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Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 1 The Hebrew Verb Verbs have the same.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 1 The Hebrew Verb Verbs have the same."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 1 The Hebrew Verb Verbs have the same function in most languages; they are the part of speech that express action, existence, or occurrence. In Hebrew, most verbs are structured via a consonantal three-letter skeleton, called the root, which is applied unto up to seven (discontinuous consonantal) patterns, called the stem. The verbs are also classified according to five categories, one of which includes some “modern” verbs structured via a consonantal four-letter skeleton. The way a verb appears in a sentence depends on its root and stem, as well as on its category and conjugation by tense and pronoun (which includes gender and quantity). Pronoun Tense Stem Root Category

2 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 2 The Hebrew Verb (cont’d) אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיק עִבְרִי ת RootSHOresh שֹׁרֶשׁ Infinitive * maQOR מָקוֹר PastaVAR עָבָר PresenthoVEH הֹוֶה FutureaTID עָתִיד ImperativetsiVUY צִוּוּי Description תַּעְתִּיקבִּנְיָן Simple formpa’AL (QAL) פָּעַל (קַל) Reflexive and passive form nif’AL נִפְעַל Active intensive formpi’EL פִּעֵל Passive intensive formpu’AL פֻּעֵל Reflexive formhitpa’EL הִתְפַּעֵל Active causative formhif’IL הִפְעִיל Passive causative form hof’AL/huf’AL הָפְעַל\הֻפְעַ ל Forms and tenses of verbs The seven stems unto which verbs are applied (stem = בִּנְיָן ) * Verbs have different infinitives under each stem. Not every verb has valid forms in’ every stem.

3 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 3 The Hebrew Verb (cont’d) Hebrew verbs fall into five major categories [(gizROT) גִּזְרוֹת ]. Their appearance in conjugated forms is affected by the category [(gizRAH) גִּזְרָה ] to which the verbs belong. For the purpose of this class, this particular grammatical concept will not be pursued in detail, except to list the five major categories and show an example [(dugMAH) דֻּגְמָה ] of such a verb in each category, along with its root and infinitive. Meaning מָקוֹר דֻּגְמָ ה Description קִצּוּרתַּעְתִּיקגִּזְרָה to request לְבַקֵּשׁבקשׁ Regular verbs (all 3 root consonants are used) ש׳ shleiMIM * שְׁלֵמִים to fall לִפֹּלנפל Defective verbs (not all root consonants are used) ח׳ haseiRIM * חֲסֵרִים to slow down לְהָאֵט אטט Gemmate verbs (2 nd & 3 rd root consonants are the same) כּ׳ k e fuLIM * כְּפוּלִים to read/call לִקְרֹאקרא Quiescent verbs (silent 3 rd root consonant) נ׳ naHIM * נָחִים to translate לְתַרְגֵּ ם תרג ם Quadriliteral verbs (root with 4 consonants) מ׳ m e ruba’IM מְרֻבָּעִי ם Categories - גִּזְרוֹת * These consist of several subcategories determined by which consonants appear in any of the three positions in the root.

4 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 4 Sample Conjugations of Verbs The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to request” – לְבַקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the פִּעֵל stem] Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, request she requests aNI, AT, HI, m e vaQEshet אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מְבַקֶּשֶׁת I, you, request he requests aNI, aTAH. HU, m e vaQESH אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מְבַקֵּשׁ נ״רז״ר we, you, they, request aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, m e vaqSHOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מְבַקְּשׁוֹת we, you, they, request aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, m e vaqSHIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מְבַקְּשִׁים

5 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 5 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיקאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I requestedaNI biQASHti אֲנִי בִּקַּשְׁתִּי you requested AT biQASHt אַתְּ בִּקַּשְׁתְּ you requested aTAH biQASHta אַתָּה בִּקַּשְׁתָּ she requested HI biqSHAH הִיא בִּקְּשָׁה he requested HU biQESH הוּא בִּקֵּשׁ נ״רזונ״רז״ר we requested aNAHnu biQASHnu אֲנַחְנוּ בִּקַּשְנוּ you requested aTEN biQASHten אַתֶּן בִּקַּשְׁתֶּן you requested aTEM biQASHtem אַתֶּם בִּקַּשְׁתֶּם they requested HEM/HEN biqSHU הֵם\הֵן בִּקְּשׁוּ The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to request” – לְבַקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the פִּעֵל stem]

