2Some of the top-tier ERP vendors are SAP-AG, BAAN, PeopleSoft, Oracle Application and J.D.Edwards. These companies are covering the major ERP market revenue.
3SAP AG:COMPANY PROFILE SAP (System Applications & Products in data processing) . SAP is the world's leading provider of business software, SAP delivers products and services that help accelerate business innovation for their customers. Today, more than 82,000 customers in more than 120 countries run SAP applications – from distinct solutions addressing the needs of small businesses and midsize companies to suite offerings for global organizations.SAP defines business software as comprising enterprise resource planning and related applications such as supply chain management, customer relationship management, and supplier relationship management
4SAP AG was founded in 1972 by five German engineers with IBM in Mannheim, Germany; and is one of the top most ERP vendors providing the client server business application solutions.SAP serves as a standard in the industries like chemicals, customer products, oil & high technology. The SAP group has offices in more than 50 countries worldwide & employs a workforce of overSAP’s ERP package comes in 2 versions i.e. mainframe version (SAP R/2) & client server version (SAP R/3).(R-Real)With SAP, customers can install the core system & one or more of the fundamental components, or purchase the software as a complete package.
5PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGYSAP has developed extensive library of more than 800 predefined business processes.These processes may be selected from SAP library & can be included within installed SAP application solution to suit the user exact requirements.SAP software has special features like, linking a company’s business processes & applications, & supporting immediate responses to change throughout different organizational levels & real time integration.Also, the new technologies are available regularly to cop-up with the changes of the new business trends.The international standards have been considered while designing the software like support of multiple currencies simultaneously, automatically handles the country specific import/export requirementsThe modules of R/3 can be used individually as well as user can expand it in stages to meet specific requirement's
6R/2 in the Late 1970sIn 1978 SAP began developing, and the following year released, R/2 (R for "real-time"), a mainframe-based, standard business software suite in which Integrate able modules for accounting, sales and distribution, and production enabled customers to consolidate their financial and operational data into a single database and eliminate costly paperwork and data entry. Because the modules were self-standing, businesses could select only those they needed, which could then be further customized to their unique requirements.
7R/3 Development in the 1980sAs R/2's potential began to peak in the mid-1980s, Plattner and company's former employer, IBM, announced a new "system applications architecture" (SAA) technology Seeing the ramifications of such integrity ability for its own products, in 1987 SAP began developing R/3 for use in the decentralized, non-mainframe computing environment known as client-server. In client-server arrangements, data is processed not by a single costly mainframe but by many cheaper networked "server" computers, which display their data on flexibly arrange able PCs called "clients." While R/2 focused on providing data processing solutions for static, individual functions of business operations, such as inventory tracking or shipping, R/3 was designed to allow a business to view its entire business operation as a single integrated process in which data entered into any single application in the system would simultaneously be registered in every other.
8Introduction of R/3 in the 1990s After five years in development, R/3 had been launched with the expectation that it would complement R/2's multinational-oriented niche by extending SAP's reach into the mid-sized, less mainframe-dominated business software market. Unexpectedly, however, R/3's release coincided with a growing trend toward corporate downsizing, and even SAP's largest customers began eyeing R/3 as a less labor-intensive replacement for R/2. R/3 was suddenly hot, and virtually overnight SAP had translated its reputation as Germany's wunderfirma to the global stage.
9SAP R/3SAP R/3 is a computer system that is designed to support complete business management tasks of a corporation, company or institution. SAP R/3 is used in business systems to handle invoice payment, production resource management and financial account control. These specific tasks are accomplished by employing application modules, often described with acronyms such as MM (materials management) and SD (sales and distribution).Modules process information through each and every component of the organization, using one secure R/3 system to share relevant information between parts of the organization, keeping the corporation up-to-date on latest technology and data information. A common database is employed among each of the mid-sized to large-size corporations that utilize R/3. R/3 may also be used by small business, allowing business to prosper without having to worry about changing systems.
