USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření: 20. 07. 2013 Klíčová slova Klíčová slova: the USA - mountain ranges, rivers, lakes, people and nationalities, political system. Anotace: Anotace: prezentace je určena na získání základních znalostí o geografii, obyvatelstvu, politickém systému Spojených států amerických. Ve zpracovaném materiálu jsou také cvičení k procvičení.
Způsob využití: Způsob využití: určeno pro výklad a procvičení základních znalostí o geografii, obyvatelstvu, politickém systému Spojených států amerických. Tyto znalosti je možno využít u maturity z anglického jazyka na středních školách. Číslo šablony Číslo šablony: VY_32_INOVACE_ANJ_02
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system 3. MOUNTAIN RANGES Cordilleras About one half of the continental USA is occupied (zaujímá) by the Cordilleras in the west. the Rocky Mountains They are divided into several parts, for example the Rocky Mountains (SKALNATÉ HORY). The Rocky Mountains form a large portion of the American Western, entering from Canada and stretching nearly to Mexico. The Cascade Range The Cascade Range (Kaskádové pohoří) is formed by volcanic mountains. Sierra Nevada The Sierra Nevada – there is the highest mountain of the continental USA Mt. Whitney (4418 m). There is also the national park Yosemite.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system 3. MOUNTAIN RANGES the Great Basin Death valley the Colorado Plateau Grand Canyon On the right of Sierra Nevada there is the Great Basin (VELKÁ PÁNEV) with Death valley (Údolí smrti) lying 85 meters below sea level. Below the Great Basin there is the Colorado Plateau (Kolorádská planina) with Grand Canyon, which is 1800 m deep and 350 km long. the Pacific Coast Range The highest peak of the USAAlaska Range Mt. McKinley Along the coast there is the Pacific Coast Range (POBŘEŽNÍ PÁSMO), which is formed by many of low mountain ranges. The highest peak of the USA is in Alaska, in Alaska Range – the mountain is Mt. McKinley (6 194 m). the Appalachian Mountains On the eastern coast there are the Appalachian Mountains. They separate the Eastern seacoast (Pobřežní nížina) from the Great Lakes and the Mississippi plain.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system 4. RIVERS the Mississippithe Mississippi Plain the Mexico Bay the Ohio Riverthe Missouri River, the Arkansas River, the Red River. The biggest and longest river in Northern America is the Mississippi and it flows across the Mississippi Plain (NÍŽINA) and it flows into the Mexico Bay. Many rivers flow into the Mississipy River, as the Ohio River, the Missouri River, the Arkansas River, the Red River. the Brazos River, the Rio Grande River Colorado Riverthe Columbia River the St. Lawrence River Yukon River Other big rivers are: in the south the Brazos River, the Rio Grande River, which forms the border with Mexico and the Colorado River. In the west there are the Columbia River.In the north there is the St. Lawrence River, which forms the border with Canada. In Alaska there is the big Yukon River.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system 5. LAKES Great LakesIn the north there are Great Lakes – Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, Lake Huron, Lake Eire. Four of them forming part of the border with Canada. Niagara FallsNiagara Falls are on the US-Canadian border and it’s between Lake Erie and lake Ontario.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system PEOPLE AND NATIONALITIES 310 million 79in urban areasThe USA has population of about 310 million people and around 79 per cent of inhabitants live in urban areas. American EnglishThe main language spoken here is American English but various ethnic minorities speak their original languages (Chinese, Spanish). vocabulary pronunciation spellingAmerican English differs from British English in vocabulary (for example: In British English flat, in American apartment, or lift x elevator or post x mail or cinema x the movies), pronunciation and spelling (GB colour X color, GB catalogue x catalog ).
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system POLITICAL SYSTEM the Washington D. C The political heart of the USA is in the Washington D. C., it is the capital city of the USA. The legislative powerCongress the Capital The legislative power is made up of Congress (= CZ parlament). Its seat is in the Capital (= famous building in Washington). The Congress consists of two parts: House of Representative a) House of Representative – It is composed of 435 Representatives. The number of representatives for each state depends on population of each state. They are elected for tow-years term. Senate b) Senate has 100 senators, 2 senators from each state.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system POLITICAL SYSTEM Executive powerpresident government Executive power is represented by president and his government. Presidential system White House Presidential system – there is no prime minister. Presidential election are held very regularly – always in November, once every 4 years and may serve maximum of 2 four-year terms in office. The seat of the president is in White House. The Pentagon The Pentagon is the seat of the Department of Defense. Democratic and Republican the governor Today the major parties are Democratic and Republican. Head of each state is the governor.
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system CVIČENÍ Choose the correct answer: 1.The Rocky Mountains are the part of……….? a)the Appalachian Mountains b)the Cordilleras c)the Himalayas 2. The highest mountain of the USA is ……….? a)Mount Wilson b)Mt. Whitney c)Mt. McKinley
USA – geography, people and nationalities, political system CVIČENÍ Fill in the gaps with information from the ellipse below the text to get correct statements. You will not use all information there. a)The Sierra Nevada – there is the highest mountain of the………. USA Mt. Whitney (4418 m). b)………. is one of the names of Great Lakes. c)The Rio Grande River, which forms the border with ……….. d)The Congress consists of ……….. and …………. CanadaSenate continentalinsularEire Mexico House of Representative
Zpracoval: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Bibliografie: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes