UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E UN-REDD Programme Supports countries to benefit from REDD+ – National REDD+ Strategies and Readiness, capacity building Established in 2008 by FAO, UNDP & UNEP – Response to UNFCCC Bali Action Plan Offers UN Joint Programme: Delivering as One UN Agreed delivery platform with FCPF and FIP Builds on wider UN agency roles – E.g. National programs; GEF Implementing Agencies
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E National UN-REDD Programmes 16 partner countries currently receiving direct funding support, 40 partner countries total
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E UN-REDD Work Areas MRV and Monitoring Stakeholder Engagement Multiple Benefits of forests and REDD+ Transparent Equitable Accountable Management of REDD+ Payments REDD+ Governance REDD+ as Catalyst of Green Economy National REDD+ Strategies
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E UN-REDD National Programmes Original 9 pilots – Africa: DRC, Tanzania, Zambia – Asia: Indonesia, PNG, Viet Nam – LAC: Bolivia, Panama, Paraguay In 2010, the Philippines, Solomon Islands and Cambodia initiated National Programmes In 2011, Ecuador and Nigeria had their National Programmes approved And last week, Republic of Congo and Sri Lanka became the latest to have approved National Programmes!
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Forests provide important ecosystem products (e.g. timber and medicines), regulating services, especially related to water and climate, and supporting services such as nutrient cycling and soil formation. These products and services are the basis for the livelihoods of people along production chains that extend from the forest through to distant continents Reshaping these economic systems around the sustainable, low-carbon use of these ecosystem services will be a key to the success of REDD+ Beyond carbon
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Multiple benefits In the narrower sense: – The different products and services that come from forests, including carbon benefits In the broader sense: – The multiple benefits of REDD+ for climate change mitigation Economic development, including poverty alleviation Conservation
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Safeguard options and opportunities Develop and promote principles and criteria to safeguard the multiple benefits and development opportunities of forests under REDD+ Support countries to adopt, adapt and implement these safeguards, including through Appropriate monitoring systems that allow them to follow progress in a transparent, equitable and cost- effective manner
UNFCCC Safeguards and UN- REDD SEPC.
UN-REDD Prioritizes Stakeholder Engagement From Bali to today, full and authentic participation recognized to be crucial for REDD+ Strong support from the UN REDD Policy Board for guidance Demand from stakeholders during extensive consultations Led to development of “Joint Operational Guidance on Stakeholder Engagement” Also called for these “FPIC Guidelines”
Significance of FPIC for REDD+. Value of FPIC has been recognized for years by range of actors, including private sector, governments, CSOs FPIC embedded in UN Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples FPIC activities undertaken in some UN-REDD countries Challenges in implementation, but recognition of significant benefits of FPIC and need to invest now in processes to support FPIC for REDD+
FPIC Guidelines: Consultation Process So Far. Jun 2010 – Jan 2011: 3 regional consultations with IPs & civil society in Vietnam (Jun 2010); Panama (Oct 2010); Tanzania (Jan 2011): Reps of 76 IP & civil society organizations from 32 countries Reps of 47 international & regional organizations UN-REDD country staff Feb – Jul 2011: Synthesis of input into draft Guidelines Aug – Nov 2011: Internal review by global & regional UN-REDD staff Dec 2011 – Jan 2012: Public comment period Feb 2012: This ‘Expert Workshop’ to review FPIC Guidelines Mar 2012: Presented update to UN-REDD Policy Board
FPIC Guidelines: Content. The Guidelines provide information on: 1. The normative framework underpinning the UN’s obligation to support the right to FPIC 2. Definitions of the elements of FPIC 3. UN-REDD Programme Policy on applying FPIC 4. Operational framework for seeking FPIC 5.Grievance and accountability framework
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E UN-REDD Programme … Recognises the unique opportunity that REDD+ presents for a green economy transformation by: – Helping to make the case for the catalytic potential of REDD+ – Assembling the knowledge and tools required – Supporting the development of scenarios for realisation of the transformation – Supporting integration of analyses, opportunities and tools into national development planning – Providing capacity and technical support
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Entry points Preparation of the investment phase of the REDD+ process – Recognise the importance of the ‘inter-phase’ Implementing framework of the future REDD+ strategy – Providing the knowledge, tools and strengthening the processes that ensure that institutional arrangements are not narrowly focused on a single ministry or sector and that there is a basis for reforms to be suitably broad based and integrative.
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E REDD+ and the private sector 1) Who are the private sector players, what is their type of intervention in the REDD+ value chain, and what are their motivations? – Financial institutions are important but we can’t forget about the private sector companies involved in forests but not REDD+ i.e. timber, large-scale agriculture
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E REDD+ and the private sector 2) What strategies / best practices should be developed or promoted to incentivize private sector investments in REDD+ and to create demand for REDD+ emissions reductions credits? 3) What are the aspects of the overall regulatory, policy, and institutional environment that need to be addressed to enable greater collaboration between the public and private sectors on REDD+ initiatives?
