BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) Part Five ENTER
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) Extension I. Oral work Oral work II. Quotes Quotes III.Translation Translation IV. Poem: A Nation’s StrengthPoem: A Nation’s Strength V. Supplementary ReadingSupplementary Reading VI. QuizQuiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) I. Oral Work 1.Recreation of the court scenes. 2.Discuss with your partner to figure out the character of each juror and find out the sentences that support your view. 3.What was the evidence against the boy? How did it fall piece by piece through the discussion? The end of Oral Work.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) II. Quotes (on Irony) The end of Quotes. Neither irony nor sarcasm is argument. Rufus Choate Irony is an insult conveyed in the form of a compliment. Edwin P. Whipple "It is an old and ironic habit of human beings to run faster when we have lost our way." Rollo May "The supreme irony of life is that hardly anyone gets out of it alive." Robert Heinlein
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) 在一些西方国家里，有一条指导刑事法庭的原则，即法庭必须排除任 何有理由疑点而确定被告的罪行。也就是说，被告在被证明有罪之前 应被认为是无罪的。有理疑点指的是一个普通、公正、诚实、理智并 且谨慎的头脑里对被告罪行产生的疑点。 从理论上说，在被告被证明有罪之前认为他有罪的观念能确保不判错 案、不冤枉好人。在独幕剧《十二个愤怒的人》中，八号陪审员就是 利用这一原则来挽救那个小伙子的性命。他提出一个又一个有理疑点， 最后终于使其他陪审员同意没有充分的证据证明那个小伙子是有罪的。 但是在许多情况下，这个原则也可能有助于罪犯逃脱惩罚。如果一个 罪犯很有钱，他就能雇用特别有能力的律师来为他辩护。假定他的律 师们经验丰富，又精通法律，又愿意为了钱替任何人辩护，他们就能 在证人的证词中挑出漏洞从而提出 “ 有理 ” 疑点。律师甚至还受过训练 来回避对与错、有罪与无罪的问题想方设法使其委托人不进法庭，不 进监狱。 Translation III.Translation To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) III.Translation The end of Translation. In some countries in the West, there is a principle guiding a criminal court: the court must prove that accused person’s guilt beyond reasonable doubt. In other words, the accused is held innocent until proved guilty. Reasonable doubt refers to the doubt that could arise in the mind of an ordinary, impartial, honest, reasonable and cautious person with reference to the accused’s guilt. In theory, the concept of holding the accused innocent until proved guilty makes sure that a case is not misjudged and that an innocent person is not unjustly treated. In the one-act play Twelve Angry Men, Juror No. 8 uses this concept to save the boy’s life. He raises one reasonable doubt after another until the other jurors agree that there is no evidence to prove that the boy is guilty. However, in many other cases, this practice may also help criminals to escape punishment. If a criminal is very rich, he can hire very competent lawyers to defend him. If his lawyers are experienced and steeped in the law, and ready to defend anyone for money, it wouldn’t be too difficult for them to pick holes in the testimony of the witnesses and raise “reasonable” doubts. Moreover, a lawyer is trained to ignore questions of right and wrong, guilt or innocence, and try to find ways to keep his client out of court and out of jail.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) IV. Poem A Nation’s Strength (Ralph Waldo Emerson) Not gold, but only man can make A People great and strong; Men who, for truth and honor’s sake, Stand fast and suffer long. Brave men who work while others sleep, Who dare while others fly– They build a nation’s pillars deep And lift them to the sky. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One)Lesson 4 - Wsdom of Bear Wood To be continued on the next page. IV. Poem 国力 （拉尔夫‧沃尔多‧爱默生） 什么才能使一个民族伟大强盛？ 不是金子， 而只有人； 只有那些英雄， 他们为了真理，为了民族的光荣， 坚定不移，不惜牺牲。 在懒汉们酣睡的时候， 勇敢的人们却在忘我劳动。 当懦夫们望风而逃， 我们的英雄却在冲锋陷阵。 是他们建造了支撑祖国大厦的柱石， 使它们拔地而起，高耸入云。
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) About the poet: Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803—1882) was born in Boston, where his father was a clergyman. While at Harvard, he began keeping journals—records of his thoughts—a practice he continued throughout his life. He later drew on the journals for materials for his essays and poetry. Emerson was concerned with many reform movements, among them the abolition of slavery. He is regarded as a leading American philosopher and writer. His influence on American literature resulted not so much from the quality of his own writing as from the guidance he provided for other writers such as Thoreau, Whitman, and Emily Dickinson. IV. Poem The end of Poem.