Presentation on theme: "Facts for Native Hawaiians about Smoking and Pregnancy"— Presentation transcript:
1Facts for Native Hawaiians about Smoking and Pregnancy Project Splash:Photo courtesy ofFacts for Native Hawaiians about Smoking and Pregnancy
2Smoking During Pregnancy… Fetuses (unborn babies) of women who smoke during their pregnancies get less food than those of pregnant non-smokers.Pregnant woman who smoke also raises the level of carbon monoxide in your bloodstream, which reduces oxygen to your fetus. Also, nicotine constricts the blood vessels on your side of the placenta, which means oxygen is passed over less effectively to your baby.
3...Continued Chemicals reach the fetus Affects brain development Rate of infant deaths is higher among full and part Native Hawaiians than among any other ethnic group in the state.Smoking during pregnancy also increases the risk of problems that include…
4…Premature BirthPremature birth is when a baby is born to a mother who had been pregnant 37 weeks or lessIn 2000, 4.7% of births were premature for Native HawaiiansSmoke in cigarettes is an important cause of premature births
5…Low Birth WeightBabies born to pregnant mothers who smoke usually weigh lessAre smaller because they have not fully developedIs a major factor for complications and health problems later in infancy and childhoodIn 1996, 63.7 out of 1000 infants from Native Hawaiian mothers were born at a low birth weightIn 1996, 66.9 out of 1000 infants were born at a low birth weight statewide
6…Learning Disabilities More behavioral problems than children of non-smokersLower ability to succeed in school160% increase in the risk of your child having behavioral problems
7…Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) SIDS is the sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infantLeading cause of death for children one month to one year of ageExposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and after birth is one of the major risk factors
8Additional Problems… Autism Asthma Stillbirth Clubfoot Ear infections Middle ear diseaseEctopic pregnancyRespiratory infectionsColic or excessive cryingNicotine withdrawal at birthAbnormal lung developmentOral clefts in the lip and/or palateOptic nerve hypoplasia and visual impairment
9…Continued Placental abruption and placenta previa 50% greater chance of mental retardation (I.Q. less than 70)Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)Increased lifetime testosterone levels for your unborn daughter -Diminished future fertility (fewer eggs) for your unborn daughterDiminished future sperm count (48% lower) for your unborn sonBrain damage to serotonin neurons and possible lifetime depressionAn average of over $700 in extra neonatal costs per smoking mother
10If Smoking is Stopped During Pregnancy Your baby is less likely to be born before he/she is readyLess likely to have breathing problemsWill be able to resist infection betterA reduced risk of cot death, infection and chronic conditions such as asthma
11Ke Ala Pono and Smoking During Pregnancy Connection Malama: If one is pregnant, they should take care of themselves so that they are able to care for their child, born or unborn. Smoking during pregnancy, or at any time at all, is not acceptable because smoking does nothing positive for your life. It is an addiction that can cause problems and even death for you or your child.
12Ke Ala Pono and Smoking During Pregnancy Connection Imiike: It is the responsibility those who are pregnant not to smoke. They should learn what it does to themselves and their baby so they’ll be able to better themselves and their addiction. They should look to family and friends for support to help them through this challenging time.
13Ke Ala Pono and Smoking During Pregnancy Connection Hoihi: Respect for themselves is what will carry those who are pregnant and want to quit smoking to raise a healthy child. They must respect their bodies and understand that the only thing stopping them from living a healthy and better lifestyle is themselves.
14Mothers Who Smoked During Pregnancy by Ethnicity of Mother (2000)
15ConclusionSmoking during pregnancy can cause dramatic problems for you and your child.These problems can be both short- and long-lasting.The percentage of Hawaiian mothers who smoke during pregnancy is greater than five other ethnicities.If you malama yourself and your child, take kuleana for yourself and your child, and respect your body, you are a giant step closer to being healthy and having a healthy baby.Think about what you are doing when you are smoking, especially when you are pregnant. Think of who you are hurting. Think about how smoking affects your life and the lives of those you love.
16Bibliography'Crack' nicotine in cigarettes varies widely. Gaia Vince. 28 July March <http://www.biopsychiatry.com/nicotine/freebase-nicotine.html>.Project Splash Packet. Courtesy of University of Hawaii/Cancer Research Center.Ready Steady Baby! Health Scotland. 15 March <www.hebs.com/tobacco>.Smoking While Pregnant or Breastfeeding. John R. Polito, Nicotine Cessation Counselor. 26 October March <http://whyquit.com/whyquit/LinksBirth.html>.