10An additional benefit to using SAP R/3 is that it combines with a corporation’s previously existing computer system. R/3 uses the ABAP/4 programming language and allows for the possibility of several computers of differing manufacturers to conjoin into one solid working database, operating in the open system or client/server environments. SAP R/3 is a Windows and Menus driven application containing graphical objects.
11R/3 APPLICATION MODULE: The R/3 system provides a flexible organizational structure.It can connect all the business processes together & every employee could have fast access to the required information.The in house staff can do work easily with reference ABAP/4R development workbench, which is an integral part of R/3. R/3 application modules are either used alone or in combination with other solutions.
12Following are some R/3 modules: Financial Accounting: it collects & controls the data relevant to financial accounting. It provides reports & documentations & comprehensive information.Treasury: this module provides a complete solution for efficient financial management. Treasury module helps in ensuring the liquidity of your company worldwide structures, the asset profitability & minimizes risks.Controlling: This module has a uniform reporting system for company wide controlling with all procedures & controls content of the company’s internal processes.Enterprise Controlling: This module has been designed to monitor the company’s success factors & performance indicators on the basis of management information.Investment Management: This module offers integrated management & processing of investment measures. This also participates in pre investment analysis, depreciation simulation. Investment management monitors the projects from planning to settlement.
13Production Planning: this provides all types of manufacturing strategies, from repetitive MTO & ATO, through processes, lot & MTS manufacturing, to integrated supply chain management.Material Management: It manages the purchasing processes with workflow driven processing functions. This also handles warehouse management & integrates invoice verification.Plant Maintenance & Service Management: this allows the planning, control & processing of the inspection, maintenance, damages & service management.Quality Management: this offers all processes relevant to your quality assurance along with supply chain, co-ordinates inspection processing & integrates laboratory information systems.R/3 also provides its applications in HR managements, project management, sales & distribution with all standard business processes & functionality.
14Some of the main advantages of using SAP R/3 are listed below: The R/3 software package is designed to allow businesses to effectively and efficiently operate a variety of business processes within a single integrated information system.The software is customizable using SAP's proprietary programming language, ABAP/4. R/3 is scalable and highly suited for many types and sizes of organizations and runs on six different platforms.SAP’s partnership with technology, service companies, hardware manufactures & database providers helps to provide a complete business solution.This client/server solution is infinitely expandable & can be used with anywhere between 30 & several thousand end users. This ensures that R/3 can always grow with the growing requirement of company.
15BAAN :- Company profile Baan company was founded in Netherlands in 1978 by brothers Jan and Paul Baan..The BAAN Company is the leading global provider of enterprise business software.The BAAN company products reduce complexity and cost, improve core business processes, are faster to implement and use, are more flexible in adapting to business changes.The products offered by the company supports several business tools. The tools are based on multi-tier architecture.
16TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTS The BAAN products are having open component architecture.The special feature of BAAN product is the use of BAAN DEM (Dynamic Enterprise Modeling).Baan DEM provides a business view via a graphical process/model based views.BAAN products has multi-tiered architecture for maximum and flexible configuration.The application supports the new hardware, OS, networks and user interfaces w/o any modification to the application code.The Baan series based products include :- BAAN Enterprise Resource Planning.- BAAN Front Office.- BAAN Corporate Office Solutions.- BAAN Supply Chain Solutions.The main advantages of Baan series-based family of products are the best in class components version independent integration and evergreen delivery.
17BAAN ERP MODULESBAAN ERP is a proven enterprise resource planning s/w application.It is fully integrated and provides all the functionality which is required across the enterprise.BAAN ERP consists of a number of interdependent components that can be deployed to meet business needs.The flexibility with BAAN ERP allows customers to maximize the benefits of both best in class solution and a fully integrated high performance system.BAAN ERP includes the following components –
18Manufacturing Module: This includes bills of material, cost price calculation, shop floor control, material requirement planning, etc.Finance Module:This includes accounts payable, accounts receivable, cash management, fixed assets, etcProject Module:This includes project budget, project definition, project estimation, project planning, etcDistribution Module:This includes sales management, purchase management and warehouse management.
