3How much exercise would you say you get….. NONE30 minutes or less of physical activity per day?30-1 hour per day?1-3 hours per week?3-5 hours per week?
4How many of you LOVE FOOD!??! Directions:On your own paper, write down what you have eaten in the last 3 days.For example: If today is Monday, go back to what you ate Friday, Saturday, and Sunday!This should be interesting!!! FridaySaturdaySundayBreakfastLunchDinnerDon’t forget to label your paper.It should look like this…..
5Preparation for Pregnancy A mother brings to her pregnancy, all of her previous life experiences, not; diet, food habits, attitudes.Birth defects occur before the 10th week of pregnancy.The outcome of her baby’s health depends on mother’s nutritional state.Prepare body 2 years ahead.If nutrients are lacking, the mother suffers first and then the baby suffers.
6What is your definition of personal hygiene? Taking care of your personal needs such asbathing & any other things related tomaintaining the body.Regular bathing is a must.
7Rest Who wants to guess how many hours of sleep a person who is pregnant needs?8 or more hours of sleep every night
8Exercise What kind of exercise does a pregnant woman need? Low impact walking or SwimmingAvoid contact sports
9Exercise during Pregnancy Benefits:Reduces fatigue & helps manage stressIncreases endurance & strengthens musclesHelps relieve back pressureImproves posture & balanceImproves circulation & lowers blood pressureHelps prepare for the strain of laborImproves self-imageRegains figure faster
10Suggestions: Exercises Stretches for lower & upper back YOGA Pelvic tiltsKegelsStrengthens the pelvic floor muscles, which support the uterus, bladder and bowel
11Clothing Comfort is the “key!” OptionsMaternity clothesRegular clothes in larger sizesGuidelines for selecting clothes during pregnancy:Free from tight waistbands & beltsLoose fitting that do not restrict blood circulationAvoid wearing high heels
13Effects of a Poor Diet Poor diet during pregnancy causes? Premature birthLow birth weight babiesFeeble, weak babiesInability to breast-feedMalformed babiesComplications at birthDepression in motherBabies with impaired brain cells
14Weight Gain 25-30 pounds total (average weight) 2-5 pounds (lbs) in the 1st Trimester1lb per wk for the rest of pregnancy
15Distribution of Weight Gain AVERAGE Pregnant Woman! AREA Weight Gain in PoundsFetus – 8.5Stores of Fat & ProteinBloodTissue FluidsUterusAmniotic FluidPlacenta & CordBreasts28-29 pounds Total
16What effect does pregnancy have on the body? Increased clumsiness as mother adjusts to new weight distributionBackaches are most commonMany women complain of leg & ankle swelling (edema)Symptom actually caused by extra amount of fluid, not fat, in the body
17My Pyramid http://bit.ly/lPpIX Let’s take a look at the NEW My PyramidSample Food Needs for a Pregnant WomanGrain Group 7-8 ounce-equivalentVegetable Group 3 cupsFruit Group 2 cupsMilk Group 3 cupsMeat & Bean Group 6 to 6.5 ounce equivalent
20Basic Guide to Good Eating During Pregnancy Milk-Cheese Group3 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving)Count as 1 serving1 cup milk1 1/2 cup cottage cheese2 cups ice cream2, 1-inch cubes cheese
21Meat, Poultry, Fish and Beans 3 servingsCount as one serving2 to 3 ounces meat, fish or poultry2 eggs2 slices lunch meat4 Tbls. peanut butter1 cup kidney, pinto or garbanzo beans
22Fruit Group 3 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving) Count as 1 serving3/4 cup juice1 medium banana, apple or orange
23Vegetable Group 4 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving) Count as 1 serving1/2 cup cooked vegetables1 cup raw leafy vegetables3/4 cup juice.Include every day1 rich Vitamin C source such as citrus fruit and 1 dark green leafy vegetable
24Bread and Cereals Group 9 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 to 2 servings)Count as 1 serving1 slice bread1-ounce ready-to-eat cereal1/2 to 3/4 cup cooked cereal or pasta
25Fats, Oils and Sweets Group USE SPARINGLYCount as 1 serving1 Tbl. Corn oil used in cooking or in salad dressing1 Tbl. butter or margarineCakes, pies, cookies, soft drinks, sugar, honey, candy, jams, jellies, gravies, butter, sour creamSave these to eat only if you need extra calories after eating the basic needed foods.
