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1 Presentation Notes This slide presentation is based on a comprehensive timeline covering the 100 year history of the BC Forest Service and the years.

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1 1 Presentation Notes This slide presentation is based on a comprehensive timeline covering the 100 year history of the BC Forest Service and the years preceding This slide presentation is based on a comprehensive timeline covering the 100 year history of the BC Forest Service and the years preceding It is expected that presenters will want to eliminate, combine or add information based on the audience they are presenting to and the time available It is expected that presenters will want to eliminate, combine or add information based on the audience they are presenting to and the time available Thank you for helping to spread the message about the proud past of the BC Forest Service Thank you for helping to spread the message about the proud past of the BC Forest Service The BC Forest Service Centenary Society February 2012

2 2 Change Masters The Evolution of the BC Forest Service BC Forest Service

3 3 Before the Beginning First Nations First Nations Traditional uses of the forests and rangelands Traditional uses of the forests and rangelands Early Explorers Early Explorers 1778 Captain Cook cuts ships spars 1778 Captain Cook cuts ships spars 1788 Captain Meares exports spars to China 1788 Captain Meares exports spars to China

4 4 Before the Beginning Early Settlers Early Settlers 1848 First sawmill near Victoria 1848 First sawmill near Victoria 1853 First regulations regarding cutting and milling 1853 First regulations regarding cutting and milling 1865 First timber lease issued 1865 First timber lease issued Early Development and Expansion Early Development and Expansion 1871 BC enters into confederation 1871 BC enters into confederation 1874 Bush Fire Act introduced 1874 Bush Fire Act introduced 1884 Timber Act introduced 1884 Timber Act introduced 1888 First Provincial Timber Inspector 1888 First Provincial Timber Inspector

5 5 Before the Beginning 1888 Amendments to Land Act 1888 Amendments to Land Act Public ownership of forest lands Public ownership of forest lands Timber resources to be used to build home industry Timber resources to be used to build home industry Major revenue to be collected when timber cut Major revenue to be collected when timber cut 1890 Timber Mark Act 1890 Timber Mark Act 1897 Inquiry into Crown timber disposition 1897 Inquiry into Crown timber disposition 1905 Province opens up licences to cut 1905 Province opens up licences to cut 1906 Timber Manufacturing Act 1906 Timber Manufacturing Act

6 6 Before the Beginning 1909 Fulton Royal Commission established 1909 Fulton Royal Commission established 1910 Commission recommended: 1910 Commission recommended: Complete timber cruise of all crown forests Complete timber cruise of all crown forests Reserve on non-alienated timber land Reserve on non-alienated timber land Protection of forests from fire Protection of forests from fire Regulations to end waste, reduce fire risk and promote regeneration Regulations to end waste, reduce fire risk and promote regeneration Establish a Department of Forests Establish a Department of Forests 1911 Martin Grainger drafts 1 st Forest Act 1911 Martin Grainger drafts 1 st Forest Act

7 7 The Birth of the BCFS February 27, 1912 – Forest Act proclaimed February 27, 1912 – Forest Act proclaimed Legislation addressed: Legislation addressed: Trespass Trespass Timber Tenures Timber Tenures Scaling Scaling Charges Charges Timber Marking Timber Marking Manufacturing Manufacturing Forest Protection Forest Protection

8 8 The Birth of the BCFS 1912 Department of Lands - BC Forest Branch created under Forest Act 1912 Department of Lands - BC Forest Branch created under Forest Act H.R. MacMillan hired as Chief Forester H.R. MacMillan hired as Chief Forester Inventory begins Inventory begins Forest Reserves created Forest Reserves created Fire fighting forces expanded Fire fighting forces expanded Fire detection lookouts delveloped Fire detection lookouts delveloped

9 9 The Beginning of the BCFS Headquarters – Chief Forester Headquarters – Chief Forester Timber Management – Assistant Forester Timber Management – Assistant Forester 18 Scalers 18 Scalers 27 Forest Assistants and Cruisers 27 Forest Assistants and Cruisers Records – Assistant Forester Records – Assistant Forester 43 Clerks and Stenographers 43 Clerks and Stenographers Operations – Assistant Forester Operations – Assistant Forester 11 Forest Districts – District Forester 11 Forest Districts – District Forester 33 Ranger Districts – Forest Ranger 33 Ranger Districts – Forest Ranger Fire Wardens Fire Wardens 159 Forest Guards 159 Forest Guards

