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Tax Provisions in the Multicurrency–Cross Border

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Presentation on theme: "Tax Provisions in the Multicurrency–Cross Border"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tax Provisions in the Multicurrency–Cross Border
ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Ruth Ainslie Senior Policy Director ISDA Fundamentals of ISDA Documentation Sao Paulo, Brazil August 6, 2002

2 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: what are they for?
Establish basis for concluding that no withholding is required Representations Tax forms Allocate risk of withholding tax Allow innocent burdened party to terminate

3 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work
Payer makes Payer Tax Representation that it is not required to withhold - Section 3(e) and Schedule Part 2(a) In making Payer Tax Representation, Payer may rely on Payee Tax Representations, Payee’s compliance with Tax Agreement and provision of tax forms

4 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work
ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work? (1) (contd.) Payee obligations and representations are designed to ensure conditions are met so that no withholding is required Payee makes Payee Tax Representations - Section 3(f) and Schedule Part 2(b) Tax Agreement: Payee agrees to notify Payer if Payee Tax Representations cease to be true - Section 4(d) Payee agrees to provide tax forms - Section 4(a)(i)&(iii) and Schedule Part 3(a)

5 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work
Payer takes risk of withholding under Indemnifiable Tax ... Payer is required to gross up for any withholding arising under an Indemnifiable Tax - Section 2(d)(i)(4) Section 14 "Indemnifiable Tax" = any tax other than Stamp Tax Tax imposed due to a connection between Payee and taxing authority’s jurisdiction

6 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work
ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work? (2) (contd.) …unless Payee is at fault… Payer is not required to gross up if Payee breaches Tax Agreement or does not provide tax forms - Section 2(d)(i)(4)(A) Payer is not required to gross up if Payee Tax Representations cease to be true - Section 2(d)(i)(4)(B) … but Change of Tax Law risk remains with Payer Payer must gross up even if Change of Tax Law causes Payee Tax Representations to be false – Section 2(d)(i)(4)(B)

7 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax provisions: how do they work
Tax Termination Events allow the burdened party to terminate the transaction Tax Event: if the obligation to withhold is caused by a Change in Tax Law or similar legal development - Section 5(b)(ii) Tax Event Upon Merger: if the obligation to withhold is caused by a party merging with another entity - Section 5(b)(iii) BUT Payee may not terminate if it is at fault

8 Allocation of risk under ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule
Does obligation to withhold arise under an Indemnifiable Tax? PAYEE RECEIVES NET Payee may terminate transaction if, for example, obligation to withhold is caused by a Change in Tax Law NO START YES Has Payee provided tax forms and complied with Tax Agreement? PAYEE RECEIVES NET Payee may not terminate transaction NO NO YES PAYER GROSSES UP Payer may terminate transaction if obligation to withhold is caused by EITHER a Change in Tax Law or similar legal development OR the merger of a party Are Payee Tax Representations true? Is this failure due only to a Change in Tax Law or similar legal development? NO YES YES

9 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax-related provisions
Section 2(d) - Withholding tax gross-up Section 3(e) - Payer Tax Representation Section 3(f) - Payee Tax Representations Section 4(a)(i) and (iii) - Tax forms Section 4(d) - Tax Agreement

10 ISDA Master Agreement and Schedule Tax-related provisions (contd.)
Section 4(e) - Payment of Stamp Tax Section 5(b)(ii) - Tax Event Section 5(b)(iii) - Tax Event Upon Merger Section 14 - Definitions of “Indemnifiable Tax” and "Tax" Schedule Part 2 - Tax Representations Part 3 - Tax Forms

11 New US Regulations (Effective 2001)
No withholding on swaps (provided no embedded loan) No US tax form required to avoid withholding But representations may be needed to avoid information reporting

12 Information reporting on payments to foreign parties
Form 1042S reporting for swap payments to US branch of foreign counterparty Foreign counterparty establishes that it is not acting out of US branch by: Representing in a swap schedule or confirmation that it is a US person or non-US branch of a foreign person; Providing Form W-8BEN to certify that it is a foreign person

13 Domestic information reporting on Form 1099
Does not apply if payee represents in swap schedule or confirmation that it is a foreign person or provides Form W-8BEN is an exempt recipient (such as a corporation)

14 Standard representations for US information reporting
In October, 2001, ISDA issued standard representations for purposes of the US information reporting requirements just described Available on ISDA website (www.isda.org)

15 New ISDA Master Agreement
Tax provisions currently under review by ISDA's Tax Committee Change to 5(b)(iv)(2) Some further changes under discussion Incorporates October, 2001 US withholding representations See October explanation (and get tax advice) for help selecting appropriate representation


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