Presentation on theme: "Essential reading: SPINČIĆ, A., An English Textbook For Marine Engineers I., Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2008. LUZER, J., SPINČIĆ, A., Gramatička vježbenica."— Presentation transcript:
Essential reading: SPINČIĆ, A., An English Textbook For Marine Engineers I., Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka LUZER, J., SPINČIĆ, A., Gramatička vježbenica engleskog jezika za pomorce, Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka Tomislav Skračić, MA Undergraduate English Course for MARINE ENGINEERS 1st Semester
PARTS of a VESSEL
BASIC PARTS: hull: the structural body of a vessel bow: the fore end of the vessel stern: the after part of the vessel port: the left side of the boat when facing the bow starboard: the right side of the boat when facing the bow keel: the first part of a ship that is constructed, on which the frame is built steering gear: machinery located underdeck aft used to turn the rudder rudder / rudder blade: large plate at the stern which controls the boat's or ship's direction tail shaft: propeller shaft PARTS of a VESSEL
BASIC PARTS: superstructure: any part of the ship sticking out of the main deck funnel: metal chimney through which smoke comes out (navigating) bridge / wheelhouse: superstructure from which the ship is controlled with the help of steering wheel, equipment and instruments monkey island: deck above the wheelhouse courtesy flag: flag of the country the vessel is visiting ensign: flag showing the ship's nationality / country of registry galley: kitchen on a ship heads: boat's or ship's toilets PARTS of a VESSEL
PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS Length of Waterline (LWL): The waterline at which the ship will float when loaded to its designed draught. Baseline (BL): The horizontal line parallel to the design waterline. Sheer: The rise of the deck towards the bow and stern. Sheer increases freeboard, and helps keep the vessel from shipping water in rough seas - particularly at the bow. Sheer Bow Stern Baseline LWL
Trim: The difference between the draughts (drafts) forward and aft. Baseline (BL): The horizontal line parallel to the design waterline. Keel: the first part of a vessel that is constructed, on which the frame / hull is built
Trim: The difference between the draughts (drafts) forward and aft
Centerline (CL): A straight line running from bow to stern, midway between the sides of the ship. Midships / Amidships ( ): The point midway between the forward and after perpendiculars. CL PORT STARBOARD
PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS Perpendiculars are lines drawn to the waterline from a point where it intersects the stempost (FP) and the after side of the rudder center line (AP). Length of Waterline (LWL): The waterline at which the ship will float when fully loaded. Length Overall (LOA): The extreme length of the ship. The total length of the ship from one end to the other, including bow and stern overhangs. Length Between Perpendiculars (LBP): The distance between forward and aft perpendiculars. Beam (B): The breadth of the ship at the widest point. Draught / Draft: The vertical distance from the waterline to the keel (base line – BL). Keel: the 'backbone' of the vessel; the long piece of wood or steel along the bottom of a ship, on which the frame is built Air draft: The distance from the waterline to the highest point on the vessel. It determines whether a vessel can pass under a bridge or under other restrictions such as power lines.
Freeboard: The vertical distance from the waterline to the deck at side. Sheer: The rise of the deck towards the bow and stern. Sheer increases freeboard, and helps keep the vessel from shipping water in rough seas - particularly at the bow. Flare: The outward curvature of the hull surface above the waterline. Flaring bows are often fitted to help keep the forward decks dry and to prevent "nose-diving" in head seas. Chine: Sharp corner in the hull form.
Study these sentences: There are ropes at the bow and at the stern. There are ropes fore and aft. Something in the middle of a ship is amidships. The navigation bridge is amidships. Right is called the starboard side and left the port side. There is a buoy at a distance of two miles ahead. (= in front of the ship) There is shallow water ahead of your vessel. Do not pass astern of my vessel. (= behind the ship) Behind is abaft or aft of. The funnel is always aft of the navigation bridge. The hull surface fore of the stern is called the port quarter or the starboard quarter. The hull surface aft of the bow is called the port bow or the starboard bow. E.g. the ship hit a rock on the port bow. E.g. there is damage to the hull on the starboard quarter.
EXERCISE The Present Simple or Continuous? 1. Today the sun SHINES / IS SHINING. 2. We always ARE TRAVELLING / TRAVEL by air. 3. Clara can’t come to the phone. She IS TAKING / TAKES a shower. 4. Zvonko SHAVES / IS SHAVING at the moment. 5. He SHAVES / IS SHAVING every other day. 6. The vessel usually IS TAKING / TAKES only bulk cargo, but on this voyage we ARE CARRYING / CARRY containers as well. 7. Be quiet! Can’t you see I AM SPEAKING / SPEAK on the radio? 8. I never EXPECT / AM EXPECTING many Christmas presents, although I always AM RECEIVING / RECEIVE some presents. This year the company I work for GIVES / IS GIVING us a cheque.
Match each definition with the right term: 1.Corridor running between rows of cabines. 2.Machinery located underdeck aft used to turn the rudder. 3.Tubular post supporting a derrick. 4.Raised edge to prevent entry of water. 5.Steps in the ship’s superstructure leading from one deck to another. 6.Cover for the exhaust pipes. 7.Large plate at the stern which controls the ship’s direction. 8.Winch used to hoist the anchor. Windlass Warping winch Samson post Rudder Funnel casing Tarpaulin Alleyway Companionway Steering gear Coaming