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MATURITA TOPICS The United Kingdom_General facts I_05

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1 MATURITA TOPICS The United Kingdom_General facts I_05
ANJ_Maturita MATURITA TOPICS The United Kingdom_General facts I_05 Mgr. Filip Soviš

2 Anotace Materiál nastiňuje základní obecná fakta k maturitnímu tématu The United Kingdom. Část první. Umožňuje použití pro samostatnou práci. Je možné jej poskytnou nepřítomným žákům. Autor Mgr. Filip Soviš (Autor) Jazyk Angličtina Očekávaný výstup 23–41–M/01 Strojírenství 26-41-M/01 Elektrotechnika 53-41-M/01 Zdravotnický asistent 65-42-M/01 Hotelnictví Speciální vzdělávací potřeby - žádné - Klíčová slova The United Kingdom, General facts I Druh učebního materiálu Prezentace Druh interaktivity Kombinované Cílová skupina Žák Stupeň a typ vzdělávání odborné vzdělávání Typická věková skupina let Vazby na ostatní materiály Je součástí ANJ konverzace

3 The United Kingdom & London
PART I Basic Facts Parts, Symbols Kingdom & Royal Family History Political System Other

4 The United Kingdom & London
What basic facts do you know about the UK? north‑west Europe on the island of GB and the northern part of Ireland a constitutional monarchy = a parliament and a monarch temperate climate (wet weather) the national flag called the Union Jack divided into counties in 1931 The British Commonwealth of Nations = GB and its former colonies in Europe, Asia, Africa and America (e.g. Malta, India, Malaysia) the Queen the formal head in 16 dominions (e.g. Canada, A&NZ) member of NATO, UNESCO and the EU driving on the left, original currency, old measuring units (miles, feet, pounds etc.)

5 The United Kingdom & London
Divide the UK into some parts. Name the capital cities of these parts. Four countries: England (London) Scotland (Edinburgh) Wales (Cardiff) Northern Ireland (Belfast)

6 The United Kingdom & London
What are the best known symbols of the UK? the St. George's cross (usually seen as a flag) the Union Flag (also referred to as the Union Jack) = the Flag of England, the Flag of Scotland and Saint Patrick's Flag in 1801, Wales is not represented in the Union Flag the national anthem: "God Save the King" ("King" replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is a woman) the Royal Coat of Arms: symbols representing England, Scotland and Ireland (the Sovereign's motto, the lion and the unicorn)

7 The United Kingdom & London
Can you tell me something more specific about each of the four countries? England the largest of the countries a unified state in AD 927 (name after the Angles  England) the seat of political power (The Houses of Parliament and Buckingham Palace) 1707 the Acts of Union  union with the Kingdom of Scotland 1801 another Act of Union  GB united with the Kingdom of Ireland the mountainous Lake District, Pennines Liverpool (the Beatles), Manchester, Oxford and Cambridge (universities), Stonehenge (the mysterious stone formation)

8 The United Kingdom & London
Wales official language Welsh but English more widely spoken Plaid Cymru [plaɪd ˈkəmrɨ] = The Party of Wales (political party; independent Welsh state) largely mountainous (Snowdon - 1,085m) rugby is a popular sport Northern Ireland for many years a violent inter-communal conflict = the Troubles in 1998 the Good Friday Agreement = NI largely self-governing industrialised region athletes from Northern Ireland may compete for either GB or Ireland at the Olympic Games

9 The United Kingdom & London
Scotland apart from English, Scottish Gaelic spoken Edinburgh (capital, Holyrood House, Royal Mile leading to the Castle) Glasgow (the biggest Scottish city) the symbol + the patron saint: thistle + St Andrew typical instrument + dress: the pipe + a pleated tartan kilt quite mountainous: the Caledonian Mountains, the Grampians (Ben Nevis) rivers: the Clyde, the Tweed lakes ("lochs"): Loch Fyne, Loch Lomond, Loch Ness traditional sports: tossing the caber, curling, tossing the hammer, a tug-of-war

10 The United Kingdom & London
What do you know about the history of the UK? the Celts (3000 years ago) 55 BC the Romans (Hadrian's Wall, Christianity, name Britannia) 5th cent. the Germanic tribes of the Angles (England), Saxons and Jutes 9th cent. Vikings William the Conqueror the Battle of Hastings 1066  French in 1215 King John signed the Magna Carta  the parliamentary system the War of Roses Henry VIII ( , the Church of England, six wives) Elizabeth I, ( , 1st English colony in North Am called Virginia) 1642–1649 a Civil War (Oliver Cromwell  England a republic) Queen Victoria ( , continuous and stable nature of GB) legends: King Arthur and The Knights of the Round Table Robin Hood (robbed the rich and gave to the poor)

11 The United Kingdom & London
What political system is there in Britain? What does the British Parliament consist of? a constitutional monarchy with the Queen Elizabeth II run by the government (the Prime Minister: David Cameron) in Northern Ireland, the sovereign is represented by a governor the Parliament: the sovereign, the House of Lords and the House of Commons the House of Lords (the Upper House; adopt laws, Lord Chancellor; hereditary members and lifetime peers, archbishops and bishops) the House of Commons (the Lower House; 650 elected and paid members = MPs; every 5 years) the Shadow Cabinet (the main opposition party) in 1999 the first time in 300 years that Scotland has had its own parliament

12 The United Kingdom & London
Who is the head of the monarchy, what do you know about the British royal family? close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom the House of Windsor since 1917 His or Her Majesty (HM), or His or Her Royal Highness (HRH) the Queen: title: "Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the UK of GB and Northern Ireland"; surname: when necessary = "Windsor" official royal residences: Buckingham Palace (home), Windsor Castle, St. James Palace doesn't need: a passport or a driving licence 8 grandchildren (Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Prince Henry of Wales)

13 Bibliografické citace
BRIDGE. Great Britain [online] [cit ]. Soubor typu PDF. Dostupné z: BURNIE, Glen a Rob RAESIDE. Flags of the World. CRW Flags' Online Catalog [online] , [cit ]. Dostupné z: ILIFF, David. Derwent Water, Lake District, Cumbria - June 2009 [online] [cit ]. Obrázek typu JPEG, Creative Commons. Dostupné z: SMITH-DLUHÁ, Gabrielle. Angličtina: otázky a odpovědi nejen k maturitě. 1. vyd. Dubicko: INFOA, 2007, 231 s. Zrcadlový text. ISBN

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