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading A personal experience as a juror … Right before lunch, my name was the last in a long list (of the chosen jurors), and I excitedly hurried over to Empaneling Room No. 5, where after a long delay my fellow jurors and I were transported by bus to another court building located no more than 200 feet away… The voir dire, where the judge and lawyers ask all order of questions, was the most interesting aspect of my day. Our panel of jurors was instructed that this case was a robbery case, where two men were suspected of robbing a pizza delivery man at knifepoint. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading I heard all order of excuses as people were asked whether they could be biased. Jurors were asked individually, starting with number one going up to number 14 (12 jurors, two alternates). While number one made it through the first round of questioning from the judge without a problem, three people were dismissed from the number-two spot before a suitable one was found. Excuses ranged from "I've been robbed before, so I hate all robbers" to "I can't miss work because I have to pay my exwife's alimony." One man even tried to use his experience as a producer for Court TV to suggest that he was biased against all courtroom settings. The lawyers agreed to dismiss him, perhaps only to stop his whining. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading My name was called when the eighth juror was dismissed. My heart immediately started racing as I walked up to the jury box. The questions were simple in nature, but I couldn't help noticing that the judge was asking me far more questions than any other juror, perhaps trying to expose my youth as a source of doubt. Finally, the judge moved on. A few other jurors were dismissed, but after the judge's questioning, both of the lawyers' questioning sessions went on without a problem. At long last, we were all sent out of the room while some discussion went on. When the 14 of us were seated again, the judge called out a list of names—eight of them in total—that were dismissed. Lawyers can dismiss any juror with justification, or can use a limited number of "peremptory challenges" to dismiss a juror without any given reason. Despite the grilling I took, my name wasn't one of the eight called. I was in. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading The trial didn't start until the following Tuesday, five days later. I was sworn not to tell anyone anything about the case, and I kept my word. My co-workers were surprised that I got picked, and some were angry that I didn't try to fake my way out of it. In any event, after a half-day on Friday and a full day of work on Monday, I was set to go. The trial was not without a slew of delays. Whenever anyone ran late, the whole trial had to pause. A whopping 90 minutes was allocated for lunch, although there were always a few people who took more. We were surprised that the trial even proceeded in a timely manner; at one point we thought we were going to follow in the footsteps of the other jury we saw while waiting, who brought overnight bags in case they needed to be sequestered. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading The lawyers had contrasting styles; while the Assistant District Attorney was always impeccably well-dressed and neat, the defense attorney almost reminded us of a lawyer who might advertise on daytime television, what with his hilariously mismatched suits, disorganized stacks of note paper, and generally gruff demeanor. Nevertheless, both were able to make very good cases. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading In a criminal case, the jury must be unanimous in their verdict. After four hours of heated debate, growing very fierce at times (I didn't gain any friends by changing my vote a few times), we decided that the defendant was indeed guilty of robbery in the second degree, and guilty of robbery in the first degree. As our foreman read the verdict, the defendant—who had barely shown any emotion during the entire trial—turned bright red and buried his head in his hands on the table. That, in my opinion, was the toughest part of the trial. However, after it was all over I was confident that I made the right choice, and the judge told us that the defendant would likely get the minimum sentence of five years in jail, rather than the maximum of 25 years. I was also relieved that I wouldn't need the overnight bag I was told to bring, so that I could enjoy my fourth-of-July weekend in its entirety. To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) V.Supplementary Reading Overall I think jury duty was an interesting experience, certainly one that not everyone gets to experience. I'll spare you the drivel they gave me about my Civic Duty, and just say that the sheer intensity of arguing points with eleven strangers puts "reality" TV shows like "Survivor" and "Big Brother" to shame. (Granted, there weren't any bikini-clad women or "entertainers in a gentleman's club" in our group.) I have to say, though, that it's also a load off my back to know that I won't get called again for at least four years. The end of Supplementary Reading.