Presentation on theme: "A Healthy Pregnancy PCD Objective 3.03."— Presentation transcript:
A Healthy Pregnancy PCD Objective 3.03
How much exercise would you say you get….. NONE 30 minutes or less of physical activity per day? 30-1 hour per day? 1-3 hours per week? 3-5 hours per week?
How many of you LOVE FOOD!??! Directions: On your own paper, write down what you have eaten in the last 3 days. For example: If today is Monday, go back to what you ate Friday, Saturday, and Sunday! This should be interesting!!! FridaySaturdaySunday Breakfast Lunch Dinner Don’t forget to label your paper. It should look like this…..
Preparation for Pregnancy A mother brings to her pregnancy, all of her previous life experiences, not; diet, food habits, attitudes. Birth defects occur before the 10th week of pregnancy. The outcome of her baby’s health depends on mother’s nutritional state. Prepare body 2 years ahead. If nutrients are lacking, the mother suffers first and then the baby suffers.
What is your definition of personal hygiene? Taking care of your personal needs such as bathing & any other things related to maintaining the body. Regular bathing is a must.
Rest Who wants to guess how many hours of sleep a person who is pregnant needs? 8 or more hours of sleep every night
Exercise What kind of exercise does a pregnant woman need? Low impact walking or Swimming Avoid contact sports
Exercise during Pregnancy Benefits: Reduces fatigue & helps manage stress Increases endurance & strengthens muscles Helps relieve back pressure Improves posture & balance Improves circulation & lowers blood pressure Helps prepare for the strain of labor Improves self-image Regains figure faster
Exercises Suggestions: Stretches for lower & upper back YOGA Pelvic tilts Kegels Strengthens the pelvic floor muscles, which support the uterus, bladder and bowel
Clothing Comfort is the “key!” Options Maternity clothes Regular clothes in larger sizes Guidelines for selecting clothes during pregnancy: Free from tight waistbands & belts Loose fitting that do not restrict blood circulation Avoid wearing high heels
The Importance Nutrition while Pregnant
Effects of a Poor Diet Poor diet during pregnancy causes? Premature birth Low birth weight babies Feeble, weak babies Inability to breast-feed Malformed babies Complications at birth Depression in mother Babies with impaired brain cells
Weight Gain pounds total (average weight) 2-5 pounds (lbs) in the 1 st Trimester 1lb per wk for the rest of pregnancy
Distribution of Weight Gain AVERAGE Pregnant Woman! AREA Weight Gain in Pounds Fetus 7.5 – 8.5 Stores of Fat & Protein 7.5 Blood 4 Tissue Fluids 2.7 Uterus 2 Amniotic Fluid 1.8 Placenta & Cord 1.5 Breasts pounds Total
What effect does pregnancy have on the body? Increased clumsiness as mother adjusts to new weight distribution Backaches are most common Many women complain of leg & ankle swelling (edema) Symptom actually caused by extra amount of fluid, not fat, in the body
My Pyramid Let’s take a look at the NEW My Pyramid Sample Food Needs for a Pregnant Woman Grain Group7-8 ounce-equivalent Vegetable Group3 cups Fruit Group2 cups Milk Group3 cups Meat & Bean Group 6 to 6.5 ounce equivalent
Milk-Cheese Group 3 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving) Count as 1 serving 1 cup milk 1 1/2 cup cottage cheese 2 cups ice cream 2, 1-inch cubes cheese Basic Guide to Good Eating During Pregnancy
Meat, Poultry, Fish and Beans 3 servings Count as one serving 2 to 3 ounces meat, fish or poultry 2 eggs 2 slices lunch meat 4 Tbls. peanut butter 1 cup kidney, pinto or garbanzo beans
Fruit Group 3 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving) Count as 1 serving 3/4 cup juice 1 medium banana, apple or orange
Vegetable Group 4 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 serving) Count as 1 serving 1/2 cup cooked vegetables 1 cup raw leafy vegetables 3/4 cup juice. Include every day 1 rich Vitamin C source such as citrus fruit and 1 dark green leafy vegetable
Bread and Cereals Group 9 servings (Pregnant Teens: add 1 to 2 servings) Count as 1 serving 1 slice bread 1-ounce ready-to-eat cereal 1/2 to 3/4 cup cooked cereal or pasta
Fats, Oils and Sweets Group USE SPARINGLY Count as 1 serving 1 Tbl. Corn oil used in cooking or in salad dressing 1 Tbl. butter or margarine Cakes, pies, cookies, soft drinks, sugar, honey, candy, jams, jellies, gravies, butter, sour cream Save these to eat only if you need extra calories after eating the basic needed foods.