6 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 6 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall requestaNI avaQESH אֲנִי אֲבַקֵּשׁ you will request AT t e vaqSHI אַתְּ תְּבַקְּשִׁי you will request aTAH t e vaQESH אַתָּה תְּבַקֵּשׁ she will request HI t e vaQESH הִיא תְּבַקֵּשׁ he will request HU y e vaQESH הוּא יְבַקֵּשׁ נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall request aNAHnu n e vaQESH אֲנַחְנוּ נְבַקֵּשׁ you will request aTEN t e vaqSHU * אַתֶּן תְּבַקְּשׁוּ * See note on Page 7 you will request aTEM t e vaqSHU אַתֶּם תְּבַקְּשׁוּ they will request HEN y e vaqSHU * הֵן יְבַקְּשׁוּ they will request HEM y e vaqSHU הֵם יְבַקְּשׁוּ The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to request” – לְבַקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the פִּעֵל stem]

7 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 7 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) request! (AT) baqSHI (אַתְּ) בַּקְּשִׁי! (you) request! (aTAH) baQESH (אַתָּה) בַּקֵּשׁ! נ״רז״ר (you) request! (aTEN) baqSHU ** (אַתֶּן) בַּקְּשׁוּ! (you) request! (aTEM) baqSHU (אַתֶּם) בַּקְּשׁוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: בַּקֵּשְׁנָה! [baQESHna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תְּבַקֵּשְׁנָה [(aTEN/HEN) t e vaQESHna] Note for Page 6 The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to request” – לְבַקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the פִּעֵל stem]

8 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 8 Sample Conjugations of Verbs Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I am you are she is requested aNI, AT, HI, mitbaQEshet אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מִתְבַּקֶּשֶׁת I am you are he is requested aNI, aTAH. HU, mitbaQESH אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מִתְבַּקִּשׁ נ״רז״ר we, you, they, are requested aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, mitbaqSHOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מִתְבַּקְּשׁוֹ ת we, you, they, are requested aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, mitbaqSHIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מִתְבַּקְּשִׁי ם The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to be requested” – לְהִתְבַּקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

9 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 9 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I was requested aNI hitbaQASHti אֲנִי הִתְבַּקַּשְׁתִּי you were requested AT hitbaQASHt אַתְּ הִתְבַּקַּשְׁתְּ you were requested aTAH hitbaQASHta אַתָּה הִתְבַּקַּשְׁתָּ she was requested HI hitbaqSHAH הִיא הִתְבַּקְּשָׁה he was requested HU hitbaQESH הוּא הִתְבַּקֵּשׁ נ״רזונ״רז״ר we were requested aNAHnu hibaQASHnu אֲנַחְנוּ הִתְבַּקַּשְׁנוּ you were requeste d aTEN hitbaQASHten אַתֶּן הִתְבַּקַּשְׁתֶּן you were requested aTEM hitbaQASHtem אַתֶּם הִתְבַּקַּשְׁתֶּם they were requested HEM/HEN hitbaqSHU הֵם\הֵן הִתְבַּקְּשׁוּ The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to be requested” – לְהִתְבַּקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

10 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 10 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall be requestedaNI etbQESH אֲנִי אֶתְבַּקֵּשׁ you will be requested AT titbaqSHI אַתְּ תִּתְבַּקְּשִׁי you will be requested aTAH titbaQESH אַתָּה תִּתְבַּקֵּשׁ she will be requested HI titbaQESH הִיא תִּתְבַּקֵּשׁ he will be requested HU yitbaQESH הוּא יִתְבַּקֵּשׁ נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall be requested aNAHnu nitbaQESH אֲנַחְנוּ נִתְבַּקֵּשׁ you will be requested aTEN titbaqSHU *אַתֶּן תִּתְבַּקְּשׁוּ * See note on Page 11 you will be requested aTEM titbaqSHU אַתֶּם תִּתְבַּקְּשׁוּ they will be requested HEN yitbaqSHU *הֵן יִתְבַּקְּשׁוּ they will be requested HEM yitbaqSHU הֵם יִתְבַּקְּשׁוּ The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to be requested” – לְהִתְבַּקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