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) VI.Quiz B To be continued on the next page. 1. We should always keep in mind that decisions often lead to bitter regrets. A. urgentB. hasty C. instantD. prompt 2. Obviously, the Chairman ’ s remarks at the conference were and not planned. A. substantialB. spontaneous C. simultaneousD. synthetic
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) C D To be continued on the next page. 3. The space Age ___ in October 1957 when the first artificial satellite was launched by the Soviet Union. A. initiatedB. originated C. embarkedD. commenced 4. Too much alcohol makes your senses ___. A. blendedB. bleak C. bladeD. blunt VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) C A To be continued on the next page. 5. The songs of Bob Dylan were very popular among young people, who regarded him ___ other musicians. A. as superior than B. as more superior to C. as superior to D. as more superior than 6. Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication in ___ the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered. A. thatB. which C. whatD. spite of the fact that VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) B D To be continued on the next page. 7. The morning news says a school bus __ with a train at the junction and a group of policemen were sent there immediately. A. bumpedB. collided C. crashedD. struck 8. We __ the founding of our nation with a public holiday. A. considerateB. deteriorate C. elaborateD. commemorate VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) D A To be continued on the next page. 9. He ’ s supposed ___ TV at this time of the day. A. knownB. watched C. to watchD. to be watching 10. It is no good ___ remember only grammatical rules. You need to practise what you ’ ve learned. A. trying toB. try to C. to try to D. tried to VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) A To be continued on the next page. 11. This meeting and the entire arrangement are to be kept strictly ___. A. confidentialB. private C. confidentD. substantial 12. The children prefer camping in the mountains ___ an indoor activity. A. toB. thanC. forD. with VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) D A To be continued on the next page. 13. The statesman was asked to ___ on the current events. A. recommendB. command C. commendD. comment 14. A budget of five dollars a day is totally ___ for a trip round Europe. A. inadequateB. incapable C. incompatibleD. in valid VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) D C To be continued on the next page. 15. The attorney tried to ___ the testimony of the two witnesses. A. contradictB. correspond C. corporateD. correlate 16. An iron tool, if never used, will ____ with rust. A. corruptB. collide C. corrodeD. concede VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) C A 17. The U.S. Congress is the ___ of the British Parliament. A. copyB. contrary C. counterpartD. simulation 18. The results are hardly ___; he can ’ t believe that they are accurate. A. credibleB. creditable C. incredulousD. incredible VI.Quiz To be continued on the next page.
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) 19. The origin of the universe ___ human understanding. A. transcendsB. trespasses C. overtakesD. beyond 20. It is well known that knowledge is the __ condition for expansion of mind. A. incompatibleB. incredible C. indefiniteD. indispensable A D To be continued on the next page. VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) Fill out the blanks with the proper form of the given words. The end of Quiz. 1. A committee will investigate _______ of racial discrimination. (allege) 2. The two species ________ millions of years ago. (divergent) 3. I used to _________ that my real parents were famous movie stars. (fantasy) 4. Only the _______ few can afford private education. (privilege) 5. The minister's _________ remarks were widely reported in the press. (provoke) 6. If a child lives with _______, he learns to be shy. (ridicule) allegation diverged fantasize privileged provocative ridicule VI.Quiz
BTLEW Lesson 5—Twelve Angry Men (Part One) Part Five BTLEW This is the end of Lesson Five.