Presentation on theme: "Album. Paris Attractions - Gallery I would like to encourage you to visit one of the most picturesque European cities. This journey will undoubtedly be."— Presentation transcript:
Paris Attractions - Gallery I would like to encourage you to visit one of the most picturesque European cities. This journey will undoubtedly be an unforgettable experience. Paris offers a variety of attractions. Have a look at some of them…
Paris, known as the City of Light, is one of my favourite cities. It is a city that won’t disappoint you. Paris is the second- largest city in Western Europe, and it is probably the city with the most things to see. I’ll show you just some of the highlights in Paris, but make sure when visiting Paris you spend at least a day strolling off the beaten path, as this is the only way to discover the real Paris: a lively cosmopolitan but undeniably French city.
You couldn't possibly visit Paris without seeing the Eiffel Tower. It rises 300 meters tall. The Eiffel Tower, whose basis was constructed by Gustave Eiffel, was built for the World exhibition in 1889, held in celebration of the French Revolution in 1789. The construction was only meant to last for the duration of the Exposition, but it still stands today. Parisians could not imagine Paris without the Eiffel Tower, in fact it has become the symbol of the City of Light.
One of the largest museums in the world, and possibly the most famous of them all is the Louvre. It is situated in the heart of Paris. It displays about 300,000 works, among them some world-famous like the Mona Lisa from Leonardo da Vinci, Venus de Milo and Winged Victory.
Montmartre is known for its many artists who have been omnipresent since 1880. Until 1873, when the Sacré-Coeur was built on top of the hill, Montmartre was a small village, inhabited by a mostly farming community. Paul Abadie built an immense basilica in a Roman-Byzantyne style. The architectural style of the basilica stands in sharp contrast with other contemporary buildings in France, which were in a Romanesque style.
La Défense. The name défense originates from the monument 'La Défense de Paris', which was constructed in 1883 to commemorate the war of 1870.
The Défense is a mix of mostly cheap towers of different heights. The tallest of them, the GAN tower, measured 200 meters. A new monument was built at the entrance of the Défense as a counterweight for the Arc de Triomphe: The Tête Défense, also known as the Grande Arche de la Défense. The project to build the 'Grande Arche' was initiated by the French president Mitterand. He wanted a 20th century Arc de Triomphe. You can take a lift to the top of the Arche de la Defense, from where you have a nice view on the city centre which is only 4 km further.
At 8 hectares, the octagonal Place de la Concorde is the largest square in Paris. It is situated between the Tuileries and the Champs-Elysées. In 1763, a large statue of king Louis XV was erected at the site to celebrate the recovery of the king after a serious illness. In the 19th century the 3200 years old obelisk from the temple of Ramses II at Thebes was installed at the centre of the Place de la Concorde. From the Place de la Concorde you can see the Arc de Triomphe (west), the Madeleine (north), the Tuileries (east) and, across the Seine, the Assemblée Nationale (south).Arc de Triomphe
The Avenue des Champs-Elysées is probably the most famous avenue in the world. This impressive promenade stretches from the Place the la Concorde to the Place Charles de Gaulle, the site of the Arc de Triomphe. At its western end it is bordered by cinemas, theaters, cafés and luxury shops. Near the Place de la Concorde, the street is bordered by the Jardins des Champs-Elysées, beautifully arranged gardens with fountains and some grand buildings including the Grand and Petit Palais and the Elysée. The Champs-Elysées is used for all the major celebrations. This is where Parisians celebrate New Year's Eve and where the military parades are held on the 14th of July. Place the la ConcordeArc de Triomphe
In the middle of the Place Charles de Gaulle stands the greatest arch in history: the Arc de Triomphe (arch of triumph). It was commissioned by Napoleon in 1806 to commemorate his victories. The Arc de Triomphe is engraved with names of generals who commanded French troops during Napoleon's regime. The design of the arch by Jean Chalgrin is based on the Arch of Titus in Rome. The Arc de Triomphe is much higher (50m versus 15m), but it has exactly the same proportions. The arch also includes the Grave of the Unknown Soldiers from the first World War.
In 1969 French President Georges Pompidou launched the idea of creating a new cultural institution in Paris dedicated to modern art. When the museum opened in December 1977, it became an instant success: originally designed to accommodate some 5,000 visitors per day, the Centre Pompidou has been welcoming over 25,000 visitors per day making it one of the most visited attractions in Paris. The Centre Pompidou is home to one of the world's most important museums of modern art, the MNAM but it also contains a very popular library, a bookshop, a movie theatre and a panoramic terrace. The museum has one of the most important collections of modern art.
Not the largest cathedral in the world, the Notre- Dame might be the most famous of all cathedrals. The gothic masterpiece is located on the Ile de la Cité, a small island in the heart of the city. Bishop Maurice de Sully started the construction in 1163. The Cathedral was to be built in the new gothic style and had to reflect Paris's status as the capital of the Kingdom France. It is an overwhelming building, 130m long with two 69 meters tall towers. The Notre-Dame has several large rose windows, the northern 13th century window is the most impressive. It is 21 meters high.
The Place des Vosges, the oldest square in Paris is one of the most beautiful squares in the world. Its history goes back to 1604 when King Henri IV built a Royal pavilion at the southern end of the square. Many famous Frenchmen lived here, among them Richelieu and Victor Hugo. You can visit the rooms where Victor Hugo wrote most of 'Les Misérables'. On display are souvenirs, drawings and books. The Place des Vosges is now a peaceful place, a nice central park surrounded by arcades with shops and cafes.