11 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 11 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) be requested! (AT) hitbaqSHI (אַתְּ) הִתְבַּקְּשִׁי! (you) be requested! (aTAH) hitbaQESH (אַתָּה) הִתְבַּקֵּשׁ! נ״רז״ר (you) be requested! (aTEN) hitbaqSHU ** (אַתֶּן) הִתְבַּקְּשׁוּ! (you) be requested! (aTEM) hitbaqSHU ( אַתֶּם ) הִתְבַּקְּשׁוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: הִתְבַּקֵּשְׁנָה! [hitbaQESHna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תִּתְבַּקֵּשְׁנָה [(aTEN/HEN) titbaQESHna] Note for Page 10 The Regular ( ש׳ ) verb “to be requested” – לְהִתְבַּקֵּשׁ [ בקשׁ in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

12 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 12 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to fall” – לִפֹּל [ נפל in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem] Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, fall she falls aNI, AT, HI, noFElet אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, נוֹפֶלֶת I, you, fall he falls aNI, aTAH. HU, noFEL אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, נוֹפֵל נ״רז״ר we, you, they, fall aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, nofLOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, נוֹפְלוֹת we, you, they, fall aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, nofLIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, נוֹפְלִים

13 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 13 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיקאַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I fellaNI naFALti אֲנִי נָפַלְתִּי you fellAT naFALt אַתְּ נָפַלְתְּ you fell aTAH naFALta אַתָּה נָפַלְתָּ she fellHI nafLAH הִיא נָפְלָה he fellHU naFAL הוּא נָפַל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we fell aNAHnu naFALnu אֲנַחְנוּ נָפַלְנוּ you fell aTEN n e falTEN * אַתֶּן נְפַלְתֶּן * See note on Page 15 you fell aTEM n e falTEM * אַתֶּם נְפַלְתֶּם they fell HEM/HEN nafLU הֵם\הֵן נָפְלוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to fall” – לִפֹּל [ נפל in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem]

14 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 14 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיקאַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall fallaNI ePOL אֲנִי אֶפֹּל you will fallAT tipLI אַתְּ תִּפְּלִי you will fallaTAH tiPOL אַתָּה תִּפֹּל she will fallHI tiPOL הִיא תִּפֹּל he will fallHU yiPOL הוּא יִפֹּל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall fallaNAHnu niPOL אֲנַחְנוּ נִפֹּל you will fallaTEN tipLU ** אַתֶּן תִּפְּלוּ ** See note on Page 15 you will fallaTEM tipLU אַתֶּם תִּפְּלוּ they will fallHEN yipLU ** הֵן יִפְּלוּ they will fallHEM yipLU הֵם יִפְּלוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to fall” – לִפֹּל [ נפל in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem]

15 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 15 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) fall! (AT) nifLI (אַתְּ) נִפְלִי! (you) fall! (aTAH) n e FOL (אַתָּה) נְפֹל! נ״רז״ר (you) fall! (aTEN) nifLU *** (אַתֶּן) נִפְלוּ! (you) fall! (aTEM) nifLU (אַתֶּם) נִפְלוּ! *** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: נְפֹלְנָה! [n e FOLna] * The colloquial forms are: אַתֶּם\אַתֶּן נָפַלְתֶּם\נָפַלְתֶּן [(aTEM/aTEN) naFALtem/naFALten] ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תִּפֹּלְנָה [(aTEN/HEN) tiPOLna] The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to fall” – לִפֹּל [ נפל in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem] Note for Page 13 Note for Page 14

16 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 16 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, drop she drops aNI, AT, HI, mapiLAH אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מַפִּילָה I, you, drop he drops aNI, aTAH. HU, maPIL אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מַפִּיל נ״רז״ר we, you, they, drop aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, mapiLOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מַפִּילוֹת we, you, they, drop aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, mapiLIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מַפִּילִים The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to drop (something)” – לְהַפִּיל [ נפל in the הִפְעִיל stem]

