4GOALS STATEMENTSoFair Farms is an evolving eco-village focused on creating educational opportunities through every aspect of the farms development and maintenance.Passive solar and wind provide the energy we need, diverting water through earth works gives us sustained irrigation capabilities and focusing on perennial crops provides abundant food while enhancing the quality of the land.We balance the relationship between channeling and blocking elements such as water and wind to meet our needs while protecting the ecosystem.
7North side if houseYear round shaded sectionWorm-bin, shitake log, rabbitsNW & NE of house onlyget summer sun.South side of houseFrost reduction zone-allow for frost drainage.-tomatoes, peppers., squashHigher year round temperature-potted sub-tropical plants brought indoors over the winter.
8Pond ranges in depth-Free floating, severable, emergent, & floating leaf plantsWarming-less frostLight radiation-W. side of pond gets more light in the morning.Extended growing season-Plant species on the W. side of pond that need extraripening time.
9Morning shade-Tree/ crops that require party sunny conditionsZone 3 & 4 Edge-Hazel nuts & service berriesCooler temperatures due to being at the bottom of the hill.
10Two drop-offs roughly 3ft down at 45degith a 15ft plate between them. -Easily turns into a terrace-Protection from wind-abundant water supply
11Wind breakProtects house from N. winds-Plant wind sensitive plant-develop nuclei under windbreakto strengthen hedge.-Incorporate more functional plants
12DESIGN PATCH: WIND TURBINE Bergey Windpower 10kW GridTek System
13DESIGN PATCH: WIND TURBINE The Powersync II Power Processor converts the wind power to utility power at 240 VAC (or 230 VAC, 50 Hz).It’s output connects directly to your circuit breaker panel.The Guyed-Lattice tower is the least cost tower type and a 100 ft. tower is tall enough for most locations. Shorter towers reduce performance and increase the payback time.
1410 kW BWC Excel-S with Powersync II inverter = $31,770 COST:10 kW BWC Excel-S with Powersync II inverter = $31,770100 ft guyed lattice tower kit = $14, 145Tower wiring kit = $1, 615Additional shipping, sales tax, permit costs, foundation and anchoring, wire run, turbine and tower erection, electrical hook-up, and inspection fees range from $6,000 to $15,000Total costs $47,530 + $6,000 to $15,000 = $53,000 to $62,000RECOMMENDED FOR:Homes or businesses that use at least 1,000 kWh’s per month.Property sizes of 1 acre or moreWind Class 2 or higher
23WHAT’S IN OUR TIMBER FOREST? Black Locust(Robina Pseudoacacia)Family: leguminosaeAttributes: Nitrogen fixer, soil stabilizer, grows fast (15m-30m), pollinated by bees, edible seeds, you can get a dye from the seeds, attracts many animals (bees, birds, white tail deer, squirrels)Timber Qualities: 5.95/ plant, strong wood, resistant to rot, good for load bearing projects. Can be bought through tyty.com
24WHAT ELSE IS IN OUR TIMBER FOREST? Wild black Cherry(Prunus Serotina)Family:RoseAttributes: pioneer species, brings wild life, has an edible cherry (used in pies and jam), prone to storm damage,15m-30m tall.Timber Qualities: 7.95/plant, timber is valuable, beautiful and high quality, used for finish projects. Can be bought through tyty.com
25ANYTHING ELSE IN THE TIMBER FOREST? Bur Oak (Quercus Macrocarpa)Family:FagacaeAttributes: grows slowly, get to 15m high, very fire resistant, pollinated by wind, seeds are edible (largest acorns in North America), roasted seeds are a coffee substitute, inner bark and roots are used for alleviating crampsTimber qualities: 5.95/plant, high quality wood, high value on the market, very durable. Can be bought through northern trading company
26Succession of timber lot: The Black Locust will be planted heavily to enrich the soil by fixing nitrogen, create fodder for animals, and ensure that the trunks of the trees will grow straight.The Wild Black Cherry and Bur Oak will be planted next.The black locust will be ready in 5-8 years for poles and for limber, the Wild Cherry in years, and the Bur Oak in years.All the while producing a range of products without having to diminish the quality of lumber yielded.