10 10 The Years H.R. MacMillan appointed as Special Trade Commissioner by Federal Government 1915 H.R. MacMillan appointed as Special Trade Commissioner by Federal Government To investigate world lumber markets To investigate world lumber markets 1916 World War I 1916 World War I Many Forest Branch staff enlisted served overseas Many Forest Branch staff enlisted served overseas War saw staffing levels drop by 40% by 1918 War saw staffing levels drop by 40% by Sitka Spruce for airplanes 1917 Sitka Spruce for airplanes In support of Imperial Munitions Board, BC Government commandeers wood suitable for airplane construction In support of Imperial Munitions Board, BC Government commandeers wood suitable for airplane construction

11 11 The Years Aircraft first used for fire detection Aircraft first used for fire detection Gasoline fire pumps introduced Gasoline fire pumps introduced Competitive exams for Ranger selection Competitive exams for Ranger selection Grazing administration added to Forest Branch Grazing administration added to Forest Branch Marconi develops radio system Marconi develops radio system Instructions for Field Surveys Guide written Instructions for Field Surveys Guide written

12 12 The Years Research began in Forest Branch 1923 Research began in Forest Branch 1924 Aleza Lake Experimental Station opened 1924 Aleza Lake Experimental Station opened 1925 Aerial photography used for Inventory 1925 Aerial photography used for Inventory 1925 Forest Reserve Fund 1925 Forest Reserve Fund Development and protection of forest reserves Development and protection of forest reserves Planting of denuded areas Planting of denuded areas Maintaining growth of continuous crops of timber Maintaining growth of continuous crops of timber

13 13 The Years Research Division created 1927 Research Division created 1927 Shelbourne Street Experimental Nursery in Victoria near North Dairy Street 1927 Shelbourne Street Experimental Nursery in Victoria near North Dairy Street 1929 Cowichan Lake Experimental Station 1929 Cowichan Lake Experimental Station 1930 Green Timbers 1930 Green Timbers 1932 Reference Library created 1932 Reference Library created 1935 Young Men's Forestry Training Plan 1935 Young Men's Forestry Training Plan 1937 Mulholland Report on Forest Inventory 1937 Mulholland Report on Forest Inventory First use of Hollerith punch-card computer system First use of Hollerith punch-card computer system

14 14 The Years Provincial Parks joins Forest Branch 1939 Provincial Parks joins Forest Branch Quinsam Nursery established to supply trees for the rehab of Bloedel Fire Quinsam Nursery established to supply trees for the rehab of Bloedel Fire 1940 Radiophones 1940 Radiophones WWII curtails many activities WWII curtails many activities 1943 Sloan Royal Commission established 1943 Sloan Royal Commission established 1945 Forest Branch becomes Forest Service under a new Department of Lands and Forests 1945 Forest Branch becomes Forest Service under a new Department of Lands and Forests

15 Sloan Royal Commission Recommendations: Recommendations: Increase fire protection Increase fire protection Increase rate of planting Increase rate of planting Regulation of logging methods Regulation of logging methods Management plans for regional working circles Management plans for regional working circles Funds and facilities for research Funds and facilities for research A Faculty of Forestry at UBC A Faculty of Forestry at UBC Statutory recognition of profession of forestry Statutory recognition of profession of forestry

16 16 The Years Forest Service Training School opens 1946 Forest Service Training School opens 1947 British Columbia Foresters Act 1947 British Columbia Foresters Act 1948 First interior nursery established at Elko 1948 First interior nursery established at Elko 1948 Forest Development Fund for building and financing of forest roads 1948 Forest Development Fund for building and financing of forest roads 1948 Farm Woodlot Licence 1948 Farm Woodlot Licence 1950 First interior plantation 1950 First interior plantation 1951 Radiograms became means of communication 1951 Radiograms became means of communication

17 17 The Years Use of helicopters starts 1955 Use of helicopters starts 1955 Second Sloan Royal Commission 1955 Second Sloan Royal Commission 1957 Report noted the rapid growth in the sector over the previous decade and identified the importance of a competitive forest industry to be successful in the international marketplace 1957 Report noted the rapid growth in the sector over the previous decade and identified the importance of a competitive forest industry to be successful in the international marketplace 1957 First forest inventory completed - 7-pound volume of data was referred to as the "door-stop" 1957 First forest inventory completed - 7-pound volume of data was referred to as the "door-stop" 1957 Parks and Recreation Division transferred to the newly-created Parks Branch 1957 Parks and Recreation Division transferred to the newly-created Parks Branch