“Fast--Nutrient-Dense” Foods to pack and take on the go!!! 1. Single serve fruit bowls 2. Soy milk 3. Tuna fish 4. Raisins 5. Yogurt 6. Easy-to-make trail mix 7. Salad Bar 8. Baby carrots 9. String cheese 10. Boxed, calcium- fortified orange juice 11. Single-serving boxes of cereal 12. Single-serving cottage cheese bowl
Foods to Avoid 1. Ramen Noodles-HIGH IN SODIUM/SALT 2. Sodas-CAFIENE 3. Pre-packaged lunches (Ex. Lunchables) 4. Almost all prepared, frozen meals 5. Candy, cakes, and cookies-SUGAR 6. Raw (unpastuerized) milk 7. Soft cheeses 8. Raw or partially cooked eggs 9. Raw or undercooked meat, poultry, fish, or shellfish 10. Unpasteurized juices 11. Raw vegetable sprouts 12. Cold cuts, deli meats, hot dogs (unless they have been reheated to steaming hot)
Eating Plan for a Mother-to-Be Directions: Plan a three-day menu for a mother-to-be. Consider nutritional needs from the main food groups of MyPyramid. Use MyPyramid handout, notes, and textbook to help you with the menu. Your first day is planned for you!
Sample 2,000 Calorie Menu BREAKFAST ½ grapefruit ¾ cup oatmeal 1 t. raisins 1 whole wheat English muffin 1 t. margarine LUNCH Salad with: 1 cup romaine lettuce ½ cup kidney beans, cooked ½ fresh tomato 1 oz skim mozzarella cheese 2 T. low calorie Italian dressing 1 bran muffin ½ cup cantaloupe chunks AFTERNOON SNACK 2 rice cakes 6 oz low-fat yogurt, plain ½ cup blueberries DINNER ¾ cup vegetables soup with ¼ cup cooked barley 3 oz chicken, w/o skin 1 baked potato ½ cup cooked broccoli 1 piece whole wheat bread 1 T. margarine 1 fresh peach BEDTIME SNACK 1 apple 2 cups popcorn, plain ¼ cup peanuts
My Pyramid game for kids…go play…its FUN!! ml# ml#
This is way cool…… aunch.aspx aunch.aspx Go to the following website. “register” you are pretending Create a due date!! Type meals you would normally eat OR you can type in meals you would eat if you were pregnant Start with breakfast and watch the calories go up and added food groups each time you enter a meal!
Individual Diet Information Go to: html html Enter data Make up info!!! Give yourself a DUE DATE! Receive an individual diet plan Copy on paper what it says is best for you Always check with the obstetrician before beginning any type of diet
Key Terms Cards Pin a card to the back of each student. Go around the room asking questions until you guess what is on your back. When you ask another student questions, they are suppose to give you HINTS as to what key term is on your back. It can be an example of the term ANY HINT, but the answer!!!
Prenatal Behavior 3.03 E Handout Directions: The next slide will be descriptions of pregnant women behaviors. On your own paper, write a + or –. If you think the woman is doing a healthful thing, write a (+) in the space provided. If you think her behavior could be harmful, write a (-) in the space.
_____1. Mary wants to avoid looking pregnant so she wears tight jeans to hold in her stomach. _____2. Mary drinks diet drinks during her pregnancy so she will not gain more than 15 pounds. _____3. Jennifer purchased a pair of flat shoes one size larger than her usual shoe size. _____4. Pamela likes to try new sports, but she decided to postpone horseback riding until after her baby is born. _____5. Jamie takes her prescribed vitamin supplements daily and eats a nutritious diet.
_____6. Sam is experiencing problems with constipation. She decided to take a laxative and did not consult her doctor. _____7. Karen used to watch horror movies that made her nervous and kept her awake. Since becoming pregnant, she has switched to watching comedy. _____8. Linda quit smoking when she learned she was pregnant, but doesn’t leave the room when her husband or friends smoke. _____9. Marilyn suspects she is pregnant, so she stopped taking medications. ____10. Michelle waited seven months after her measles vaccine before becoming pregnant.
____11. Sarah takes daily naps or finds time to sit down and read a book. ____12. Lauren is allergic to cats. She borrowed her friend’s allergy medication until her next doctor’s visit.
Let’s check your answers…. __-__ 1. Mary wants to avoid looking pregnant so she wears tight jeans to hold in her stomach. __-__ 2. Mary drinks diet drinks during her pregnancy so she will not gain more than 15 pounds. __+__ 3. Jennifer purchased a pair of flat shoes one size larger than her usual shoe size. __+__ 4. Pamela likes to try new sports, but she decided to postpone horseback riding until after her baby was born. __+__ 5. Jamie takes her prescribed vitamin supplements daily and eats a nutritious diet. __-__ 6. Sam is experiencing problems with constipation. She decided to take a laxative and did not consult her doctor. __+__ 7. Karen used to watch horror movies that made her nervous and kept her awake. Since becoming pregnant, she has switched to watching comedy. __-__ 8. Linda quit smoking when she learned she was pregnant, but doesn’t leave the room when her husband or friends smoke. __+__ 9. Marilyn suspects she is pregnant, so she stopped taking medications. __+__ 10. Michelle waited seven months after her measles vaccine before becoming pregnant. __+__ 11. Sarah takes daily naps or finds time to sit down and read a book. __-_ 12. Lauren is allergic to cats. She borrowed her friend’s allergy medication until her next doctor’s visit.