Presentation on theme: "Destroying the Environment: Government Mismanagement of Our Natural Resources “...Our People should see to it they are preserved for their children and."— Presentation transcript:
Destroying the Environment: Government Mismanagement of Our Natural Resources “...Our People should see to it they are preserved for their children and their children’s children forever, with their majestic beauty all unmarred” –President Theodore Roosevelt, 1903
Introduction 42% of all U.S. land is owned by the government. 33% is owned by the Federal Government specifically. Mounting evidence suggests that the Federal Government has been a poor manager. Playing God in Yellowstone: The Destruction of America’s First National Park by Alston Chase details such atrocities at Yellowstone National Park by the Federal Agency: The National Park Service.
National Park Agency In absence of predators, deer population grow uncontrolled. Wolves, Coyotes, Cougars were slaughtered under order of the agency to preserve deer. This occurred for instance in 1906 at Kaibab North Plateau.
The Beaver The beaver helps to create Yellowstone. Their dams retard the spring runoff that could clog other parts of the park. These beaver created ponds provide many benefits including a raised water level. Naturally, the beaver moves into streams lined with willow and aspen. Problem, the now larger population of Elk eats too much willow and aspen. Thus the elk prevents the growth of the beaver population.
Grizzly Bears None has captured our imagination like the grizzly bear. However, it is vanishing. This is due to – Overgrazing on berries and shrubs by elk. – Major Construction projects. – And bear attacks from hungry bears looking for food from touristsw with “picnic baskets.”
Politics of the Park Service With a mission of preserving nature, other forces confuse it. – Expanding its budget – Protect its public image
Budget Expansion Yellowstone was partially financed by railroads who brought tourists to the park. Railroads also built park hotels. When railroads dried up, the NPS changed its strategy. It attempted to attract tourists by promoting viewing of specific animals, and killed anything that harmed it. Visitors had no idea that was even occurring.
Public Image To make sure that the agency survives, they must look like they are competent. The Park Services accomplished this goal in two ways: – Severely limiting research of any kind in the parks – Controlling the research as well
U.S. Forest Service Two biggest vices: – Road building – Subsidized timber
U.S. Forest Service Subsidized timber harvesting: politics of the USFS Knutson-Vanderberg (K_V) Act of 1930
Knutson-Vanderberg (K-V) Act of 1930 Table 1 An Illustration of Tie-In Timber Sales (One Million Board Feet) Separate SalesCombined Sales "Good" Timber"Bad" Timber"Tie-In" Sales Commercial Value$100,000-$80,000$20,000 Sale Price of Timber$100,0000$20,000 Forest Service Income$9,0000$18,000 Income to U.S. Treasury$91,0000$2,000