8Jurisdiction The practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leaderto deal with and make pronouncements onlegal matters and, by implication, toadminister justice within a defined area ofresponsibility.
9ComityAn informal principle that nations will extend certain courtesies to another nations, particularly by recognizing the validity andeffect of their executive, legislative, and judicial acts.This principle is most frequently invoked by courts, which will not act in a way that demeans the jurisdiction, laws, or judicial decisions of another country.
11Court in Texas declined to exercise jurisdiction over activity and harm that occurred in Ecuador. Taking jurisdiction in U.S. would have interfered with Ecuador’s sovereign right to control its own environment.Case dismissed under the doctrine of comity of nations.
12U.S. Courts Apply Comity and Refuse to Take Jurisdiction When: 1.The defendant is a sovereign state2.Defendant has insufficient contacts withthe U.S.3. Congress did not intend U.S. statute toapply extraterritorially4. Case concerns act of sovereign state onits own territory