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SUPERCOMPUTERS A Brief History by Jenny Grant. What is a Supercomputer ? Definition: – Any computer able to process information at the highest capacity.

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Presentation on theme: "SUPERCOMPUTERS A Brief History by Jenny Grant. What is a Supercomputer ? Definition: – Any computer able to process information at the highest capacity."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUPERCOMPUTERS A Brief History by Jenny Grant

2 What is a Supercomputer ? Definition: – Any computer able to process information at the highest capacity. How is this measured? – FLOPS: FLoating-point Operations Per Second.

3 Early History 1960’s – 1980’s – CDC 6600 Created by Seymour Cray in – Supercomputers were the standard of large government agencies and government funded institutions. Source of national pride. Symbolic of technical leadership. Ultimate symbols of strength and power.

4 First Computer In comparison to the computers of today, ENIAC was incredibly enormous: – weighing 30 short tons – dimensions of about 8.5 feet by 3 feet by 80 feet – taking up 680 square feet. – Its components included 17,468 vacuum tubes 7,200 crystal diodes 1,500 relays 70,000 resistors 10,000 capacitors It could consume 150 kilowatts of electricity ENIAC

5 Today’s Computers Gaming has taken the helm for supercomputing. Governments continue to race each other to build the next fastest computer. Consumers are able to capitalize on technology advances in government.

6 Today’s Leaders China – Once again taken the lead – China's Tianhe-2 Remains The World's Fastest Supercomputer petaflop/s Twice as fast as the 2 nd fastest

7 Today’s Leaders cont. United States – Has the most supercomputers 233 in the TOP 500 – Titan supercomputer installed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory – Cray XK7 system occupying 200 cabinets reached a speed of petaflops quadrillion calculations per second

8 Uses for Supercomputers Aid in United States research – Climate Change – Bio-fuels – Nuclear Energy Healthcare – Mapping the bloodstream – Protein folding

9 The Future “Exascale” Computing – Could operate at one quintillion flop/s – Projected implementation by 2018 Cognitive Computing – IBM creates new SyNAPSE chip to further cognitive computing – one million programmable neurons, 256 million programmable synapses and 46 billion synaptic operations per second, per watt.

10 In Review

11 References supercomputer/index.html /moores-law-over-supercomputing-in-triage-says- expert/


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