17 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 17 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיקאַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I droppedaNI hiPALti אֲנִי הִפַּלְתִּי you dropped AT hiPALt אַתְּ הִפַּלְתְּ you dropped aTAH hiPALta אַתָּה הִפַּלְתָּ she dropped HI hiPIlah הִיא הִפִּילָה he droppedHU hiPIL הוּא הִפִּיל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we dropped aNAHnu hiPALnu אֲנַחְנוּ הִפַּלְנוּ you dropped aTEN hiPALten אַתֶּן הִפַּלְתֶּן you dropped aTEM hiPALtem אַתֶּם הִפַּלְתֶּם they droppedHEM/HEN hiPIlu הֵם\הֵן הִפִּילוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to drop (something)” – לְהַפִּיל [ נפל in the הִפְעִיל stem]

18 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 18 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall dropaNI aPIL אֲנִי אַפִּיל you will drop AT taPIli אַתְּ תַּפִּילִי you will dropaTAH taPIL אַתָּה תַּפִּיל she will drop HI taPIL הִיא תַּפִּיל he will dropHU yaPIL הוּא יַפִּיל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall drop aNAHnu naPIL אֲנַחְנוּ נַפִּיל you will drop aTEN taPIlu * אַתֶּן תַּפִּילוּ * See note on Page 19 you will drop aTEM taPIlu אַתֶּם תַּפִּילוּ they will drop HEN yaPIlu * הֵן יַּפִּילוּ they will drop HEM yaPIlu הֵם יַּפִּילוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to drop (something)” – לְהַפִּיל [ נפל in the הִפְעִיל stem]

19 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 19 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) drop! (AT) haPIli (אַתְּ) הַפִּי לִי! (you) drop! (aTAH) haPEL (אַתָּה) הַפֵּ ל! נ״רז״ר (you) drop! (aTEN) haPIlu ** (אַתֶּן) הַפִּי לוּ! (you) drop! (aTEM) haPIlu (אַתֶּם) הַפִּי לוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: הַפֵּ לְנָה! [haPELna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תַּפֵּלְנָה [(aTEN/HEN) taPELna] Note for Page 18 The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to drop (something)” – לְהַפִּיל [ נפל in the הִפְעִיל stem]

20 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 20 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, assault she assaults aNI, AT, HI, mitnaPElet אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מִתְנַפֶּלֶת I, you, assault he assaults aNI, aTAH. HU, mitnaPEL אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מִתְנַפֵּל נ״רז״ר we, you, they, assault aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, mitnapLOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מִתְנַפְּלוֹת we, you, they, assault aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, mitnapLIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מִתְנַפְּלִים The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to assault/attack” – לְהִתְנַפֵּל [ נפל in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

21 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 21 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I assaulted aNI hitnaPALti אֲנִי הִתְנַפַּלְתִּי you assaulted AT hitnaPALt אַתְּ הִתְנַפַּלְתְּ you assaulted aTAH hitnaPALta אַתָּה הִתְנַפַּלְתָּ she assaulted HI hitnapLAH הִיא הִתְנַפְּלָה he assaulted HU hitnaPEL הוּא הִתְנַפֵּל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we assaulted aNAHnu hitnaPALnu אֲנַחְנוּ הִתְנַפַּלְנוּ you assaulted aTEN hitnaPALten אַתֶּן הִתְנַפַּלְתֶּן you assaulted aTEM hitnaPALtem אַתֶּם הִתְנַפַּלְתֶּם they assaulted HEM/HEN hitnapLU הֵם\הֵן הִתְנַפְּלוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to assault/attack” – לְהִתְנַפֵּל [ נפל in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

