Presentation on theme: "Drugs! - Why do you think we need to learn about drug use and abuse?"— Presentation transcript:
1Drugs! - Why do you think we need to learn about drug use and abuse? Do you see people around you using drugs?Why do you think they use drugs?
2Understanding Drug Use and Abuse Drug- A substance that changes the way the body or mind worksMedicine- Used to prevent or cure illness, disease or relieve pain.Use vs. AbuseUse- Correct use of legal medicine to promote healthAbuse- Using a harmful drug on purpose
3Different types of drugs and their basic effects StimulantsSpeeds up body functionsOTC- Used to relieve symptoms of illnessPrescriptionUsed for medical purposes
4Amphetamines Depressant Erogenic Central Nervous System stimulant Slows down body functionsErogenicProduces muscle growth
5Methods of Drug use By mouth- Antibiotics, alcohol, pills Injection into muscle or blood vessel- Shots, steroids, heroineInhalation- Smoking, sniffingAbsorption- Patches
6How Drugs Affect Us Memory and thinking Communication skills Speeds up or slows down body functionsLiver disordersHeart DiseaseCancerImmune System
7Who Uses Drugs. According to the Minnesota Dept Who Uses Drugs? According to the Minnesota Dept. Of Children, Families, and Learning.MN Student Survey
8Drugs and their Effects Effects on societyCause family breakdownsDivorce rates increaseIncrease crime70% arrested in Chicago tested positive for drug useCriminal behavior develops as a means to support addiction
9Alcohol consumption is associated with 27% of murders, 33% property offences, and more than 37% of all robberies.40% of the people in jail admitted to drinking before committing a crime
10Increase health care costs Increase violenceIncrease in gang fightsInhibition to manage conflictIncrease health care costsDrug related deathsMore emergency room visitsNewborn health problemsAuto fatalities
11Increase risk of HIV infection At the workplace 65.6% of workers reported alcohol use within the past month9.7% of workers reported marijuana use within the past year.70-75% drug users are employedCosting American businesses billions of dollars annually in lost productivity and increased health care costs
12Personal Effects Physical effects Appetite may decrease Sleeping is disrupted, become restlessSexual behavior changesAggression increase, fights are commonIncrease illness and premature death
13Emotional Effects Increased depression Mood changes Difficulty recalling learned materialDevelop behavior patterns when under the influenceLower self-esteem
14Why do some people choose to use? Why do you think?Peer pressure, Media and society, lack of knowledge about the drugHaving friends who use, belonging to a gang, being involved in school activitiesEasy access and ability to get alcohol, lack of coping skills
15Why do most choose not to use? IllegalFollow parent’s or guardian’s guidelinesProtect your safetyBeing in control of your actionsBeing a good example for othersReduce violence and crimeStay eligible for sports
16Decision Making Why is knowing how to make decisions so important? Lead to actions that promote healthPromote safetyProtect lawsShow respect for self and othersFollow guidelines set by responsible adultsDemonstrate good character and moral values
17Five Step Model to Make a Decision Identify decision to be made and state as questionIdentify and describe options and choicesIdentify criteria for making decisionsWeigh each option and choice against criteriaMake a decision and explain reasoning
18Drug related decisions a teen must make Should I try this drug?Will it make me cool?Will I disappoint my parents?Is it safe?Is it legal?Is it going to help me achieve my goals?
19Peer PressureIt’s pressure people of similar age place on you to behave in certain waysIt can be positive or negative
20Resistance Skills Activity Use assertive behavior Avoid saying, “NO, thank you.”Use nonverbal behavior that matches verbal behaviorInfluence others to choose responsible behavior
21Avoid being in situations in which there will be pressure to make harmful decisions. Avoid being with people who choose harmful actionsResist pressure to engage in illegal behavior
22How can these resistance skills decrease drug use? Being able to say no makes a person feel good.Being able to give certain reasons for saying no.Being able to identify a non-healthy situation.Being a positive role model and influencing others not to use.Gain confidence in yourself
23What if resistance skills don’t seem to be working? Find a responsible adult to talk toUse non-verbal behavior in the situationAvoid unhealthy situationsChoose friends who do not use drugsGet away from the problem.
24Inhalants are chemicals that are inhaled through the mouth and nose ExamplesGlues, contact cementGasolinePaint thinnersLighter fluidShoe polish
25Volatile Substance Rapidly changes from a liquid to a vapor. If you need to use these, make sure you do so in a well ventilated area and follow the warning signs.
26Inhalants… Mind-altering It is impossible to cut off the supply It is found in every home, school, store, church, and workplaceThis drug is unique because most users and abusers are younger than older
27Effects of inhalant use Nausea, headache and amnesiaFeeling of drunkennessDisorientation of time and spaceSedationRecklessnessDepressionDroolingImpaired speech
28In the long run…Use can cause damage to the nervous system, lungs, heart, and liver, and may cause death.
29Why is inhalant use an unhealthy decision? Sudden deathKidney failureSkeletal muscle weaknessAccidentsAggressive and violent behaviorSeizures
30How do we know it’s an unhealthy decision? Can change behaviorAffects family and friendsGrades may slipYou may lose friendsSerious illness or injuryIllegalViolates parent guidelines
31Rohypnol Abused as a “date rape” drug. Mixed with alcohol it can incapacitate and prevent a victim from resisting sexual assault.Can be lethal“Rophies,” “roofies,” “roach,” “rope,” “date rape drug”