalism of football playing, players’ incomes have dramatically increased in recent years. Some people do not think they have proved themselves worthy of so much money, while others think that they have contributed a lot. Organize yourselves into groups of five or six and debate on this issue. Words and expressions suggested for this topic: the significant professionalism of football playing make great contribution to material life spiritual life the elites of the society deserve the reward Suggestions:

160 The recent years have witnessed the significant professionalism of football playing, which brings about the dramatic increase in players’ income. Confronted with this phenomenon, people’s opinions are various. Some people do not consider these players worthy of the money they earn. However, we should acknowledge that their seemingly exaggerated incomes are reasonable in several aspects. First of all, the football players are making great contributions to the society, though their achievement may be not as salient as that in other fields. What they are working for does not provide material products, but spiritual accomplishments are definitely realized. Therefore, we cannot justify ourselves by thinking that football playing is not as important as other sections of the society, such as factories, companies, hospitals and so on. Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_3 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth A sample discussion on the second topic:

161 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_O_4 Exercises for integrated skills Writing practice Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Secondly, to be worthy of the money they get, the players have to suffer a lot. Like the elites in other fields, they are supposed to work hard before they gain outstanding social status and respect from others. They have to conquer the difficulties that most of us cannot bear at all. What’s more, it is inevitable that only a small portion of them can get renowned. Thus, they deserve the reward they have got. Like other great men, football players are also the heroes in our hearts. Both the respect and fortune enjoyed by them need to be deemed as natural.

162 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_1 Exercises for integrated skills Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Write a 250-word composition on the topic “My Ideal Occupation”. In the first part, tell the reader what you wanted to be when you were a child. In the second part, describe what is your ideal occupation now. And in the third part, explain why your choice is ideal. Writing practice

163 From as early as I can remember, I determined to be an actress. My reasons were simple and naïve: actresses are beautiful and often greeted by people with rapturous applause. I was so fascinated by their performance in the film or on the stage that it became a dream for me to materialize. Encouraged by this ambition, I enthusiastically took part in all sorts of performances held by my primary school, which veritably enriched my childhood. As I grow up, my interest in this domain subsides. The distraction from it owes to the fact that I have more opportunities to know other subjects during the process of learning in schools. Moreover, my respect for the teachers who have enlightened me consistently increases day by day. Therefore, a learned teacher becomes my ideal occupation. Several reasons cement my resolve to strive for this goal. A sample essay: My Ideal Occupation Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_2 Exercises for integrated skills Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth

164 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_W_3 Exercises for integrated skills Listening exercises Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Firstly, like what I have said above, I hold a strong worship for the career of a teacher who enlighten students with knowledge. They are not only cultured but also generous people, from whom we can always obtain a lot. Secondly, I have been taught by many excellent teachers who have set perfect examples for me to develop my teaching career. Last but not least, there is still a great demand for teachers in many areas of China nowadays. A lot of children cannot afford to go to school and my help may benefit them.

165 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_1 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Listening exercises Do You Enjoy Your Work? You will hear three people talking about their work: A.Listen to each speaker and answer the questions: — What is the speaker’s job? — Where does he or she work? 1st Speaker 2nd Speaker 3rd Speaker JobWorkplace / an area sales manager manager of the Banking and Portfolio Department a large multi- national corporation a commercial lender a commercial bank in a suburb of Chicago script ■

166 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_2 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth script ■ B. Listen to each speaker again and note down your answers to the questions about their work: — What does each speaker enjoy or find rewarding? — What does each speaker find annoying or frustrating? 1st Speaker 2nd Speaker 3rd Speaker RewardingFrustrating the pay/customers that leave one waiting the travel you get to take decision the company is still very bureaucratic variety of work restrictions as to what you can do or not do for a customer

167 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_3 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth script ■ Ask your partner the following questions: — Which of the jobs that you have heard about would you most like to do yourself? Why? — Which would you least like to do? Why? Words and expressions suggested: have (no) interest in … be enthusiastic/unenthusiastic about certain personalities (not) suit the qualifications of a profession the significance/insignificance of … make great/least contribution to the society C.