22 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 22 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall assaultaNI etnaPEL אֲנִי אֶתְנַפֵּל you will assault AT titnapLI אַתְּ תִּתְנַפְּלִי you will assault aTAH titnaPEL אַתָּה תִּתְנַפֵּל she will assault HI titnaPEL הִיא תִּתְנַפֵּל he will assault HU yitnaPEL הוּא יִתְנַפֵּל נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall assault aNAHnu nitnaPEL אֲנַחְנוּ נִתְנַפֵּל you will assault aTEN titnapLU *אַתֶּן תִּתְנַפְּלוּ * See note on Page 23 you will assault aTEM titnapLU אַתֶּם תִּתְנַפְּלוּ they will assault HEN yitnapLU *הֵן יִתְנַפְּלוּ they will assault HEM yitnapLU הֵם יִתְנַפְּלוּ The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to assault/attack” – לְהִתְנַפֵּל [ נפל in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

23 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 23 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) assault! (AT) hitnapLI (אַתְּ) הִתְנַפְּלִי! (you) assault! (aTAH) hitnaPEL (אַתָּה) הִתְנַפֵּל! נ״רז״ר (you) assault! (aTEN) hitnapLU ** (אַתֶּן) הִתְנַפְּלוּ! (you) assault! (aTEM) hitnapLU ( אַתֶּם ) הִתְנַפְּלוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: הִתְנַפֵּלְנָה! [hitnaPELna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תִּתְנַפֵּלְנָה [(aTEN/HEN) titnaPELna] Note for Page 22 The Defective ( ח׳ ) verb “to assault/attack” – לְהִתְנַפֵּל [ נפל in the הִתְפַּעֵל stem]

24 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 24 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, slow down she slows down aNI, AT, HI, m e iTAH אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מְאִטָּה I, you, slow down he slows down aNI, aTAH. HU, meiET אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מֵאֵט נ״רז״ר we, you, they, slow down aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, m e iTOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מְאִטּוֹת we, you, they, slow down aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, m e iTIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מְאִטִּים The Gemmate ( כּ׳ ) verb “slow down” – לְהָאֵט [ אטט in the הִפְעִיל stem]

25 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 25 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I slowed downaNI heiAt e ti אֲנִי הֵאַטְתִּי you slowed down AT heiAt e t אַתְּ הֵאַטְתְּ you slowed down aTAH heiAt e ta אַתָּה הֵאַטְתָּ she slowed down HI heiEtah הִיא הֵאֵטָּה he slowed down HU heiET הוּא הֵאֵט נ״רזונ״רז״ר we slowed down aNAHnu heiATnu אֲנַחְנוּ הֵאַטְנוּ you slowed down aTEN heiAt e ten אַתֶּן הֵאַטְתֶּן you slowed down aTEM heiAt e tem אַתֶּם הֵאַטְתֶּם they slowed down HEM/HEN heiEtu הֵם\הֵן הֵאֵטּוּ The Gemmate ( כּ׳ ) verb “slow down” – לְהָאֵט [ אטט in the הִפְעִיל stem]

26 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 26 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall slow downaNI aEt אֲנִי אָאֵט you will slow down AT taEti אַתְּ תָּאֵטִּי you will slow down aTAH taET אַתָּה תָּאֵט she will slow down HI taET הִיא תָּאֵט he will slow down HU yaET הוּא יָאֵט נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall slow downaNAHnu naET אֲנַחְנוּ נָאֵט you will slow down aTEN taEtu * אַתֶּן תָּאֵטּוּ * See note on Page 27 you will slow down aTEM taEtu אַתֶּם תָּאֵטּוּ they will slow down HEN yaEtu * הֵן יָאֵטּוּ they will slow down HEM yaEtu הֵם יָאֵטּוּ The Gemmate ( כּ׳ ) verb “slow down” – לְהָאֵט [ אטט in the הִפְעִיל stem]

27 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 27 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) slow down! (AT) haEti (אַתְּ) הָאֵטִּי! (you) slow down! (aTAH) haET (אַתָּה) הָאֵט! נ״רז״ר (you) slow down! (aTEN) haEtu ** (אַתֶּן) הָאֵטּוּ! (you) slow down! (aTEM) haEtu ( אַתֶּם ) הָאֵטּוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: הָאֵטְנָה! [haETna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תָּאֵטְנָה [(aTEN/HEN) taETna] Note for Page 26 The Gemmate ( כּ׳ ) verb “slow down” – לְהָאֵט [ אטט in the הִפְעִיל stem]