18 18 The Years Stronger provisions to control insect infestations 1958 Stronger provisions to control insect infestations 1958 Deputy Minister/Chief Forester position separated 1958 Deputy Minister/Chief Forester position separated 1958 First use of air tankers for fire fighting 1958 First use of air tankers for fire fighting 1960 Pulpwood Harvesting Area Agreements 1960 Pulpwood Harvesting Area Agreements 1960 Nurseries expanded to include Red Rock, Chilliwack, Campbell River 1960 Nurseries expanded to include Red Rock, Chilliwack, Campbell River

19 19 The Years Dept. of Lands, Forest and Water Resources created 1962 Dept. of Lands, Forest and Water Resources created 1966 Implementation of close utilization policy 1966 Implementation of close utilization policy 1966 Vancouver Forest District began using an IBM 1440 computer to compile provincial scaling returns and billing 1966 Vancouver Forest District began using an IBM 1440 computer to compile provincial scaling returns and billing 1970 Land Use Committee established 1970 Land Use Committee established 1970 British Columbia Professional Foresters Act enabled R.P.F. designation 1970 British Columbia Professional Foresters Act enabled R.P.F. designation 1970 Committee established for uniform methods of forest land classification 1970 Committee established for uniform methods of forest land classification

20 20 The Years Recreation Forester appointed to co-ordinate forest recreational uses within the multiple use concept 1971 Recreation Forester appointed to co-ordinate forest recreational uses within the multiple use concept 1974 Task Force on Crown Timber Disposal 1974 Task Force on Crown Timber Disposal 1975 Pearse Royal Commission of Forest Resources 1975 Pearse Royal Commission of Forest Resources Protection of public interest in the legislation, policy, procedures and practices Protection of public interest in the legislation, policy, procedures and practices Contribution of forest resources to the economic and social welfare of British Columbians Contribution of forest resources to the economic and social welfare of British Columbians

21 Pearse Royal Commission Recommendations: Recommendations: No change in the policy of Crown ownership No change in the policy of Crown ownership Formalization of chart areas Formalization of chart areas Power to suspend cutting permits Power to suspend cutting permits Major licensees responsible for fire planning and stand-by crews Major licensees responsible for fire planning and stand-by crews 10-year grazing licenses with renewal opportunities 10-year grazing licenses with renewal opportunities Ability to reduce the AAC by not more that 10% upon any five-year renewal Ability to reduce the AAC by not more that 10% upon any five-year renewal

22 Pearce Royal Commission …continued Recommendations: Recommendations: Timber licensee contracts should enable the ability to regulate other users Timber licensee contracts should enable the ability to regulate other users Development of a harvest optimization model for establishing harvesting limits Development of a harvest optimization model for establishing harvesting limits Creation of a forest planning regime Creation of a forest planning regime Creation of an interagency consultation planning process Creation of an interagency consultation planning process Creation of process for engaging the public in forest planning Creation of process for engaging the public in forest planning A review of the Forest Service’s administrative and organization structure A review of the Forest Service’s administrative and organization structure Decentralization of decision-making authority Decentralization of decision-making authority

23 Forest Policy Advisory Committee appointed Forest Policy Advisory Committee appointed New Systems Services Branch established New Systems Services Branch established First computer terminal arrives at Cariboo District Office First computer terminal arrives at Cariboo District Office

24 Forest Act Allowable cut increases for intensive forest management activities Allowable cut increases for intensive forest management activities AAC decisions include social and economic as well as biological factors AAC decisions include social and economic as well as biological factors Portion of the allowable cut to be set aside for small business enterprises Portion of the allowable cut to be set aside for small business enterprises Reaffirms policy of multiple land use Reaffirms policy of multiple land use Provides new appeal provisions Provides new appeal provisions Provides for the designation of recreation sites and trails Provides for the designation of recreation sites and trails Grants Ministry authority for coordinated management of all forest resources Grants Ministry authority for coordinated management of all forest resources Provides for consultation with other ministries and agencies Provides for consultation with other ministries and agencies Provides for public hearings in certain situations Provides for public hearings in certain situations Decentralizes decision making Decentralizes decision making

25 Range Act Grants Ministry full authority for the coordinated management of all range resources Grants Ministry full authority for the coordinated management of all range resources Promotes multiple use management of rangelands to realize their full potential for forage production and other values Promotes multiple use management of rangelands to realize their full potential for forage production and other values

