2INTRODUCTIONHuman brain, the most valuable creation of God. The man is called intelligent because of the brain. But we loss the knowledge of a brain when the body is destroyed after the death .“BLUE BRAIN”- The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that can function as human brain.Is it really possible to create a human brain?
3“YES", The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the BLUE BRAIN. It would be the worlds first virtual brain.Within 30 years, we will be able to scan ourselves into the computersSo, even after the death of a person we will not loose the knowledge, intelligence, personalities, feelings and memories of that man that can be used for the development of the human society.
4VIRTUAL BRAINVirtual brain is an artificial brain, which does not actually the natural brain, but can act as the brain.It can think like brain, take decisions based on the past experience, and response as the natural brain can.It is possible by using a super computer, with a huge amount of storage capacity, processing power and an interface between the human brain and this artificial one .Through this interface the data stored in the natural brain can be uploaded into the computer .
5Why we need VIRTUAL BRAIN ? Intelligence ,Knowledge and skill of a person can be made eternal.We can upload the contents of natural brain into it.Things can be made easy as everything is automated.
6BLUE BRAIN PROJECT OBJECTIVES The project will search for insights into how human beings think and remember.Scientists think that blue brain could also help to cure the Parkinson's disease.The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself every moment of its existence. If the scientists can crack open the secret of how and why the brain does it, the knowledge could lead to new breed of supercomputers.
7HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIRMENT A super computer. (Blue Gene/L )22.8 TFLOPS peak processing speed.Processor with a very high processing power.8,096 CPUs at 700 MHz (downgraded to handle massive parallel processing).256MB to 512MB memory per processor with a very large storing capacity..Linux and C++ software.100 kilowatts power conA very wide network.Very powerful Nanobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the computer
10UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN:NANOBOTS The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the nanobotsThese robots are small enough to travel throughout our circulatory systemTraveling into the spine and brain, they will be ableto monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous systemThey will be able to provide an interface withcomputer while we still reside in our biologicalform
11Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a complete readout of the connection.This information, when entered into a computer, could then continue to function as us.Thus the data stored in the entire brain will be uploaded into the computer
12Modeling the Brain1:Modeling the neurons:-The team will start by modeling the electrical structure of neural circuits repeated throughout the brain and then map and model their behavior.Shape & Structure influences it’s electrical properties.infrared differential interference microscopy allow the systematic quantification of the molecular, morphological and electrical properties of the different neurons2: Modeling connections:-Precise density & Volume of the Cell provides essential information for constructing cortical circuits.Blue Gene is used in intensive calculation to fix the synapse locations
133: Modeling the column:- The result of all these calculations is a recreation at the cellular level of the NCC.A model of NCC was completed at the end of 2006Once complete, they will move onto creating a molecular model of the neurons involved and a complete neocortex (the largest and most complex part of the human brain) before modelling the rest of the brain
15BRAIN SIMULATIONOnce the neural microcircuit is built, the exciting work of making the circuit function can begin.All the 8192 processors of the Blue Gene are pressed into service, in a massively parallel computation solving the complex mathematical equations that govern the electrical activity in each neuron when a stimulus is applied.As the electrical impulse travels from neuron to neuron, the results are communicated via inter-processor communication (MPI).Currently, the time required to simulate the circuit is about two orders of magnitude larger than the actual biological time simulated.The Blue Brain team is working to streamline the computation so that the circuit can function in real time - meaning that 1 second of activity can be modeled in one second
18EXAMPLE OF BLUE BRAINA very good example of utilization of blue brain is the case "short term memory".Another situation is that when a person gets older, then he starts forgetting or takes a bit more time to recognize to a person.For the above reason we need a blue brain. It is simple chip that can be installed into the human brain for which the short term memory and volatile memory at the old age can be avoided.
19Applications of Blue Brain Cracking the Neural CodeTo develop a new breed of supercomputerUnderstanding Neocortical Information ProcessingA Novel Tool for Drug Discovery for Brain DisordersA Global FacilityA Foundation for Whole Brain SimulationsA Foundation for Molecular Modelling of Brain Function
21CONCLUSIONWe will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point.It will bring both benefits and harm to human society .Eventually aim of applying terrific computer power to the simulation of an entire brain.Very soon this technology will be highly accepted whole over the world.