Some Effects Aircraft crossing north Atlantic were confined to narrow corridor to minimise radiation. Astronauts on board Space Station took shelter in its most shielded section. Two Japanese satellites malfunctioned. Engine of Smart 1 shut down.
The Magnetic Field of the Earth The Earth’s magnetic field is like that of a bar magnet close to the Earth The solar wind distorts the magnetic field into a comet like shape on the nightside (the magnetotail).
At core of process is reconnection Reconnection converts energy
Effect of Coronal Mass Ejection on Earth - when IMF southward it can reconnect
The auroral oval from space From space, one can see that the aurora occurs in an oval around the north pole.
Aurora pictures taken from the Space Shuttle Height of auroral emission: 100-400 km (60 - 200 miles)
5. This Week - Fireworks Continued SOHO Site (Nov 6): Just as solar scientists were ready to start breathing normally again, active region 10486 blasted off yet another mega-flare. This one saturated the X-ray detectors on the NOAA's GOES satellites; the jury was therefore out for a while on the definitive classification of the flare. Speculations ranged from X20 to X40 or even X50. Today word came that the best estimate is X28. It is now official: We have a new number 1 X-ray flare for the record books.
SpaceWeather.Com: SUPERFLARE: Giant sunspot 486 unleashed another powerful solar flare on Nov. 4th (1950 UT). Ionizing radiation hit Earth's atmosphere soon after the explosion and caused a severe radio blackout, which radio listeners noticed across North America. Astronomers won't soon forget Nov. 4th, 2003--the day of the biggest explosion ever recorded in our solar system.