26 Ministry of Forests Act Outlines objectives, purposes and functions: Outlines objectives, purposes and functions: Encourage the attainment of maximum productivity Encourage the attainment of maximum productivity Manage for immediate and long term economic and social benefits Manage for immediate and long term economic and social benefits Plan the use of the forest and range resources so that other natural resource values are coordinated and integrated Plan the use of the forest and range resources so that other natural resource values are coordinated and integrated Encourage a vigorous, efficient and world-competitive industry Encourage a vigorous, efficient and world-competitive industry Assert the financial interest in a systematic and equitable manner Assert the financial interest in a systematic and equitable manner Commits the Ministry to a 5-year forest and range programs as well as a thorough analysis of the province’s forest and range resources every 10 years Commits the Ministry to a 5-year forest and range programs as well as a thorough analysis of the province’s forest and range resources every 10 years Specifies establishment of a Forest Research Council Specifies establishment of a Forest Research Council

27 Reorganization 1980 Forest Service reorganized from Forest Districts and Ranger Districts to Forest Regions and Forest Districts 1980 Forest Service reorganized from Forest Districts and Ranger Districts to Forest Regions and Forest Districts Deputy Minister Deputy Minister Divisons – Assist. Deputy Ministers, Chief Forester Divisons – Assist. Deputy Ministers, Chief Forester Headquarter Branches - Directors Headquarter Branches - Directors Forest Regions – Regional Manager Forest Regions – Regional Manager Forest Districts – District Manager Forest Districts – District Manager

28 ’s Technology Boom Protection implemented real-time electronic Lightning Location System. Protection implemented real-time electronic Lightning Location System. Automated weather stations were located across the province and could send their findings via radio or telephone to a central database Automated weather stations were located across the province and could send their findings via radio or telephone to a central database Most branches and regions, but not districts, had access to IBM 3270 terminals and printers to interact with BCSC mainframe systems, and Wang equipment Most branches and regions, but not districts, had access to IBM 3270 terminals and printers to interact with BCSC mainframe systems, and Wang equipment Victoria based branches got access to Wang based and office tools by the early 80’s Victoria based branches got access to Wang based and office tools by the early 80’s By 1987 the radio stats were 2,000 mobiles, 3,000 portables, 300 base stations, and 212 repeaters in service By 1987 the radio stats were 2,000 mobiles, 3,000 portables, 300 base stations, and 212 repeaters in service

29 29 The Years Designation and management of wilderness areas, as recommended by the Wilderness Advisory Committee 1987 Designation and management of wilderness areas, as recommended by the Wilderness Advisory Committee 1988 Forest Amendment Act enabled increases in volume for competitive timber sales from 7 to 15% of provincial AAC. Goal was to make Small Business Forest Enterprise Program a self- financing, profitable program 1988 Forest Amendment Act enabled increases in volume for competitive timber sales from 7 to 15% of provincial AAC. Goal was to make Small Business Forest Enterprise Program a self- financing, profitable program

30 Forest Resources Commission Government established the Forest Resources Commission, chaired by A.L. (Sandy) Peel, had the following mandated tasks: Government established the Forest Resources Commission, chaired by A.L. (Sandy) Peel, had the following mandated tasks: To provide the Minister of Forests with a comprehensive view of what the forests of BC should represent, taking into account the full range of forest values To provide the Minister of Forests with a comprehensive view of what the forests of BC should represent, taking into account the full range of forest values To inform the Minister on the effectiveness of Tree Farm Licences as a form of tenure To inform the Minister on the effectiveness of Tree Farm Licences as a form of tenure To recommend ways to improve public participation in forest planning and management To recommend ways to improve public participation in forest planning and management To review and recommend ways of improving forest harvesting practices To review and recommend ways of improving forest harvesting practices

31 Report of Forest Resources Commission Recommendations: Recommendations: The introduction of comprehensive land use planning with full public engagement The introduction of comprehensive land use planning with full public engagement The creation of a new agency responsible for the land use planning process The creation of a new agency responsible for the land use planning process Movement to more area-based tenures to enable improved resource stewardship Movement to more area-based tenures to enable improved resource stewardship Complete inventories for all renewable forest resource values Complete inventories for all renewable forest resource values A single all-encompassing code of forest practice be established A single all-encompassing code of forest practice be established

