Presentation on theme: "A Review of the Benefits and Opportunities of Scotland’s Wild Landscapes An Interim Discussion of Key Points Report commissioned by: SNH, RSPB, Forestry."— Presentation transcript:
A Review of the Benefits and Opportunities of Scotland’s Wild Landscapes An Interim Discussion of Key Points Report commissioned by: SNH, RSPB, Forestry and Timber Association and The Wild Scotland Initiative Consultants: Martin Price, Rob Mc Morran (CMS) and Alistair MacVittie (Scottish Agricultural College)
Talking today about… 1.Overview of wild landscapes project 2.Key criteria for wild landscapes 3.Wild landscapes: The key issues
1. Project Overview - Objectives Objectives: A) Review legislative/policy context for Scottish wild landscapes B) Identify benefits/costs C) Provide overview of wildland management projects D) Recommendations for future valuation approaches and policy development
2. Wild landscapes – The Key Criteria 2 key criteria proposed – axes of wildness 1. Ecosystems Axis: Factors which decrease as we move up this axis: No. alien species, Degree of cultivation (including forestry) and domestic stock numbers. Presence of near natural levels of herbivores likely further up the axis as would the presence of carnivores (e.g. wildcat) and large raptors. 2. Scale Axis: Scale - interpreted here in its broadest sense, to include: distance from nearest road, density of human artefacts closeness to nearest urban centers (together influence an areas apparent naturalness) Geographic size
2. Wild landscapes – A Typology 2. Small scale, low apparent naturalness (compromised by human artefacts or size) High ecosystems values (High quality habitats, good degree of ecosystem functioning) 3. Large scale and remote (High apparent naturalness) High quality habitats and high degree of ecological functioning 1.Small scale, low apparent naturalness (remoteness/scale etc.) Compromised ecological integrity/ecosystem functioning 4. Large scale and remote (high apparent naturalness) Compromised ecological integrity/ecosystem functioning Ecosystems Axis Scale Axis
3. Wildland – The Key Issues Lack of understanding and definition of concept and of areas themselves Lack of clear valuation and recognition of benefits Strong RD focus in Scotland conflict with wildland agenda ? Weaknesses in planning framework – bulldozed roads/transmission lines etc. Tourism and high visitor numbers Long term funding and volunteer availability ? Renewable energy (HEP/windpower) CAP reform Deer (and fences)/domestic stock numbers – reduced vegetation quality Noise pollution/light pollution (aircraft/military operations) Forestry – Exotic species/plantation structure Landownership ?
Project Contact Point Robert Mc Morran Centre for Mountain Studies Perth College UHI Millennium Institute Crieff Road Perth PH1 2NX Robert.McMorran@perth.uhi.ac.uk Phone 01738 442587 Mob: 078 49893514