Presentation on theme: "By: Garabed Tashian. Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. Closes the gap between."— Presentation transcript:
Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. Closes the gap between engineering and medicine by combining the design and problem solving skills of engineering in the medical field, in order to improve on healthcare. Biomedical engineers help, in many ways, those suffering from diseases, such as diabetes.
Diabetes is chronic disease involving abnormalities in the body's ability to use sugar. This happens because the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells in the body don’t respond properly to the insulin being produced. Includes elevated blood sugar for a long period of time and a deficiency in circulating insulin. Nearly 24 million Americans have diabetes
Hormone that has great affects on the metabolism Insulin makes cells take glucose from the blood, storing it as glycogen in the liver. When insulin isn’t present, the body uses fat as an energy source instead of insulin.
Type 1 Results from autoimmune destruction of insulin- producing beta cells of the pancreas. Beta cells make and release insulin. When beta cells die, the glucose remains in the blood which can cause great harm to organs. Increase in blood and urine glucose.
Caused by the body not responding to the insulin being produced by the body in the right way. Disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of relative insulin deficiency.
Doesn’t mean you previously had diabetes or that you will have it after pregnancy. Just an abnormality in blood sugar level during pregnancy.
Type 1 Exact cause is unknown. Caused by genes Type 2 - Also can be caused by genes, having relatives with type 2, increases your chance of developing it. -Obesity also causes type 2 diabetes - environment also can play a role in developing type 2 Gestational - Family, age, ethnic background, obesity
Type 1 Occurs equally between males and females Greatest in Asian, African, and American Indian populations Type 2 -Most common in elderly, especially overweight women. Gestational - Occurs in pregnant women, those with a background of the disease in their family, those who are older, and those who are obese.
Type 1 Intense insulin therapy Multiple injections daily, multiple checks of blood level and glucose level Exercise and diet Type 2 -Monitoring blood levels and glucose levels 5-7 times daily. - take medications that increase insulin from pancreas and decrease glucose from liver -exercise and diet Gestational - exercise and diet -monitoring blood sugar level
Many of the treatments for diabetes involve biomedical engineering. Insulin pumps, glucose meters, insulin injectors, infusers, etc. Pumps- release insulin when needed in the blood stream Glucose meters- shows glucose in blood
Glucose monitoring system recently invented Every 5 minutes the sensor sends readings of the glucose level in blood Instead of reading the level a couple times a day, it does it for you many times. Used to avoid getting blood sugar high or low
Biomedical engineers are trying to create this now. It would deliver insulin to the body and tell what the glucose levels are in the body. Would replace the human pancreas because it would do the same jobs. Would allow people to not worry about their glucose level because it would automatically fix the problems they have.
American Diabetes Association Home Page - American Diabetes Association. Web. 06 Mar. 2010.. "Diabetes (Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2) Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis on MedicineNet.com." Web. 06 Mar. 2010.. "Diabetes: Definition, Symptoms, and Treatment - Kellogg Eye Center." Kellogg Eye Center-University of Michigan-Ann Arbor MI- Ophthalmology. Web. 06 Mar. 2010.. "Insulin -." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Mar. 2010.. Medtronic Diabetes: Diabetes Management Products, Education & Support. Web. 06 Mar. 2010.. WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Web. 06 Mar. 2010..