Presentation on theme: "Green Recovery And Reconstruction: Training Toolkit For Humanitarian Aid Materials and the Supply Chain Session 3: Procurement Options and the Environment."— Presentation transcript:
Green Recovery And Reconstruction: Training Toolkit For Humanitarian Aid Materials and the Supply Chain Session 3: Procurement Options and the Environment
2 Mod 5 Ses 3 SESSION 3 - OBJECTIVES By the end of this session, you will be able to: Describe strategies for procuring materials in housing reconstruction after disasters that have the most positive value to the community and the least negative impact on the environment. Explain the value of green certification systems
3 Mod 5 Ses 3 What are the benefits of sustainable procurement? Long-term efficiency savings Making more efficient use of public resources Stimulating the market to innovate and produce more sustainable options Improves working conditions See: Environmental Procurement Practice Guide, UNDP
4 Mod 5 Ses 3 How can you field verify environmental claims? Visit the source of materials (sand for cement, for example) in many cases this may be within several kilometres from the construction site Talk with local suppliers Talk with contractors Talk with government agencies that regulate extractive industries, talk with other NGOs or agencies, etc. Enquire about third party certification
5 Mod 5 Ses 3 Environmental Interventions in the Procurement Cycle Procurement planning * Define subject matter * Green title for contract * Market research Env. Specifications * Technical standards & eco-label criteria * Performance requirements * Production/process method Assessing suppliers tech capacity Env. evaluation criteria Life-cycle costing approach Use environ’t contract performance clauses Requirement definition Contract management Contract review & award Preparation solicitation documents Procurement strategy Sourcing EvaluationReceipt & open offers Issue contract From Environment Procurement Practice Guide, UNDP
6 Mod 5 Ses 3 Stacks of confiscated timber logged illegally in the National Tapajos forest. Location: National Tapajos Foreat, Brazil Date: 27 July 2007 UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe SUPPORT LEGAL AND SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES
7 Mod 5 Ses 3 Building materials are often shipped using an unnecessary amount of packaging materials Minimize Packaging in Procurement of Materials
8 Mod 5 Ses 3 This timber bound for sale in Khartoum comes from 500 km south, near Renk in Upper Nile state UNEP photo, June 2007 PURCHASE MATERIALS LOCALLY WHEN POSSIBLE
9 Mod 5 Ses 3 Energy for building materials manufacture and transport is 24% of total UK industry energy consumption (1996) (BRE, 2008)
10 Mod 5 Ses 3 Traditional buildings such as this barn under construction near Mabior in Jonglei state require a large number of young trees. Although transport is minimized, is the local environment being adversely affected? Warning…. Closer isn’t always better! UNEP photo – June 2007
11 Mod 5 Ses 3 Certification and Standards
12 Mod 5 Ses 3 What do they mean? LEED CERTIFICATION: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a third- party certification program that is becoming an internationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performance “green” buildings.
13 Mod 5 Ses 3 Some building products, (for example paints, finishes, adhesives, etc.) can have their green claims certified by third parties such as the internationally respected NSF. They can, for example, certify claims regarding : Compostability Recyclability Constituent Analysis Contaminant Analysis
14 Mod 5 Ses 3 The ISO is the “Grandfather” of certification agencies and institutes. Their standards underlie the certifications of many other protocols. They cover the ISO 9000 quality certifications as well as 1400 series certifications relating to green practices.
15 Mod 5 Ses 3 FSC is an independent, non- governmental, not-for-profit organization established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. OXFAM photo
16 Mod 5 Ses 3 UNEP photo – Bahr el Jabal (Central Equatoria state Portable sawmill in a teak plantation in Kagelu, Central Equatoria, Southern Sudan - Sustainable? This plantation is a valuable asset and potential source of hard currency for Southern Sudan. The challenge will be to develop the industry in an environmentally sustainable manner
17 Mod 5 Ses 3 PEFC is an independent, NGO that promotes sustainably managed forests through independent third party certification. This offers customers and consumers the option to choose products from environmentally and socially responsible and economically viable forestry Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes
18 Mod 5 Ses 3 Two Ways to Show Certification
19 Mod 5 Ses 3 Procurement Exercise Divide into pairs. (Pick a partner) Each pair selects one material from the list on Handout to use for this exercise For your building material: Describe at least 3 ways it could be procured at your location (or a location you describe) Rank the different options in terms of environmental impact. Rank the different options in terms of greatest benefit to the community.
20 Mod 5 Ses 3 BUILDING MATERIALS SHOPPING LIST BAMBOO POLES PALM LEAF ROOF THATCH SHINGLES FIRED BRICKS MUD/CEMENT BRICKS SAWN LUMBER FOR RAFTERS CORRUGATED METAL SHEETS HARDWARE – NAILS, SCREWS, HINGES, ETC. OTHER APPROPRIATE LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS?
21 Mod 5 Ses 3 Exercise Debriefing How can procurement result in the least harm to the environment and the most good to the community: Explain your materials, your assumptions and the procurement method with least harm to the environment. Explain why your priority selection will benefit the community.
22 Mod 5 Ses 3 Review of Procurement Issues: Raw materials can be produced in an environmentally acceptable or unacceptable ways. Origins of raw materials such as sands, clay, timber, grasses may be highly sensitive areas. Materials may be illegally logged or mined. Requiring third party certification can ensure a more ecologically friendly use of materials. Distance sources will require a higher expenditure of energy than nearby sources
23 Mod 5 Ses 3 Any questions about this session?
24 Mod 5 Ses 3 Let’s take a break. InterWorks photo