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E REDD+ and the private sector
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E REDDy, Set, Grow Report findings Possible scenarios: 1: National crediting under a UNFCCC agreement 2: Subnational or project crediting under a UNFCCC agreement 3. Nested approach: hybrid solution combining 1 and 2 Scenario 3 seems most promising to promote private sector investment Need to tackle core driver of deforestation by changing behaviour of private sector Subnational and regional baselines coexist with all-encompassing national baseline Crediting mechanism beats international fund: make carbon emitters pay, not tax payers (at least not directly)
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Views REDD+ as one of the incentives to bring about Green transformation – “REDD+ is the new Green” Delivers methods and approaches for developing policies and investment options leading to transformed land and resource use through an enabling investment climate Changes the way forests are used and managed by assisting countries identify and align investments Linked to UNEP’s Green Economy Initiative REDD+ as a catalyst for a green economy
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Opportunities Address REDD+ as an opportunity for growth and development; leverage and shape investments so that either efficiencies or transformational shifts (‘step changes’) take place in the economies of the forested landscapes and countries concerned support the capacity of decision makers to integrate information, while identifying and filling gaps where possible, across sectors, scales and stakeholders.
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Thank you! For more information:
UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria. Principle 1 – Apply norms of democratic governance, as reflected in national commitments and Multilateral Agreements Criterion 1 – Ensure the transparency and accountability of fiduciary and fund management systems linked to REDD+ activities Criterion 2 – Ensure legitimacy and accountability of all bodies representing relevant stakeholders, including through establishing responsive feedback and grievance mechanisms Criterion 3 – Ensure transparency and accessibility of information related to REDD+, including active dissemination among relevant stakeholders Criterion 4 – Ensure the full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders in design, planning and implementation of REDD+ activities, with particular attention to indigenous peoples, local communities and other vulnerable and marginalized groups Criterion 5 – Promote coordination, efficiency and effectiveness among all agencies and implementing bodies relevant to REDD+ Criterion 6 – Promote and support the rule of law, access to justice and effective remedies
UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria. Principle 2 – Respect and protect stakeholder rights in accordance with international obligations Criterion 7 – Respect and promote the recognition and exercise of the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities and other vulnerable and marginalized groups to land, territories and resources, including carbon Criterion 8 – Promote and enhance gender equality, gender equity and women’s empowerment Criterion 9 – Seek free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples and respect and uphold the decision taken (whether consent is given or withheld) Criterion 10 – Ensure there is no involuntary resettlement as a result of REDD+ Criterion 11 – Respect and protect traditional knowledge, and cultural heritage and practices Principle 3 – Promote sustainable livelihoods and poverty reduction Criterion 12 – Ensure equitable, non-discriminatory and transparent benefit sharing among relevant stakeholders with special attention to the most vulnerable and marginalized groups Criterion 13 – Protect and enhance economic and social well-being of relevant stakeholders, with special attention to the most vulnerable and marginalized groups
UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria. Principle 4 – Contribute to low-carbon, climate-resilient sustainable development policy, consistent with national development strategies, national forest programmes, and commitments under international conventions and agreements Criterion 14 – Ensure consistency with and contribution to national climate policy objectives, including those of mitigation and adaptation strategies and international commitments on climate Criterion 15 – Address the risk of reversals of REDD+ achievements, including potential future risks to forest carbon stocks and other benefits to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of REDD+ Criterion 16 – Ensure consistency with and contribution to national poverty reduction strategies and other sustainable development goals (including those outlined under the Millennium Development Goals framework), including alignment with ministries’ and sub- national strategies and plans that may have an impact on, or be affected by the forest sector and/or land use change Criterion 17 – Ensure consistency with and contribution to national biodiversity conservation policies (including National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans), other environmental and natural resource management policy objectives, national forest programmes, and international commitments on the environment
UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria. Principle 5 – Protect natural forest from degradation and/or conversion Criterion 18 – Ensure that REDD+ activities do not cause the conversion of natural forest to planted forest, unless as part of forest restoration, and make reducing conversion of forests to other land uses (e.g. agriculture, infrastructure) a REDD+ priority Criterion 19 – Avoid or minimise degradation of natural forest by REDD+ activities and make reducing degradation due to other causes (e.g. agriculture, extractive activities, infrastructure) a REDD+ priority Criterion 20 – Avoid or minimise indirect land-use change impacts of REDD+ activities on forest carbon stocks, biodiversity and other ecosystem services
UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria. Principle 6 – Maintain and enhance multiple functions of forest including conservation of biodiversity conservation and provision of ecosystem services Criterion 21 – Ensure that land-use planning for REDD+ explicitly takes account of potential synergies and trade-offs between the multiple functions of forest and the benefits they provide, respecting local and other stakeholders’ values Criterion 22 – Ensure that planted and natural forests18 are managed to maintain and enhance ecosystem services and biodiversity important in both local and national contexts Principle 7 – Avoid or minimise adverse impacts on non-forest ecosystem services and biodiversity Criterion 23 – Avoid or minimise adverse impacts on carbon stocks, other ecosystem services and biodiversity of non-forest ecosystems resulting directly from REDD+ activities Criterion 24 – Avoid or minimise adverse impacts on carbon stocks, other ecosystem services and biodiversity of non-forest ecosystems resulting indirectly from REDD+ activities (including those of indirect land-use change impacts and intensification of land use)
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Exploring co-benefits in Cambodia The amount of carbon within 1 kilometer of forest cover loss represents 22% of Cambodia’s total carbon stock.
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Exploring co-benefits in Cambodia 15% of the land that is high in carbon and an Important Bird Area is inside forest concessions.
UN-REDD P R O G R A M M E Endemic and endangered species