32 32 Early 1990’s PROFS, the electronic mail service was available to nearly 80% of ministry staff. PROFS, the electronic mail service was available to nearly 80% of ministry staff. had become embedded into the ministry‘s way of doing business had become embedded into the ministry‘s way of doing business Total growth from 1987 to 1991, just in Region and Districts, was almost 2,000 workstations Total growth from 1987 to 1991, just in Region and Districts, was almost 2,000 workstations First Windows PCs (Windows 3.1) came into the ministry and introduced Microsoft Office First Windows PCs (Windows 3.1) came into the ministry and introduced Microsoft Office

33 Forest Amendment Act required new AAC determinations for all TSAs and TFLs by 1995 Forest Amendment Act required new AAC determinations for all TSAs and TFLs by 1995 Timber Supply Review initiated Timber Supply Review initiated Commissioner on Resources and Environment Act moved responsibility for integrated planning from the Forest Service to an independent commission. Commissioner on Resources and Environment Act moved responsibility for integrated planning from the Forest Service to an independent commission.

34 34 Commissioner on Resources and Environment Develop a strategy for land use and related resource and environmental management Develop a strategy for land use and related resource and environmental management Facilitate the development and implementation of regional planning processes to establish: Facilitate the development and implementation of regional planning processes to establish: land use allocations land use allocations community-based participatory processes community-based participatory processes a dispute resolution system a dispute resolution system effective and integrated management of the resources and environment of the province effective and integrated management of the resources and environment of the province

35 – BC Forest Renewal Act dedicated revenue from increased stumpage to Forest Renewal BC 1994 – BC Forest Renewal Act dedicated revenue from increased stumpage to Forest Renewal BC

36 Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act Comprehensive code of practice Comprehensive code of practice Hierarchical pre-harvest operational planning system Hierarchical pre-harvest operational planning system Increased public participation Increased public participation Clear legal foundation with explicit penalties for non-compliance Clear legal foundation with explicit penalties for non-compliance Made forest operators responsible for damage Made forest operators responsible for damage Established administrative penalties to deal with non-compliance Established administrative penalties to deal with non-compliance Required Forest Development Plans have joint approval by Ministry of Forests and the Ministry of Environment Required Forest Development Plans have joint approval by Ministry of Forests and the Ministry of Environment

37 Forest Practices Board Created with broad powers to: Created with broad powers to: investigate public complaints investigate public complaints to oversee a forest audit process to oversee a forest audit process to bring appeals of forest management decisions through the appeal process on behalf of the public to bring appeals of forest management decisions through the appeal process on behalf of the public to report to the public on the administration of the code to report to the public on the administration of the code

38 38 The Years Ministry starts up its world wide web site 1996 Ministry starts up its world wide web site 1997 Publishing of electronic documents and forms underway 1997 Publishing of electronic documents and forms underway Dozens of computer applications had to be re-written before January 1, 2000 to get them ready for Y2K Dozens of computer applications had to be re-written before January 1, 2000 to get them ready for Y2K 2000 Ministry operated the largest government radio system in Canada. It included more than: 2000 Ministry operated the largest government radio system in Canada. It included more than: 320 mountain top repeaters 320 mountain top repeaters 500 base stations 500 base stations 7000 pieces of wireless and radio communications equipment 7000 pieces of wireless and radio communications equipment

39 – Protected Areas of British Columbia Act Created 29 new Class A parks and six new ecological reserves Created 29 new Class A parks and six new ecological reserves Made additions to 13 existing Schedule A, Class A parks Made additions to 13 existing Schedule A, Class A parks Consolidated all parks and ecological reserves in a single statute Consolidated all parks and ecological reserves in a single statute BC became the first Canadian jurisdiction to put more than 12% of its land base in parks, protected areas, recreation areas and ecological reserves. BC became the first Canadian jurisdiction to put more than 12% of its land base in parks, protected areas, recreation areas and ecological reserves.

40 Budget Measures Implementation Act repealed Forest Renewal Act so that revenue that formerly flowed directly to FRBC now flowed into general revenue Budget Measures Implementation Act repealed Forest Renewal Act so that revenue that formerly flowed directly to FRBC now flowed into general revenue Discussion paper proposing a results-based Forest Practices Code released for comment Discussion paper proposing a results-based Forest Practices Code released for comment Forest Renewal BC terminated and replaced with the Forest Investment Account Forest Renewal BC terminated and replaced with the Forest Investment Account The federal government announced a $246-million softwood lumber aid package that included a five-year, $40-million investment to assist BC with the mountain pine beetle epidemic The federal government announced a $246-million softwood lumber aid package that included a five-year, $40-million investment to assist BC with the mountain pine beetle epidemic Inventory function transferred to the new Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management Inventory function transferred to the new Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management