28 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 28 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, read/call she reads/calls aNI, AT, HI, qoRET אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, קוֹרֵאת I, you, read/call he reads/calls aNI, aTAH. HU, qoRE אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, קוֹרֵא נ״רז״ר we, you, they, read/call aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, qor’OT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, קוֹרְאוֹת we, you, they, read/call aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, qor’IM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, קוֹרְאִים The Quiescent ( נ׳ ) verb “to read/call” – לִקְרֹא [ קרא in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem]

29 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 29 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I read/calledaNI qaRAti אֲנִי קָרָאתִי you read/called AT qaRAt אַתְּ קָרָאת you read/called aTAH qaRAta אַתָּה קָרָאתָ she read/called HI qar’AH הִיא קָרְאָה he read/called HU qaRA הוּא קָרָא נ״רזונ״רז״ר we read/called aNAHnu qaRAnu אֲנַחְנוּ קָרָאנוּ you read/called aTEN qraTEN * אַתֶּן קְרָאתֶן * See note on Page 31 you read/called aTEM qraTEM * אַתֶּם קְרָאתֶם they read/called HEM/HEN qar’U הֵם\הֵן קָרְאוּ The Quiescent ( נ׳ ) verb “to read/call” – לִקְרֹא [ קרא in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem]

30 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 30 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall read/callaNI eqRA אֲנִי אֶקְרָא you will read/call AT tiqr e I אַתְּ תִּקְרְאִי you will read/call aTAH tiqRA אַתָּה תִּקְרָא she will read/call HI tiqRA הִיא תִּקְרָא he will read/call HU yiqRA הוּא יִקְרָא נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall read/call aNAHnu niqRA אֲנַחְנוּ נִקְרָא you will read/call aTEN tiqr e U **אַתֶּן תִּקְרְאוּ ** See note on Page 31 you will read/call aTEM tiqr e U אַתֶּם תִּקְרְאוּ they will read/call HEN yiqr e U **הֵן יִקְרְאוּ they will read/call HEM yiqr e U הֵם יִקְרְאוּ The Quiescent ( נ׳ ) verb “to read/call” – לִקְרֹא [ קרא in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem]

31 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 31 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִיתתַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) read!/call! (AT) qir’I (אַתְּ) קִרְאִי! (you) read!/call! (aTAH) qRA (אַתָּה) קְרָא! נ״רז״ר (you) read!/call! (aTEN) qir’U *** (אַתֶּן) קִרְאוּ! (you) read!/call! (aTEM) qir’U ( אַתֶּם ) קִרְאוּ! *** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: קְרֶאנָה! [qREna] * The colloquial forms are: אַתֶּן\הֵן קָרָאתֶם\קָרָאתֶן [(aTEN/HEN) qaRAtem/qaRAten] Note for Page 29 The Quiescent ( נ׳ ) verb “to read/call” – לִקְרֹא [ קרא in the פָּעַל (קַל) stem] Note for Page 30 ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, forms are: אַתֶּן\הֵן תִּקְרֶאנָה [(aTEN/HEN) tiqREna]

32 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 32 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Present - הֹוֶה אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז I, you, translate she translates aNI, AT, HI, m e tarGEmet אֲנִי, אַתְּ, הִיא, מְתַרְגֶּמֶת I, you, translate he translates aNI, aTAH. HU, m e tarGEM אֲנִי, אַתָּה, הוּא, מְתַרְגֵּם נ״רז״ר we, you, they, translate aNAHnu, aTEN, HEN, m e targ e MOT אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּן, הֵן, מְתַרְגְּמוֹ ת we, you, they, translate aNAHnu, aTEM, HEM, m e targ e MIM אֲנַחְנוּ, אַתֶּם, הֵם, מְתַרְגְּמִים The Quadrilateral ( מ׳ ) verb “to translate” – לְתַרְגֵּם [ תרגם in the פִּעֵל stem]

