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Pregnancy Risk Assessments

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Presentation on theme: "Pregnancy Risk Assessments"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pregnancy Risk Assessments
Vanessa Davies Head of Occupational Health Hywel Dda NHS Trust Carmarthen Introduction RCN UK Safety Representative Conference October 2011

2 Personal history Head of OH for Hywel Dda Health Board
Joint Chair of Welsh NHS OH Forum for 6 years Twelve years OH experience both in and outside of NHS Awarded by RCN Best OH Nurse 2006 Personal history

3 How do you become a occupational health nurse?
Usually by accident……

4 Qualifications… Minimum: Registered Nurse (Adults)
Occupational Health qualification, i.e. Diploma or Degree in OH, ideally Specialist Practitioner qualification Masters for nurse managers Essential – A sense of humour together with lots of life skills & experience!

5 What is Occupational Health…..
DEFINITION: Occupational Health is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well- being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and the adaptation of work to people, and people to their jobs. (ILO/WHO 1950)

6 That is the accepted definition, what do we do?
We are advisors … on just about everything that relates to people and their jobs. What ever job that may be… And that includes any employee who becomes pregnant!

7 Initially…. Lets confirm the obvious….. Pregnancy, just had a baby or breastfeeding are not illnesses!! It is a perfectly normal event, however…….

8 Pregnancy risk assessment
The legal responsibility for health and safety rests primarily with the employer…… It is important to remember some hazards are particular to pregnancy or breastfeeding mums, Pregnancy risk assessment

9 Pregnancy risk assessment
Aims of today's workshop: To provide a brief overview of pertinent legislation Provide an opportunity to explore the issues relevant to you? Conclude by identifying a framework for PRA A very brief overview! Pregnancy risk assessment

10 First thing…. Lets start by:
Form groups & in 5 – 10 minutes: Identify the present practice in relation to pregnancy risk assessment in your organisation Identify what works? Identify what are the problems?

11 Relevant legislation /Directives
Equality Act 2010 European Directive Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1999 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health regulations Employment rights Act 1996

12 To whom do the regulations apply?
“Any woman who is, or in the future could be, a new or expectant mother” Which is women of child bearing age who are or in the future could be pregnant, have given birth within the previous six months, or are breastfeeding” (HSE, 2004) Given birth: is defined in MHSW Regs as ‘delivered a living child or, after 24 weeks of pregnancy, a stillborn child’

13 Equality Act 2010 Pregnancy and maternity discrimination: work cases
Section 19(5) identifies: A person discriminates against a woman if in the protected period in relation to a pregnancy of hers, A treats her unfavourably: Because of the pregnancy, or Because of illness suffered by her as a result of it Because she is on compulsory maternity leave Is seeking or has exercised the right to ordinary or additional maternity leave These directions are fairly general and need to be more closely considered and it is easy to fall foul of these! Discuss

14 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
These require an assessment of risk: Where there are persons in an undertaking which include women of child bearing age and The work is of a kind which could involve risk by reason of her condition, to the health and safety of a new or expectant mother, or to that of her baby, from any processes or working conditions, or physical, biological or chemical agents…… to encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant workers and workers that have recently given birth or are breastfeeding.. (Management of Health and work, 1999) You are required to assess risks to your employees and do what is reasonably practicable to control those risks, however identifying specific risks and establishing the level of hazard posed can be difficult. Despite undertaking a literature review there is little empirical evidence of pregnant women on which to base the assessment in some cases; for example night shift working!

15 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 by regulation 3 (1) an “assessment of such risk” Which is part of routine occupational health surveillance…… Well, that sound simple …. Doesn’t it? Or is it in an environment as diverse as the NHS? What does that mean……

16 health surveillance is….
“Identification and assessment of the risks from health hazards in the workplace. Which involves surveillance of the factors in the working environment and working practices which may affect the workers’ health. It also requires a systematic approach to the analysis of occupational accidents and occupational diseases” ILO 1985 health surveillance is….