41 Forest and Range Practices Act Reduced the number of operational plans from 3 to 1 Reduced the number of operational plans from 3 to 1 Defined 11 forest values to be protected Defined 11 forest values to be protected Required FSPs to define measurable, verifiable results or strategies to achieve objectives Required FSPs to define measurable, verifiable results or strategies to achieve objectives Contained new powers of intervention to prevent environmental damage Contained new powers of intervention to prevent environmental damage Moved many previous Code provisions into the non-legal realm and relied on the judgment of resource professionals to achieve the required results/outcomes Moved many previous Code provisions into the non-legal realm and relied on the judgment of resource professionals to achieve the required results/outcomes

42 42 The Years College of Applied Biology Act established applied biology as a self-regulating profession 2002 College of Applied Biology Act established applied biology as a self-regulating profession 2003 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 2003 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act Converted small business forest enterprise program to the B.C. Timber Sales program Converted small business forest enterprise program to the B.C. Timber Sales program Enabled timber sale managers to issue timber sale licences and associated permits and suspend or cancel timber sales agreements or associated road permits Enabled timber sale managers to issue timber sale licences and associated permits and suspend or cancel timber sales agreements or associated road permits Ensured that revenues collected from the timber sales program flow into the timber sale account Ensured that revenues collected from the timber sales program flow into the timber sale account

43 Defined Forest Area Management Amended the Forest Act to deliver a new model of forest management where specified licensees and B.C. Timber Sales will assume a collective responsibility for timber supply analysis and specified forest health activities within their timber supply areas Amended the Forest Act to deliver a new model of forest management where specified licensees and B.C. Timber Sales will assume a collective responsibility for timber supply analysis and specified forest health activities within their timber supply areas

44 The Forestry Revitalization Plan Enabled a “take back” of 20 percent of the timber volume from renewable tenures Enabled a “take back” of 20 percent of the timber volume from renewable tenures Reallocate 50% of the take back to new entrants, including first nations, woodlots and community forests Reallocate 50% of the take back to new entrants, including first nations, woodlots and community forests Other 50% to be reallocated to BC timber sales for competitive sales Other 50% to be reallocated to BC timber sales for competitive sales Established a $2 Million fund to compensate companies whose harvesting rights were impacted Established a $2 Million fund to compensate companies whose harvesting rights were impacted Established a $75 million fund to mitigate the effects on forest workers Established a $75 million fund to mitigate the effects on forest workers

45 Forestry Innovation Investment Incorporated as a provincial Crown corporation with a goal to develop and diversify markets for B.C. wood products around the world Incorporated as a provincial Crown corporation with a goal to develop and diversify markets for B.C. wood products around the world

46 The McLure fire burned hectares, forcing the evacuation of 3800 residents and destroying 81 buildings, July through September. The McLure fire burned hectares, forcing the evacuation of 3800 residents and destroying 81 buildings, July through September. The Okanagan Mountain Park fire burned hectares south and east of Kelowna, forcing the evacuation of more than people and destroying 239 homes, August and September. The Okanagan Mountain Park fire burned hectares south and east of Kelowna, forcing the evacuation of more than people and destroying 239 homes, August and September. The mountain pine beetle epidemic increased to cover 4.2 million hectares, double the area in The mountain pine beetle epidemic increased to cover 4.2 million hectares, double the area in 2002.

47 – Forest (Revitalization) Amendment Act Removed minimum cut control requirements Removed minimum cut control requirements Repealed appurtenancy and timber-processing requirements that forced licensees to process timber at specific sawmills Repealed appurtenancy and timber-processing requirements that forced licensees to process timber at specific sawmills Repealed and replaced the requirement that licensees must have written consent from the Minister of Forests before tenures can be subdivided or transferred Repealed and replaced the requirement that licensees must have written consent from the Minister of Forests before tenures can be subdivided or transferred

48 – Foresters Act Strengthened professional accountability provisions Strengthened professional accountability provisions Redefined practice of professional forestry Redefined practice of professional forestry Transferred forest technologists into the association Transferred forest technologists into the association