33 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 33 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Past - עָבָר אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I translatedaNI tirGAMti אֲנִי תִּרְגַּמְתִּי you translated AT tirGAMt אַתְּ תִּרְגַּמְתְּ you translated aTAH tirGAMta אַתָּה תִּרְגַּמְתָּ she translated HI tirg e MAH הִיא תִּרְגְּמָה he translated HU tirGEM הוּא תִּרְגֵּם נ״רזונ״רז״ר we translated aNAHnu tirGAMnu אֲנַחְנוּ תִּרְגַּמְנוּ you translated aTEN tirGAMten אַתֶּן תִּרְגַּמְתֶּן you translated aTEM tirGAMtem אַתֶּם תִּרְגַּמְתֶּם they translated HEM/HEN tirg e MU הֵם\הֵן תִּרְגְּמוּ The Quadrilateral ( מ׳ ) verb “to translate” – לְתַרְגֵּם [ תרגם in the פִּעֵל stem]

34 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 34 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Future - עָתִיד אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִיתתַּעְתִּיק אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּיקעִבְרִית.נ.נזו״נ.ז.ז I shall translateaNI atarGEM אֲנִי אֲתַרְגֵּם you will translate AT t e targ e MI אַתְּ תְּתַרְגְּמִי you will translate aTAH t e tarGEM אַתָּה תְּתַרְגֵּם she will translate HI t e tarGEM הִיא תְּתַרְגֵּם he will translate HU y e tarGEM הוּא יְתַרְגֵּם נ״רזונ״רז״ר we shall translate aNAHnu n e tarGEM אֲנַחְנוּ נְתַרְגֵּם you will translate aTEN t e targ e MU * אַתֶּן תְּתַרְגְּמוּ * See note on Page 35 you will translate aTEM t e targ e MU אַתֶּם תְּתַרְגְּמוּ they will translate HEN y e targ e MU * הֵן יְתַרְגְּמוּ they will translate HEM y e targ e MU הֵם יְתַרְגְּמוּ The Quadrilateral ( מ׳ ) verb “to translate” – לְתַרְגֵּם [ תרגם in the פִּעֵל stem]

35 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 35 Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d) Imperative - צִוּוּי אַנְגְּלִי ת תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִיתאַנְגְּלִית תַּעְתִּי ק עִבְרִית.נ.נ.ז.ז (you) translate! (AT) targ e MI (אַתְּ) תַּרְגְּמִי! (you) translate! (aTAH) tarGEM (אַתָּה) תַּרְגֵּם! נ״רז״ר (you) translate! (aTEN) targ e MU ** (אַתֶּן) תַּרְגְּמוּ! (you) translate! (aTEM) targ e MU ( אַתֶּם ) תַּרְגְּמוּ! ** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: תַּרְגֵּמְנָה! [t e tarGEMna] * The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: אַתֶּן\הֵן תְּתַרְגֵּמְנָה [(aTEN/HEN) t e tarGEMna] Note for Page 34 The Quadrilateral ( מ׳ ) verb “to translate” – לְתַרְגֵּם [ תרגם in the פִּעֵל stem]

36 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 36 Some Common Verbs אַנְגְּלִיתבִּנְיָןתַּעְתִּיקמָקוֹר שֹׁרֶ שׁ to love/like פָּעַל (קַל) le’eHOV לֶאֱהֹבאהב to fall in love הִתְפַּעֵל l e hit’aHEV לְהִתְאַהֵבאהב to disappoint פִּעֵל l e achZEV לְאַכְזֵבאכזב to be disappointed הִתְפַּעֵל l e hit’achZEV לְהִתְאַכְזֵבאכזב to eat פָּעַל (קַל) le’eCHOL לֶאֱכֹלאכל to feed הִפְעִיל l e ha’aCHIL לְהַאֲכִילאכל to say פָּעַל (קַל) loMAR/leiMOR לוֹמַר\לֵאמֹ ר אמר to enable פִּעֵל l e afSHER לְאַפְשֵׁר אפשׁ ר to come פָּעַל (קַל) laVO לָבוֹאבוא to bring הִפְעִיל l e haVI לְהָבִיאבוא

