Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary and Concept Development EDI Standard: 1.4 Students will identify common roots and affixes derived from Greek and Latin and use this knowledge."— Presentation transcript:
Vocabulary and Concept Development EDI Standard: 1.4 Students will identify common roots and affixes derived from Greek and Latin and use this knowledge to analyze the meaning of complex words (e.g., international).
Learning Objective I will know common roots derived from Greek and Latin and use this knowledge to analyze the meaning of complex words.
Activating Prior Knowledge Have you heard the word fraction? The root frac means “break.” Can you see the root rupt in interrupt? The root rupt means “break or burst.” Can you see the root frag in the Spanish word “fragmento” or in the English word fragment?
Concept Development Root : The fundamental element of a word or form, exclusive of all affixes and inflectional phonetic changes. Root: The root is the part of the word that contains the basic meaning.
Concept Development frac or frag : From the Latin word fractus / fragere meaning “to crack or to break.” rupt : From the Latin word rumpere meaning “to crack or to burst.” frac or frag: Latin root meaning “break.” rupt: Latin root meaning “burst.”
Tell your partner what frac or frag means. Frac or frag are Latin roots meaning “break.”
Tell your partner what rupt means. Rupt is a Latin root meaning “burst.”
Read the following Latin roots. frac / frag to crack; to break Latin rupt to break; to burst Latin
Importance Have you ever been confused about a word and have not been able to figure out its meaning? Have you ever had to use knowledge of word meaning to figure out the meaning of a new or difficult word?
Skill Development Read these words: abrupt disrupt fracture fractional fragility fragment interruption rapture
Read these definitions / synonyms: break, crack, or split a part chipped away, a broken piece to break or burst; the act of bursting the condition of being easily shattered or broken having to do with a part, expressed with a numerator and a denominator to disturb, to break into or destroy orderly progress the act of breaking in SSudden, without warning, unexpected
Match the words with the correct definitions or synonyms: abrupt disrupt fracture fractional fragility fragment interruption rapture break, crack, or split a part chipped away, a broken piece to break or burst; the act of bursting the condition of being easily shattered or broken having to do with a part, expressed with a numerator and a denominator to disturb, to break into or destroy orderly progress the act of breaking in SSudden, without warning, unexpected
Answer these questions: 1.What is a root? 2.Does frac as in fracture mean pull or build? 3.What does the root rupt mean? 4.What is the root in erupt? 5.What does the root mean?
Identify the roots. rupture abrupt interruption disrupt fragment fractional fragility fracture Guided Practice
Meaning in Context Use the words in the box to fill in the blanks in the following paragraph. fractional interruption fragments disrupt fragility Students on an archeological dig unearthed (1) _______________ of ancient pottery. They needed to handle each piece carefully because of its (2) _______________. The students laid everything on a table and began to put the pieces together. They worked for hours without (3) ______________. When they stopped, they had assembled only a (4) __________________ part of a bowl. Before they left the room, they locked the door so no one would (5) _____________ their work. fragments
Closure A root is – the part of the word that contains the basic meaning. frac or frag means – frac or frag are Latin roots meaning “break” rupt means – rupt is a Latin root meaning “burst”
Independent Practice Match the bolded word with the best synonym: 1.to fracture a bone a. bruise b. cast c. crack 2.small fragment a. dish b. piece c. split 3.serious rupture a. bursting b. injure c. sprain 4.to disrupt a game a. disappoint b. dislike c. disturb 5. an abrupt stop a. expected b. sudden c. regular
Extension One of the key words in this lesson is fragment. It has two parts: the root frag (break) and the suffix –ment. Ment can be used as a suffix on a complete word as well as on a root. Look at the verb amaze and the related noun amazement. Sort the following words ending in -ment into two columns. First column will have complete words + -ment and the second column will have the root + -ment. monument punishment improvement government amusement document management ornament development instrument ______________