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Today’s Chapel: “Intelligent Design” by Pastor Jim Bomkamp.

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Presentation on theme: "Today’s Chapel: “Intelligent Design” by Pastor Jim Bomkamp."— Presentation transcript:

1 Today’s Chapel: “Intelligent Design” by Pastor Jim Bomkamp

2 Special Revelation: The word of God

3 General revelation Romans 1:20: “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”

4 General revelation Psalm 19:1-6, “The heavens are telling of the glory of God ; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands. Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge. There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard. Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their utterances to the end of the world. In them He has placed a tent for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; It rejoices as a strong man to run his course. Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end of them; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.”

5 Intelligent Design “Computing Intelligence”

6 A “floating point” number on a computer is: “A very large number on a computer expressed as a floating-point number which consists of a basic number or mantissa, an exponent, and a number base or radix (which is often assumed). The number base is usually ten but may also be 2.” A “floating point operation” (FLOP) is a mathematical operation which is performed on a “floating point” number.

7 Early Supercomputers

8 Cray-1: Cray's first supercomputer Introduced in 1976. Peak performance of 133 megaflops (MF). The first system was installed at Los Alamos National Laboratory at a cost of $8.8 million dollars. To handle the intense heat generated by the computer, Cray developed an innovative refrigeration system using Freon (constant –90  C temperature was attempted)

9 Cray X-MP: Launched in 1982. Capable of 500 MFs, 1 GF on some applications. Multiple 333 MFLOPS processors powered the system to a record sustained speed of 2.3 gigaflops. The first operating system based on UNIX, UNICOS. A first generation Pentium 4 processor running at 2.8GHZ, it averages somewhere around 1.1 gigaflops in benchmark studies, which is in the general range of the Cray X-MP.

10 Cray-2: Introduced in 1985. Peak performance of 1.9 GFs. At the time, it had the world's largest central memory with the possibility of 2048 megabytes. The Cray-2™ system provided a tenfold increase in performance over the Cray-1.

11 Cray Y-MP8D: Introduced in 1988. This system was key to breaking the one gigaflop performance barrier. It has traditionally been the standard by which other supercomputers are compared.

12 Cray Y-MP2E: Cray's first air-cooled supercomputer.

13 Cray Y-MP8E: Like the Cray Y-MP8D, this system held a maximum of 8 vector processors but included a faster, improved I/O (input/output) system called the Model E I/O.

14 Cray C90: Launched in 1991. It was Cray's high-end supercomputer of the early '90s (thus its name, "Cray for the '90s" or C90). It featured a new CPU with industry- leading sustained performance of 1 GF. Using 16 of these powerful processors and 256 million words (MW) of central memory, the system boasted unrivaled total performance. Peak performance equaled 16 GFs.

15 Cray EL: Cray's first low-cost supercomputer and predecessor to the Cray J90 Series.

16 Cray T3D: introduced in 1993 Cray's first line of scalable parallel supercomputers.

17 Cray J90: Air-cooled, low-cost vector supercomputers introduced by Cray in the mid-'90s.

18 Cray T90: The Cray T90 line of powerful, general purpose, vector-based supercomputing systems employs an array of innovative technologies, including pioneering connectors that eliminate internal wiring. Though no longer in active production, the T90 is still widely used to solve some of supercomputing's most difficult problems.

19 Cray T3E: Since its debut in 1995, the successor Cray T3E™ supercomputer has been the world's best selling MPP system.

20 Cray 1200: The Cray T3E-1200E system was the first supercomputer to sustain 1 TF (1 trillion floating point operations per second) on a real-world application. No Picture Available

21 Modern Supercomputers

22 IBM Blackforrest

23 IBM Bluesky

24 IBM ASCIIWhite: First commissioned in 2000 at a cost of around $110 million. Its a computer cluster based on IBM's commercial RS/6000 SP computer. 512 of these machines were connected together for ASCI White, with 16 processors per node and 8,192 processors in total with 6 TBs of memory and 160 TBs of disk storage. It had a theoretical processing speed of 7,226 GFs. It weighed 106 tons, covered 9,920 square feet of floor space (equal to two NBA basketball courts), and it consumed 3 MW of electricity with a further 3 MW needed for cooling, or the power to run 1,000 homes.

