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Russian Revolution. Russian Government Before Revolution Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar) Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited.

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Presentation on theme: "Russian Revolution. Russian Government Before Revolution Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar) Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russian Revolution

2 Russian Government Before Revolution Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar) Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited. Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited. Russia had no constitution, Russia had no constitution, no political party system to check the Tsar's power no political party system to check the Tsar's power A strong secret police which terrorized the people. A strong secret police which terrorized the people.

3 Czar Alexander II He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom, In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States. Killed by the Revolutionary Group: “The People ’ s Will” He was killed by the terrorist organization when one of their members threw a bomb at him while walking the streets of St. Petersburg

4 Czar Alexander III Alexander III's reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia. His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements. There was an unsuccessful assassination attempt by Vladimir Lenin’s brother

5 Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War. Russia lost land and resources WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular with his people

6 Czar Nicholas II and Family Queen Alexandria, Son was Alexei (suffered from hemophilia

7 Russo-Japanese War (1904) Dispute over Manchuria with Japan Shook national confidence in their progress and rule of Czar. This was an embarrassing loss for Russia (First victory of an Asian Nation Against a European Power)

8 Russo-Japanese War (1904)

9 Bloody Sunday (1905) This is when Russian citizens protested in front of the Winter Palace (home of the Tsar) and his military opened fire on the crowd killing over 100 Russians. This led to Russians having little trust in their leader. The Tsar was forced to create a “Duma” to allow representatives a voice

10 Russia and World War I Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary War becomes unpopular War becomes unpopular Rationing leads to starvation Rationing leads to starvation Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front The Tsar is now gone and Queen Alexandria falls under the spell of Rasputin The Tsar is now gone and Queen Alexandria falls under the spell of Rasputin

11 Rasputin

12 Rasputin and his evil trickery The Tsar leaves Russia and his wife Queen Alexandria is in charge Rasputin’s power comes from the myth that he is a true healer and upon his touch he can cure any illness The Tsar’s son Alexei has hemophilia (blood clout disease

13 Rasputin and his evil trickery The Queen falls into his spell because she is convinced he can heal her son.The Queen falls into his spell because she is convinced he can heal her son. This allowed him to have full control of the royal family and he put his followers in position of high government office.This allowed him to have full control of the royal family and he put his followers in position of high government office. He is also known as a “Womanizer” he had a certain flare that attracted a lot of womenHe is also known as a “Womanizer” he had a certain flare that attracted a lot of women He used Sex as his weapon to take controlHe used Sex as his weapon to take control He made horrible decisions and this led to the people of Russia to question the royal family and saw them as “Vulnerable”He made horrible decisions and this led to the people of Russia to question the royal family and saw them as “Vulnerable”

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15 Assassination of Tsar Nicolas II and his Family The Russian Population was devastated to hear that over 2 million casualties occurred Mass desertion (leaving and did not follow orders) made them feel the Tsar has lost his role as a good leader In all over 6 million casualties of war before they quit Here is the story of the Assassination Show Youtube Re-enactment

16 March Revolution (1917) protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over. Czar abdicates Czar abdicates Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI

17 Vladimir Lenin/October (Bolshevik) Revolution-1917 Lead by VI Lenin “ Peace, Land, and Bread ” Lead by VI Lenin “ Peace, Land, and Bread ” Won support of people (especially peasants) and he also related to the factory workers in Moscow and St. Petersburg Won support of people (especially peasants) and he also related to the factory workers in Moscow and St. Petersburg Lenin was sent into exile for his revolutionary actions in Russia and was sent to Switzerland until 1917 Lenin was sent into exile for his revolutionary actions in Russia and was sent to Switzerland until 1917 He was a huge fan of Karl Marx and believed that the rich capitalist took advantage of the poor He was a huge fan of Karl Marx and believed that the rich capitalist took advantage of the poor He believed in Communist thought that stated “government should have control of production and close the gap between rich and poor He believed in Communist thought that stated “government should have control of production and close the gap between rich and poor

18 Vladimir Lenin/October(Bolshevik) Revolution-1917 Vladimir Lenin was a masterful public speaker and his rallies were explosive.Vladimir Lenin was a masterful public speaker and his rallies were explosive. He targeted the countryside and Factory courtyardsHe targeted the countryside and Factory courtyards Lenin’s Deal with Germany: Germany said they would pay for Lenin’s travels back to Russia as long as once he came into power he would leave the warLenin’s Deal with Germany: Germany said they would pay for Lenin’s travels back to Russia as long as once he came into power he would leave the war The Bolsheviks stormed the “Winter Palace and with little to no violence the Kerensky government was out and the Bolsheviks took overThe Bolsheviks stormed the “Winter Palace and with little to no violence the Kerensky government was out and the Bolsheviks took over

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20 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest ‑ Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany.1918 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest ‑ Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany. Here are the Conditions (show this on your Russian Map)Here are the Conditions (show this on your Russian Map) Russia must give up the Baltic States to GermanyRussia must give up the Baltic States to Germany Russia must recognize Ukraine as an independent country Russia must recognize Ukraine as an independent country Russia must give up influence in FinlandRussia must give up influence in Finland Pay six million dollars for raparationsPay six million dollars for raparations

21 Civil War Menshevik (White Army)= Russians that were loyal to the Royals and old ways of Tsarist Russia They were supported by the United States Bolshevik (Red Army)=Led by Trotsky (Military Leader) and Vladimir Lenin 1919 White Armies (Royal and Menshevik troops) attack the Reds (Bolsheviks) from all directions. Bolshevik death count was 125,000/Menshevik was 175,500Bolshevik death count was 125,000/Menshevik was 175,500 The Cheka (secret police) killed over 250, 000 RussiansThe Cheka (secret police) killed over 250, 000 Russians Reds defeat Whites and this ultimately led to over 7 million street children1920- Reds defeat Whites and this ultimately led to over 7 million street children

22 Communism A Form of SocialismA Form of Socialism Central Planning of the Economy by the StateCentral Planning of the Economy by the State Gov ’ t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and payGov ’ t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and pay Draw the Flag of CommunismDraw the Flag of Communism Red: Bolshevik PartyRed: Bolshevik Party Hammer: Factory workers/working classHammer: Factory workers/working class Sickle: FarmersSickle: Farmers Yellow Star: Rule of Communist PartyYellow Star: Rule of Communist Party

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