Presentation on theme: "ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY FOR ABATEMENT OF POLLUTANTS AND MITIGATION OF GREEN HOUSE GASES."— Presentation transcript:
ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY FOR ABATEMENT OF POLLUTANTS AND MITIGATION OF GREEN HOUSE GASES
INTRODUCTION Trees constitute one of mankind’s important assets and ultimate savior of life support system. Carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere is increasing day by day due to burning massive quantities of coal and oil as well as deforestation. Deforestation accounts for over 20 per cent of the carbon dioxide humans generate, rivaling the emissions of cars, trucks and planes. Healthy forests are critical both to mitigating climate change and helping people and communities adjust to the impacts of climate change.
INTRODUCTION Trees evolved an imponderable 370 million years ago and helped create the very air that we breathe by “inhaling” carbon dioxide, acting as carbon sinks, and “exhaling” oxygen.
Buddhist Sutra “The forest is a peculiar organism of unlimited kindness and benevolence that makes no demands for its sustenance and extends generously the products of its life and activity. It affords protection to all beings, offering shade even to the axe man who destroys it”
ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY Science of identification, development, application of environment friendly species and their scientific management for improving primarily the quality of environment and maintaining ecological stability.
OBJECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY To combat the adverse effects of air, water and noise pollution from industries To lesson the impact of accidental release of pollutants To protect ecologically sensitive areas, archaeological monuments and residential areas. To enhance carbon sinks in sustainably managed forests and other ecosystems To enhance the resilience and ability of vulnerable species/ecosystems to adapt to the changing climate
REGULATORY REQUIREMENT O ne of the Consent conditions issued under the Section 21 and Section 25 of Air and Water Acts respectively as well as per Environment Impact Assessment Notification (EIA),2006 of the Ministry of Environment and Forests submission of Green Belt Plan for developmental projects is a statutory requirement.
ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY FOR ABATEMENT OF POLLUTANTS One good tree has a potential to absorb the pollution generated by a car running for 25,000 Kms A 500m wide green area surrounding factories capable to reduce sulphur dioxide and nitric oxides concentration by 67 per cent Alfa-alfa ( Medicago sativa) remove 0.25 Tonnes of sulphur dioxide or nitric oxide per square mile per day.
ENVIRONMENTAL FORESTRY FOR MITIGATION OF GREEN HOUSE GASES Green House Gases(GHGs) mitigation opportunities in forestry and agriculture include afforestation (Environmental Foretsry), forest management etc. emphasis on their ability to avoid, sequesters, and/or reduces CO 2, CH 4, and N 2 O emissions.
Forest carbon Including forests in mitigation is a cost-effective way of preventing further emissions and removing CO 2. Forests also provide cobenefits in the form of other ecosystem services. Giving rewards for these benefits is an important step towards a greener global economy.
THE ROLE OF TROPICAL FORESTS IN CLIMATE CHANGE One major service provided is climate regulation. Store a fourth of all terrestrial carbon, i.e. 547 gigatonnes (Gt) out of 2,052Gt of CO 2 Recent research suggests that tropical forests may capture as much as 4.8 Gt of CO 2 per annum
INDIA’ S FOREST AS A SINK India’s forest and tree cover is serving as a major mode of C mitigation for India in the world and sequestered about 177 million tonnes of CO 2 in 2007. This carbon service will enhance with the Green India Mission Putting a conservatives value of US $ 5 per tonne of CO 2 locked in our forests, the huge sink of about 24,000 mt of CO 2 is worth US$ 120 billion or 6,00,000 corers.
Tree Plantations The Plant for the Planet: Billion Tree Campaign Green India Mission(GIM )
Launching a Global Movement in 2006 Plant a Billion Trees in a Year
Nobel Laureate Wangari Maathai “When we plant trees, we plant the seeds of peace and seeds of hope”
Al Gore, Nobel Laureate “The symbolism – and the substantive significance – of planting a tree has universal power in every culture and every society on Earth, and it is a way for individual men, women and children to participate in creating solutions for the environmental crisis”
Green India Mission (GIM) GIM puts the “greening” in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation meant to enhance ecosystem services like carbon sequestration and storage (in forests and other ecosystems), hydrological services and biodiversity; along with provisioning services like fuel, fodder, small timber and Non Timber Forest Produces (NTFPs).
GIM Aims at Addressing Climate Change By enhancing carbon sinks in sustainably managed forests and other ecosystems; enhancing the resilience and ability of vulnerable species/ecosystems to adapt to the changing climate; and enabling adaptation of forest dependant local communities in the face of climatic variability.
CONCLUSION Environmental forestry by means of plantation of pollution tolerant/resistance species as also species capable of trapping dust and CO 2 as part of an overall integrated land use strategy, can ameliorate harsh environment and will go a long way in conditioning of local environment and provide lot of intangible benefits for the very survival of mankind
CONCLUSION “Keep a green tree in your heart and perhaps a singing bird will come” –A Chinese Proverb “We hope that everyone will participate in helping out our environment and fighting the outbreak of global warming. We will do our part to let people know how to help your campaign on Environmental Forestry”