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Crime Fiction, Fan Fiction and the Archive Sabine Vanacker, Hull University,

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1 Crime Fiction, Fan Fiction and the Archive Sabine Vanacker, Hull University,

2 Tzvetan Todorov (1967): ‘The Typology of Detective Fiction ‘Yet there is a happy realm where this dialectical contradiction between the work and its genre does not exist: that of popular literature. As a rule, the literary masterpiece does not enter any genre save its own; but the masterpiece of popular literature is precisely the book which best fits its genre. Detective fiction has its norms; to “develop” them is also to disappoint them: to “improve upon” detective fiction is to write “literature”, not detective fiction. The whodunit par excellence is not the one which transgresses the rules of the genre, but the one which conforms to them…’ (43).

3 Raymond Chandler: ‘The Simple Art of Murder’ (1950) ‘But the good detective story and the bad detective story are about exactly the same things, and they are about them in very much the same way. There are reasons for this too, and reasons for the reasons; there always are.’ (6)

4 Image Of You By: angelic1hp The engagement party of Ron and Hermione is one that Ginny really didn't want to attend. Ginny's tried to lose herself in alcohol, sex and a relationship with a man she could never love until the one she wanted comes back into her life. Femmeslash HGGW Rated: Fiction M - English - Romance/Drama - Hermione G., Ginny W. - Chapters: 17 - Words: 78,164 - Reviews: 448 - Favs: 446 - Follows: 115 - Updated: Sep 9, 2008 - Published: Dec 17, 2006 - Status: Complete - id: 3292970angelic1hpFiction M448

5 Harry Potter Fanfic-Between the Pages Fan fiction by Twilight-girl-x posted over a year agoTwilight-girl-x Hello, this is a story im wrting carrying on from where J.K.Rowling left of after the war before the 19 Years later. This is not the full first chapter only what i have written so far- if i get enough feedback then I will eventually put the full chapter up when it is finnished and then I will put the new chapters on when they are finnished. Thank you- Here it is...... Ginny was sat on the bench in the great Hall, lent against her Mother who sat at her side, the last of her tears rolled down her cheeks. Looking down the table to where her Brother Ron sat with Hermione, their heads close together, her Hermione’s small petite hands covered completely by Ron’s larger ones. A small ghost of a smile lit up Ginny’s face. It was about time she thought, she had been wondering what it would take for them too to realise that what they had was more than friendship, she really was happy for them. She then started looking for the one person who had finished this for them, the boy who had defeated Voldermort once and for all. Trying to see Harry through all of these people was pointless and she turned back to watching her Brother and Hermione with a disappointed sigh.

6 Anthony Horowitz: The House of Silk (2011)

7 ‘archontic literature’ Neutral term the ‘repeated engagement with a source text in order to create an ever-expanding, collectively created archive’ – Text – The ‘tradition’, the ‘formula’ – Series novels ‘audaciously’ revisionist: ‘They're resurrecting characters that had been marginalized in the original stories and positing voices that had been muted." (Derecho, Loc 1004).

8 Death Comes to Pemberley – Pride and Prejudice ‘The prior text is available and remains in the mind even as one reads the new version. The two texts resonate together in both the new text and the old one (with the old text, it is a retrospective resonance, in the way that Wide Sargasso Sea forces us to regard Jane Eyre with new eyes), and the reader thus notices the similarities and differences, however great or small, between them’.

9 "The virtual is opposed not to the real but to the actual. The virtual is fully real in so far as it is virtual" (Deleuze 208). ‘Fanfic happens in the gaps between canon, the unexplored or insufficiently explored territory’ (Pugh 2005: 92). P.D. James: Talking about Detective Fiction (2008): the inhabitants of flat ‘221A, and possibly a 221C’

10 Laurie King: The Beekeeper’s Apprentice (1994) The Language of Bees (2009) The God of the Hive (2010).

11 There before us she rose up, the city of cities, the umbilicus mundi, centre of the universe, growing from the very foundations of the earth, surprisingly small, like a jewel. My heart sang within me, and the ancient Hebrew came to my lips. (King 1996: 292)

12 Carole Nelson Douglas: Good Night, Mr Holmes (1990),

13 ‘The Final Problem’ (1893) the ‘raw power’ of series fiction (Priestman 2000, 54), the readers’ desire for more stories and their refusal to let a fictional universe end. ‘The Adventure of the Empty House’ in the Strand Magazine (October 1903) (Pugh 2005: 18). Sherlock Holmes is catastrophically dead at Reichenbach; Watson is heart-broken; Holmes resurrected, comic, inviolate and unending.

14 ‘It is an old maxim of mine that when you have excluded the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.’ (Doyle 1981: 315 ).

15 ‘collective authorship’ ‘the death of the author’ / the creative rise of the reader/interpreter. Fan fiction is the unambiguous, dynamic and active expression of reader desire.

16 Sources: Auden, W.H. 1963. ‘The Guilty Vicarage’. In The Dyer’s Hand and Other Essays. London: Faber. Boulter, Jonathan. 2011. Melancholy and the Archive: Trauma, History and Memory in the Contemporary Novel (Continuum Literary Studies). London and New York: Continuum. Chandler, Raymond. 1950. ‘The Simple Art of Murder’. Available online:, accessed 3/8/2010. Deleuze, Gilles. 1968/1994. Difference and Repetition. New York: Columbia University Press. Derrida, Jacques. 1994. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Duff, David, ed. 2000. Modern Genre Theory. Harlow: Pearson Education. Even-Zohar, Itamar. 1978. Papers in Historical Poetics. Tel Aviv: Porter Institute for Poetics and Semiotics, Tel Aviv University.

17 Hellekson, Karen and Kristina Busse, eds. 2006. Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet: New Essays. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland & Company. McCracken, Scott. 1998. Pulp: Reading Popular Fiction. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Pugh, Sheenagh. 2005. The Democratic Genre: Fan Fiction in a Literary Context. Bridgend: Seren. Stasi, Mafalda. 2006. ‘The Toy Soldiers from Leeds: The Slash Palimpsest’. In Hellekson, Karen and Kristina Busse, eds. Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet: New Essays.

18 Pyrhönen, Heta. 2007. ‘Genre’. In The Cambridge Companion to Narrative, David Herman, ed., pp. 109-123. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP. Todorov, Tzvetan. 1990 [1977]. ‘Detective Fiction’. In Genres in Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


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