168 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_popwin1 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth ■ What do you do? I’m described as an area sales manager. Um … that would normally imply that one has somebody to manage. In my case, it’s just a glorified sales rep. I go round visiting shops, maybe five or six per day when I’m traveling. The rest of the time I spend in the office, answering queries from customers about sales and planning the next trip. My trips usually last about two to three weeks and I go mostly to Germany, Austria and Switzerland. What do you find rewarding about the work? Do You Enjoy Your Work? Interviewer: 1st Speaker: Interviewer:

169 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_popwin2 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth ■ Well, the travel as much as anything else. Um … the job is fairly badly paid, but the fact that I get free trips to the foreign countries more or less of my choice for most of the year does in some measure recompense for that. What do you find frustrating or annoying about it? Well, I’ve already mentioned the pay. Um … obviously frustrating is also customers that leave one waiting … um … I have been known to get my own back on customers who leave me waiting for half an hour or so simply by selling them twice as much as I know they need. Um … it’s not a trick that I would recommend using all that often, but on the whole the frustrations of the job are minimal. 1st Speaker: Interviewer: 1st Speaker:

170 Vocabulary analysis Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Grammar exercises SectionFour_L_popwin3 ■ I’m the manager of the department called the Banking and Portfolio Department for a large multi-national corporation. The responsibility of that department is to handle all the banking matters … er … relationship, credit issues, opening and closing accounts. We also manage the investment of the company’s excess funds. The best thing about working in the department that we have is that you get to take decision at a relatively low management level in the company — you get to watch the decisions come, follow through and you get to see the effect on the bottom line profit of the company. We are one of the few areas within a world … er … within a headquarters-type atmosphere where there is a profit centre, bottom line. 2nd Speaker:

171 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_popwin4 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth ■ One of the things I find the most frustrating is that … er … the company is still very bureaucratic. We tend to produce a lot of paperwork and reports that don’t seem to have any fit with the … today’s company business. And they’ve been generated for years and we continue to generate them … er … because management has asked for them. We are attempting to change that but it continues to be a source of frustration for myself and my staff. I’m a commercial lender at the First National Bank of Lake Forest, which is a commercial bank in a suburb of Chicago with assets of about $400 million. It has recently been purchased by the Northern Trust Bank in the city of Chicago, which has assets of about $7.7 2nd Speaker: 3rd Speaker: billion.

172 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_popwin5 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth ■ We are very much a community-oriented bank and my lending will be diverse … er … working with individuals, making mortgages and home construction loans as well as making personal loans and business and industrial loans. So very much of a general-purpose broad area of lending. What is enjoyable about what I do is the opportunity to work with the owners of companies in the area and with professional people that reside in the community. Er … I’m working with owners of steel companies, with popcorn producers, with individuals that make washers for many purposes. And it allows me the variety of work that working at a large multi-billion bank does not have to offer as you’ll be working in narrow job description handling one type of lending. 3rd Speaker:

173 Vocabulary analysis Grammar exercises Translation exercises Oral activities Writing practice Listening exercises Section Four: Consolidation Activities SectionFour_L_popwin6 Exercises for integrated skills Section Five: Further Enhancement Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth ■ Some of the frustrations with the job are restrictions as to what you can do or not do for a customer, as many of the requests that we receive are either too small or too large for us to handle and at that point we don’t really have the product to sell them, we have to defer them to our competition. 3rd Speaker:

174 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_lead in Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Lead-in questions Would you like to be a professional when you graduate? If you’d like to, what profession will you choose? If some day you are in a dilemma as to whether it is worthwhile to quit a highly-powered job in favor of a balanced life for the sake of your family, what choice will you finally make? Why?

175 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text1 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth A few years ago I had a problem: I couldn’t wait to get to the office in the morning and only left it at night reluctantly. Being a member of US President Bill Clinton’s Cabinet was so much better than any job I’d had. I couldn’t get enough of it. Not surprisingly, the rest of my life shriveled into a dried raisin. I lost contact with old friends. I saw little of my wife and even less of our two sons, Adam, then 15, and Sam, 12. One evening, for the sixth time in a row, I phoned home to tell the boys that once again I’d miss their bedtime. That’s OK, said Sam. But could I wake him up when I did get home? That would be really late, I said; he would have gone to sleep long before. It was probably better if I saw him the next morning. Sam’s Wake-Up Call — and Mine Robert Reich

176 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text2 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading Sam listened, but insisted. He said he just wanted to know I was there. To this day I can’t explain precisely what happened at that moment. But I suddenly knew, with utter finality, that I had to leave my job. A number of ordinary citizens wrote to me after I announced my resignation. Most were sympathetic. A few were not. Many women on the fast track, they wrote, were already battling a culture that criticized them for sacrificing too much — and here I was, seemingly agreeing that a balanced life was incompatible with a high-powered job. Others said while it may be easy for me to find another well paying job that gave me more time for my family, others didn’t have that option. I was sending the wrong message to people like them, too.

177 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text3 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading I should have expected that my career decision would carry symbolic weight — after all, I was the Secretary of Labor. But I had no intention of sending a message to others about how they should lead their lives. Sam’s simple request was, rather, the wake-up call I needed to tell me how I should live mine. Still, my choice was troubling because many of us face the problem of balancing work and family life. While many of us make more money than our parents, the average, middle income married couple with kids now work far longer hours than they did two decades ago — the equivalent of more than two months a year. What’s going on? Partly it’s technology from stable mass production towards continuous innovation. To become more nimble, companies are tying even the typical, mid-level salaried employee’s pay to profits.

