Presentation on theme: "DEVELOPMENT OF AN EDUCATIONAL BOOKLET FOR HIV VERTICAL TRANSMISSION PREVENTION: TECHNOLOGY FOR CARE Ana Carolina Maria Araújo Chagas Costa Lima* Karine."— Presentation transcript:
DEVELOPMENT OF AN EDUCATIONAL BOOKLET FOR HIV VERTICAL TRANSMISSION PREVENTION: TECHNOLOGY FOR CARE Ana Carolina Maria Araújo Chagas Costa Lima* Karine de Castro Bezerra* Deise Maria do Nascimento Souza* Joanna de Freitas Rocha* Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá* *Universidade Federal do Ceará (BRAZIL)
INTRODUCTION The Aids is one of the world health priorities, and HIV vertical transmission is the main route of HIV infection in children. There is a 0.41% prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women in Brazil, with an estimated 12,456 newborns exposed to the virus each year. Thus, the Ministry of Health recommends a set of measures to be undertaken during the prenatal, childbirth and seropositive women, when implemented in its entirety, reduce the rate of HIV Vertical Transmission of 25% at levels between 1% and 2%.
INTRODUCTION However, despite the high efficacy of prophylaxis to reduce the chances TV, studies suggest several factors that still hinder lower rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, among them the lack of knowledge on the part of pregnant women in relation to preventive measures. In this context, the lack of conducting participatory and dialogued educational activities targeted to pregnant and postpartum women seropositive by the allied health professionals to failures in the degree of knowledge of the same TV on the prevention of HIV negative impact on the vulnerability of the mother-son. Nevertheless, studies show that health education is an effective means for the prevention of vertical transmission.
INTRODUCTION Thus, it is essential that nurses, on condition educator, seek to develop innovative educational interventions that aim at the prevention of HIV TV. This creation process should naturally be part of the practice and daily life of these professionals so that, consequently, may also encompass the reality of HIV positive pregnant and postpartum women in order to promote the health of both mother and child.
OBJECTIVE This methodological study aimed at developing an educational booklet to be used in health care to guide educational strategies for this target population.
MATERIALS AND METHOD This is a methodological research; The process of building educational materials involves the following steps: submission of the project to the research ethics committee; literature survey; preparation of educational material; validation of the material by subject matter experts and representatives of the target audience.
RESULTS The first step of the construction process of primer corresponded to the survey content. To do so, we performed a search of scientific papers on the theme of the booklet on bases of national and international data and publications of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. This search aimed at surveying the existing information in the studies about the care that mothers should have for the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in order to enrich the primer complementary to the guidelines recommended by the Ministry of Health. That done, there was the selection of the key information to be addressed in the booklet. Then took place and BOOK REPORT perusal of the selected material, and chronological and coherent organization of the contents of each section of the booklet, considering that this material should have combined wealth of information to objectivity.
RESULTS The content covered in the booklet was organized into sections with the following headings: Introduction; What is HIV?; How to find out if you have HIV; How is HIV transmitted from mother to child; Introductory page of care; Prenatal care to prevent vertical transmission of HIV; Care delivery in prevention of vertical transmission of HIV; Care after childbirth to prevent vertical transmission of HIV; Closing of the booklet.
RESULTS The second step of the construction process of the booklet, characterized by the development of guidelines. Was held, initially, the creation of texts, followed by the preparation of the illustrations and ended up with the layout.
RESULTS In designing the illustrations step, one expert was contacted for design creation and composition of graphics. We attempted to assemble a graphics-rich material in order to facilitate the understanding of covered care, especially for those patients with difficulty in reading.
RESULTS A primer on the study consisted of twenty-eight pages. All pages of the booklet were counted sequentially, but the numbers in Arabic numerals only started to be recorded from the first page text in its lower margin. The booklet was with A5 paper size (148x210 mm). The cover of the booklet was composed by the title "How to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child?” Get inside! Institution linked to the development of the material (Graduate Program in Nursing, Federal University of Ceará) and name of the authors.
RESULTS Finally, to complete the layout of the booklet, the designer sent a pre-validation version of the booklet for printing and mailing the expert judges, with a view to validating appearance and content data to be presented at another time.
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS It is believed that the use of this material with HIV positive women from pre-conception period to the postpartum facilitate nursing practice, with a view that is illustrated in a technology capable of promoting dialogue between professionals and women facilitate the acquisition of knowledge on their part, memorizing necessary for the prevention of HIV care TV, providing the empowerment of women, as well as a means to standardize the guidelines given by professionals.