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Introduction to Eastern Europe and Siberia. Objectives On a blank map, identify Siberia, the Urals, the Carpathians, and the Black Sea. Describe the climate.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Eastern Europe and Siberia. Objectives On a blank map, identify Siberia, the Urals, the Carpathians, and the Black Sea. Describe the climate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Eastern Europe and Siberia

2 Objectives On a blank map, identify Siberia, the Urals, the Carpathians, and the Black Sea. Describe the climate differences between Eastern and Western Europe, and between Eastern Europe and Siberia. Describe the population differences between Eastern and Western Europe, and between Eastern Europe and Siberia. Describe where hard borders and soft borders are in Eastern Europe. Describe how the lack of hard borders have affected Eastern Europe’s history. Name the majority language group / ethnic group of Eastern Europe. Identify the two alphabets used in Eastern Europe.

3 Warsaw Pact was an alliance of Eastern European nations. Warsaw Pact NATO Terms and Places Siberia is the vast, cold, underpopulated region east of the Urals. The Urals is the mountain range that divides European Russia from Siberian Russia. Danube River runs through or borders more countries than any other river. Black Sea is the largest sea in Eurasia. Carpathians are a U-shaped mountain range in East Europe. Cyrillic Alphabet is used by several Eastern Europe countries.

4 Part 1: Location and Physical Geography

5 This region is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean It is bordered on the southeast by the Orient. It is bordered on the east by the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the southwest by the Moslem world. It is bordered on the west by Western Europe. Baltic Sea Adriatic Sea Black Sea Caspian Sea White Sea

6 Caspian Sea Black Sea Siberia is rich in timber and minerals, but it is extremely cold. Ural Mountains The region east of the Ural Mountains is called Siberia. Siberia is also known for its wildlife.

7 This pipeline carries natural gas from Siberia to Europe.

8 Most of the population is west of the Ural Mountains Ural Mountains

9 Part 2: What are Eastern Europe’s Outstanding Features? crossed with rivers

10 The two most important rivers in Eastern Europe are the Danube and the Volga. The Danube runs through or along more countries than any other river. The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea. Part 2: What are Eastern Europe’s Outstanding Features?

11 The Black Sea is the largest sea in Eurasia. Black Sea The Black Sea forms one of the borders between Europe and Asia. The Black Sea tends to be saltwater in its deeper parts and fresh water toward the surface. Saltwater flow in from the Mediterranean, and fresh water from Europe’s rivers.

12 The Carpathian Mountains are a fish- hook shaped range in Eastern Europe. This rugged area still has bears and wolves, which have vanished from most of Europe.

13 Part 2: Climate

14 sirocco Eastern Europe doesn’t get the warm winds from Africa, like Spain, Italy, and Greece.

15 Eastern Europe isn’t warmed by the Gulf Stream either. The western parts of northern Europe get warmth from the Gulf Stream waters.

16 Eastern Europe is colder than Western Europe!

17 Part 3: Borders; Political Groups

18 Hard borders like mountains, seas, and wide rivers are mostly on Eastern Europe’s edges. The interior of Eastern Europe has soft borders. These are difficult to defend. Repeatedly, armies have rolled right across them. Political boundaries

19 Belarus and Ukraine and Moldova Russia Baltic States Poland North Carpathians Adriatic Balkans Black Sea Balkans Unlike Western Europe, Eastern Europe is dominated by one giant country – Russia. Some people in each of these three countries want to stay close to Russia. Some people in each of these three countries wants to move closer to the EU. These northern countries each have coastline on the Baltic Sea. Each of these countries has become members of the EU. People in these two countries are poor and live traditional lives with little technology. These landlocked nations of Eastern Europe that are now members of the EU. This was once a single nation called Yugoslavia, but it had a brutal civil war and broke up.

20 The EU, originally in Western Europe, is spreading further into East Europe.

21 Part 4: Human Geography

22 Paris London The population of Eastern Europe is low when compared to western Europe. Moscow However, the population of Eastern Europe is high when compared to Siberia. Rome Moscow is by far the largest city of Eastern Europe.

23 Germanic Latin Germanic Latin Finno- Ugric Slavic Greek Hungarian Germanic The majority of Eastern Europe is occupied by Slavic peoples. Their languages are similar and share many words. Slavic

24 Traditional Slavic clothing is colorful.

25 Sometimes traditional Slavic clothing and uniforms include fur for the cold weather.

26 Traditional Slavic architecture includes the onion-shaped domes on church steeples and the unpainted country houses.

27 Cyrillic Alphabet Latin Alphabet Mixed English uses the Latin Alphabet. Some Eastern European nations use the Cyrillic Alphabet.

28

29 In the western countries, people tend to follow the Catholic religion; in the east, they tend to be Orthodox. Orthodox Christians use icons – pictures or statues – to help them worship. Catholics follow a leader in Rome called the Pope. Typically, the Pope has been Italian, but in 1978 the Catholic church elected a Polish pope – John Paul II. He helped end Communist rule.

30 Questions

31 Borders Which correctly describes the physical geography of Eastern Europe? Mountains and seas are generally around its edges; interior borders tend to be easy to cross. The edge borders are easy to cross, but mountains and seas are form its interior borders. What nation is by far larger than the others in Eastern Europe, both in size and population? Romania Poland Russia Ukraine

32 Name the name of the vast, underpopulated portion of Russia in the east. Siberia What separates Europe from Siberia? The Alps The Ural Mountains The North Sea The Mediterranean Which color map shows the correct location of the Ural Mountains? Name the longest river in Europe. The Volga The Dnieper The Danube The Rhine The north of many nations are permanently frozen. Many nations’ borders have mountains that are difficult to cross. Many nations lack defensible borders like seas and mountains. The borders are swampy and people cannot built rail there. What feature of physical geography challenges Eastern European’s ability to defend themselves? Physical Geography

33 Which is the Black Sea? Which are the Carpathian Mountains? Physical Geography

34 Population Density Which area has the highest population? Which the least? Western Europe Eastern Europe Siberia Highest Medium lowest Name the largest city in Eastern Europe. Moscow Which correctly describes how the climate of Eastern Europe compares to Western Europe? Eastern Europe’s climate is colder than Western Europe’s. Eastern Europe’s climate is about the same as Western Europe’s. Eastern Europe’s climate is warmer than Western Europe’s.

35 Language and Customs What language group is by far the majority in Eastern Europe? Germanic Slavic Latin Hungarian Which most correctly describes the religious connections of Eastern Europe? Eastern Orthodox and Muslim. Eastern Protestant and Catholic Eastern Protestant and Muslim Eastern Orthodox and Catholic

36 Please read “Cultures of Eastern Europe.” World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pgs Complete questions at the end. And “Plains, Uplands, and Mountains of Russia.” pgs. 14. AND “Lakes” pg. 16. World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson- Prentice-Hall, About 6 page


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