178 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text4 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading What we earn increasingly depends on bonuses, share options and overtime pay — all of which can rise or fall or disappear. We reconcile unpredictable incomes with predictable bills by going full out when work is available. A friend of mine, a new father, is putting in 14-hour workdays. He’d rather not be working so hard, and no one had asked him to. But his pay is directly related to the firm’s profits. He thinks he’d better make hay while the sun shines. My friend’s situation helps explain why so few of us take longer holidays or use family leave. We feel that if we opt out even a little, we may be opting out permanently. So we’re tempted to work harder. I faced that temptation after I left Washington. Adam was running in a big cross-country race at school. Then someone called me about a project. The pay was generous, but I’d have to begin the day of the race.

179 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text5 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading I turned the project down and, judging from his big wave and bright smile, Adam was glad I did. He won the race, and I like to think my presence there may have caused him to push himself a bit harder. I wish I could say I had no regrets about the project I passed up. But not a few times on that Saturday my mind drifted, thinking about what it was “costing” me to be there. Then I saw Adam’s face as he crossed the finish line. It was worth it. 701 words

180 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_1 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading About the author Robert Reich was a member of the Clinton economic team which helped sustain the longest period of economic growth in the history of the US.

181 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_2 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading... the rest of my life shrivelled into a dried raisin. my life lost much of its vitality, like a dried and wrinkled raisin

182 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_3 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading Many women on the fast track Many women who are too busy with their work.

183 share options 认股权 Employee share options can be like a license to print money. In fact, share options have turned thousands of Americans into millionaires almost overnight. That’s why more and more American employers have been offering options in order to attract and keep good workers. Share options allow workers to buy their company’s stock at a certain price. Let’s say you just joined XYZ Company. You liked their offer to let you buy 10,000 shares at 10 dollars per share. When the market price of XYZ reaches 20 dollars, you decide to “exercise” your option. For 200,000 dollar worth of shares, you pay only 100,000 dollars. At some companies, stock options have made ordinary workers rich. In 2001 and 2002, however, many stocks nosedived. Many employees who exercised stock options are now “underwater”. This means the market price of their shares is lower than the price they paid. That’s like having license to burn money! Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_4 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading

184 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_5 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading We reconcile unpredictable incomes with predictable bills by going full out when work is available. In order to enable our unpredictable incomes to meet our predictable bills, we have to work as hard as possible.

185 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_6 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading He thinks he’d better make hay while the sun shines. He thinks he’d better try to make as much money as possible while he is still able to work so hard.

186 Lead-in questions Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_7 Memorable quotes Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading... after I left Washington Here “Washington”, the capital of the United States, refers to the author’s official position in the US Government. The figure of speech employed here is called metonymy, which consists of using the name of one thing for that of another with which they are closely associated. from the cradle to the grave (from birth to death) He spent the whole day reading Shakespeare. (“Shakespeare” stands for the works of Shakespeare.) e.g.

187 Lead-in questions Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text_Q Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading Questions for discussion: How did the author balance work and family life? If you were him, what would you do? Can you explain precisely what happened at that moment in Paragraph 5? What does “the wrong message” in Paragraph 7 refer to? Why did he say that “my career decision would carry symbolic weight”? How do you interpret the title? Answers for reference:

188 1. On the one hand, the job was very important to him and he really enjoyed his work. On the other hand, he realized that family life was even more important. He’d rather give up his job for his family life. Though occasionally he felt regretful, he thought his decision was worthwhile when he saw his son’s big smile. 2. It occurred to the author that no matter how much he liked his job, family life was his first choice, or his life would shrivel into a dried raisin. 3. It is worthwhile to quit a highly-powered job in favor of a balanced life for the sake of one’s family. 4. He was a public figure. His decision would exert some influence on many other people, because they would follow him. 5. By “Sam’s wake-up call”, the author means that Sam wanted his father to wake him up when he came home no matter how late it was. By “my wake-up call”, the author means that his son’s simple request awakened him to the importance of one’s family life. Lead-in questions Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_text_Q1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Supplementary reading

189 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_ Memorable1 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Memorable quotes Please paraphrase the following quotes: God brings men into deep waters, not to drown them, but to cleanse them. — Aughey

190 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_ Memorable2 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Unrest of spirit is a mark of life; one problem after another presents itself and in the solving of them we can find our greatest pleasure. — Karl Menninger

191 Lead-in questions Supplementary reading Memorable quotes Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement SectionFive_ Memorable3 Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Me and My Big Mouth Adversity introduces a man to himself. — Anonymous


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