49 – Wildfire Act Consolidated existing provisions from other statutes Consolidated existing provisions from other statutes Outlined responsibilities of all forest users Outlined responsibilities of all forest users Prescribed circumstances where open fires permitted Prescribed circumstances where open fires permitted Maintained government’s right to carry out fire control operations to protect public safety and to act in the public interest Maintained government’s right to carry out fire control operations to protect public safety and to act in the public interest Addressed fire preparedness, fire hazard assessment and abatement issues Addressed fire preparedness, fire hazard assessment and abatement issues Provided the authority: Provided the authority: to order people to leave specified areas to order people to leave specified areas to hire temporary employees for fire control operations to hire temporary employees for fire control operations to requisition facilities, equipment and personnel to requisition facilities, equipment and personnel

50 Forest and Range Practices Act beginning the transition to a results-based forest practices code Forest and Range Practices Act beginning the transition to a results-based forest practices code The Firestorm 2003 Provincial Review report was submitted to the provincial cabinet The Firestorm 2003 Provincial Review report was submitted to the provincial cabinet A market-based timber pricing system to set stumpage prices for coastal operations was implemented A market-based timber pricing system to set stumpage prices for coastal operations was implemented Mountain pine beetle action plan updated and a two- year Bark Beetle Task Force created to oversee its implementation Mountain pine beetle action plan updated and a two- year Bark Beetle Task Force created to oversee its implementation

51 Mountain Pine Beetle The mountain pine beetle infestation grew to 8.7 million hectares The mountain pine beetle infestation grew to 8.7 million hectares Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Response – Canada-B.C. Implementation Strategy released Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Response – Canada-B.C. Implementation Strategy released

52 – Forest and Range Statutes Amendment Act Expanded the damage to environment provisions to apply against any person doing any unauthorized activity that adversely harms an ecosystem Expanded the damage to environment provisions to apply against any person doing any unauthorized activity that adversely harms an ecosystem Build on government’s ability to recover costs and gain compensation from person-caused fires Build on government’s ability to recover costs and gain compensation from person-caused fires Provided clarity to communities that want to take actions to reduce the risk of interface fires Provided clarity to communities that want to take actions to reduce the risk of interface fires Streamlined the process of awarding new licences to first nations once an enabling agreement has been met Streamlined the process of awarding new licences to first nations once an enabling agreement has been met Created new measures to facilitate the harvest of mountain pine beetle-killed timber Created new measures to facilitate the harvest of mountain pine beetle-killed timber

53 – Forests and Range Statutes Amendment Act Expanded free use permits to include domestic use by first nations, a right upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada Expanded free use permits to include domestic use by first nations, a right upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada Enabled B.C. Timber Sales to develop a business relationship with a first nation or group to bring more wood to market Enabled B.C. Timber Sales to develop a business relationship with a first nation or group to bring more wood to market Updated rules around the forest stewardship plans and their approval, review and replacement Updated rules around the forest stewardship plans and their approval, review and replacement

54 – Greenhouse Gas Reduction Amendment Act Allowed government to issue a forest licence directly to successful applicants responding to calls for power from BC Hydro Allowed government to issue a forest licence directly to successful applicants responding to calls for power from BC Hydro Created the Fibre Supply Licence to Cut to provide access to timber that is desirable for bioenergy or other purposes Created the Fibre Supply Licence to Cut to provide access to timber that is desirable for bioenergy or other purposes Updated timber scaling requirements to facilitate the measurement of chips and other material Updated timber scaling requirements to facilitate the measurement of chips and other material

55 55 Change Masters The BC Forest Service in not an box on an organizational chart It is a culture of people working together It is a culture of people working together It embodies a ‘Can Do’ attitude It embodies a ‘Can Do’ attitude It has survived 100 years and will continue on It has survived 100 years and will continue on It is a family It is a family

56 56 Change Masters The following slides provide examples of the changes we have experienced over the last century The following slides provide examples of the changes we have experienced over the last century They reinforce the ‘change management’ that the BC Forest Service has mastered They reinforce the ‘change management’ that the BC Forest Service has mastered

57 57 Change Masters – Ministry Names Department of Lands Department of Lands and Forests Department of Lands, Forests and Water Resources, Ministry of Forests Ministry of Forests and Lands Ministry of Forests Ministry of Forests and Range Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

58 58 Change Masters - Ministers William R. Ross William R. Ross Thomas D. Pattullo Frederick Burden Nelson S. Lougheed Canon Joshua Hinchliffe A. Wells Gray John Hart Edward T. Kenney Robert E. Sommers Ray Williston Robert Williams Robert Williams Tom Waterland Tom Waterland Don Phillips Jack Heinrich Jack Kempf Jack Kempf John Savage David Parker Claude Richmond Claude Richmond Dan Miller Art Charbonneau Dan Miller Andrew Petter Denis Striefel David Zirnhelt Jim Doyle Gordon Wilson Michael de Jong Rich Coleman Pat Bell Steve Thomson