19BAAN ERP TOOLSBAAN ERP Tools can be described as a computing platform that provides independent, flexible, open and distributed computing and development environment.The open architecture of the BAAN ERP Tools make it possible to –Quickly react to the changes that take place in the market, in-turn change the s/w configuration.Develop the BAAN product in such a way that it is independent of third party product such as hardware, OS and DB.Easily integrated with third party product.Gives customer specific solutions.
20ORCALE CORPORATION:-Company profile Oracle Corporation was founded in the year 1977 and is the world’s largest s/w company and the leading supplier for enterprise information management.This is the first s/w company to implement internet computing model for using the enterprise s/w across the entire product line.It provides databases and relational servers, application development, decision support tools and enterprise business applications.
21TECHNOLOGYORACLE software runs on the network computers, work stations & micro computers, mini computers, etc.ORACLE 8i is the leading database for internet computing.ORACLE database allow the corporation to access on any data, on any service, over any network, from any client device.ORACLE Warehouse Technology Initiative (WIT) is one of the fastest flowing & comprehensive programs in the data warehousing industry which provides the customers a complete data warehousing solution.ORACLE’s integrated Business Intelligence Solutions provides us with a solution to deliver powerful processing capabilities to the user anywhere in the enterprise at anytime. Oracle business intelligence family product includes:Oracle reportOracle enterprise reporting toolsOracle discovererAd-Hoc Queries and analysis toolsOracle online analytical processing engine, etc.
22MODULES OF ORCALE APPLICATIONS: Oracle application consists of 45 plus software modules which are divided into following categoriesOracle FinancialsOracle Human ResourceOracle ProjectsOracle ManufacturingOracle Supply ChainOracle Front Office
23ORACLE FINANCIALThis application transforms a finance organization into a strategic force and also helps to access the financial management functions.By working with these applications the companies can work globally, lower the administrative cost & improve the cash management.It also provides strategic information to make timely & accurate decisions.ORACLE PROJECTSThese applications improve operational efficiency by providing an integrated project management environment that supports the full lifecycle of a project and increases the revenue growth and profitability.
24ORACLE SUPPLY CHAINThis application manages the supply chain process by providing a single integrated environment.It helps in effective partner collaboration & supply chain optimization capabilities.It helps in increasing market share while improving customer service & minimizing the cost.ORACLE FRONT OFFICEThese applications provide a better understanding for customer relationships, their values & profitabilityThese applications increase top line revenues & maintain customer satisfaction & retentionIt also helps to attract and retain profitable customers through deployment channels including mobile & call centre.
25ORACLE HUMAN RESOURCES This application helps in managing the human resources which directly improve profitability and contribute to competitive advantageIt also helps in the ability to hire motivate & retain the most capable working force and also helps in providing comprehensive and up-to-date information.ORACLE MANUFACTURINGOracle manufacturing application enables the companies to achieve market leadership by becoming more customer responsive & efficient.This module also supports the companies to increase revenue, profitability & customer loyalty by capturing the demand & planning the manufacturing process in an efficient way.o
26PEOPLESOFT:- Company profile PeopleSoft Inc. was established in 1987 to provide innovative software solutions that meet the changing business demands of enterprises worldwide.It employs more than 7000 people worldwide.& the annual revenue for the year 1998 was $ 1.3 million.PeopleSoft’s mission is to provide innovative software solutions that meet the changing business demands of organizations worldwide.PeopleSoft develops markets and supports enterprise-wide software solutions to handle core business functions including human resources management, accounting and control, project management, treasury management performance measurement and supply chain management.PeopleSoft provides industry-specific enterprise solutions to customers in select markets, including communications, finance services, healthcare, manufacturing, higher
27PeopleSoft products support clients running, Microsoft Windows and popular Web browsers, as well as a range of mainframe, midrange and LAN relational database server platforms.PeopleSoft solutions run on a variety of leading hardware and database platforms, including Compaq, Hewlet-Packard, IBM, Sun Microsystems, Informix, Microsoft SQL Server, Sybase, DB2 and others.PeopleSoft delivers Web-enabled applications, workflow, online analytical processing (OLAP) etc.The PeopleSoft application serves the whole business management solutions, commercial solutions & industry solutions.
