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Integrated Rule Oriented Data System (iRODS) Reagan W. Moore Arcot Rajasekar Mike Wan

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated Rule Oriented Data System (iRODS) Reagan W. Moore Arcot Rajasekar Mike Wan"— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrated Rule Oriented Data System (iRODS) Reagan W. Moore Arcot Rajasekar Mike Wan

2 Data Management Infrastructure Assemble distributed data into a shared collection – Manage properties of the collection – Enforce management policies – Validate assessment criteria – Automate administrative tasks Support wide range of management applications – Data sharing, publication, preservation, analysis – Works at scale (petabytes, hundreds of millions of files)

3 Data Management Challenges Data driven research generates massive data collections – Data sources are remote and distributed – Collaborators are remote – Wide variety of data types: observational data, experimental data, simulation data, real-time data, office products, web pages, multi-media Collections contain millions of files – Logical arrangement is needed for distributed data – Discovery requires the addition of descriptive metadata Long-term retention requires migration of output into a reference collection – Automation of administrative functions is essential to minimize long- term labor support costs – Creation of representation information for describing file context – Validation of assessment criteria (authenticity, integrity)

4 Preservation Context Preservation metadata – Authenticity (provenance) information – Representation information (structure, semantics) – Administrative information (replication, checksums, access controls, retention, disposition) Preservation procedures – Administration procedures – ISO MOIMS-rac assessment procedures – Preservation procedures generate preservation metadata

5 Overview of iRODS Architecture User Can Search, Access, Add and Manage Data & Metadata *Access data with Web-based Browser or iRODS GUI or Command Line clients. Overview of iRODS Data System iRODS Data Server Disk, Tape, etc. iRODS Metadata Catalog Track data iRODS Data System iRODS Rule Engine Track policies

6 iRODS Distributed Data Management

7 iRODS Resource Server

8 Types of File Manipulation Replication Load leveling across storage systems Registration Synchronization Checksums Aggregation Metadata Access controls (time dependent)

9 iRODS Micro-Services Function snippets that wrap a well-defined process – Compute checksum – Replicate file – Integrity check – Zoom image – Get SDSS image cutout – Search PubMed Written in C or Python (PHP, Java soon) – Recovery micro-services to handle failure – Web services can be wrapped as micro-services Can be chained to perform complex tasks – Micro-services invoked by rule engine

10 iRODS Rules Server-side workflows Action | condition | workflow chain | recovery chain Condition - test on any attribute: – Collection, file name, storage system, file type, user group, elapsed time, IRB approval flag, descriptive metadata Workflow chain: – Micro-services / rules that are executed at the storage system Recovery chain: – Micro-services / rules that are used to recover from errors

11 iput With Replication Data iput Client Resource 1 icat data metadata / Metadata Data Resource 2 metadata Rule added to rule database data Rule Base Rule Base

12 Policy-Virtualization: Automate Operations System-centric Policies & Obligations: – Manage retention, disposition, distribution, replication, integrity, authenticity, chain of custody, access controls, representation information, descriptive information requirement, logical arrangement, audit trails, authorization, authentication Domain-specific Policies: – Identification & Extraction of Metadata – Ingestion Control for Provenance Attribution – Processing of Data on Ingestion Creation of multi-resolution images, type-identification, anonymization,… – Processing of Data on Access IRB Approval for data access, Data sub-setting, Merging of multiple images, conversion, redaction, …

13 Policy/rule execution Immediate - enforced at time of action invocation Deferred - applied at a future time Periodic - applied at defined interval Interactive - applied on demand iSEC scheduler / batch system supports – Local workflows – Distributed workflows – Deferred and periodic workflows – (Launch micro-services on clusters, clouds, supercomputers)

14 Checksum Validation Rule myChecksumRule{ msiMakeQuery("DATA_NAME, COLL_NAME, DATA_CHECKSUM",*Condition,*Query); msiExecStrCondQuery(*Query,*B); assign(*A,0); forEachExec (*B) { msiGetValByKey(*B,COLL_NAME,*C); msiGetValByKey(*B,DATA_NAME,*D); msiGetValByKey(*B,DATA_CHECKSUM,*E); msiDataObjChksum(*B,*Operation,*F); ifExec (*E != *F) { writeLine(stdout,file *C/*D has registered checksum *E and computed checksum *F); } else { assign(*A,*A + 1); } ifExec(*A > 0) { writeLine(stdout, have *A good files); } *Condition can be COLL_NAME like ‘/ils161/home/moore/genealogy/%’

