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+ Outside the Box Rethinking Language Learning in the 21 st Century Dr. Sue E. K. Otto The University of Iowa

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Presentation on theme: "+ Outside the Box Rethinking Language Learning in the 21 st Century Dr. Sue E. K. Otto The University of Iowa"— Presentation transcript:

1 + Outside the Box Rethinking Language Learning in the 21 st Century Dr. Sue E. K. Otto The University of Iowa

2 + Factors that influence our thinking “Digital native” students Education trends and imperatives Second language teaching and learning

3 + What is a digital native? Marc Prensky Frontline: digital_nation – life on the virtual frontier Aired on PBS, February, 2010

4 + Digital Immigrants and Natives The single biggest problem facing education today is that our Digital Immigrant instructors, who speak an outdated language (that of the pre-digital age), are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely new language.... Digital Immigrant teachers assume that learners are the same as they have always been, and that the same methods that worked for the teachers when they were students will work for their students now. But that assumption is no longer valid. Today's learners are different. Marc Prensky, Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants

5 + Instructional preferences Many educators prefer: slow, controlled release of info from limited sources to provide text before pictures, sounds and video to provide info linearly, logically and sequentially to teach “just-in-case” feel compelled to teach to the curriculum guide/tests Digital learners prefer: receiving info quickly from multiple multimedia sources processing pictures, sounds color, and video before text random access to hyper-linked multimedia information to learn “just-in-time” learning that’s relevant, active, instantly useful and fun From “Closing the digital divide” Jukes & McCain, 2008

6 + Education trends/imperatives Education reform Student-centered, (inter)active instruction Collaborative tasks Performance-based assessment New literacies Doing more with less

7 +  Conventional ◦ Teacher-directed ◦ Didactic teaching ◦ Short blocks of instruction on a single subject ◦ Individual work ◦ Teacher as knowledge dispenser ◦ Ability groupings ◦ Assessment of fact knowledge/discrete skills  Reform ◦ Student exploration ◦ Interactive instruction ◦ Extended blocks of authentic and multidisciplinary work ◦ Collaborative work ◦ Teacher as facilitator and mentor ◦ Heterogeneous groupings ◦ Performance-based assessment Education Reform for the 21 st Century From Using Technology to Support Education Reform, a report by Means et al. for the U.S. Department of Education, 1993.

8 + The condition or quality of being literate, especially the ability to read and write. Literacy

9 + Information Literacy Skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information that include the abilities to: Determine the extent of information needed Access information sources in many formats effectively and efficiently Critically evaluate information and sources Use information to achieve a specific goal Understand the legal and social issues involved in using information and making ethical and legal use of it Association of College and Research Libraries

10 + New Media Literacies – MIT Style

11 + Information Literacy Skills They are not just skills for the classroom. And they’re not just skills for the workplace. They’re skills that involve creative expression, they’re skills that involve citizenship, they’re skills that connect people together at something larger than the individual level. Henry Jenkins, MIT

12 + Ability to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information in the target language, interpreting it in the context of the target culture. Information literacy and language learning:

13 + Teach more students Do it for less money Respond to needs of individual students demands of the globalized marketplace Use technology to accomplish the above Doing more with less...

14 + Hybrid courses Reduced number of face-to-face class meetings Deliver more instruction online Listening and reading practice Speaking practice/performance with voice tools Grammar tutorials and practice Assessment Quizzes (online) Oral assessments and chapter test (online in testing center) Midterm/final oral exam (face-to-face) Final exam (paper & pencil)

15 + SLA theories, approaches and issues Universal Grammar Autonomous Induction Theory Concept-Oriented Approach Processability Theory Input Processing Interactionist Theory Associate-Cognitive CREED Skill Acquisition Theory Sociocultural Theory Language Socialization Conversation Analysis Systemic-Functional Complexity Theory learner characteristics feedback pragmatics motivation, beliefs interlanguage development critical period

16 + Digital natives: their skills and expectations Education reform Changing realities and expectations of educational institutions Current trends in language pedagogy, changes prompted by SLA research The Big Picture

17 + Instructional mission Class time Time outside of class Fundamental changes

18 + Change in instructional mission: [from knowledge to knowledge-able] Focus on how, not what:  Skills and strategies  How to communicate effectively  How to observe, bootstrap, cope  How to look for, evaluate and interpret/analyze information  Practice (DeKeyser: Skill Acquisition Theory)

19 + Rethinking class time Less teacher talk/lecturing More group interaction and exploration Information technology available to both teacher and students

20 + Rethinking practice outside of class (CALL exercises) Podcasts YouTube Public discussion forums Blogs Wikis FaceBook Concordancers/corpora Creative projects Virtual worlds (e.g., Second Life) Chat, IM, Skype Twitter, texting Web research Games

21 + Russian Language in Context Advanced Russian students Project on Vladimir Zherebtsov Popular actor: Forum: Main tasks: Visit website and gather personal information to answer questions. Explore and find out information about the forum; register. Students read recent postings for 3 discussion threads, write 1-2 posts per thread, monitor responses to their posts, document their forum activities. Culminating reflections: differences between this forum and US forums; thoughts on the various tasks; what students learned/gained Lesson author: Lyudmila Klimanova FLARE SLA doctoral candidate, University of Iowa

22 + Up and Down Sides Students explore/participate in authentic fan forum Culturally authentic environment Authentic language use Interaction with Russian native speakers Exposure to Russian pop culture Student acceptance in forum not immediate Some students not interested/not engaged Difficulty in tracking participation (teacher)

23 + The Spanish Civil War Learning objectives: develop an understanding of the ideological debates informing the war experience a select number of works about the war analyze relationships among art, politics, and propaganda Learning space with: Round tables (seat 9) Networked laptops (3 per table) Multiple large computer/video displays Whiteboards Tom Lewis

24 + TILE learning spaces Transform, Interact, Learn, Engage Student as active contributor, problem solver, and discussant Collaborative work with peers High expectations for preparation for class and in-class participation Seeing peers and self as additional important sources of authority and knowledge

25 + Clickers: spot checking/discussion

26 + Other class activities Short introductory presentation (1 ppt slide, teacher) Sight read Hernández poem “Nanas de la cebolla” (whole class) Read/watch/listen to 4 internet texts—audio, video, readings— related to Hernández (teams) discuss and take notes teams report to class (teacher-orchestrated) Watch scene from film Tierra y libertad (whole class); recap pros and cons of private ownership (teams/whiteboard) [Quizzes and first exam] Homework/outside of class: Readings Aperitivos (warm-up questions to prepare for next class) Wiki Midterm and final exams

27 + 75 minute class period: Student group work: 50 minutes Class discussion (teacher orchestrated) : 20 minutes Teacher lecture: <5 minutes Technology in play for: ~60 minutes (significant practice with tech resources and tools)

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29 + Mentira project (Sykes & Holden) Mobile game: Fictional murder mystery set in Los Griegos neighborhood of Albuquerque Played by students with iPod Touch (using GPS capability) out on the streets of Los Griegos

30 + Rethinking The world we have created is a product of our thinking. It cannot be changed without changing our thinking. Albert Einstein


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