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Preventing Problems in Human Subjects Research: Tips from the IRB Joan Doherty, JD & Dominic Chiarelli, JD featuring Stephanie Hamilton, BSN, Damon Jacobson,

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Presentation on theme: "Preventing Problems in Human Subjects Research: Tips from the IRB Joan Doherty, JD & Dominic Chiarelli, JD featuring Stephanie Hamilton, BSN, Damon Jacobson,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Preventing Problems in Human Subjects Research: Tips from the IRB Joan Doherty, JD & Dominic Chiarelli, JD featuring Stephanie Hamilton, BSN, Damon Jacobson, & Laura Stueckle, MPH March 28, 2013

2 Why are we here? Increase outreach by the Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) Gather user input for future resources Discuss best practices Encourage collaboration

3 Topics Consent Conferences Modification Requests Incident Reports Asking IRB Questions

4 CONSENT CONFERENCES Know the study-specific IRB requirements for obtaining consent, parental permission, assent, and HIPAA authorization Confirm the documentation requirements Use the right versions of the forms Tips for obtaining consent remotely Don’t make changes during conferences!

5 Know the IRB requirements…  Signatures required or a waiver of documentation?  Do both parents/guardians need to give consent?  Are children and their parents participants? Consent & Parental Permission  Is assent necessary?  If required, must it be written, or is verbal sufficient?  Do the documentation requirements vary with age? Assent  Is protected health information (PHI) being used/created?  If HIPAA applies, are signatures required or waived?  Are there multiple forms? Hint: new template is simpler.new template HIPAA Authorization

6 Confirming IRB Requirements Where to look? See IRB correspondence (especially renewals) Work back from the most recent letters to the oldest Tips for keeping track Local Implementation Plan (LIP) section 5.2 Create a cheat sheet (checklist, flow chart, etc)

7 Sample LIP Section 5.2 IRB RequirementChild PatientAdult PatientParent Consent, Written (18+)1 Parent Permission XX Consent w/ Documentation Waiver Consent Waiver Assent Not RequiredAges 4-6 Verbal Assent (under 18) Written Assent (under 18)Ages 7-17 HIPAA Authorization (18+)1 Parent Authorization XN/A HIPAA WaiverN/A

8 Use the Right Versions Note: Researchers are now required to use consent & assent forms with the IRB approval stamps (HIPAAs are not stamped). Question: What if a modification request to revise the consent form is pending with the IRB when I need to approach a family? General answer: You can use the currently approved versions until a member of the study team receives the approved revisions. Consider whether the changes may affect a participant’s willingness to take part or continue; if so, may need to re-approach. Sponsor/coordinating center may advise. Version Control Help study staff use the right versions at enrollment Create SharePoint folders and limit access to team members Create a single PDF with ALL of the current forms Organized folders make modifications easier IRB stamped consents in *pdf format Word versions to revise Archive previous versions of approved *pdf consents Update as soon as approvals are received

9  Participant must be able to review all forms during the discussion  Are signatures required?  Wait until signatures are received before proceeding  How to prove the conference happened? That they agreed? Remote Consent: Points to Consider  Unless the IRB waives some or all of the elements of consent, you must provide all of the required elements  How will you ensure that all elements are presented every time?  Information sheet?  Phone script? Phone script  Cover letter? Cover letter  Don’t forget to consider whether assent will be required, and how it will be obtained over the phone.  If assent is required, talk to the child only after the parent gives their permission.  Cognitive impairments? Documentation?All the elements?Assent?

10 Don’t Change a Thing (until the IRB agrees) Do not add or remove content to the consent form during the discussion Note: It’s also a problem to do less than what the IRB approved Example: eliminating safety monitoring visits/labs IRB must approve changes first Only exception is when changes are “necessary to eliminate apparent immediate hazards to the subject,” (usually not the case).

11 SUBMITTING MODIFICATIONS IRB has to approve ALL changes, no matter how small Test: Are your documents identical to the versions the IRB has on file? Common problem: Implementing changes without prior IRB approval. making tweaks to consent form or protocol involving personnel in the research before they have been formally added to the research team exceeding the approved enrollment totals (e.g., chart reviews)

12 Modifications: Submission Tips Think about ALL of the study documents that may be affected by the proposed changes, and revise if needed. Example: changing eligibility criteria can mean revisions to the protocol, LIP, consent/assent forms, recruitment materials, etc. Attach all the revised documents. Track all changes Required for submission. Create clean copies Although changes can be easily accepted in Word, this is not possible with our current PDF review system Reduces processing errors by HSPP staff

13 Completing the Modification FormModification Form Consider: Will the proposed change add a new study population? May need to revise several of the existing documents, or create new consent and/or HIPAA forms. Example: study involves administering an investigational drug to child participants; now the team wants to add questionnaires that ask about the parent’s quality of life  parent is a participant. Most important question: Explain whether these changes add new risks or increase the current risks of study participation Not asking whether the change will alter the regulatory risk category (e.g., from 45 CFR to 45 CFR ). Address whether the new procedures may alter the risk/benefit assessment (e.g., increasing blood volumes, new risks)

14 REPORTING INCIDENTS When is an incident report needed? See IRB Policy 30 for definitions and timing informationIRB Policy 30 Report with status report: if NOT serious non- compliance, continuing non-compliance, or an unanticipated problem (can opt to report sooner). Report as soon as possible: if it MAY be serious/continuing NC or an unanticipated problem. Discuss the issue(s) with the Principal Investigator Consult with the sponsor/coordinating center, if applicable If unsure, submit a question to the HSPP office

15  Please be as specific as possible about the requirement that was not complied with (e.g., cite to the section of the protocol, IRB application, etc.)  Explain why it happened  If you notified the sponsor/coordinating center already, please mention this. Incident Report FormIncident Report Form Tips  Important to be clear about the impact on the enrolled participant(s).  Clarify the status of the affected participant(s), whether they are continuing or have completed the study (e.g., less likely to require re-contact if the one enrolled participant is deceased).  Most important part!  Usually should not implement corrective actions until the IRB has approved the plan; in some cases the teams propose things that the IRB decides are unnecessary  Does the plan address the root cause? Will it prevent future recurrences? Violation/ProblemParticipant ImpactCorrective Actions

16 Asking IRB Questions Simple  Send a question to Complex  Submit a Consultation Request Form

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