The English Parliament was a bicameral legislative assembly.
The House of Lords was composed of nobles who served for life and were known as Lords of the Realm.
The elected representatives to the House of Commons were mostly wealthy landowners known as the gentry.
James I and Parliament quarreled over: religion money foreign policy
Puritans wanted to “purify” the Anglican Roman Church of Catholic rituals and ceremonies.
James I constantly needed money to support his lavish lifestyle and pay for his wars with Catholic Spain.
James I angered Parliament when he revived feudal fines and increased customs duties.
Many people felt that James I did not give enough help to Protestants in Europe during the Wars of Religion.
Charles I inherited the throne from his father in 1625. Like James I, he believed in the divine right of kings.
The alliance with France was sealed when he married Louis XIII’s sister Henrietta Maria in 1624.
Charles I dismissed Parliament when it refused to give him enough money.
Charles I was forced to summon Parliament in 1628 because he needed funds desperately.
P e t i t i o n o f R i g h t n o f o r c e d l o a n s c a n n o t l e v y t a x e s w i t h o u t P a r l i a m e n t ’ s c o n s e n t c a n n o t i m p r i s o n a p e r s o n w i t h o u t c a u s e n o q u a r t e r i n g o f s o l d i e r s
After Parliament approved the funds he needed, Charles I dismissed it, ignored the Petition of Right, and returned to the policies of James I.
Charles I would rule for eleven years without calling another Parliament.
Charles I appointed unpopular officials such as William Laud to be Archbishop of Canterbury.
Charles I used special courts such as the Court of High Commission and the Court of Star Chamber to silence opposition.
A Scottish army invaded England in 1640 when Charles I tried to impose the Anglican Church on Scotland.
Charles I summoned Parliament in 1640 because he needed money to equip and for pay an army.
The Parliament called in 1640 would meet in one form or another until 1660 and become known as the Long Parliament.
Demanded trial and execution of Charles I’s chief ministers for abusing power. Warrant
Parliament abolished the Court of High Commission and the Court of Star Chamber.
The king was required to call a parliament at least once every three years.