Presentation on theme: "HYDROPROCESSING PROJECT ARU / SWS – CONTROL SYSTEM and ESD"— Presentation transcript:
1HYDROPROCESSING PROJECT ARU / SWS – CONTROL SYSTEM and ESD KHABAROVSK REFINERYHYDROPROCESSING PROJECTARU / SWS – CONTROL SYSTEM and ESDTRAINING COURSEAPRIL 29th – MAY 3rd 2013, MADRID, SPAIN
2CONTROL SYSTEMThe purpose of this section is to give a general explanation of how the control system works.Process variables, that determine a good operation of the Unit, play a different role depending upon the type of operation.
3MAIN CONTROL LOOPS OF AMINE REGENERATOR AND SOUR WATER STRIPPER SECTIONS RICH AMINE FLASH DRUM PRESSUREREGENERATOR REFLUX DRUM PRESSURESTEAM FLOWRATE TO STRIPPER REBOILERSOUR WATER STRIPPER PRESSURESOUR WATER STRIPPER TEMPERATURESOUR WATER FEED SURGE DRUM PRESSURE
4RICH AMINE FLASH DRUM PRESSURE With the purpose to avoid amine degradation caused by the oxidation of the DEA solution coming into contact with air, inert gas blanketing facilities are provided.The pressure in the drum is controlled by the pressure controller PIC-1001 acting on two control valves: vent gas valve PV-1001A and inert gas valve PV-1001B.
5RICH AMINE FLASH DRUM PRESSURE Split range valvesSome control loops have two control valves controlled by one controller.A plot shows the valve position versus controller output.Provide 5% deadband to prevent simultaneous pressuring and venting.
6REGENERATOR REFLUX DRUM PRESSURE The pressure in the drum is controlled by the pressure controller PIC-1005 acting on two control valves:PV-1005A located on the line that leads acid gas to SRU Section andPV-1005B located on the line to acid flare.
7REGENERATOR REFLUX DRUM PRESSURE Split range valvesProvide 5% deadband to prevent system malfunction.
8STEAM FLOWRATE TO STRIPPER REBOILER The higher is the flowrate of sour water fed to the stripper, the higher the saturated steam flowrate to the Reboiler must be.The steam flow rate to the Stripper Reboiler is controlled on the basis of the measured flow of the spur water solution entering the Stripper column.The flowrate of SW to the column is regulated by the flow controller FIC located on the discharge line of Stripper Feed Pump, that acts on the flow valve FV located on the column feed stream and that receives a signal from the level controller LIC located on Sour Water Feed Surge Drum.The stripping steam is generated in the Stripper Reboiler by means of LP Steam, whose flow is controlled by the flow controller FIC-2019 acting on FV on the LP Steam line. The FIC-2019 set point is resetted by the signal coming from FIC-2002.
9SOUR WATER STRIPPER PRESSURE The overhead pressure in the column is controlled by the pressure controller PIC-2002 acting on two control valves:PV-2002A located on the line that leads acid gas to SRU Section andPV-2002B located on the line to acid flare.
10SOUR WATER STRIPPER PRESSURE Split range valvesProvide 5% deadband to prevent system malfunction.
11SOUR WATER STRIPPER TEMPERATURE The overhead pressure in the stripper sets the stripped water temperature in the stripper bottom at the right value, so as to obtain a good performance.The overhead temperature in the Stripper is controlled by TIC-2007, which resets the flow controller FIC-2007 acting on the flow valve FV-2007 on the delivery line of the Stripper Pumparound Pump.
12SOUR WATER STRIPPER TEMPERATURE Split range valvesProvide 5% deadband to prevent system malfunction.
13SOUR WATER FEED SURGE DRUM PRESSURE The pressure in the drum is controlled by the pressure controller PIC-2001 acting on two control valves:PV-2001A located on the inert gas line andPV-2001B located on the line to acid flare.
14SOUR WATER FEED SURGE DRUM PRESSURE Split range valvesProvide 5% deadband to prevent simultaneous pressuring and discharging.
15LOGIC SYSTEM What is the LOGIC SYSTEM? A Logic System is an integrated highly automated safety facility, able to perform several actions:Handling all the start-up and shut-down phases of the Plant;Isolate the whole plant, one unit of the plant from the other, or just a section of one unit;Interact with the DCS system;Keep always the Plant under safe conditions.
16LOGIC SYSTEM HOW DOES IT WORK? The working principle of a Logic System is:INPUT: Upset signal from the PlantOUTPUT: One or more actions performed automatically on valves, equipment, …MAIN FUNCTIONS OF A LOGIC SYSTEMShut-Down ProcedureStart-Up ProcedureAvoid Upset conditions during normal operation that could damage the personnel or the equipment
17LOGIC SYSTEM MAIN FEATURES OF LOGIC SYSTEM All the logics are handled by a central hardware called PLC (programmable logic control)Input/output signals of PLC are usually electrical, not digital.PLC input signals: output signals from instrumentation installed in the plant.PLC output signals: input signals for SD, ESD, control valves.
18LOGIC SYSTEM – START UPWhen starting-up a section of a plant, the logic system shall strictly follow a well determined procedure.This procedure is tied to verify the necessary conditions, in order to guarantee the safety of the operation.These conditions are called PERMISSIVES.
19PERMISSIVE DURING START-UP HOW IS A START-UP PERFORMED?Start-up is guided and monitored by well competent operators and specialist engineers.Start-up must be performed both from field and control room.The operators in control room shall monitor the start-up via graphic pages.
20PERMISSIVE DURING START-UP On the graphic pages, the whole plant is graphically represented:- Equipment- Instruments- SD, ESD, control valves- Control loops- Alarms and SD causesFurthermore, in the graphic pages the operator can check if all the logic conditions necessary for the start-up are met.If some of the required permissives are not met, the logic system doesn’t give its permission to start-up.
21CAUSE & EFFECT DIAGRAMThe protective system (ESD) shall be based on the input (causes) and the output (effects) as shown in the Cause & Effect Chart