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Bertrand Russell “Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.” Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for.

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Presentation on theme: "Bertrand Russell “Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.” Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bertrand Russell “Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.” Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric. Bertrand Russell

2 Including 4 marriages, a slew of awards…. and controversies--- The life of Bertrand Russell can certainly be described as full and wondrous!

3 A Brief Timeline 1872 Born in Wales Death of mother, sister & father 1876 Grand parents get custody 1894 Completes Moral Sciences Tripos (II) 1894 Marries Alys Pearsall Smith 1901 Discovers Russell’s Paradox Fined & imprisoned for anti-war protests Divorces Alys & marries Dora Black Opens experime- ntal school. Becomes Earl Divorce s Dora. Marries P. Spence Appointment to NY city college revoked due to public protests Dismiss- ed from Barnes Foundat- ion in PA Awarded the Order of Merit Awarded Nobel Prize for literature.

4 Timeline Continued 1952 Divorce from P. Spence and married to Edith Finch Releases Russell- Einstein Manifesto 1957 Organizes the first Pugwash Conference 1958 Becomes the President of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament 1961 Imprisoned for connection to antinuclear protests Died February 2 nd in Wales.

5 Who is Bertrand Russell? Bertrand Russell was a British philosopher, logician, essayist and social critic. He also did a lot of work in the areas of education, history, political theory and religious studies.

6 Bertrand: The Philosopher Along with G.E. Moore, Russell is generally recognized as one of the founders of analytic philosophy. Along with G.E. Moore, Russell is generally recognized as one of the founders of analytic philosophy. His most influential contributions include his defense of logicism (the view that mathematics is in some important sense reducible to logic), and his theories of definite descriptions and logical atomism. His most influential contributions include his defense of logicism (the view that mathematics is in some important sense reducible to logic), and his theories of definite descriptions and logical atomism.

7 Russell’s Paradox Russell's paradox is the most famous of the logical paradoxes. The paradox arises by considering the set of all sets that are not members of themselves. Such a set appears to be a member of itself if and only if it is not a member of itself, hence the paradox.

8 WHAT?! To try and explain this theory that’s important to many logicians: Some sets, such as the set of all teacups, are not members of themselves. Other sets, such as the set of all non-teacups, are members of themselves. Some sets, such as the set of all teacups, are not members of themselves. Other sets, such as the set of all non-teacups, are members of themselves. Call the set of all sets that are not members of themselves "R." If R is a member of itself, then by definition it must not be a member of itself. Similarly, if R is not a member of itself, then by definition it must be a member of itself. Call the set of all sets that are not members of themselves "R." If R is a member of itself, then by definition it must not be a member of itself. Similarly, if R is not a member of itself, then by definition it must be a member of itself.

9 In a statement: Basically, he’s saying that all sentences follow from a contradiction.

10 Russell’s Defense of Logicism Russell states that: The vocabulary of mathematics is a proper subset of Logic. And! The theorums of mathematics are subsets of logical ones.

11 Best-Selling Books Gives Russell's views on philosophical subjects and value of philosophical knowledge. 1912

12 Best-Selling Books Arguably outdated, this book gives a general history of philosophy. 1945

13 Russell: The Activist Although Bertrand Russell is famous in activist circles for his work against nuclear weapons and Western involvement in the Vietnam War, His social and political activism stretches far beyond that…

14 The Experimental School Along with his second wife, Russell opened an experimental school. He believed education was key to conveying his social beliefs. Dora Black

15 In the part of this universe that we know there is great injustice, and often the good suffer, and often the wicked prosper, and one hardly knows which of those is the more annoying. Bertrand Russell

16 The Rebel Russell was convicted twice and spent 6 months in prison due to his protests. He was dismissed from one college and had a job offer revoked from another for similar reasons.

17 Religion Russell ‘s books are notoriously blasphemous. He implies that religion is a comfort we seek to excuse our terrible acts. His message is that we should take responsibility for our own actions.

18 So far as I can remember, there is not one word in the Gospels in praise of intelligence. Bertrand Russell

19 It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence which could support this. Bertrand Russell

20 Men fear thought as they fear nothing else on earth -- more than ruin -- more even than death.... Thought is subversive and revolutionary, destructive and terrible, thought is merciless to privilege, established institutions, and comfortable habit. Thought looks into the pit of hell and is not afraid. Thought is great and swift and free, the light of the world, and the chief glory of man. Bertrand Russell

21 Bibliography ertrand_Russell ertrand_Russell ertrand_Russell ertrand_Russell paradox/ paradox/ paradox/ paradox/

22 By Barry Briggs Jr. (Bertrand)


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