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Presentation on theme: "OPERATIONAL SUPPORT EMERGENCY SHELTER SOLUTIONS Corinne Treherne Shelter Department, IFRC."— Presentation transcript:


2 Emergency shelter solutions should consider…support…promote…  Appropriate shelter solutions based on immediate needs assuring : Protection from climate - Security and personal safety - Enhanced resistance to ill health and disease - Support for family and community life - Use of communal coping strategies - Self-sufficiency and self-management - Minimising adverse impacts on local environment and economy - Maximising household livelihood support and local economic activities  Appropriate stock pre-positioning (global, Regional, national)  Rapid procurement process (global, Regional, national)  Rapid distribution process (global, Regional, national)  Take into account technical support as appropriate  Support the sheltering process from emergency to recovery

3 Emergency shelter options Settlement options Collective centres Host families Self settlement Camps Assistance method options Cash/vouchers Technical support Construction materials Household NFIs Emergency shelters solutions Reconstruction intervention options Emergency shelters Repair damaged houses TENTS SHELTER KIT TENTS SHELTER KIT GLOBAL LEVEL

4 IFRC Shelter Kit, What it is…  Includes 2 tarpaulins, tools and fixings. The kit is a collection of tools and accessories suitable for repairing houses or building emergency shelters.  Contrary to the tent, this does not have the supports/ frame for the structure and the roof  A new product  Flexible uses  Cost effectiveness  Fast and simple to deploy  Reusable

5 Flexibility Can be combined with existing materials such as timber, bamboo and metal roof sheets to construct temporary shelters or used to repair damaged houses. Cost effectiveness Approximately 60 US dollars – An opportunity for maximising the shelter assistance that can be provided with available financial resources. IFRC Shelter Kit

6 Fast and simple to deploy Can be simply prepositioned in global, regional or national warehouses and can be readily deployed without requiring specialist handling. Reusable The materials can be reused in recovery process to upgrade the shelter in a more permanent housing solution and/or to support other livelihood activities. IFRC Shelter Kit

7 7 The Shelter kit strategy… Before the disaster From emergency to recovery Emergency Shelter response Step 1 Emergency Shelter response Step 2 Actions Stock prepositioning Trainings Local Market study Actions 1 Quick assessment Coordination 1 st strategy Selection beneficiaries Trainings Distribution Actions 2 Assessment Coordination Define shelter strategy Add supports Cash Material Technical support NFI… Evaluation phase 1 Actions 2 Assessment Coordination Define shelter strategy Add supports Cash Material Technical support NFI… Evaluation phase 1 Disaster Preparedness Activities Natural Disaster Logistic capacity and strategy: Deployment of 5,000 kits within 48 hours and a further of 15,000 kits within 14 days in the Zone

8 8 Strengths and weaknesses… Advantages  A more economical response than the tent  Re-usable, a flexible design, for sustainable assistance Challenges  Suitable to the context (climate, social/economic…)  integrate with local building materials available for the structure  Bring assistance and technical advices  Build a shelter strategy taking to account recovery phase

9 IFRC shelter kit - Actions in 2008… Contingency plan - Prepositioning Global level, Prepositioning strategy of 29,000 shelter kits - GSP 2008 funding 5000 Dubai, 7000 KL, 6000 Panama, 4000 Harare, 7000 Nairobi Regional level, Prepositioning strategy of 2,500 shelter kits for WCA - GSP 2008 funding R&D - SK task group Review of the shelter kits specifications Training (SK training, Mali) Evaluation (Satisfaction survey, Myanmar) Updated distribution Myanmar:40.000 units Haiti:3.500 units Cuba:1.000 units Nepal:12.000 units

10 IFRC shelter kit - Development for 2009…  Finalise Emergency Shelter solutions specifications – EIC  Scaling –up the prepositioning of shelter solutions  Optimise the use of the shelter kit - Develop guidelines in collaboration with SRC - Disseminate training in collaboration with FRC and Zones (Caribbean, America, Asia and Africa)

11 Shelter kit training…  Introduce the concept of sheltering  To have a good understanding of Emergency shelter approach  To prepare action plan in pre- disaster situation  To improve the use of the Shelter Kit and best practices corresponding to the context  To built capacity and disseminate instructions on communities level  To design emergency shelter using the SK component suitable to the local context  To track the technique and design improvements with local additional materials requires (type, quantity, quality, availability…)

12 Shelter kit guidelines…  Strategy instructions - When to use it? - How to use it? - How to improve it?  Technical instructions - Uses/repair the tools/fixings - Instruction on the layout - Instructions on the structure - Instructions on the fixings - The improvements - Matrix of basic shelter designs Shelter kit manual Shelter kit manual Timber guidelines IN PROCESS… With the SRC IN PROCESS… With the SRC

13 Shelter kit evaluation…  Satisfaction survey addressed to beneficiaries of the SK  An evaluation template already experimented in Myanmar  Systematise the evaluation to : - To gain information about the shelter kit appropriateness - To determine overall beneficiary satisfaction with the actual shelter kit specifications - To determine overall beneficiaries satisfaction and information regarding for long term shelter needs - To determine the effectiveness of the distribution - To support the capacity building of NS in surveying activities and analysis - To identify future regional needs/adjustments of SK

14 Tent- Actions in 2008…  Collaboration with UNHCR and ICRC for standardisation tent model  Analysis of tent models  Development of a new tent specification Type of tentRidge Tent 2004LWET 2007LWET 2008AWT 2008Comments Total Score %59/10040/10058/10086/100 TENTS COMPARISON TABLE –2008 CodeDescriptionShip. weight HSHETENT

15 Tent- Development for 2009…  Review the tent specifications – EIC  Develop further collaboration with UNHCR and ICRC for standardisation other shelter products/solutions  Research and development of a winterisation kit  Scaling –up the prepositioning of shelter solutions FAMILY TENT, 16m² plus 2 vestibules, double fold

16 16 Thanks for your interest !

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