Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Mujeres Creando ~ Bolivia “Love and honesty in our struggle”

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Mujeres Creando ~ Bolivia “Love and honesty in our struggle”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mujeres Creando ~ Bolivia “Love and honesty in our struggle”

2 Mujeres Creando ~ Bolivia Targeting neoliberals, macho leftists and ‘gender technocrats’

3 GLBT Identity in Latin America Pamela Hayes- Bohanan, MLS James Hayes-Bohanan, Ph.D. Safe College Coalition Latin American & Caribbean Studies GS 358: Geography of Latin America

4 Overview Sexual identity in Latin AmericaSexual identity in Latin America Implications for GLBT personsImplications for GLBT persons Legal statusLegal status ViolenceViolence OrganizingOrganizing

5 Caveats As with any regional geography, we acknowledge a tension between defining formal regions and eschewing stereotypesAs with any regional geography, we acknowledge a tension between defining formal regions and eschewing stereotypes We are both Latin Americanists, but we have had less involvement with GLBT issues in Latin America than in the United StatesWe are both Latin Americanists, but we have had less involvement with GLBT issues in Latin America than in the United States Feel free to ask questions!Feel free to ask questions!

6 Sexual Identity in Latin America Machismo – hypervirilityMachismo – hypervirility –Physical strength –Bold sexual advances toward women –Great sexual prowess –Self-confidence –Bravery Public and private spacesPublic and private spaces After Steven Bocchi Steven BocchiSteven Bocchi Marianismo – hyperfemininityMarianismo – hyperfemininity –Pure –Submissive to father, brother, and spouse –Lacks sexual desire –Mary or Malinche –Virgin or Whore

7 Implications for GLBT Persons Duality of male homosexual activityDuality of male homosexual activity Lesbians as anathema – so unlikely as to be invisibleLesbians as anathema – so unlikely as to be invisible Importance of transexual appearanceImportance of transexual appearance Confusion among “gay,” “transvestite,” and “transgendered”Confusion among “gay,” “transvestite,” and “transgendered”

8 Legal Status Banning of homosexual acts – some countries might overturnBanning of homosexual acts – some countries might overturn Legal protections for homosexual personsLegal protections for homosexual persons Police harassmentPolice harassment Civil partnershipCivil partnership

9 Violence Relation to machismoRelation to machismo Public and private spacePublic and private space Amor Bandido – Bruno BarretoAmor Bandido – Bruno Barreto

10 Violence in Guatemala No law against homosexualityNo law against homosexuality No protection, eitherNo protection, either Police detain on the basis of “scandalous behavior”Police detain on the basis of “scandalous behavior” Authorities engage in rape, theft, beatings, and killings of homosexual peopleAuthorities engage in rape, theft, beatings, and killings of homosexual people In a generally violent society, homosexuality is used to dismiss or diminish acts of violenceIn a generally violent society, homosexuality is used to dismiss or diminish acts of violence –Anthropologist Myrna Mack killed by death squad in 1990 –U.S. Nun Diana Ortiz kidnapped and tortured by army in 1989 –Guatemala City Bishop Juan Gerardi, murdered in 1998

11 Famous GLBT Latin Americans Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz – (Mexico) nun, poet, mysticSor Juana Ines de la Cruz – (Mexico) nun, poet, mystic Manuel Puig – ArgentinaManuel Puig – Argentina Reinaldo Arenas – CubaReinaldo Arenas – Cuba Gabriela Mistral – ChileGabriela Mistral – Chile Héctor Bianciotti – ArgentinaHéctor Bianciotti – Argentina Daniel Torres – Puerto RicoDaniel Torres – Puerto Rico Luis Rafael Sánchez – Puerto RicoLuis Rafael Sánchez – Puerto Rico Virgilio Piñera – CubaVirgilio Piñera – Cuba Fernando Vallejo – ColombiaFernando Vallejo – Colombia Jamie Bayly - PeruJamie Bayly - Peru

12 Organizing No Stonewall in Latin AmericaNo Stonewall in Latin AmericaStonewall MexicoMexico ArgentinaArgentina Central AmericaCentral America

13 Mexico Movement roughly concurrent with StonewallMovement roughly concurrent with Stonewall –Frente Homosexual de Acción Revolutionaria (gay) –Grupo Lambda de Liberación Homosexual (lesbian) OIKABETH (both) – now defunct – saw lesbianism as a political (socialist) choiceOIKABETH (both) – now defunct – saw lesbianism as a political (socialist) choice First pride march 1978First pride march 1978 The 2002 Pride March had 30,000 participantsThe 2002 Pride March had 30,000 participants The June 21, 2003 march had 30 floats and 80,000 participants. Even a PAN candidate set up a booth.The June 21, 2003 march had 30 floats and 80,000 participants. Even a PAN candidate set up a booth.

14 Argentina 1969: El Grupo Nuestro Mundo – formed by communist who had been ejected from the party – bombarded media with gay liberation message1969: El Grupo Nuestro Mundo – formed by communist who had been ejected from the party – bombarded media with gay liberation message 1971: Frente de Liberación Homosexual1971: Frente de Liberación Homosexual 1976: Group dissolved after most FLH members exiled or killed during the Isabel Peron administration1976: Group dissolved after most FLH members exiled or killed during the Isabel Peron administration 1983: Groups such as Comunidad Homosexual Argentina reemerge, following Dirty War1983: Groups such as Comunidad Homosexual Argentina reemerge, following Dirty War 1996: Constitution of Buenos Aires amended to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation1996: Constitution of Buenos Aires amended to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation

15 Central America Guatemala has no organizations, though gay-rights groups were formed in Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and El Salvador during the 1980s. Belize has little violence against gays, but neither does it have an open gay-rights movement.

16 Current Organizing and News Resource Center for the Americas: Center for the Americas:

17


Download ppt "Mujeres Creando ~ Bolivia “Love and honesty in our struggle”"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google