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CONTRACEPTIVES.

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Presentation on theme: "CONTRACEPTIVES."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONTRACEPTIVES

2 OBJECTIVES Identify and describe basic types of contraceptives; including abstinence. Identify personal considerations that will influence contraceptive decision making. Practice making contraceptive decisions in a variety of situations.

3 contraception Definition: The intentional prevention of conception through the use of various devices, sexual practices, chemicals, drugs, or surgical procedures.

4 ABSTINENCE — STI/HIV PROTECTION

5 Abstinence TOTAL sexual abstinence as not currently engaging in anal, oral or vaginal intercourse or having any genital-to-genital contact. EFFECTIVE: Total abstinence is 100% effective against both pregnancy and STI’s when used consistently.

6

7 PREGNANCY AND STI/HIV PROTECTION
BARRIER METHOD: PREGNANCY AND STI/HIV PROTECTION

8 Effectiveness: Used correctly and every time for sex, in one year two in 100 will get pregnant (98% effective). Male CONDOM Thin sheath that fits over the erect penis. More effective if used along with a vaginal spermicide. Safe/effective for preventing pregnancy and STIs. including HIV.

9 Female Condom is a soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath (pouch) that lines the vagina during sexual intercourse Provides a physical barrier, protection against pregnancy and STI’s. Can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse. Female Condom EFFECTIVENESS: Over one year, about 5 in 100 women will get pregnant (95% effectiveness) if they use the female condom correctly

10 HORMONAL METHODS : NO STI/HIV PROTECTION
Emergency Contraceptive Pill Pills Patch NuvaRing Implants (Norplant) IUD Depo-Provera Shot

11 Plan B®: Emergency Contraceptives
Used AFTER sexual intercourse. IF: You aren’t using birth control The condom breaks You are late getting your birth control shot Missed your pills, not used your patch Vaginal ring used incorrectly Have had sex against your will EC may stop you from getting pregnant.

12 Combination Pills Take one pill every day at about the same time every day. EFFECTIVENESS: About 3 women in 1,000 (99.7% effectiveness) will get pregnant in one year if they take their pills every day and at the same time every day (perfect use).

13 Patch: Transdermal Contraception
birth control patch (Evra®) is a thin, stick-on, square, 1-3/4 inch patch that allows hormones to enter the bloodstream through the skin. Like birth control pills, a combination of hormones in the patch

14 NuvaRing Effectiveness:
Vaginal ring (NuvaRing) is a small, flexible transparent ring that you place in your vagina. It releases a steady flow of low dose hormones. Combination of hormones stops your body from releasing an egg, so no egg can be fertilized. Effectiveness: About one or two women in 100 will get pregnant in one year if they use the ring the correct way

15 Norplant Effectiveness:
small, flexible capsules or rods that are inserted, or implanted, under the skin of your upper arm. Implants are filled with a low-dose PROGESTIN that is continually released into your body. Effectiveness: Only 5 women in 1,000 will have an unintended pregnancy in one year using implants. Once you get your implant removed, you could immediately get pregnant.

16 IUD (Intrauterine Device)
EFFECTIVENESS: 6 in 1,000 will get pregnant (99.4% effectiveness) highly-effective, long term protection against pregnancy IUD (Intrauterine Device) Small plastic device that is inserted into your uterus by a trained doctor or health care provider. When it is in place, the IUD/IUS Works primarily by stopping sperm from reaching the egg.

17 Depo-Provera Depo-Provera ® is a shot that is given every 12 weeks.
It contains one hormone, a form of progestin. Effectiveness: About 3 women in 1,000 will get pregnant in one year if they get their shots on time, every 12 weeks (perfect use). If you are late getting your shot, your chance of pregnancy goes up.

18 BARRIER METHODS: NO STI/HIV PROTECTION

19 Cervical Cap Effectiveness:
Cervical cap is a thimble-shaped rubber (latex) cup that fits snugly over the cervix. used with a small amount of special gel that contains a spermicide (a substance that kills sperm) Effectiveness: About 9 in 100 women will get pregnant if they use the cap every time they have sex and use it correctly for one year (perfect use).

20 DIAPHRAGM Dome-shaped rubber (latex) cup with a stiff rim. It is used with a special gel or cream that contains a spermicide . You insert the diaphragm and spermicide together into your vagina and over your cervix to keep sperm from entering your uterus. EFFECTIVENESS: About 6 in 100 women will get pregnant in one year (94%effectiveness)

21 THE SPONGE over-the-counter barrier method, contains spermicide
Can be inserted into the woman’s vagina hours before sex to prevent pregnancy.

22 SURGICAL METHODS: NO STI -OR HIV PROTECTION

23 Female Sterilization Tubal Ligation Hysterectomy

24 Male Sterilization VASECTOMY: simple surgery in which the tubes that carry sperm up to the penis are cut and sealed. considered a permanent (not reversible) method of birth control and should be chosen only if you are sure that you do not want any more children.

25 OTHER METHODS With Drawl Fertility Awareness Based Method
Breast Feeding

26 WITHDRAWAL man pulls penis out and away before ejaculation.
Effectiveness:depends on his ability to know when he will ejaculate and to respond quickly. 0% Effective!! ~Out of 100 women using withdrawal Typical use: 19 women become pregnant Perfect use: 4 women become pregnant

27 FERTILITY AWARENESS-BASED METHODS
with good information and practice, a woman becomes familiar with her menstrual cycle and signs of ovulation.

28 BREAST FEEDING on demand 24 hours a day (with no other food or formula given to infant) offers pregnancy protection for up to 6 months post partum.


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