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[By Ron Halbrook]. 2 11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of.

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Presentation on theme: "[By Ron Halbrook]. 2 11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of."— Presentation transcript:

1 [By Ron Halbrook]

2 2 11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

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4 4 4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

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7 7 1 Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD.

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9 9 5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

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11 11 18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them. 7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. 8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

12 Introduction: 6. King Christ gives gifts of leadership Evangelists & pastors: servants for our salvation Controversy over the pastor’s role Controversy over the evangelist’s role Use our gifts to glorify our king! 12

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14 14 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; 3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.  Selfish spirit destroys love & unity

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16 16 4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.  False doctrine hinders spiritual growth

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18 18 7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. 8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. 9 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? 10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)

19 19 11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: 13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

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22 22 14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; 15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: 16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

23 23 2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

24 24 26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men. 27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.

25 25 16 But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. 17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;

26 26 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

27 27 15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

28 I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation C. The Role of Pastors Terms explain office & work  Pastor, shepherd: Shepherds of flock  Bishop, overseer: Managers of people & task  Elder, presbyter: Mature leaders 28

29 29 23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

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31 31 4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity; 5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?) 17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

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33 33 1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: 2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; 3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. 4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

34 34 15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.  Not modify truth to please elders or others

35 35 17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls,…  Includes teaching program  Preacher not modify elders’ rule

36 36 17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

37 37 27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: 28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

38 I. Evangelists & Pastors: Servants for Our Salvation E. Complementary Roles Preachers & elders submit to Christ by mutual cooperation Maximize effectiveness: confer & cooperate, not compete & criticize God’s plan will work if we will work God’s plan! 38

39 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope New Testament defined pastor’s office & work Monarchical bishop evolves:  Presiding bishop mid-2 nd century  Mother church concept elevated the bishop 39

40 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope Baptism, Lord’s Supper, & priest  Baptism evolved from simple act of faith into ritualistic ceremony  Lord’s Supper evolved from simple memorial into ritualistic ceremony  Ceremonies administered by “priest” 40

41 A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope Monarchical bishop evolves:  Metropolitan bishop, archbishop, patriarch 41

42 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role A. Roman Catholic Model: Pastor to Priest to Pope Office of Pope result of expanding organizational powers plus priestly powers  Boniface III elected Bishop of Rome 606, Emperor Phocas endorsed him as “Universal Bishop”

43 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists Founders trained in clerical concepts Combined roles of preacher & pastor 43

44 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists Denominational pastor’s role:  Oversee local church  Exercise priestly powers  Preacher 44

45 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role B. Denominational Model: Merge Roles of Pastors & Evangelists Most see polity as expediency, but some such as Presbyterians claim scriptural polity Some distinguish 2 kinds of preachers:  Evangelist: itinerant, travel  Pastor: oversee local church 45

46 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role C. Restoring New Testament Christianity Disappointed with denominationalism, search for New Testament model Irish Presbyterians Thomas & Alexander Campbell to U.S. 1807,

47 C. Restoring New Testament Christianity Irish Presbyterians Thomas & Alexander Campbell to U.S. 1807, 1809  A Restoration of the Ancient Order of Things  Oppose all things not revealed in N.T.  Lampooned clergy’s pretensions: “Third Epistle of Peter to the Preachers and Rulers of Congregations” (July 4, 1825) 47

48  Lampooned clergy’s pretensions: “Third Epistle of Peter to the Preachers and Rulers of Congregations” (July 4, 1825) 48 And when ye shall hear of a church that is vacant & hath no one to preach therein, then be that a call unto you, and be ye mindful of the call, and take ye charge of the flock thereof and of the fleece thereof, even of the golden fleece. And when ye shall have fleeced the flock, and shall know of another call, and if the flock be greater, or rather if the fleece be greater, then greater be also unto you the call. Then shall ye leave your old flock, and of the new flock shall ye take the charge.

49 II. Controversy Over the Pastor’s Role C. Restoring New Testament Christianity Campbell affirmed N.T. model  Restore distinctive roles of bishops, deacons, & evangelists  No clergy-laity: any brother may “preach, baptize, and dispense the supper, as well as pray for all men” (Christian System: 82) 49

50 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role Irish & Scotch Presbyterians  Emphasize Bible authority  Emphasize local eldership & national polity  Much internal bickering & faction 50

51 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role Independents separated in 1700’s  Focus on congregational polity  Reject clergy-laity distinction  John Glas, Robert Sandeman, Greville Ewing, James A. & Robert Haldane 51

52 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role Independents separated in 1700’s WWilliam Ballantyne & James Haldane books: oPoPlurality of elders oEoEliminate evangelists (limit to 1 st century) o“o“Mutual edification:” all men preach 52

53 A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role Independents separated in 1700’s DDr. George Campbell distinguished content of “gospel” & “doctrine” oUoUtilized by some Independents: “evangelists” introduce “gospel” as special assistants to Apostles, role end with age of miracles 53

54 A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role Independents separated in 1700’s ““Mutual edification” called “church order,” resulted in disorder! o“o“Repudiating the clergy & the pope, each member became not only his own pope, but disposed to assume this office in regard to others” (Richardson, Memoirs of Campbell, II:128) oMoMovement largely decimated itself 54

55 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role A. Early Strain of Distrust of Evangelist’s Role A. Campbell influenced by Independents  Local church autonomy  Eliminate clergy  Said evangelist’s role ended, later called himself & others “evangelists” 55