15 Quota Checking Rule mytestRule|| assign(*A,0)## assign(*ContInx,1)## assign(*G,0)## msiMakeGenQuery("DATA_SIZE",*Condition,*Query)## msiExecGenQuery(*Query,*B)## forEachExec(*B,msiGetValByKey(*B,DATA_SIZE,*C)## assign(*A,*A + *C)## assign(*G, *G + 1),nop)## `whileExec(*ContInx > 0, msiGetMoreRows(*Query, *B, *ContInx)## forEachExec(*B,msiGetValByKey(*B,DATA_SIZE,*C)## assign(*A,*A + *C)## assign(*G, *G + 1),nop),nop)## writeLine(stdout,Total size of data owned by *D on resource *E is *A)## writeLine(stdout,Number of files is *G)|nop *D= rods%*E= renci-vault1% *Condition= DATA_OWNER_NAME = 'rods' AND RESC_NAME = 'renci-vault1' ruleExecOut

16 Managing Structured Information Information exchange between micro-services – Parameter passing – White board memory structures – High performance message passing (iXMS) – Persistent metadata catalog (iCAT) Structured Information Resource Drivers – Interact with remote structured information resource (HDF5, netCDF, tar file)

17 Structured Data Aggregate data into a tar file – Mount a tar file to enable manipulation of files within the tar file Use HDF5 to manage aggregations of files – Micro-services that apply HDF5 library calls at the remote storage location Mount a remote directory – Synchronize files in directory with files in iRODS collection

18 Micro-services vs Web Services Micro-services – Manage exchange of structured information between micro-services through memory – Serialize information for transmission over a network – Optimized protocol for data transmission Single message for small files (<32 MBs) Parallel I/O for large files Web Services – SOAP /HTTP data transmission between services

19 Research Collaborations NSF NARA - supports application of data grids to preservation environments NSF SDCI - supports development of core iRODS data grid infrastructure NSF OOI - future integration of data grids with real- time sensor data streams and grid computing NSF TDLC - production TDLC data grid and extension to remaining 5 Science of Learning Centers (0.3 FTE) NSF SCEC - current production environment (0.1 FTE) NSF Teragrid - production environment (0.1 FTE)

20 NSF Software Development for Cyberinfrastructure Conduct research on policy management in distributed data systems – Collection oriented data management – Adaptive middleware architecture – Distributed rule engine – Server-side (remote) workflow execution – Transactional recovery semantics – Automated validation – Automation of large-scale data administrative functions – Enforcement of management policies

21 User With Client, Views & Manages Data Overview of iRODS Architecture Processing Cache Disk, Tape, Database, File system, etc. The iRODS Data Grid installs in a “layer” over existing or new data, letting you view, manage, and share part or all of diverse data in a unified Collection. iRODS Shows Unified “Virtual Collection” Archive Disk, Tape, Database, File system, etc. Archivist Sees Single “Virtual Collection” Access Cache Disk, Tape, Database, File system, etc.

22 Generic Data Management Systems iRODS - integrated Rule-Oriented Data System

23 NARA Preservation Application Transcontinental Persistent Archive Prototype – Use data grid technology to build a preservation environment – Conduct research on preservation concepts Infrastructure independence Enforcement of preservation properties Automation of administrative preservation processes Validation of preservation assessment criteria – Demonstrate preservation on selected NARA digital holdings Integration of generic infrastructure with preservation technologies (Cheshire, MVD, JHOVE, Pronom, Fedora, Dspace)

24 Preservation is an Integral Part of the Data Life Cycle Organize project data into a shared collection Publish data in a digital library for use by other researchers Enable data-discovery & data-driven analyses Preserve reference collections for use by future research initiatives Analyze new collection against prior state-of-the-art data Define & Enforce Policies for long-term management and curation

25 National Archives and Records Administration Transcontinental Persistent Archive Prototype U Md UCSD MCAT Georgia Tech MCAT Federation of Seven Independent Data Grids NARA II MCAT NARA I MCAT Extensible Environment, can federate with additional research and education sites. Each data grid uses different vendor products. Rocket Center MCAT U NC MCAT

26 To Manage Long-term Preservation Define desired preservation properties – Authenticity / Integrity / Chain of Custody / Original arrangement – Life Cycle Data Requirements Guide Implement preservation processes – Appraisal / accession / arrangement / description / preservation / access Manage preservation environment – Minimize costs – Validate assessment criteria to verify preservation properties

