2Section 1: Land and Water Africa can be divided into four regions: NorthWestEastCentral and SouthernAfrica’s major landforms include:PlateausMountainsCoastal plainsRift valleyAfrica’s four major rivers are:The NileThe CongoThe ZambeziThe Niger
3Climate and Vegetation Section 2:Climate and VegetationWhat factors influence Africa’s climate?Distance from EquatorElevationNearness to waterWhat are Africa’s vegetation regions?Tropical rain forestsTropical savannasDesertsWhat is a threat to the health of the people of Africa?Disease carrying insects that thrive in some of Africa’s climate regions.
4Section 3: Resources and Land Use What are Africa’s agricultural resources used for?Subsistence farmingCash cropsNatural resources, such as minerals, are an important part of AfricanEconomiesHow are African countries working to improve their economic health?By diversifying their specialized economies
5Topics to Know High Low Uneven Mountainous Africa is often called the plateau continent because the elevation of much of the land is
6What are the names of the major rivers in Africa? Topics to KnowThe Zambezi, the Crown, the JohnsonThe Hudson, the Mississippi, the CongoThe Nile, the Congo, the Zambezi, the NigerThe Congo, the Nile, the Hudson, the SusquehannaWhat are the names of the major rivers in Africa?
7Topics to Know Control the flooding of the Nile. Sail to other lands. Sail all the way from the interior to the sea.Carry much cargo.Because of waterfalls and rapids found in Africa’s major rivers, it is impossible for ships to
8What are three factors that influence the climate of Africa? Topics to KnowLocation near the Arctic, amount of rain, and plateausLocation near the Equator, elevation, and how close a place is to bodies of water and landformsElevation, large desert areas, and the distance from the South PoleFlat grasslands, temperature, and the amount of rainWhat are three factors that influence the climate of Africa?
9The savanna supports what type of plant life? Topics to KnowTall grasses, thorny bushes, and scattered treesGrasslands, and forestsMountains, and farmsShrubs, small bushes, and sand dunesThe savanna supports what type of plant life?
10These people travel to find water and food for their herds. Topics to KnowfarmersserfsmerchantsnomadsThese people travel to find water and food for their herds.
11Topics to Know Moderate climate region Subtropical climate region Temperate climate regionBecause much of Africa is between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, most of the country is located in a
12The landform that extends across most the North Africa is Topics to KnowThe SaharaThe Namib DesertThe Nile RiverMount KilimanjaroThe landform that extends across most the North Africa is
13The majority of Africa’s farmland is used for Topics to KnowCommercial farmingSubsistence farmingCash cropsHarvesting treesThe majority of Africa’s farmland is used for
14Topics to Know Sell to Western countries Support entire villages Support their familiesSell to other African countriesUnlike farmers who raise cash crops, subsistence farmers raise crops to
15Africa’s most important natural resources are Topics to KnowElectricity and tradeCrops, minerals, and timberManufacturing, trade, and cropsSolar energy, trade, and timberAfrica’s most important natural resources are
16Most of Africa’s workers are employed in Topics to KnowfarmingtradingminingmanufacturingMost of Africa’s workers are employed in
17Topics to Know They can afford to buy equipment for mining. They can protect their economies in an unstable world market.They cannot protect themselves if a major cash crop fails.They cannot survive a serious drought.How do producing a variety of crops, raw materials, and manufactured goods affect Africa’s countries?
18Possible Essay Questions Compare the deserts and savannas of Africa. In your answer, describe the climate, vegetation, and lives of the people living in each place.Explain how the Nile affects the lives of people in Africa. In your answer, briefly identify what the Nile is and where it is located.
19Possible Essay Questions Why do you think Africa must balance crops, minerals, and industry in order to protect its economy in the modern world?Based on what you know about Africa’s landforms, rivers, climate, vegetation, and economy, where do you think most people in Africa live? Explain.
20NOW!!!On a separate piece of theme paper please write 2 original test questions. You may use your book to create these questions.Now switch papers with the person next to you and answer their questions.Please hand in questions! I will be using some of your questions for the test