56 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role B. Necessity of Itinerate Work Gospel spreading, preachers on the move Resulted in hundreds of baptisms, often lack of follow-up teaching Preachers sacrificed, lacked support— churches small, scattered, struggling 56

57 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role C. Located Work from Early Days Some preachers located with churches:  P. S. Fall in TN  J. B. Ferguson in TN  Walter Scott in KY  J.W. McGarvey in MO & KY  KY: 8 located preachers in 1862, 23 in

58 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role C. Located Work from Early Days Moses E. Lard in 1865: “We have not the least objection to a preacher laboring for the same congregation… for one year or ten, but we want him to do so simply as preacher and not as pastor”  Lament collateral damage of battle against hirelings: preachers lack support 58

59 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Back to the Bible denominationalism  1849 missionary society Cincinnati, OH  1859 L.L. Pinkerton: instrumental music Midway, KY 59

60 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Changing mind-set  Holy days  Church sponsor social events  Worldliness  Titles: Dr., Rev., Pastor 60

61 D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Conservative protest: Daniel Sommer, Sand Creek, IL “Address & Declaration” 1889  Not fellowship brethren with “abominations”  Oppose “one-man, preacher-pastor” 61

62 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Extreme view: all located preachers hirelings, one-man pastor system Christian Church division forced conservatives to start over: itinerate work imperative! 62

63 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Balanced view: located preacher without abuse of one-man pastor system  J.D. Tant, itinerate preacher: Bible not bind if teach weekly, monthly, or yearly at a place 63

64 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role D. Apostasy & Reaction Renew Controversy Balanced view: located preacher without abuse of one-man pastor system  M.C. Kurfees, Campbell St. church, Louisville, KY : length of stay & wages not issue, but “the work he does” 64

65 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role E. Factional Voices Cause Division Sommer moderated, endorsed “Can’t We Agree on Something?” (American Christian Review, )  Agree on pattern for New Testament church, liberty of conscience on located preacher & Bible college 65

66 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role E. Factional Voices Cause Division Carl Ketcherside reaction: press harder  Declared Sommer senile  Pressed in Mission Messenger  Debated F.L. Colley, G.K. Wallace, Rue Porter, Sterl Watson, W.L. Totty, G.C. Brewer, etc. 66

67 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role E. Factional Voices Cause Division Leroy Garrett followed factional course  Debated Bill Humble (1954), George DeHoff (1955) Ketcherside & Garrett swung to extreme ecumenicalism in mid to late 1950’s 67

68 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role E. Factional Voices Cause Division “Mutual edification” still alive, full of strife Alive in Appalachian Mts. region 1980’s-90’s  Tom O’Neal-Roy Hall debate at Richlands, VA, O’Neal-Walter Bailey at Belfast, VA Oct  Ron Halbrook-Bill Dawson debate July 1985 at Upper Beech Creek church, Mingo Co., WV Active around the world 68

69 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction Word game  “Preach” & “teach” different actions, “gospel” & “doctrine” different messages  Preach gospel to sinners, teach saints doctrine 69

70 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role F. Main Arguments: Gospel-Doctrine Distinction Word game  If distinction so important, demonstrate: 70

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72 72 35 Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus. 15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

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74 74 4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: 11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles. 15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

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76 76 6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, 11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, 42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

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78 78 42 And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ. 7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.

79 79 23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom… 35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...

80 80 14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach, 12 And they went out, and preached that men should repent. 30 And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught.

81 81 21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?

82 82 15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.

83 83 5 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;

84 84 4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, 5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.

85 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay Sin for preacher to locate with established church & sin for church to provide stipulated salary Decisions on length of stay & how to pay: judgment, liberty 85

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88 88 4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

89 89 14 Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

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91 91 8 I robbed other churches, taking wages of them, to do you service.

92 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role G. Main Arguments: No Stay, No Pay Arrangements for stay & pay not legislated: matters of judgment settled between preacher & local church 92

93 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight “Mutual edification” theory includes theory of evangelistic oversight:  Evangelist can stay with a church if no elders  He oversees church until appoints elders; power to dismiss bad elders  He can oversee multiple churches 93

94 94 5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

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97 97 17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward. 19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

98 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role H. Main Arguments: Evangelistic Oversight Promoters of evangelistic oversight create one-man pastors, little popes— yet accuse others of one-man pastor system 98

99 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated Claim: mutual edification system required Argue: no example of located preacher 99

100 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

101 But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him. 19 And if they were all one member, where were the body?

102 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated Misuse Eph. 4:16 on mutual edification system  Edify not limited to preach, men, or assembly 102

103 III. Controversy Over the Evangelist’s Role I. Main Arguments: Mutual Edification Legislated Located preacher authorized but not specified  1 Tim. 3:15; 2 Tim. 4:2 authorize preaching, methods & details not specified  1 Tim. 1:3 authorizes locate (church had elders)  1 Cor. 9:14 authorizes support  2 Cor. 11:8 authorizes stipulated wages 103

104 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

105 IV. Use Our Gifts to Glorify Our King! B. Satan Fights God’s Plan C. Use Our Gifts Serve Christ & each other Serve with humble love & mutual patience Serve & grow on right doctrinal foundation Cooperate as members of one body Use gifts for mutual growth in Christ 105


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