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Monarchy  Government headed by a king or queen  The king or queen holds most of the power.  Subjects—people who are under the rule of others such as.

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Presentation on theme: "Monarchy  Government headed by a king or queen  The king or queen holds most of the power.  Subjects—people who are under the rule of others such as."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Monarchy  Government headed by a king or queen  The king or queen holds most of the power.  Subjects—people who are under the rule of others such as the king or queen in a monarchy.

3 What is Democracy?  Democracy—government of and by the people Democracy  The people create their own government  The people make decisions

4 What is Democracy?  Representatives  People elected by vote of the people to represent them in government  Legislature  A group of people who make laws  Sometimes called an Assembly

5 Democratic Traditions in England  English Parliament  Made laws in England along with the king  Made up of two houses or groups  House of Commons elected by men who owned property  House of Lords—made up of aristocracy  King did not have the power to tax subjects  Parliament had to approve all taxes.

6 England Becomes Great Britain  Act of Union in 1707  Approved by parliaments of England and Scotland  Combined the kingdoms of England, Scotland and Wales into one nation  The new nation is called Great Britain  The 13 American colonies became part of Great Britain

7 Virginia House of Burgesses  1619—Virginia Company appointed governor for Virginia  Created an __________________ called the Virginia ______________ of _________________ to advise the _____________  Allowed all white ________________ who owned ____________ to vote

8 Mayflower Compact  Created a __________________ based on _____________ or _____________ of the people  Pilgrims agreed to allow the _______________ to help ______________ representatives as long as they agreed to ______________ the __________  Strangers—people with the _____________ but did not follow their ________________  Allowed _______________________ to make laws for them

9 Democracy in Massachusetts  At first only those who ____________________ in the colony could _______________  Later, ______________________ could ___________ for governor and representatives in the assembly

10 Colonial Laws Connecticut  Fundamental _________________ of _______________  Gave all property owners the right to ____________ and _____________ powers of the ________________ Maryland  Allowed settlers to ___________ and _____________  Religious Toleration Act—granted _____________ to most _____________________

11 The French and Indian War  _________ against ________________ and its _____________ ____________ for ___________ of the _________________________ in North America  Both sides wanted the_____________________ like ______, ___________, ________, and _________  France and England had been bitter ___________ for over ________ years.

12 Costly War  _____________ years (officially started in 1756)  Called “Seven Years’ War in England  Spread from North America to ________________  The _______________ were winning at first.  British Prime Minister _________________ increased British _______________ of the war  French eventually surrendered  British in debt—war was expensive

13 Treaty of Paris of 1763  ________________the French and Indian War  ___________________ won  French ______________ all of its land in ____________ America  Great Britain took control of all land from the _________________ to the _________________ including ___________________  _________________ took control of Florida and land west of the Mississippi River

14 Colonial Self Government The Colonists  Enjoyed having their own freedom  Thought only their own assembly should be able to tax them.  Wanted to elect their own representatives and be governed by their own colony.

15 Links  French and Indian War  tm tm  dian/frenindwar.htm dian/frenindwar.htm


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