28BUSINESS MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS PeopleSoft solutions extend across the globe.The applications help in managing a broad set of business processes, from human resources and finance to supply chain management.One can implement a single application, or a complete enterprise-wide solution.The flexible design lets you tailor the applications to your specific needs.
29The PeopleSoft’s business management solutions are in the areas given below:- Human Resources ManagementAccounting and ControlTreasury ManagementPerformance MeasurementProject ManagementSales and LogisticsMaterials ManagementSupply Chain PlanningService Revenue ManagementProcurement
30JD EDWARDS:COMPANY PROFILE: On March 17, 1977 J.D. Edwards was formed, by Jack Thompson, Dan Gregery & Ed-Mc Vaney.In early years J.D. Edwards designed software for small & medium sized computers.In 1980’s it focused on IBM system/38.As the company began to out grow, its headquarter in Denver, opened branch offices in Dallas & Newport Beach, California, Houston, San Francisco & Bakenfield. And then internationally expanded its Europe headquarters in Brussels & Belgium.As it grew it became obvious that servicing a large number of customers was creating a challengeBy the mid of 1980’s, J.D Edwards was being recognizes as an Industry-leading supplier of application software for the highly successful IBM AS/400 computer.Today J.D Edwards is a publicly traded company that has more than 4700 customers with sites in over 100 countries & more than 4200 employees.
31J.D Edwards emphasizes on the following three matters: Solution: JD Edwards offers a balance of technology & service options tailored by the unique industry & its processes. This allows JD Edward to ensure timely implementation & outgoing quality of the solution.Relationships: With JD Edwards, you have a partner committed to ushering you through changes in the business & technology.Value: JD Edwards provides with an appreciating software asset – one with the potential to increase in value over the lift of your business.
32TECHNOLOGYAs the business grew company adapted new technology & instead for small computer application; it started to design enterprise-wise software.JD Edwards is a leading provider of integrated software for distribution, human resource, finance, manufacturing & SCM.These software's are operated in multiple computing environments & also JAVA & HTML enabled.
33QAD : -Company Profile It was found in 1979. The company’s products include MFG/PRO, service/support management and decision support.QAD offers a variety of supply chain and enterprise resource planning s/w products to manufacturing industries.It optimizes the enterprise by increasing the speed of internet processes and synchronizing the business operations.It is available in 26 languages and supports multiple currencies.It has an easy-to-understand graphical interface.The MFG\PRO is one of the software, product offered by QAD, which provides multinational organization with integrated Global Supply Chain Management Solution.It helps the organization to achieve and maintain competitive advantage and synchronizes the distributed operation which balances the supply and demand across multiple sites.
34SSA:-COMPANY PROFILE: System Software Associates, Inc. (SSA) was founded in 1981.It has branches in more than 91 countries & more than 2000 employees.SSA has BPCS client/server V6 technology is implemented in more than 1000 industrial sector firms in over 4000 sites worldwide.SSA’s vision is to be the best global partner to the world’s industrial companies.To achieve competitive advantage for clients through ERP system, SSA’s follows its Mission Statement 1981.The statement has six key goals.
35They are:Best client satisfaction: this means that the company wants their clients to achieve the greatest possible business benefits from their relationship with SSA.Single image worldwide: this means that the client gets the same high level of support & expertise all around the world.Enterprise Solution Leadership: it means that the company is focused on building & delivering solutions, which bring together the entire enterprise.Proven leading Technology: this means that every piece of technology applied by SSA will already be proven for high transaction volume enterprise-wide applications.Highly skilled & motivated professional: it means that SSA is committed on having the best professionals & resources in the application software business.Strong financial results: this means that SSA can continue to invest in the improvements of its software & professionals & will be a stable partner in the long run.