37 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 37 Some Common Verbs (cont’d) אַנְגְּלִיתבִּנְיָןתַּעְתִּיקמָקוֹר שֹׁרֶ שׁ to understand הִפְעִיל l e haVIN לְהָבִיןבין to weep פָּעַל (קַל) livKOT לִבְכּוֹתבכה to grow/increase פָּעַל (קַל) ligDOL לִגְדֹלגדל to speak פִּעֵל l e daBER לְדַבֵּרדבר to be פָּעַל (קַל) lih i YOT לִהְיוֹתהיה to go/walk פָּעַל (קַל) laLEchet לָלֶכֶתהלך to remember פָּעַל (קַל) lizKOR לִזְכֹּרזכר to remind הִפְעִיל l e hazKIR לְהַזְכִּירזכר to smile פִּעֵל l e haYECH לְחַיֵּךְחיך to think פָּעַל (קַל) lahSHOV לַחְשֹׁבחשׁב

38 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 38 Some Common Verbs (cont’d) אַנְגְּלִיתבִּנְיָןתַּעְתִּיקמָקוֹר שֹׁרֶ שׁ to know פָּעַל (קַל) laDA’at לָדַעַתידע to exit/emerge פָּעַל (קַל) laTSET לָצֵאתיצא to descend פָּעַל (קַל) laREdet לָרֶדֶתירד to sit פָּעַל (קַל) laSHEvet לָשֶׁבֶתישׁב to enter נִפְעַל l e hikaNES לְהִכָּנֵסכנס to put in/bring in הִפְעִיל l e hachNIS לְהַכְנִיסכנס to write פָּעַל (קַל) lichTOV לִכְתֹּבכתב to correspond (with someone) הִתְפַּעֵל l e hitkaTEV לְהִתְכַּתֵּ ב כתב to wear (clothing) פָּעַל (קַל) lilBOSH לִלְבֹּשׁלבשׁ to get dressed הִתְפַּעֵל l e hitlaBESH לְהִתְלַבֵּ שׁ לבשׁ

39 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 39 Some Common Verbs (cont’d) אַנְגְּלִיתבִּנְיָןתַּעְתִּיקמָקוֹרשֹׁרֶשׁ to learn/study פָּעַל (קַל) lilMOD לִלְמֹדלמד to teach/instruct פִּעֵל l e laMED לְלַמֵּדלמד to sell פָּעַל (קַל) limKOR לִמְכֹּרמכר to be sold נִפְעַל l e himaCHER לְהִמָּכֵרמכר to drive (a vehicle)/lead פָּעַל (קַל) linHOG לִנְהֹגנהג to behave הִתְפַּעֵל l e hitnaHEG לְהִתְנַהֵגנהג to close פָּעַל (קַל) lisGOR לִסְגֹּרסגר to count פָּעַל (קַל) lisPOR לִסְפֹּרספר to tell/cut hair פִּעֵל l e saPER לְסַפֵּרספר to work פָּעַל (קַל) la’aVOD לַעֲבֹדעבד

40 Modern Hebrew for Beginners Copyright © Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com All rights reserved. Module 9/Page 40 Some Common Verbs (cont’d) אַנְגְּלִיתבִּנְיָןתַּעְתִּיקמָקוֹר שֹׁרֶ שׁ to rise/ascend פָּעַל (קַל) la’aLOT לַעֲלוֹתעלה to stand/stand up פָּעַל (קַל) laaMOD לַעֲמֹדעמד to open פָּעַל (קַל) lifTO’ah לִפְתֹּחַפתח to buy פָּעַל (קַל) liqNOT לִקְנוֹתקנה to see פָּעַל (קַל) lirOT לִרְאוֹתראה to show הִפְעִיל l e harOT לְהַרְאוֹ ת ראה to want פָּעַל (קַל) lirTSOT לִרְצוֹתרצה to ask פָּעַל (קַל) lishOL לִשְׁאֹלשׁאל to pay פִּעֵל l e shaLEM לְשַׁלֵּםשׁלם to drink פָּעַל (קַל) lishTOT לִשְׁתּוֹתשׁתה


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