17 What do you need to do? A competent person is required to undertake a risk assessment! In most organisations that is not the OH nurse or the H&S manager, however most managers are always a little apprehensive of undertaking the assessment! Stage one- initial assessment NO Yes Are there any hazards present? Inform employee of outcome Take into account any hazards and risks to females of childbearing age; Assess risks, reduce or remove if possible This is a good place to start……… HSE’s guidance

18 On notification of pregnancy…
Specific risk assessment NO YES Yes No Yes No No yes Has a risk been identified Can the risk be removed Remove the risk Monitor and review Action 1 Can the mothers hours/conditions of work be adjusted Adjust conditions /hours Give suitable alternative work on same terms and conditions Action 3 Suspend her from work on paid leave for as long as necessary to protect her or/+ child Action 2 Can she be given suitable alternative work This is the specific risk assessment; decide who might be harmed and how bearing in mind that the risks may vary between pregnancy and breast feeding; note any medical advice received on the health of the employee; Consult and discuss these issues with the employee On notification of pregnancy…

19 The range of potential hazards & risks to health is truly awesome in a NHS environment….. There are the obvious…. Health surveillance…

20 And the not so obvious……
Chemicals use and storage Workload, demands and stress Working relationships Environmental risks Manual handling of people and objects Aggression and violence Radiology Infection control issues…..

21 How are the hazards identified….
Epidemiological evidence, we know some products have been found to be potentially hazardous to health and that their use needs to monitored Annual health surveillance programmes to look at respiratory sensitizers‘ and other hazards Health issues identified during day to day collaboration between different agencies in the Health Board i.e. Health and safety manager, infection control department, the staff or a manager raises a concern How are the hazards identified….

22 The European directive lists the following hazards
Physical risks Movements & postures Manual handling Shocks and vibrations Noise Radiation Chemical agents Toxic Mercury Cytotoxic drugs Biological agents Infection Working conditions Facilities Mental/physical fatigue Stress (inc postnatal depression) Temperature Working with visual display units Working alone Travelling Violence Working and PPE nutrition The HSE provide a comprehensive list of potential hazards and how to manage them

23 Please form groups and for about 10 minutes consider the following scenarios!

24 For the pregnant, newly delivered or breast feeding woman:
There are the responsibilities of the: Employer employee How are they managed….

25 Employee To notify the employer that she is: pregnant, newly delivered or breastfeeding Or Advise further if she continues to breastfeed beyond six months May need to provide certificate from midwife or general practitioner

26 Employer responsibilities:
To ensure that appropriate and current policies related to staff health and safety are formulated and implemented Competent person to undertake the risk assessment to identify hazards ideally in collaboration with the employee To implement any adjustments to address any identified hazards The employee should be offered a health assessment during her pregnancy Re-evaluate any risk assessments if there are any changes When an employee is breastfeeding, the employer should ensure she has access to appropriate facilities and be protected from identified hazards If in doubt then contact your occupational health service Employer responsibilities:

27 Employer : Management of health and safety regulations 1999
If following risk assessment, these hazards cannot be avoided, the employer will need to: Alter working conditions or hours of work, if not Identify and offer suitable alternative work, if not then the employee is to be suspended on full paid leave from work!

28 Special considerations…..
Breastfeeding Provide appropriate rest areas for pregnant employees Recommended to provide an appropriate environment for mothers to express and store milk Night work any new or expectant mother who works at night, who has a medical certificate stating that night work could affect her health and safety: Offer suitable alternative daytime work or Suspend her from work, on paid leave as long as is necessary to protect her health and safety If the risk arises from work! Special considerations…..

29 The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992 and 1999 specify these responsibilities:
All employers have a statutory responsibility under Section 2 (1) of the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) 1 to create as safe an environment as is reasonably possible.

30 Summary … The relevant legislation requires:
Safe environment for pregnant employees Ensured by a risk assessment undertaken by competent person If suitable adjustments or an alternative role cannot be identified, suspend on full pay Documented and evaluated as needed by responsible manager Summary …

31 Any questions….?

32 HSE (1992) Management of health and safety at work, management of health and safety regulations Approved code of practice and guidance, HSE HSE (2002) New and Expectant mothers at work. HSE Lubick, N (2011) Advising parents in the face of scientific uncertainty: An Environmental Health Dilemma. Environmental Science and Technology, Nature and Earth HSE: Biological agents: Managing the risks in laboratories and healthcare premises: The advisory Committee on dangerous pathogens References

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