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Electronic Payment Systems Speaker: Jerry Gao Ph.D. San Jose State University URL: May,

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Presentation on theme: "Electronic Payment Systems Speaker: Jerry Gao Ph.D. San Jose State University URL: May,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Electronic Payment Systems Speaker: Jerry Gao Ph.D. San Jose State University URL: May, 2000

2 Topic: Electronic Payment Systems - History of payment systems - Overview of current payment systems - Introduction to electronic payment systems - Overview of electronic payment protocols - Classification of electronic payment systems - Comparison of payment protocols Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/20000 Presentation Outline All Rights Reserved

3 Topic: Electronic Payment Systems (1) The most primitive form of payment is: barter --> the direct exchange of goods and services for other goods and services. The major problem of this payment approach is: --> double coincidence of wants (2) The earliest money was called commodity money, where physical commodities (such as corn, salt, or gold) whose values were well known were used to effect payment. Since 1980s, gold and silver coins became the most commonly used commodity money. (3) The next step in the progression of money was the use of tokens, such as paper notes, which were backed by deposits of gold and silver held by the note issuers. This is referred to as adopting a commodity standard. Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 History of Payment Systems

4 Topic: Electronic Payment Systems (1) Cash Payment: (2) Payment by Credit Card Transfer or giro (3) Credit Card Payment: (3) Check Payment: (4) Automated (5) Wire Transfer Services Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 The Current Payment Systems

5 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems What is a payment system? E-commerce application systems must provide payment processing and transaction service to buyers and sellers. A payment system, as a part of E-commerce application system, is a such system which support secured payment processes by providing reliable, secured, and efficient transaction services between sellers and buyers. The basic requirements of a payment system: - Provide secured and confidential transaction processes. - Conduct authentication and authorization for all involved parties. - Ensure the integrity of payment instructions for goods and services. - Availability, cost-effective, efficiency and reliability. - Global access and international useful Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Introduction to Electronic Payment and Systems

6 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Electronic payment is implemented by a flow of money from the payer via the issuer and acquirer to the payee. Advantages: - Fast transaction processing - Flexible of use (24 hours available) - Low cost transactions - Global accessible to customers and businesses Disadvantages: High risks and security challenges due to: - Unlike paper, digital “documents” can be copied perfectly and arbitrarily often. - Digital signatures can be produced by anybody who knows the secret cryptographic key. - A buyer’s name can be associated with every payment. Introduction to Electronic Payment Systems

7 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Electronic Payment Models:(N. Asokan. Et al, [1]) Direct-payment systems:--> require an interaction between payer and payee. - Cash-like payment systems - A certain amount of money is taken away from the payer before purchases are made. Example: Smart card-based electronic purses, electronic cash, and bank checks - Check-like payment systems - pay-now systems (like credit card-based payment systems) - pay-later systems (like ATM card-based payment systems) Indirect payment systems:--> the payer or the payee initiates payment without the other party involved online. (Example, electronic funds transfer) Introduction to Electronic Payment Systems

8 Figure 1. Money flow in a cash-like payment system [1] Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems

9 Figure 2. Money flow in a check-like payment system [1] Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems

10 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Classification of electronic payment systems: - Card-based payment systems: Examples: CyberCash, First Virtual (FV), VISA and MasterCard, CARI - Electronic checking systems: Examples: FSTC, NetBill - Electronic cash payment systems: Examples: Ecash (DgiCash), NetCash, CyberCoin, Mondex - Micro-payment systems: Examples: Millicent, SubScrip, PayWord, MicroMint, IKP micropayment. Introduction to Electronic Payment Systems

11 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems To build secure and low overhead electronic transaction systems, different electronic payment protocols are generated and proposed. A payment protocol is a communication protocol which defines message formats, transaction rules, and sequences between involved parties in payment processing for e-commerce application systems. The major properties of the payment protocols are: - Atomicity: This states whether the transaction must occur completely or not. Two sub cases of atomicity: a) money transfer atomicity, where funds are transferred atomically. b) good-transfer atomicity, where the money and the goods are atomically transferred. - Consistency: All the involved parties must agree on the facts of exchange. - Durability: It must always be possible to recover the last consistent state. - Transaction independent: All the transactions must be independent to each other Overview of Electronic Payment Protocols

12 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Some additional properties of payment protocols: - Cost Factor: - Divisibility: All the involved parties must agree on the facts of exchange. - Scalability: It must support concurrent transactions. - Interoperability: It must be able to move value back and forth between systems. - Conservation: This is composed of temporal consistency, where holds its value over time, and supports different currency. - Online: It gives whether the transaction can be performed online. - Identified: It gives whether the identity of the person performed transaction is maintained. Overview of Electronic Payment Protocols

13 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Three traditional payment transactions: Cash, Cheque, and Credit Card. Introduction to Electronic Payment Protocols

14 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Classification of electronic payment protocols: - Account-based payment systems based on macro-payment protocols, where value is stored and exchanged via accounts in the existing systems. Examples: iKP, SET, - Electronic check payment systems based on electronic check payment scheme. Examples: NetBill - Digital cash payment systems based on digital cash payment protocols, where the medium of exchange is a maker representing value. Examples: Digicash, NetCash - Micro-payment protocols on the Internet: Examples: Millicent, Overview of Electronic Payment Protocols

15 Jerry Gao Ph.D.5/2000 Topic: Online Payment Protocols and Systems Classification of Electronic Payment Protocols E-Commerce Payment Protocols Macro-Payment Protocols Electronic Check Payment Protocols Micro-Payment Protocols Digital Cash Payment Protocols SET FV CyberCash CyberCoin DigiCash NetCash Mondax Cafe Millicent PayWord NetBill FSTC iKP SEPP SubScrip


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