26“Fast--Nutrient-Dense” Foods to pack and take on the go!!! Single serve fruit bowlsSoy milkTuna fishRaisinsYogurtEasy-to-make trail mixSalad Bar8. Baby carrots9. String cheese10. Boxed, calcium-fortified orange juice11. Single-serving boxes of cereal12. Single-serving cottage cheese bowl
27Foods to Avoid Ramen Noodles-HIGH IN SODIUM/SALT Sodas-CAFIENE Pre-packaged lunches (Ex. Lunchables)Almost all prepared, frozen mealsCandy, cakes, and cookies-SUGARRaw (unpastuerized) milkSoft cheesesRaw or partially cooked eggsRaw or undercooked meat, poultry, fish, or shellfishUnpasteurized juicesRaw vegetable sproutsCold cuts, deli meats, hot dogs (unless they have been reheated to steaming hot)
28Eating Plan for a Mother-to-Be Directions:Plan a three-day menu for a mother-to-be.Consider nutritional needs from the main food groups of MyPyramid.Use MyPyramid handout, notes, and textbook to help you with the menu.Your first day is planned for you!
29Sample 2,000 Calorie Menu BREAKFAST ½ grapefruit ¾ cup oatmeal 1 t. raisins1 whole wheat English muffin1 t. margarineLUNCHSalad with:1 cup romaine lettuce½ cup kidney beans, cooked½ fresh tomato1 oz skim mozzarella cheese2 T. low calorie Italian dressing1 bran muffin½ cup cantaloupe chunksAFTERNOON SNACK2 rice cakes6 oz low-fat yogurt, plain½ cup blueberriesDINNER¾ cup vegetables soup with¼ cup cooked barley3 oz chicken, w/o skin1 baked potato½ cup cooked broccoli1 piece whole wheat bread1 T. margarine1 fresh peachBEDTIME SNACK1 apple2 cups popcorn, plain¼ cup peanuts
31This is way cool…… http://www.mypyramidtracker.gov/planner/launch.aspx Go to the following website.“register” you are pretendingCreate a due date!!Type meals you would normally eat OR you can type in meals you would eat if you were pregnantStart with breakfast and watch the calories go up and added food groups each time you enter a meal!
32Individual Diet Information Go to:Enter dataMake up info!!!Give yourself a DUE DATE!Receive an individual diet planCopy on paper what it says is best for youAlways check with the obstetrician beforebeginning any type of diet
33Key Terms Cards Pin a card to the back of each student. Go around the room asking questions until you guess what is on your back.When you ask another student questions, they are suppose to give you HINTS as to what key term is on your back.It can be an example of the termANY HINT, but the answer!!!
34Prenatal Behavior 3.03 E Handout Directions:The next slide will be descriptions of pregnant women behaviors.On your own paper, write a + or – .If you think the woman is doing a healthful thing, write a (+) in the space provided.If you think her behavior could be harmful, write a (-) in the space.
35_____1. Mary wants to avoid looking pregnant so she wears tight jeans to hold in her stomach. _____2. Mary drinks diet drinks during her pregnancy so she will not gain more than 15 pounds._____3. Jennifer purchased a pair of flat shoes one size larger than her usual shoe size._____4. Pamela likes to try new sports, but she decided to postpone horseback riding until after her baby is born._____5. Jamie takes her prescribed vitamin supplements daily and eats a nutritious diet.
36_____6. Sam is experiencing problems with constipation _____6. Sam is experiencing problems with constipation. She decided to take a laxative and did not consult her doctor._____7. Karen used to watch horror movies that made her nervous and kept her awake. Since becoming pregnant, she has switched to watching comedy._____8. Linda quit smoking when she learned she was pregnant, but doesn’t leave the room when her husband or friends smoke._____9. Marilyn suspects she is pregnant, so she stopped taking medications.____10. Michelle waited seven months after her measles vaccine before becoming pregnant.
37____11. Sarah takes daily naps or finds time to sit down and read a book. ____12. Lauren is allergic to cats. She borrowed her friend’s allergy medication until her next doctor’s visit.
38Let’s check your answers…. __-__ 1. Mary wants to avoid looking pregnant so she wears tight jeans to hold in her stomach.__-__ 2. Mary drinks diet drinks during her pregnancy so she will not gain more than 15 pounds.__+__ 3. Jennifer purchased a pair of flat shoes one size larger than her usual shoe size.__+__ 4. Pamela likes to try new sports, but she decided to postpone horseback riding until after her baby was born.__+__ 5. Jamie takes her prescribed vitamin supplements daily and eats a nutritious diet.__-__ 6. Sam is experiencing problems with constipation. She decided to take a laxative and did not consult her doctor.__+__ 7. Karen used to watch horror movies that made her nervous and kept her awake. Since becoming pregnant, she has switched to watching comedy.__-__ 8. Linda quit smoking when she learned she was pregnant, but doesn’t leave the room when her husband or friends smoke.__+__ 9. Marilyn suspects she is pregnant, so she stopped taking medications.__+__ 10. Michelle waited seven months after her measles vaccine before becoming pregnant.__+__ 11. Sarah takes daily naps or finds time to sit down and read a book.__-_ 12. Lauren is allergic to cats. She borrowed her friend’s allergy medication until her next doctor’s visit.