Presentation on theme: "The Importance Of Contraception Jean Collado. The Meaning Of Contraception What Do you guys think Contraception Means? Meaning is - The deliberate."— Presentation transcript:
The Importance Of Contraception Jean Collado
The Meaning Of Contraception What Do you guys think Contraception Means? Meaning is - The deliberate use of artificial methods or other techniques to prevent pregnancy as a consequence of sexual intercourse. Another word for Contraception is birth control
Contraception In the United States, almost half of all pregnancies are unintended. Yet, several safe and highly effective methods of contraception (birth control) are available to prevent unintended pregnancy.
Types of Birth Control Reversible Methods of Birth Control Intrauterine Contraception Hormonal Methods Barrier Methods Fertility Awareness-Based Methods Permanent Methods of Birth Control Female Sterilization—Tubal ligation or “tying tubes” Transcervical Sterilization Male Sterilization–Vasectomy
Intrauterine Contraception Copper T intrauterine device (IUD)—An IUD is a small device that is shaped in the form of a “T.” Your doctor places it inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It can stay in your uterus for up to 10 years. This IUD is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Levonorgestrel intrauterine system (IUS)— The IUS is a small T-shaped device like the IUD. It is placed inside the uterus by a doctor. stays in your uterus for up to 5 years. It’s also more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Hormonal Methods Implant—The implant is a single, thin rod that is inserted under the skin of a women’s upper arm. The rod contains a progestin that is released into the body over 3 years. It is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Injection or "shot"— Women get shots of the hormone progestin in the buttocks or arm every three months from their doctor. It is 94–99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Combined oral contraceptives—Also called “the pill,”combined oral contraceptives contain the hormones estrogen and progestin. It is prescribed by a doctor. A pill is taken at the same time each day. If you are older than 35 years and smoke, have a history of blood clots or breast cancer, your doctor may advise you not to take the pill. The pill is 91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Hormonal Methods Progestin only pill—Unlike the combined pill, the progestin-only pill (sometimes called the mini-pill) only has one hormone, progestin, instead of both estrogen and progestin. It is prescribed by a doctor. It is taken at the same time each day. It is a good option for women who can’t take estrogen. They are 91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Patch—This skin patch is worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper body (but not on the breasts). This method is prescribed by a doctor. It releases hormones progestin and estrogen into the bloodstream. You put on a new patch once a week for three weeks. During the fourth week, you do not wear a patch, so you can have a menstrual period. The patch is 91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy, but it appears to be less effective in women who weigh more than 198 pounds. Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring— The ring releases the hormones progestin and estrogen. You place the ring inside your vagina. You wear the ring for three weeks, take it out for the week you have your period, and then put in a new ring. It is 91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Emergency contraception—Emergency contraception is NOT a regular method of birth control. Emergency contraception can be used after no birth control was used during sex, or if the birth control method failed, such as if a condom broke. Women can take emergency contraceptive pills up to 5 days after unprotected sex, but the sooner the pills are taken, the better they will work.
Popular Barrier Methods Male condom—Worn by the man, a male condom keeps sperm from getting into a woman’s body. Latex condoms, the most common type, help prevent pregnancy and HIV and other STDs as do the newer synthetic condoms. “Male condoms are 82–98% effective at preventing pregnancy. Female condom—Worn by the woman, the female condom helps keeps sperm from getting into her body. Female condoms are 79–95% effective at preventing pregnancy, and also may help prevent STDs. Others- Diaphragm or cervical cap/ Spermicides
Fertility Awareness-Based Methods Natural family planning or fertility awareness—Understanding your monthly fertility pattern can help you plan to get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant. These fertility awareness-based methods are 75– 96% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Permanent Methods of Birth Control Female Sterilization—Tubal ligation or “tying tubes”— A woman can have her fallopian tubes tied (or closed) so that sperm and eggs cannot meet for fertilization. The procedure can be done in a hospital or in an outpatient surgical center. Transcervical Sterilization— A thin tube is used to thread a tiny device into each fallopian tube. It irritates the fallopian tubes and causes scar tissue to grow and permanently plug the tubes. Male Sterilization–Vasectomy—This operation is done to keep a man’s sperm from going to his penis, so his ejaculate never has any sperm in it that can fertilize an egg. The procedure is done at an outpatient surgical center.