59 59 Change Masters – Deputy Ministers H. Cathcart C.D. Orchard R.G. McKee F.S. McKinnon J.S. Stokes E.L. Young Mike Apsey R.W. Robbins A.C. Macpherson R. Flitton R. Marr Bob Plecas Philip Halkett Gerry Armstrong John Allan Lee Doney Don Wright John Dyble Dana Hayden Doug Konkin

60 60 Change Masters – Chief Foresters H.R. MacMillan M.A. Grainger P.Z. Caverhill E.C. Manning C.D. Orchard C.D. Orchard R.G. McKee F.S. McKinnon L.F. Swannell I.T. Cameron E.L. Young E.L. Young W. Young R. Robbins J. Cuthbert L. Pedersen J. Snetsinger

61 61 Change Masters - Legislation 1912 – Forest Act 1914 – Timber Royalty Act 1918 – Aeroplane Spruce-cutting Act 1919 – Grazing Act 1925 – Forest Reserve Fund 1937 – Amendment to Forest Act 1947 – Amendment to Forest Act 1947 – British Columbia Foresters Act 1924 – Royalty Act 1948 – Amendment to Forest Act 1957 – Amendment to Forest Act 1961 – Amendment to Forest Act 1965 – Amendment to Forest Act 1967 – Amendment to Forest Act 1968 – Amendment to Forest Act 1970 – British Columbia Professional Foresters Act 1970 – Amendment to Forest Act 1972 – Accelerated Reforestation Fund Act 1978 – Forest Act 1978 – Range Act 1978 – Ministry of Forests Act 1980 – Amendment to Forest Act 1980 – Forest and Range Resource Fund Act 1982 – Forest and Range Resource Fund 1985 – Forest Amendment Act 1985 – BC Professional Foresters Act 1986 – Forest Stand Management Fund Act 1987 – Forest Amendment Act (No 1) 1987 – Forest Amendment Act (No 2) 1988 – Forest Amendment Act 1989 – Forest Amendment Act 1990 – Forest Amendment Act (No 1) 1990 – Forest Amendment Act (No 2) 1990 – Forest Amendment Act (No 3) 1990 – Range Act Amendment 1991 – Forest Amendment Act 1991 – Range Amendment Act 1992 – Forest Amendment Act 1992 – Forest Amendment Act (No 2) 1992 – Forest Amendment Act (No 3) 1992 – Range Amendment Act 1992 – Commissioner on Resources and Environment Act 1993 – Foresters Amendment Act 1993 – Forest Amendment Act 1993 – Forest Amendment Act (No 3) 1994 – Forest Amendment Act 1994 – Forest Land Reserve Act 1994 – BC Forest Renewal Act 1994 – Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act 1995 – Forest Practices Code of BC Amendment Act 1995 – Forest Amendment Act1995 – Grazing Enhancement Special Account Act 1996 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act Forest Act Forest Practices Code Act 1996 – BC Forest Renewal Amendment Act 1997 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 1998 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 1999 – Forest Land Reserve Amendment Act 1999 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 1999 – Range Amendment Act 2000 – Regulatory Streamlining Miscellaneous Statutes Amendment Act 2000 – Protected Areas of British Columbia Act 2002 – Budget Measures Implementation Act 2002 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 2002 – Forest (First Nations Development) Amendment Act 2002 – Forest and Range Practices Act 2002 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act (No 2) 2002 – Agricultural Land Commission Act 2002 – College of Applied Biology Act 2003 – Repeal and replacement of Agrologists Act 2002 – Protected Areas Forest Compensation Act 2003 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act 2003 – Forest Statutes Amendment Act (No 2) 2003 – Forest Revitalization Act 2003 – Forest (Revitalization) Amendment Act 2003 – Foresters Act 2003 – Federal Species at Risk Act 2004 – Range Act 2004 – Wildfire Act 2004 – Forests Statutes Amendment Act (No 2) 2006 – Forest and Range Statutes Amendment Act 2007 – Forest and Range Statutes Amendment Act 2008 – Forests and Range Statutes Amendment Act 2008 – Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Emissions Standards) Statutes Amendment Act 2009 – Forest Amendment Act 2010 – Zero Net Deforestation Act 2010 – Forests and Range (First Nations Woodlot Licence) Statutes Amendment Act


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