2OBJECTIVESIdentify and describe basic types of contraceptives; including abstinence.Identify personal considerations that will influence contraceptive decision making.Practice making contraceptive decisions in a variety of situations.
3contraceptionDefinition: The intentional prevention of conception through the use of various devices, sexual practices, chemicals, drugs, or surgical procedures.
5AbstinenceTOTAL sexual abstinence as not currently engaging in anal, oral or vaginal intercourse or having any genital-to-genital contact.EFFECTIVE: Total abstinence is 100% effective against both pregnancy and STI’s when used consistently.
7PREGNANCY AND STI/HIV PROTECTION BARRIER METHOD:PREGNANCY AND STI/HIV PROTECTION
8Effectiveness:Used correctly and every time for sex, in one year two in 100 will get pregnant (98% effective).Male CONDOMThin sheath that fits over the erect penis.More effective if used along with a vaginal spermicide.Safe/effective for preventing pregnancy and STIs. including HIV.
9Female Condom is a soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath (pouch) that lines the vagina during sexual intercourseProvides a physicalbarrier, protection againstpregnancy and STI’s.Can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse.Female CondomEFFECTIVENESS:Over one year, about 5 in 100 women will get pregnant(95% effectiveness) if they use the female condom correctly
11Plan B®: Emergency Contraceptives Used AFTER sexual intercourse. IF:You aren’t using birth controlThe condom breaksYou are late getting your birth control shotMissed your pills, not used your patchVaginal ring used incorrectlyHave had sex against your willEC may stop you from getting pregnant.
12Combination PillsTake one pill every day at about the same time every day.EFFECTIVENESS:About 3 women in 1,000 (99.7%effectiveness) will get pregnantin one year if they take their pillsevery day and at the same time every day (perfect use).
13Patch: Transdermal Contraception birth control patch (Evra®) is a thin, stick-on, square, 1-3/4 inchpatch that allows hormones to enter the bloodstream through the skin. Like birth control pills, a combination of hormones in the patch
14NuvaRing Effectiveness: Vaginal ring (NuvaRing) is a small, flexible transparent ring that you place in your vagina.It releases a steady flow of low dose hormones.Combination of hormones stops your body from releasing anegg, so no egg can be fertilized.Effectiveness:About one or two women in 100 will get pregnant in one year if they use the ring the correct way
15Norplant Effectiveness: small, flexible capsules or rods that are inserted, or implanted, under the skin of your upper arm.Implants are filled with a low-dose PROGESTIN that is continually released into your body.Effectiveness:Only 5 women in 1,000 will have an unintended pregnancy in one year using implants.Once you get your implant removed, you could immediately get pregnant.
16IUD (Intrauterine Device) EFFECTIVENESS:6 in 1,000 will get pregnant (99.4% effectiveness) highly-effective, long termprotection against pregnancyIUD (Intrauterine Device)Small plastic device that is inserted into your uterus by a trained doctor or health care provider.When it is in place, the IUD/IUS Works primarily by stopping sperm from reaching the egg.
17Depo-Provera Depo-Provera ® is a shot that is given every 12 weeks. It contains one hormone, a form of progestin.Effectiveness:About 3 women in 1,000 will get pregnant in one year if they get their shots on time, every 12 weeks (perfect use).If you are late getting your shot,your chance of pregnancy goes up.
19Cervical Cap Effectiveness: Cervical cap is a thimble-shaped rubber (latex) cup that fits snugly over the cervix.used with a small amount of special gel that contains a spermicide(a substance that kills sperm)Effectiveness:About 9 in 100 women will get pregnant if they use the cap every time they have sex and use it correctly for one year (perfect use).
20DIAPHRAGMDome-shaped rubber (latex) cup with a stiff rim. It is used with a special gel or cream that contains a spermicide .You insert the diaphragm and spermicide together into your vagina and over your cervix to keep sperm from entering your uterus.EFFECTIVENESS:About 6 in 100 women will get pregnant in one year (94%effectiveness)
21THE SPONGE over-the-counter barrier method, contains spermicide Can be inserted into the woman’s vagina hours before sex to prevent pregnancy.
24Male SterilizationVASECTOMY: simple surgery in which the tubes that carry spermup to the penis are cut and sealed.considered a permanent (not reversible) method of birth control and should be chosen only if you are sure that you do not want any more children.
25OTHER METHODS With Drawl Fertility Awareness Based Method Breast Feeding
26WITHDRAWAL man pulls penis out and away before ejaculation. Effectiveness:depends onhis ability to know whenhe will ejaculate andto respond quickly.0% Effective!!~Out of 100 women using withdrawalTypical use: 19 women becomepregnantPerfect use: 4 women become pregnant
27FERTILITY AWARENESS-BASED METHODS with good information and practice, a woman becomes familiar withher menstrualcycle and signs of ovulation.
28BREAST FEEDINGon demand 24 hours a day (with no other food or formula given to infant) offers pregnancy protection for up to6 months post partum.