Presentation on theme: "Centre:Forum THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS Mental health and employment law disability discrimination reasonable adjustments ill health dismissals useful."— Presentation transcript:
Centre:Forum THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS Mental health and employment law disability discrimination reasonable adjustments ill health dismissals useful resources
employer liability arising from (MH) disability disability discrimination - Equality Act 2010 Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 personal injury liability for psychiatric injury in tort Protection from Harassment Act 1997
Ring v Dansk (CJEU) “persons with disabilities include those who have long- term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others”
greatest barriers for mental health @ work prejudice assumptions stereotypical views attitudes dangerous/difficult/unpredictable/unreliable
forms of disability discrimination section 13 direct – because of disability s.15 discrimination arising in consequence of disability** (s.19 indirect) ss.20-21 reasonable adjustments duty** s.26 harassment s.27 victimisation (including post-termination) s.111 instructing, causing, inducing discrimination s.112 aiding discrimination
Can the employee identify a PCP, physical feature or absence of an auxiliary aid which is causing disadvantage? Does the employee have a disability? Are non-disabled colleagues unaffected? Is there a substantial disadvantage to the employee? Is there a prospect that the reasonable adjustments can alleviate the disadvantage? Is the adjustment reasonable (having regard to the reasonableness factors at para.6.28 of the Code (4.7.2))? The adjustment must be made The adjustment may be declined The reasonable adjustments duty falls away if the adjustment has no prospect of alleviating the disadvantage. The reasonable adjustments duty is only triggered if the disadvantage is more than minor or trivial The reasonable adjustments duty requires a comparison The reasonable adjustments duty is not triggered The reasonable adjustments duty does not arise Yes No
reasonable adjustments assessing the duty: 1.identify the PCP, physical feature or auxiliary aid 2.identify the substantial disadvantage 3.see if it affects non-disabled people. If it does not 4.make the adjustment but only (a) if it is reasonable and (b) if it has some prospect of alleviating the disadvantage
Griffiths v Sec of State for Work & Pensions adjustment of sickness absence trigger points formal sickness absence proceedings comparator applied (incorrectly) inconsistent with European law Court of Appeal July 2015 – treat with caution!
ill health dismissals Dundee City Council v Sharp  1.has the employer consulted with the employee? 2.has the employer carried out a reasonable investigation? 3.has the employer reached a reasonable view on whether it is reasonable to wait longer before deciding to dismiss? employers must ask these questions every time a dismissal is contemplated
other factors to consider reasonable adjustments Archibald v Fife alternatives to dismissal ill-health retirement permanent health insurance payments on account of disability (s.406 ITEPA 2003)
EHRC Employment Statutory Code of Practice on Employment www.equalityhumanrights.com/publication/employment- statutory-code-practice Office for Disability Issues (ODI) Guidance on the Definition of Disability www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attac hment_data/file/85010/disability-definition.pdf
Health & Safety Executive Guidance on work-related stress Managing the causes of work-related stress http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/books/hsg218.htm Instructive cases J v DLA Piper Morgan v Staffordshire University DWP v Conyers
19 March Disability Matters 2015 4 June Mental health disabilities and stress at work: where are we now? didlaw.com blog & monthly newsletter
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