27Species Master List Hazelnut tree Dill White pine tree Walnut Jerusalem artichokeSageLupinLilacGoumiberrySunflowerServiceberryGarden bed species:ElderberryPotatoesMulberryAquaculture:Red peppersFrogsCarrotsInsectsButternut squashGreenhouse:TurtlesZucchiniKaleDucksSiberian pea shrubChardCat tailBrocciliDuckweedFruit Orchard Species:TomatoWater lilyApple treePickerelSemi-Dwarf cherry treeStrawberriesYellow IrisLegumesBaby lettuceWhite CloverAnimals:Lab-Lab BeanVineyard:GoatsLucerneGrapesChickensAcaciaHardy kiwiGuinea fowlAlbiziaBeesBlack LocustBerry bushes/Hedgerow:ComfryRaspberriesCoppice Woodlot:Peach treeBlackberriesRed Oak treesBounty plum treeMulberriesBlack Locust treesElderberriesHerb Spirals:Wind Turbine:BasilBee garden:Bergey Windpower 10kw GridTek SystemLavendarRosemaryHyssopTimber Lot:ChamomilePeppermint/SpearmintBlack Locust treeMintBorageBur Oak treesChivesLovageWild Black Cherry treesTarragonFood Forest:TansyChestnut tree
28PHASES OF IMPLENTATION: 1- 2 years Build yurtBuild compost toiletsBuild wind turbine/sBuild greenhouseBuild herb spiralsIntroduce chickens and guinea fowlsBuild beehive box and introduce beesPlant coppice woodlotPlant windbreakBuild gabionsPlant nitrogen fixing trees for the food forestBuild trellis for vineyard and plant grapes and hardy kiwiPlant nitrogen fixing plants for fruit orchardPlant aquaculture pond plant speciesBuild water catchment systems for the house and garagePlant banana circle for outdoor showerPlant berry bushes/hedgerow berry bushesCreate compost pilesBuild duck island, introduce ducksStart to add fencing (starting with goat free-range area)Plant timber lot
29PHASES OF IMPLENTATION 3 – 5 years: Rebuild main houseInstall passive solar panels on main housePlant remaining fruit orchard speciesIntroduce goatsWindbreak will begin to be ideal heightPrepare and plant community gardenPonds are created by gabionsPlant remaining food forest speciesBuild sauna with wood from the timber lot and coppice wood lotsBuild gazeboBuild bat houseBuild hawk perchFinish fencingBegin to harvest black locustConstruct water catchment systems for the yurt, barn, and greenhouseGoat dairyBegin constructed wetlandsBegin annual prarie burns
306 – 10 years:Begin to harvest wild black cherry treesPrepare and plant three sisters lotUse ponds behind gabion for aquacultureBuild amphitheaterFinish constructed wetlandsMaintanence of pond, gabion, swaleMainanence of tools/equipment10 – 25 years:Harvest bur oak
31EVALUATION PLANThe farm will be managed by a Permaculturally trained farm manager who will be living on the property and is responsible for budgeting, organizing interns and WWOOFers, and maintaining the integrity of the farm through seasonal, annual, and 5-year evaluations.
32The seasonal evaluations will focus on microclimate integrity and the health and performance of the plants as evidenced by disease/damage and a yield that will meet the food demands of the staff and eventually the eco-village.
33The annual evaluations will focus on the condition of the timber and coppice wood lots with regards to disease and height required for harvesting, perennial food production yield to meet food supply needs of the farm and eco-village, as well as soil evaluation in regards to quality and improvement in the soil.
34The 5 year evaluation will look at the structures on the farm, including the integrity and stability of the buildings, the success of the gabions evidenced by improved water quality, as well as maintenance of the edge, shape, depth, and water quality of the ponds.