Presentation on theme: "Chart Perspectives Spanish Account of the Aztecs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chart Perspectives Spanish Account of the Aztecs Aztec Account of the SpanishFrench viewpoint on slaveryAfrican Viewpoint on slaveryCompare and ContrastHow do the Spanish view the Aztec city?What is the Aztec’s initial view of the Spanish?How do the French justify slavery?Religion:Economic:Political:How did Olaudah Equino describe Europeans?How do the Spanish view the Aztec religion?How does this viewpoint change?How does Equino describe the slave trade?GeneralizationsHow did Europeans view non-Europeans (indigenous groups)?How did indigenous groups view Europeans/ European institutions (slavery)?
2 Two Viewpoints of the Treatment of Indians Juan de Solorzano y PereyraBartolome de las CasasFor Juan de Solorzano, what ‘good’ outweighs the harsh treatment of the Indians? What other justifications does he find for their treatment?2. According to Las Casas, what has happened to the native population of the Caribbean islands? 3. How does Las Casas reveal his bias against the Spanish treatment of the native peoples? What words or phrases does he use to describe them?Drawing Conclusions:4.How to Examine Sources:Read the SourceAnalyze the SourceDraw a conclusionUse your information to help support your argument
3 Columbus’ JournalWhat conclusions can we draw from Columbus’s journal?1. From Columbus’s observations concerning the natives what predictions can you make about how the Europeans will treat the natives? Include 3 pieces of supporting evidence….Hypothesis:
4 Question – What would happen if an Alien civilization made contact with our civilization?
6 The Americas Aztecs (central America) Conquers neighboring groups starting in the early 1400sBuilds Tenochtitlan, capital city of empire(10th largest city in the world at the time)Slave owning, religiously unified, warrior state
11 The Americas Incas (southern America –Peru) Begins expanding in 1440s but in disarray by early 1500s due to civil warVery good communication system (unsurpassed in the world until US postal service)
13 The Americas Mayans (central America - Yucatan peninsula, Mexico) Creates the only known written language in the Americas, and exhibit an understanding of mathematical and astronomical systems.In severe decline before first contact with Europeans but remnants remain to resist European advancements
14 The Americas North American Groups Smaller groups/ tribes but in some places alliance systems create powerful Native groups that demand tribute from less powerful groups.Examples: Iroquois were a group of 5 nations, that was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca nations.
15 Warm up - The Aztec Empire What were your first impressions of the Aztec culture and the Aztec Empire?(what were you impressed with, what were surprised by, etc.)2. How do you think the Spanish viewed the Aztecs? What could you use as Evidence for your statement?
16 AfricaMostly small African States / city states with northern Africa dominated by Muslim nationsSlave trade causes new states to rise in power and destroys othersAsante (un SAHN teh) Kingdom and Oyo empire become wealthy through slave trade (1600s – 1700s)Coastal cities dominate trade between Europeans and Africans from the interior
17 AsiaIndia and the Middle East – small states in the south, Mughal Empire dominating most of India (1600s – 1700s)China – Ming Empire defeated by the Manchus and establish Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1800s)Korea and Japan (strong centralized government) islands isolate themselves from Europeans
18 Japanese Himeji Castle: an example of 17th century Japanese architecture
19 Identify Locations of Indigenous Groups IncasAztecsMayansChinaAsanteIroquoisJapaneseIndia
21 Warm Up (a)What are the four steps to critically examining a source? (list)What are some of the ways that European Exploration changed the world?What do you think is the most important of these changes?
22 Warm Up (b)What were some of the effects of European Exploration on Europeans? (review your notes)What is a colony?What European colonies are you familiar with?
23 Long Term Effects of Exploration Colonies: Permanent settlements – land under the immediate control of another country*Some Europeans referred to this as ‘planting’ (meaning planting people… rather than crops)
24 EX: North American Colonies New France –Small settlements 1st established by fur traders and missionaries. Very slow growth (Canada is cold)Products – Furs, FishNew England –Plymouth (1620) and Massachusetts Bay CompanyFast growing population, close communitiesProducts – Fish, Timber (shipbuilding), whalingMiddle/ Southern Colonies – Jamestown, VA (1607)First colonies very hard (the starving time) ->Large plantationsProducts – Farming - Tobacco, Indigo (a dye), Rice = cash cropsFranceGreatBritain
26 TermsMissionaries:Compact:Examples of modern compacts?Plantations:
27 France and England Clash Competition over land and resources = ConflictThe French & Indian WarBritish Win… gain dominance over North America
28 Long Term Effects of Exploration 2. Economic Trade Routes developEx: Triangle Trade RouteTransatlantic trade from 16th -18th century. Exchange of goodsEffects:Population movementAfrican kingdoms lose population and increase in American populationWealthEuropeans gained great wealth from the exchange of raw materials, for finished products for slaves
29 Long Term Effects of Exploration 3. Development of Capitalism and MercantilismCapitalism - economic system based on ownership of private businessesInvestors funded new businesses in exchange for a share of the profitsEX: The Dutch East India CompanyMercantilism – How Europe gets rich from their colonies (export more than you import)Colonies existed for 2 main reasonsTo produce raw materials for EuropeTo buy finished goods made in Europe*Keep it all in the family - only trade with the your colonies (English colonies only trade with England on English ships)Investors raised $ for Spice exploration($1000)Captains sailed to Spice Islands, bought spices ($1/lb), sold spices back to Europe ($9/lb)Investor get $ back ($1000) plus dividends ($3000)
30 Warm Up Questions Define indigenous What indigenous groups did Europeans come into contact with in the Americas?What are some cultural characteristics of each of these groups?