27 ISO MOIMS repository assessment criteria Are developing 150 rules that implement the ISO assessment criteria 90Verify descriptive metadata and source against SIP template and set SIP compliance flag 91Verify descriptive metadata against semantic term list 92Verify status of metadata catalog backup (create a snapshot of metadata catalog) 93Verify consistency of preservation metadata after hardware change or error

28 Sustainability Economic sustainability – Reference collections – Repurpose reference collections to support use by multiple communities – Federate resources across multiple communities Technological sustainability – Open source software – Support continued porting through international collaborations Policy sustainability – Evolve management policies to support new user communities Access sustainability – Support data manipulation and display by new communities

29 Data Virtualization Storage System Storage Protocol Access Interface Standard Micro-services Data Grid Map from the actions requested by the access method to a standard set of micro- services. The standard micro- services are mapped to the operations supported by the storage system Standard Operations

30 Migration of Parsing Routines Data Grids minimize the effort needed to sustain parsing routines – Parsing routine is encapsulated as a micro-service – New clients can then be ported on top of the data grid without changing the parsing routine Map from actions to standard actions – New storage systems can be added to the data grid without changing the parsing routine Map from standard operations to storage protocol

31 Clients Unix shell commands Java I/O library C I/O redirection library Windows browser Web-DAV Kepler workflow HDF5 client DSpace Fedora Python library

32 Scale of iRODS Data Grid Number of files – Tens of millions to hundreds of millions of files Size of data – Hundreds of terabytes to petabytes of data Number of policy enforcement points – 20 actions define when policy is checked Amount of metadata – 112 metadata attributes for system information per file Number of policies – 150 policies Number of data grids – Federation of tens of data grids

33 Federation Across Spatial Scales International collaborations – Australian Research Collaboration Service (ARCS) – Sustaining Heritage Access through Multivalent ArchiviNg (SHAMAN) – Cinegrid National collaborations – Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center (TDLC) – Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) Regional collaborations – LSU data grid – HASTAC humanities data grid – Distributed Custodial Archive Preservation Environment (DCAPE) State collaborations – RENCI data grid – North Carolina State Library Institutional repositories – Carolina Digital Repository – SIO Repository

34 Integrating across Supercomputer / Cloud / Grid iRODS Data Grid iRODS Server Software iRODS Server Software iRODS Server Software iRODS Server Software iRODS Server Software iRODS Server Software Supercomputer File System Cloud Disk Cache Teragrid Node Virtual Machine Environment Parallel Application Grid Services OOISCEC RENCI

35 ARCS Data Fabric

36 Davis – Modes

37 Scientist A Adds data to Shared Collection Scientists can use iRODS as a “data grid” to share multiple types of data, near and far. iRODS Rules also enforce and audit human subjects access restrictions. Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center Brain Data Server, CA iRODS Metadata Catalog iRODS Data System Audio Data Server, NJ Video Data Server, TN Scientist B Accesses and analyzes shared Data

38 iRODS Evaluations NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory – iRODS selected for managing distribution of Planetary Data System records NASA National Center for Computational Sciences – iRODS chosen to manage archive of simulation output and serve as access data cache for distribution AVETEC appraisal for DoD HPC centers – iRODS now provides all required capabilities French National Library – iRODS rules control ingestion, access, and audit functions Australian Research Coordination Service – iRODS manages data distributed between academic institutions

39 Development Team DICE team – Arcot Rajasekar - iRODS development lead – Mike Wan - iRODS chief architect – Wayne Schroeder - iRODS developer – Bing Zhu - Fedora, Windows – Lucas Gilbert - Java (Jargon), DSpace – Paul Tooby - documentation, foundation – Sheau-Yen Chen - data grid administration Preservation – Richard Marciano - Preservation development lead – Chien-Yi Hou - preservation micro-services – Antoine de Torcy - preservation micro-services

40 Foundation Data Intensive Cyber-environments – Non-profit open source software development – Promote use of iRODS technology – Support standards efforts – Coordinate international development efforts IN2P3 - quota and monitoring system King’s College London - Shibboleth Australian Research Collaboration Services - WebDAV Academia Sinica - SRM interface

41 iRODS is a "coordinated NSF/OCI-Nat'l Archives research activity" under the auspices of the President's NITRD Program and is identified as among the priorities underlying the President's 2009 Budget Supplement in the area of Human and Computer Interaction Information Management technology research Reagan W. Moore NSF OCI “NARA Transcontinental Persistent Archives Prototype” NSF SDCI “Data Grids for Community Driven Applications”


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