25 What is the world’s greatest supercomputer?

26 The world’s greatest supercomputer: the human brain Contains about 100 billion neurons, each of which is connected to about 1000 of its neighbors through synapses, for a total of 100 trillion connections, all of which operate in parallel. If we estimate each connection to be capable of 100 operations per second then this gives a total of 10,000 TFs for the whole brain. Note that this really is a rough estimate. Others rate the brain at between 100 and 100,000 TFs. Approx. 2-4 lbs, powered by tasty food items & requiring about 2,000 calories/day. It is at estimated to be least 1,000 times more powerful than AsciiWhite, such as a human’s brain is to a mouse’s brain.

27 What should we conclude? The world’s philosophy is that we are “goo-man”, that is we came up out of the goo and evolved to the state that we are in. Thus, the incredible complexity of our human brain is just the result of random chance plus time, LOTS AND LOTS of time… The Psalmist tells us what the appropriate response should be: Ps. 139:14, “I will give thanks to Thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Wonderful are Thy works, And my soul knows it very well.”

28 Could the human brain have evolved to what it is now? That is not a logical conclusion for many reasons!!! 1. Does not a sophisticated design clearly point to a sophisticated designer? 2. Evolution from lower lifeforms would violate the third law of thermodynamics: entropy. 3. There are many very complex systems in our bodies that have inter- dependencies with our brain. 4. There are many systems in our bodies that include irreducible complexity

29 Evidence of “Intelligent Design” from the human eye The interdependence of very complex function systems in a life form, or even in some cases between life forms, in order for organs to work properly and a species to have certain functionalities gives us evidence that there had to be a creator. The human eye is one good example of this.

30 The clear ocular media and structures of the human eye (there are a huge number of very complex structures in the human eye, all of which must work perfectly for us to see- irreducible complexity )

31 The optic nerve

32 Stereoscopic vision

33 What do evolutionists believe? Evolutionists tell us that the human eye evolved from a freckle (a mere light sensitive cell) that is present on tiny wormlike creatures. Too numerous to count successive species in the evolutionary chain then had their light receptor (eye) evolve to a higher functionality, until the human eye was achieved.

34 Evidence of “Intelligent Design” from our Sense of Hearing Small sample of an audio signal of say a symphony playing a piece of music

35 The same wave broken down Fourier breakdown of that audio signal we are listening to into its respective sub component frequencies, all of which our human ear is able to separate and hear distinctly.

36 Stereoscopic hearing

37 (The distance between our ears produces a phase shift of all sound waves we hear and our brain interprets this to give depth perception and direction in sounds we hear.)

38 The existence of DNA reveals “Intelligent Design” The complex nature of DNA that is found in every living cell shows the work of a creator and intelligent design. Every species on the face of the earth has a DNA structure that is unique to that creature.

39 What DNA contains: Dave Hunt has described the DNA structure in every living cell as being, “a digital database containing all of the information needed to create that species.” One article I read said that every single cell contains enough DNA to form a single thread that would be 7 ft. long.

40 What DNA contains: Quote from Chuck Colson’s book, “How Now Shall We Live”: “One of the most compelling arguments in favor of Creation is the presence of immense amounts of information carried within cells in the form of DNA. Random events cannot account for systems of storing and retrieving useful information such as the complex system found in the living cell. There is the equivalent of the information found in 30 volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica in just one cell's DNA. This information is used to produce the complicated proteins necessary for its survival. Believing that this occurred by chance is beyond foolish. There is no analogy good enough to compare the impossible odds of this happening to human experience. Nature can only produce low information things such as waves and crystals. Some may look at crystals having high information content because of their highly ordered structure, but it all comes from a simple repeating pattern that requires very few instructions. In order to produce a functioning strand of DNA, every single pair of amino acids would have to be carefully copied in the correct order, and there are millions of pairs in a single strand.”

41 Ps. 139:14, “I will give thanks to Thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Wonderful are Thy works, And my soul knows it very well.”

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