Presentation on theme: "Amereller Rechtsanwälte 1 Commercial Agency Law in Saudi Arabia Dr. Stephan Jäger, Amereller Rechtsanwälte Annual IDI Conference 2009 Barcelona, June 12/13,"— Presentation transcript:
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 1 Commercial Agency Law in Saudi Arabia Dr. Stephan Jäger, Amereller Rechtsanwälte Annual IDI Conference 2009 Barcelona, June 12/13, 2009
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 2 Saudi Arabia is different! No Civil Code No (comprehensive) Commercial Code Rudimentary civil procedure laws (in commercial matters) New York Convention signed and ratified, but not applied No legal provisions on substantive commercial agency law No publication of court decisions
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 3 Legal Framework Islamic Law (Shari‘a) (Royal) Regulations, in particular Commercial Agency Regulations Analogy of codifications of other Arab countries Contractual Agreement
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 4 Shari‘a - I Sources Qur‘an Sunna (tradition of life of prophet Mohammad) Ijma‘ (consensus on interpretation of Qur‘an and Sunna) Qiyas (analogy to earlier accepted principles) Various „Schools“ Complilations Ottoman (Hanafi) Mejelle of 1877 Saudi (Hanbali) Majalla of 1981 (no legal authority in KSA!)
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 5 Shari‘a - II Basic principles No ‚riba‘ („interest“) No delay interest No interest on loans No ‚gharar‘ („aleatory profits“) No gambling etc. No ‚hypothetical‘ damages, e.g. lost profits
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 6 Shari‘a - III Agency („wikala“) Article 1449 of the Mejelle: „‘Wikala‘ is for someone to put business of his on another, and to make him stand in his own place in respect of that business“ Article 1494 of the Mejelle: „A wakil for sale, without restriction, can sell the property of his principal for a small price, i.e. for a price, that he has seen fit“ Article 1521 of the Mejelle „The principal can dismiss his wakil from the wikala. But he cannot dismiss him if the right of another is pending.“
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 7 Commercial Agency Regulations - I Definition „Anyone who contracts with a manufacturer or his representative in his country for commercial activities, whether as agent (‚wakil‘) or distributor in any kind of agency or distributorship (against remuneration)“ Commercial agency only by Saudi nationals Registration required Penalties for non-compliance Obligation to provide spare parts, maintenance and warranty to consumers
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 8 Commercial Agency Regulations - II Minimum content of contract Written form With manufacturer or representative in his country Obligations of parties towards each other and towards consumer Information on identity of parties Subject matter and territory of the agency Term of the agency and renewal mechanism Termination mechanism … „and any other provisions that is in accordance with the regulations in force in the Kingdom“
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 9 Ministry of Commerce Model Agency Agreement - I 16 provisions: Appointment for „solicting and negotiating the conclusion of transactions and their performance“ Territory: Entire Kingdom of Saudi Arabia or specific territories Term, with automatic renewal unless terminated 3 months prior to end of term Obligation on principal to provide spare parts, maintenance and warranty during term and one year thereafter Commission as percentage of value of products sold
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 10 Ministry of Commerce Model Agency Agreement - II Agent‘s right of compensation for damages suffered under the contract or „commercial custom“ in the following cases: Termination by principal at an „inconvenient time“ or without reason for which the agent is responsible Refusal by principal to renew the contract on expiry of ist original term, if the agent is able to prove that his activity resulted in an apparent success in the promotion of the products or in the increase of the number of customers and the agent will lose profits or commissions as a result of such refusal to renew, unless the principal is able to prove that his refusal to renew is justfied by important reasons Violation of any provision of Commercial Agency Regulations by principal Local or international arbitration Application of Saudi laws
Amereller Rechtsanwälte 11 Ministry of Commerce Model Agency Agreement - III Provisions are not mandatory: Exclusivity may be excluded Compensation in case of termination may be waived International arbitration Foreign law But: practical issues!
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