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RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © (—THIS SIDEBAR DOES NOT PRINT—) DESIGN GUIDE This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x48” presentation poster. You can use it to create your research poster and save valuable time placing titles, subtitles, text, and graphics. We provide a series of online tutorials that will guide you through the poster design process and answer your poster production questions. To view our template tutorials, go online to PosterPresentations.com and click on HELP DESK. When you are ready to print your poster, go online to PosterPresentations.com Need assistance? Call us at QUICK START Zoom in and out As you work on your poster zoom in and out to the level that is more comfortable to you. Go to VIEW > ZOOM. Title, Authors, and Affiliations Start designing your poster by adding the title, the names of the authors, and the affiliated institutions. You can type or paste text into the provided boxes. The template will automatically adjust the size of your text to fit the title box. You can manually override this feature and change the size of your text. TIP: The font size of your title should be bigger than your name(s) and institution name(s). Adding Logos / Seals Most often, logos are added on each side of the title. You can insert a logo by dragging and dropping it from your desktop, copy and paste or by going to INSERT > PICTURES. Logos taken from web sites are likely to be low quality when printed. Zoom it at 100% to see what the logo will look like on the final poster and make any necessary adjustments. TIP: See if your school’s logo is available on our free poster templates page. Photographs / Graphics You can add images by dragging and dropping from your desktop, copy and paste, or by going to INSERT > PICTURES. Resize images proportionally by holding down the SHIFT key and dragging one of the corner handles. For a professional-looking poster, do not distort your images by enlarging them disproportionally. Image Quality Check Zoom in and look at your images at 100% magnification. If they look good they will print well. ORIGINAL DISTORTED Corner handles Good printing quality Bad printing quality QUICK START (cont.) How to change the template color theme You can easily change the color theme of your poster by going to the DESIGN menu, click on COLORS, and choose the color theme of your choice. You can also create your own color theme. You can also manually change the color of your background by going to VIEW > SLIDE MASTER. After you finish working on the master be sure to go to VIEW > NORMAL to continue working on your poster. How to add Text The template comes with a number of pre- formatted placeholders for headers and text blocks. You can add more blocks by copying and pasting the existing ones or by adding a text box from the HOME menu. Text size Adjust the size of your text based on how much content you have to present. The default template text offers a good starting point. Follow the conference requirements. How to add Tables To add a table from scratch go to the INSERT menu and click on TABLE. A drop-down box will help you select rows and columns. You can also copy and a paste a table from Word or another PowerPoint document. A pasted table may need to be re-formatted by RIGHT-CLICK > FORMAT SHAPE, TEXT BOX, Margins. Graphs / Charts You can simply copy and paste charts and graphs from Excel or Word. Some reformatting may be required depending on how the original document has been created. How to change the column configuration RIGHT-CLICK on the poster background and select LAYOUT to see the column options available for this template. The poster columns can also be customized on the Master. VIEW > MASTER. How to remove the info bars If you are working in PowerPoint for Windows and have finished your poster, save as PDF and the bars will not be included. You can also delete them by going to VIEW > MASTER. On the Mac adjust the Page-Setup to match the Page-Setup in PowerPoint before you create a PDF. You can also delete them from the Slide Master. Save your work Save your template as a PowerPoint document. For printing, save as PowerPoint of “Print-quality” PDF. Print your poster When you are ready to have your poster printed go online to PosterPresentations.com and click on the “Order Your Poster” button. Choose the poster type the best suits your needs and submit your order. If you submit a PowerPoint document you will be receiving a PDF proof for your approval prior to printing. If your order is placed and paid for before noon, Pacific, Monday through Friday, your order will ship out that same day. Next day, Second day, Third day, and Free Ground services are offered. Go to PosterPresentations.com for more information. Student discounts are available on our Facebook page. Go to PosterPresentations.com and click on the FB icon. © 2013 PosterPresentations.com 2117 Fourth Street, Unit C Berkeley CA Pruning standards permit more than they prohibit. Positively applied, they put power in an arborist’s arsenal. Europe has a long history with standards and specifications for. the management of trees and landscapes, including retrenchment pruning, the gradual reduction and regeneration of tree crowns. Outer growth is removed, stimulating inner branches to grow the crown downward. A lower crown lowers risk, often with very low maintenance. Informed by international experience, specified retrenchment pruning can sustain substantial value and benefits from trees with structural constraints. Consistency and reliability in current standards empowers cooperation between cultures, harmonizing the international practice of arboriculture. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES Understandable Wording, information for useability? Available digitally or in print? Set in the broader industry context, with business contracts, related practices? CRITERIA for COMPARISON Removal recommended by 4 arborists due to decay. This sentence was found in 13 different reports: : “Pruning would not lessen the risk to an acceptable level.” Town sought and agreed to a 5 th opinion. Flare care specifications: Remove mulch, soil,. Clear buttress roots by 6-12”. Identify and measure adventitious basal roots. Clean and cauterize bleeding lesions. Trunk drench as specified. Leave drill wounds exposed. March 2013: Condemned TreeAugust 2013: Valued Tree July 2014: Callus showing. No sprouts at cuts. Two limbs declining further. Outer crown in very good condition. Adventitious root grew.9mm dia. REFERENCES 1. BS 3998: 2010 Tree Work—Recommendations British Standards Institute 2. ZTV Baumpflege…German Guidelines for Tree Care 20 Euros for the downloadwww.fll.de/shop 3. Arboriculture: The Integrated Management of Trees, Shrubs and Vines 4. ANSI A300 Tree Care Standard, Part 1 Pruning TCIA 5. Basic Tree Risk Assessment CEU article, Arborist News October 2006, ISA 6. Field Form for Basic Tree Risk Assessment, ISA 7. Tree Morphology, Fay, Neville, Treeworks Environmental Practice, Best Management Practices on Tree Risk Assessment, ISA 9. How Hollow may a Tree be? Wessolly, L. Neue Landschaft 11/96 p Risk Assessment Criteria for Branch failure, Goodfellow, John 2009, 11. Ancient and other Veteran Trees: further guidance Lonsdale, ed., Veteran Trees: A Guide to Good Management Read, H Geholzschnitt: nach den Gesetzen der Natur, Pfisterer, Jochen VETree Training Manual, Vocational Education and Training on Veteran Trees, 2014 For more about international tree care standards, case studies using Simple Specs, or scheduling a Veteran Tree Training in your area: Guy Meilleur, ISA BCMA #SO-0284 Observe how retrenchment pruning is standardized and specified internationally Identify elements that build usability, Harmonize current efforts on tree pruning standards, Globalize consistency in arboricultural standards and practices. Veteran Tree Network, Ancient Tree Forum-US, Society of Municipal Arborists, International Oak Society, Native Tree Society, ISA Board-Certified Master Arborist Guy Meilleur, Practicing Arborist and Aerial Consultant, HistoricTreeCare.com International Standards on Retrenchment Pruning: Comparison and Implementation Landscape Performance: Decay and Sprawl Owner Goals: Low Risk, Low Maintenance Arborist Evaluates Goals, Landscape Arborist + Owner Agree on the Objective Specified Action Simple + Active: Retain Remove Reduce Clear Work Completed: Monitor Country, Standard, Scope, Year, Usability, Cost The Objective drives the specified actions. No steps needed for “type or method of pruning “or “type of cut”. Information is delivered in the specification. Simple process, simple terms, simple specifications. Pruning Specifications: 1. Remove all dead branches >1” diameter. 2. Reduce downward and horizontal parts of overextended branches. Clear the branches below by 2’-4’. Cuts <3” to upright laterals, <8% total foliage 3. Reduce declining leaders 3’-6’. Smallest cuts possible, to vigorous nodes. Germany, ZTV-Baumpflege, Contracts, Supplemental Support Systems, Root and Soil Work, Pruning, Construction, 2007 Informational wording embedded and italicized Appendices for related material. Allied standards for landscaping and construction Cost: $28 US, downloadable.pdf 66 pages Wording, in order of emphasis: must, shall, should. Primary audience is the contractor. Guidance on Regenerative Pruning. Contractor must inspect. “spurs are not permitted…Limbs >10 cm (4”) should not be removed…” Applies to horticulture and forestry. United Kingdom BS 3998: 2010 Tree Work— Recommendations British Standards Institute, Supplemental Support Systems, Pruning, Soil, Safety, Wildlife Informational wording embedded and italicized Annex on retrenchment is normative (standard). Annexes on laws, decision-making is informative. Downloadable. Cost: $305USD, $152 BSI member, $59 ‘short version’. Wording: Mostly ‘should’s, recommendations, some ‘may’s, alternatives, ‘can’s, possible consequences 68 pg. “Illustrations should be used to communicate…” Taichung, Taiwan Pruning Standard Pruning only. Free download (Mandarin) Many illustrations, including retrenchment United States ANSI A300 Tree Care Standard (Part 1) 2008 Pruning only. 11 separate $20 publications for support, roots, soil work, etc. No informational wording in body. Brief appendices for information. $20, paper, 9 pages (limited wording). Large subscribers can download. Wording: shall = requirement, should = recommendation. Primary audience agencies, attorneys, “It is a guide for arborists …A300 (Part 1) Pruning standards provide acceptable industry performance parameters.” Retrenchment, horticulture, forestry currently excluded (2014 revision will) “review and incorporate changes in industry standard practices... Harmonization with related industry standards will be considered.” Harmonization of US with international standards was considered while treating this hollow oak: Australia, Pruning of Amenity Trees, 2007 Pruning only, paper only, $79. All wording is normative (standard), not informational Appendices for related material. Allied standards for Soil work, landscaping and construction. Horticulture, forestry excluded
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